Essays on Cognitive Development

Examination of Three Phenomena with Multi-Level Mechanism, Traumatic Brain Injury, Memory Consolidation and Retrieval, and Stereotyping and Prejudice
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While studying human behavioral and psychological phenomena, it is important to examine multiple levels of analysis. This is because various phenomena are influenced by mechanisms operating on different levels, such as the biological, psychological and social levels of analysis. Individuals have differential susceptibility to developing certain traits, influenced by an interactive process of genetic vulnerability and environmental experiences (Belsky et. al 2009). Thus, individual behavior is shaped by a relatively equally imperative interplay of internal and external factors, which function…...
Cognitive Development
Engaging Young Children in Science and Mathematics
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Children develop many different types of skills, cognitive skills such as language and thinking are learned in a variety of activities that involve math and science. Math and science may not look like a subject taught at a young age, but in the very basic ways, it is shown to be learned. Also, the application of the scientific process is shown in the learning of children and how it used. Children's cognitive development has four different stages in development. The…...
Child developmentCognitive DevelopmentMath In Science
Family and Community Health
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Introduction A family assessment is an important tool to assess a child’s overall health aspects. It also aims to understand the functions and dynamics of the family which will assist the nurse to determine the possible factors of risks that will be addressed to the child. The family assessment focuses on certain areas like physical, cognitive, moral, and psychosocial. This will enable nurses to understand and comprehend better and will lead to better addressing the potential problems based on the…...
Cognitive DevelopmentCommunityFamilyHealth
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Relationship Between Internet Addiction and Emotional Maturity
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Abstract Social networks provide an environment for virtual communication and play a key role in the quality of mental health. A Pew Research revealed that adolescents aged 10 to 18 years spent an average of 11 hours a day using electronic media. The effect of all this screen time on the emotional maturity of the adolescents is currently a topic of intense research. The present study focused on determining the degree of internet addiction of high school adolescents and examining…...
AddictionAdolescenceCognitive DevelopmentEmotionInternetRelationship
What is Development?
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Development can be defined as the orderly changes of an individual from conception to death. From a biological point of view, development can be Identified as a growth from early life, stablllty In early and middle adulthood, and decline in later life. This is the "gain-stability-loss" model. Life-span development does not necessarily follow this model. Change at any age can involve gains and losses and continues at each phase of the development cycle. It doesn't necessarily mean that a person…...
Cognitive DevelopmentDevelopmentPsychology
Vygotsky’s theory
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Introduction Several aspects of Piaget's theory have been questioned but other aspects remain influential. Piaget's work has encouraged other theorists such as Vygotsky to study children's cognition. Vygotsky took a socio cultural view of development that makes social interaction the centre of his theory. Cognition and behaviour arise from the interaction of a person with other persons and vents in the world, over time with the use of cultural tools. Vygotsky claimed that cultural tools are acquired through interacting with others,…...
Cognitive DevelopmentCommunicationPhilosophyTheory
Understand Child and Young Person Development
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Understand child and young person development Task 1. 1 Children and young people's development is completed with each area being interconnected we need to look at all areas of their development in relation to particular aspects of development the sequence of children's development for each age range Is deemed Into flee different aspects which are: ; Physical development ; Intellectual development ; Language development ; Social development ; Emotional development Physical Development ages: Birth - 6 months: Lies on back…...
AdolescenceChild developmentCognitive DevelopmentFriendship
With reference to the empirical literature, critically evaluate whether Kurt Fischer’s skill theory provides evidence for a stage theory of development
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Paper Type:Evaluation essays
Skill theory, as developed by Kurt Fischer (1922), stands apart from stage theories of human development-particularly Piaget's Structuralist theories-in several key ways. Philosophically, Fischer recognised that current developmental thinking was polarized between behaviourists and developmentalists; Developmentalists, like Jean Piaget (1896-1980), overemphasized the role of the child in its development, minimally accounting for environmental factors whilst behaviourists, like B. F. Skinner (1904-1990), overvalued the role of environment in operant conditioning while disregarding the role the individual takes in their own development.…...
Cognitive DevelopmentDevelopmentLiteraturePhilosophyPsychologyScience
Developmental Theories
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A theory provides information that consists of assumptions that can be tested and proven for accuracy. Researchers use theories as a tool to guide them in their observations to generate new information. There are many famous researchers such as Sigmund Freud, Erik H. Erikson, Jean Piaget, and Lev Vygotsky, to name a few, whom studied developmental theories. Developmental theories differ on two basic issues which are whether children are active or passive in their development or whether development is continuous…...
Cognitive DevelopmentDevelopmentHuman NatureTheories
Piaget and Vygotsky’s Theories
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Concrete operational stage (7-11 years) is the third stage where Piaget believed that children are unable to conserve and classify. Piaget found that young children had difficulty with the idea of classification (Jarvis. 2000). In order to support his belief Piaget devised three different experiments. Firstly he took three glasses all of which could hold the same amounts of liquid. Two of the glasses were identical whilst the third was tall and slender. It was found that the children of…...
Cognitive DevelopmentLearningPiagetTheories
Cognitive Developmental and Social Learning Theories
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Moral development according to Eleanor Maccoby (1980) is the acquiring of knowledge rules that govern their social world. Theories of cognitive development and social development disagree on core elements of the rigidity of our development and the belief that all cultures share the same moral code. The idea of a clear progressive and easily chartable stage of development is a clear element of all cognitive theorists. In Kohlberg's theory progression through each of the different moral stages is easily identifiable…...
Cognitive DevelopmentMoralityPhilosophical TheoriesPhilosophyPsychologySocial Learning Theory
Science-Based Observation of a Toddler’s Development
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As mentioned in the background information, Peter has interest in vehicles, particularly cars. From the observations, it was also evident that he showed a lot of interest in construction with the LEGO blocks. I was able to observe Peter having pretend play with the blocks and also deepening his play as he tried to recreate his mental representation using the materials he's been provided with. Providing Peter with loose materials can also further enhance his current interest in construction. Peter…...
Cognitive DevelopmentDevelopmentPhilosophyPsychologyScience
Child Sexual Abuse as it Pertains to Cognitive and Emotional Development
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This study will explore child sexual abuse and how it pertains to the growth and development in victims. Child sexual abuse can also be referred to as child molestation. It is only one form of child abuse. Child sexual abuse is when someone who is an adult or who is in adolescent years uses a child for sexual gratification. It can include engagement in sexual activities, child pornography, or indecent exposure. This trauma that the child is exposed to opens…...
AbuseAdolescenceChild developmentCognitive DevelopmentEmotionSexual Abuse
Growth and Development Theories
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Nature vs Nurture The nature vs nurture debate is about the extent to which our behaviour and personality is either inherited or learned through our surroundings. Nature refers to inheritance, this side takes the approach that our behaviour is evolved. Whereas the nurture side thinks that our behaviour is learn through our experience and interaction with the environment. The nurture side is heavily focused on the environment. CITATION McL18 l 1033 (McLeod, 2018) . An example of nature is our…...
Cognitive DevelopmentGrowth And DevelopmentMindsetPhilosophyPsychologyTheories
The Development of the Social Cognitive and Physical Domains of
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The Development of the Social, Cognitive and Physical Domains of an AdolescentAdolescents are progressing through a very interesting developmental period of their lives. During this time they endure many social, cognitive and physical changes. This paper discusses these domains while providing examples from a female adolescent on her own life, and providing data from relevant literature.____________________Subject Name: AshleyAge: 17 years old____________________Social DevelopmentPeer and Friend RelationshipsAshley is a seventeen year old female who is in twelfth grade; she occupies a considerable…...
Attachment TheoryChildhoodCognitive DevelopmentFamilyFriendshipPsychology
The Child Cognitive Development Psychology
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Throughout much of history child development from birth till adulthood had not received much attention. Children were often viewed as a miniature version of an adult and therefore little attention was paid to it in the many research and studies in cognitive abilities, language usage, and physical growth that occurred during childhood and adolescence. It was until the early 20th century that interest in the field of child development finally began to emerge, and it was mostly focused in the…...
Child developmentCognitive DevelopmentPsychology
023 Understand Child and Young Person development
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Age range Explain the sequence and rate of development 0-3 months When born, babies show innate reflexes, such as swallowing and sucking, rooting reflex, grasp reflex, startle reflex, walking and standing reflex; in the first month babies become less curled up and the startle reflex is starting to fade; toward the end of the third month babies start lifting and turning their heads. 3-6 months When lying on front babies can lift their arms and legs balancing on their tummies;…...
Child developmentClassical ConditioningCognitive DevelopmentLearningOperant ConditioningReinforcement
The Relationship Between Moral and Cognitive Development
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Jean Piaget clearly believed that moral development of children is related to their cognitive structure at any given time.  A child’s “relative social relationship with adults” plays an equal rule in the determination of his or her respect for rules (“Moral Development and Moral Education”).  Hence, young children do not understand the meaning of rules.  They are egocentric, after all; and so their helplessness before the authority of adults grants them a “heteronomous moral orientation (“Moral Development and Moral Education”).” …...
Cognitive DevelopmentMoralRelationship
Piaget’s Cognitive development theory
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Jean Piaget and his theory of the stages of cognitive development have made significant contributions to a wide cross-section of disciplines including educational psychology and applied developmental psychology. Though his original theory has undergone some amount of changes, the basic tenets are still applicable in understanding how humans develop progressively from birth to adulthood. Several theorists have criticized Piaget’s theory and have proposed alternative approaches to explaining human development. Other theorists have espoused Piaget’s theory with few modifications or additions…...
Cognitive DevelopmentPiagetPiaget Theory Of Cognitive Development
Physical and Cognitive Development in Adolescence
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Adolescence is a developmental phase with issues that have repercussions throughout adult life. It is a period of vast change, more aptly described as a series of phases that mark the transition from childhood to adulthood. It is also a period of life in which several forms of sociopathy and psychopathology often appears. Adolescence is both a biological process and a social-cultural transition. The juvenile organism undergoes a process of growth and maturation as it moves toward adult size and…...
AdolescenceCognitive DevelopmentPhilosophy
Theory of cognitive development
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What is cognitive development? Cognitive advancement is the process of acquiring intelligence and progressively sophisticated idea and issue resolving capability from infancy to adulthood. Piaget's theory of cognitive development is an inclusive theory about the nature and advancement of human intelligence first established by Jean Piaget. It is mainly called a developmental stage theory, but in truth, it handles the nature of knowledge itself and how humans come gradually to obtain it, construct it, and utilize it. Furthermore, Piaget( 1969)…...
Cognitive Development
Theoretical Framework of Sex Education
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The youth (15-24 years) is a stage in the life cycle of a human being which is most vulnerable to the influences of socializing agents. Although modern psychologists underscore the importance of early childhood socialization in the later development of the human personality (Freud, 1939), social psychologists maintain that the self and therefore, personality is a social product (Cooley, 1902; Mead, 1934). Social psychologists like Piaget (1969), basing his theory of cognitive development on his experiments with children, asserts that…...
AdolescenceCognitive DevelopmentHuman NaturePsychologySex EducationSocialization
Assimilation and Accommodation
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Assimilation and Accommodation Jean Piaget viewed intellectual growth as a process of adaptation (adjustment) to the world. This happens through: * Assimilation, which is using an existing schema to deal with a new object or situation. * Accommodation – this happens when the existing schema (knowledge) does not work, and needs to be changed to deal with a new object or situation. * Equilibration – occurs when a child's schemas can deal with most new information through assimilation. However, a…...
Cognitive DevelopmentPhilosophyScience
Reaction Paper on Piaget’s Learning Theory
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Cognition is defined as the process of learning that includes perception, memory, judgment and thinking. It is also the basis of Jean Piaget’s theories on learning. He was able to identify the different stages of cognitive development by interviewing and observing children of different ages in gathering the data to which he was able to formulate his theories. He was more concerned on the wrong answers given by children in tests given to them in school by their teachers and…...
Cognitive DevelopmentLearningPiagetPiaget Theory Of Cognitive Development
Reforming, Transforming and Conforming in Education
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In this essay I will talk about the contrasts and distinctions of the 3 designs of theory and learning as identified by MacNaughton, Conforming, Reforming and Changing (MacNaughton, 2003). This essay will take a look at how these theories are described and can be applied individually or together within the learning pedagogy. My discussion will be of a reflective nature and include how I have comprehended these three designs in relation to the early childhood learning environment and how I…...
BehaviourismCognitive DevelopmentEducationEducation ReformLearningReform
Cognitive Development of an Infant and Toddler
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Piaget based the sensorimotor stage on his observations of his own children The Circular Reaction: a. Circular reactions are the means by which infants explore the environment and build schemes by trying to repeat chance events caused by their own motor activity. b. These reactions are first centered on the infant's own body. Subsequently, they change to manipulating objects and then to producing novel effects in the environment. Substage 1: Reflexive Schemes - a. Piaget regarded newborn reflexes as the…...
Cognitive DevelopmentEducationInfantPhilosophyPsychology
Piaget’s Theories
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The summary of Piaget’s theories includes stages of learning through cognitive development. The cognitive perspective was revolutionized by Jean Piaget, a Swiss psychologist. Piaget proposed “that all people pass in a fixed sequence through a series of universal stages of cognitive development”. (Feldman, 2008, p. 20) Piaget’s theory outlined four stages of development. Piaget’s Four Stages of Learning The four stages of learning are sensorimotor, birth to 2 years old, preoperational, ages 2 to 4, concrete operations, ages 7 to…...
Cognitive DevelopmentPiagetTheories
Theories of Cognitive Development by Piaget and Vygotsky
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Jean Piaget’s and Lev Semionovich Vygotsky’s theories on cognitive development both play a significant role in addressing the intellectual growth of children (Lain, 2006). Psychologists and educators alike, rely on these theories in constructing the standards by which children are being brought up and taught today. Essentially, cognitive development is the process by which our intellectual ability grows and progresses. Slavin (2003), maintains that cognitive development, “is the gradual and orderly changes that occur making ones mental process more complex…...
Cognitive DevelopmentPiagetTheories
Vygotsky & Cognitive Development
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Vygotsky thinks that kids are curious and actively included in their own knowing and the discovery and advancement of brand-new understandings/schema. Vygotsky put more focus on social contributions to the procedure of advancement, whereas Piaget emphasized self-initiated discovery. According to Vygotsky, much crucial knowing by the child takes place through social interaction with a skilled tutor. The tutor might design habits and/or offer spoken guidelines for the child. Vygotsky refers to this as co-operative or collaborative discussion. The child looks…...
Cognitive Development
Constructivism Learning Theory
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Constructivism learning theory is a philosophy which enhances students' logical and conceptual growth. The underlying concept within the constructivism learning theory is the role which experiences-or connections with the adjoining atmosphere-play in student education. The constructivism learning theory argues that people produce knowledge and form meaning based upon their experiences. Two of the key concepts within the constructivism learning theory which create the construction of an individual's new knowledge are accommodation and assimilation. Assimilating causes an individual to incorporate new…...
Cognitive DevelopmentConstructivismLearningMetaphysicsPsychologyTeaching
Physical and cognitive development
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The aging process involves many changes. These changes can be difficult for some. Changes include physical and cognitive development including primary and secondary aging, intelligence and memory, health and biological factors, relationships, personality, and transition factors (grief and loss issues, and retirement). I will address the above using scholarly peer reviewed journals. A study was conducted by Khodr, B. , Howard, J. , Watson, K. , & Khalil, Z. , testing the effect of antioxidant therapy on sensory neurovascular function…...
Aging ProcessCognitive DevelopmentHealthPsychology
Linguistics Essay
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ABSTRACT – In the following essay ,language is explored from its initial stages of development in children. Language can be described in so many formats, due to its diversity and its complexity. One interesting description is from, (Edward Sapir), who sees language as an “art” saying; "Language is an anonymous, collective and unconscious art; the result of the creativity of thousands of generations. " Although his version of language strikes interest, it is merely one of the countless accounts that…...
Cognitive DevelopmentLanguageLanguage AcquisitionLinguisticsPsychology
Directions for “Cognitive Development”
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1. Access the textbook website: 2. Click on the PsychSim Tutorials link 3. In the left column, find Chapter 04 “Psychsim5: Cognitive Development” and click on this link. Click on “Cognitive Development” and begin the tutorial. Answer the questions and attach to the email in IT’S LEARNING. This is due no later than midnight Tuesday, September 22. Late submissions will be deducted 20 pts per school day late. PsychSim 5: COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT Name: Faye Simshauser This activity describes Piaget’s…...
Cognitive Development
Human Growth and Cognitive Development
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According to Jean Piaget’s theory of Cognitive Development children’s cognitive development formal operations is established at the cognitive development stage of about age 12 to 15 years. This is reflected in the child’s ability to reason adolescence hypothetically and independently on concrete states of affairs, with the structures represented by the logical combination systems. The rates at which children will progress through the development succession developed by Piaget may vary from one culture to the other; in addition, different children…...
Cognitive DevelopmentGrowth And DevelopmentPhilosophyPsychology
Cognitive & Moral Development Theories
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ABSTRACT The intention of this paper is to provide an overview of the psychological theories of Jean Piaget and Lawrence Kohlberg. While Piaget's perspective was psychological, Kholberg's viewpoint was psychological with emphasis placed on moral development and both theories will be compared and contrasted in this paper. Furthermore, the implications of these theories for counselling will be examined. RESEARCH ON THE COGNITIVE & MORAL DEVELOPMENT THEORIES OF JEAN PIAGET & LAWRENCE KOHLBERG JEAN PIAGET Jean Piaget, Swiss biologist, philosopher, and…...
Cognitive DevelopmentMoralTheories
Mark Rydell’s “On Golden Pond”
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Mark Rydell's "On Golden Pond" is a drama that emphasizes the stages people of various ages endures. Utilizing Erik Erikson's Psychosocial Stages as learned in class, each of the main characters can be placed within a stage and their age-related crises analyzed. The film being so close to a family's life, it becomes relatable to the audience, prompting personal reactions as well as implementing life examples of some of the theories studied in class. As there are plenty of characters…...
Cognitive DevelopmentEmotionErik EriksonHumanMemoryMovie
Piaget and Vygotsky: compare and contrast
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Everyday life is characterized by conscious purpose. From reaching for food to designing an experiment, our actions are directed at goals. This purpose reveals itself partly in our conscious awareness and partly in the organization of our thoughts and actions. Cognition, as defined as "... the activity of knowing and the processes through which knowledge is acquired" (Shaffer et al., 2002), is the process involved in thinking and mental activity, such as attention, memory and problem solving. Much past and…...
Cognitive DevelopmentCompare And ContrastPiaget
Introduction for “Piaget – Stages of cognitive development”
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Swiss Psychologist Jean Piaget (1896-1980) proposed the idea of the four stages of childhood cognitive development. These are age-related stages and refer to certain accomplishments that should be achieved, by the child, at the end of each stage. The first stage of cognitive development is the Sensorimotor stage, which lasts from birth to around two years of age. During this stage, children learn to coordinate their senses (hearing, sight, touch etc.) with their motor abilities. From two to seven years…...
Cognitive DevelopmentPhilosophyPiagetPsychology
Infancy and Early Childhood Development Paper
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Infancy and early childhood are considered a time when most cognitive, social, emotional, and physical development takes place; allowing it to be exceptional and very essential in human development. A child’s development does not start at birth but through proper nutrition before and during conception. “Infancy and early childhood is a critical stage of development that forms the foundation for children’s future well-being and learning” (UNICEF, 2011). At this early stage of life, development can be hinder due to certain…...
Child developmentChildhoodCognitive DevelopmentEarly Childhood EducationParentingParenting Styles
The disadvantage about television
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The disadvantage about television Long ago, television was invented to satify the eager of entertaining for human beings. Gradually, it has become an important part of their lives. People from young to old age like watching television and cannot get their eyes out of the screens. However, there are some disadvantages about television that not all of us can recognize, especially to chidren. First, watching television makes children wasting time. Because there are many interesting programs which attract their attention,…...
Cognitive DevelopmentCognitive PsychologyPsychologyTelevision
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FAQ about Cognitive Development

What is Development?
...For example, cognitive skills can decline or improve faster through later stages of adulthood. Senior adults who have been showing declines in cognitive abilities can remedy the situation, or slow down the decline, with learning exercises, such as me...

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