Cognitive Development

Cognitive Developmental and Social Learning Theories
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Moral development according to Eleanor Maccoby (1980) is the acquiring of knowledge rules that govern their social world. Theories of cognitive development and social development disagree on core elements of the rigidity of our development and the belief that all cultures share the same moral code. The idea of a clear progressive and easily chartable stage of development is a clear element of all cognitive theorists. In Kohlberg's theory progression through each of the different moral stages is easily identifiable…...
Child Sexual Abuse as it Pertains to Cognitive and Emotional Development
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This study will explore child sexual abuse and how it pertains to the growth and development in victims. Child sexual abuse can also be referred to as child molestation. It is only one form of child abuse. Child sexual abuse is when someone who is an adult or who is in adolescent years uses a child for sexual gratification. It can include engagement in sexual activities, child pornography, or indecent exposure. This trauma that the child is exposed to opens…...
The Development of the Social Cognitive and Physical Domains of
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The Development of the Social, Cognitive and Physical Domains of an AdolescentAdolescents are progressing through a very interesting developmental period of their lives. During this time they endure many social, cognitive and physical changes. This paper discusses these domains while providing examples from a female adolescent on her own life, and providing data from relevant literature.____________________Subject Name: AshleyAge: 17 years old____________________Social DevelopmentPeer and Friend RelationshipsAshley is a seventeen year old female who is in twelfth grade; she occupies a considerable…...
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The Child Cognitive Development Psychology
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Throughout much of history child development from birth till adulthood had not received much attention. Children were often viewed as a miniature version of an adult and therefore little attention was paid to it in the many research and studies in cognitive abilities, language usage, and physical growth that occurred during childhood and adolescence. It was until the early 20th century that interest in the field of child development finally began to emerge, and it was mostly focused in the…...
The Relationship Between Moral and Cognitive Development
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Jean Piaget clearly believed that moral development of children is related to their cognitive structure at any given time.  A child’s “relative social relationship with adults” plays an equal rule in the determination of his or her respect for rules (“Moral Development and Moral Education”).  Hence, young children do not understand the meaning of rules.  They are egocentric, after all; and so their helplessness before the authority of adults grants them a “heteronomous moral orientation (“Moral Development and Moral Education”).” …...
Piaget’s Cognitive development theory
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Jean Piaget and his theory of the stages of cognitive development have made significant contributions to a wide cross-section of disciplines including educational psychology and applied developmental psychology. Though his original theory has undergone some amount of changes, the basic tenets are still applicable in understanding how humans develop progressively from birth to adulthood. Several theorists have criticized Piaget’s theory and have proposed alternative approaches to explaining human development. Other theorists have espoused Piaget’s theory with few modifications or additions…...
Physical and Cognitive Development in Adolescence
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Adolescence is a developmental phase with issues that have repercussions throughout adult life. It is a period of vast change, more aptly described as a series of phases that mark the transition from childhood to adulthood. It is also a period of life in which several forms of sociopathy and psychopathology often appears. Adolescence is both a biological process and a social-cultural transition. The juvenile organism undergoes a process of growth and maturation as it moves toward adult size and…...
Theory of cognitive development
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What is cognitive development? Cognitive advancement is the process of acquiring intelligence and progressively sophisticated idea and issue resolving capability from infancy to adulthood. Piaget's theory of cognitive development is an inclusive theory about the nature and advancement of human intelligence first established by Jean Piaget. It is mainly called a developmental stage theory, but in truth, it handles the nature of knowledge itself and how humans come gradually to obtain it, construct it, and utilize it. Furthermore, Piaget( 1969)…...
Assimilation and Accommodation
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Assimilation and Accommodation Jean Piaget viewed intellectual growth as a process of adaptation (adjustment) to the world. This happens through: * Assimilation, which is using an existing schema to deal with a new object or situation. * Accommodation – this happens when the existing schema (knowledge) does not work, and needs to be changed to deal with a new object or situation. * Equilibration – occurs when a child's schemas can deal with most new information through assimilation. However, a…...
Reaction Paper on Piaget’s Learning Theory
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Cognition is defined as the process of learning that includes perception, memory, judgment and thinking. It is also the basis of Jean Piaget’s theories on learning. He was able to identify the different stages of cognitive development by interviewing and observing children of different ages in gathering the data to which he was able to formulate his theories. He was more concerned on the wrong answers given by children in tests given to them in school by their teachers and…...
Cognitive Development of an Infant and Toddler
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Piaget based the sensorimotor stage on his observations of his own children The Circular Reaction: a. Circular reactions are the means by which infants explore the environment and build schemes by trying to repeat chance events caused by their own motor activity. b. These reactions are first centered on the infant's own body. Subsequently, they change to manipulating objects and then to producing novel effects in the environment. Substage 1: Reflexive Schemes - a. Piaget regarded newborn reflexes as the…...
Piaget’s Theories
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The summary of Piaget’s theories includes stages of learning through cognitive development. The cognitive perspective was revolutionized by Jean Piaget, a Swiss psychologist. Piaget proposed “that all people pass in a fixed sequence through a series of universal stages of cognitive development”. (Feldman, 2008, p. 20) Piaget’s theory outlined four stages of development. Piaget’s Four Stages of Learning The four stages of learning are sensorimotor, birth to 2 years old, preoperational, ages 2 to 4, concrete operations, ages 7 to…...
Theories of Cognitive Development by Piaget and Vygotsky
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Jean Piaget’s and Lev Semionovich Vygotsky’s theories on cognitive development both play a significant role in addressing the intellectual growth of children (Lain, 2006). Psychologists and educators alike, rely on these theories in constructing the standards by which children are being brought up and taught today. Essentially, cognitive development is the process by which our intellectual ability grows and progresses. Slavin (2003), maintains that cognitive development, “is the gradual and orderly changes that occur making ones mental process more complex…...
Vygotsky & Cognitive Development
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Vygotsky thinks that kids are curious and actively included in their own knowing and the discovery and advancement of brand-new understandings/schema. Vygotsky put more focus on social contributions to the procedure of advancement, whereas Piaget emphasized self-initiated discovery. According to Vygotsky, much crucial knowing by the child takes place through social interaction with a skilled tutor. The tutor might design habits and/or offer spoken guidelines for the child. Vygotsky refers to this as co-operative or collaborative discussion. The child looks…...
Physical and cognitive development
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The aging process involves many changes. These changes can be difficult for some. Changes include physical and cognitive development including primary and secondary aging, intelligence and memory, health and biological factors, relationships, personality, and transition factors (grief and loss issues, and retirement). I will address the above using scholarly peer reviewed journals. A study was conducted by Khodr, B. , Howard, J. , Watson, K. , & Khalil, Z. , testing the effect of antioxidant therapy on sensory neurovascular function…...
Directions for “Cognitive Development”
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1. Access the textbook website: http://bcs.worthpublishers.com/myers7e/default.asp?uid=0&rau=0 2. Click on the PsychSim Tutorials link 3. In the left column, find Chapter 04 “Psychsim5: Cognitive Development” and click on this link. Click on “Cognitive Development” and begin the tutorial. Answer the questions and attach to the email in IT’S LEARNING. This is due no later than midnight Tuesday, September 22. Late submissions will be deducted 20 pts per school day late. PsychSim 5: COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT Name: Faye Simshauser This activity describes Piaget’s…...
Human Growth and Cognitive Development
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According to Jean Piaget’s theory of Cognitive Development children’s cognitive development formal operations is established at the cognitive development stage of about age 12 to 15 years. This is reflected in the child’s ability to reason adolescence hypothetically and independently on concrete states of affairs, with the structures represented by the logical combination systems. The rates at which children will progress through the development succession developed by Piaget may vary from one culture to the other; in addition, different children…...
Cognitive & Moral Development Theories
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ABSTRACT The intention of this paper is to provide an overview of the psychological theories of Jean Piaget and Lawrence Kohlberg. While Piaget's perspective was psychological, Kholberg's viewpoint was psychological with emphasis placed on moral development and both theories will be compared and contrasted in this paper. Furthermore, the implications of these theories for counselling will be examined. RESEARCH ON THE COGNITIVE & MORAL DEVELOPMENT THEORIES OF JEAN PIAGET & LAWRENCE KOHLBERG JEAN PIAGET Jean Piaget, Swiss biologist, philosopher, and…...
Piaget and Vygotsky: compare and contrast
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Everyday life is characterized by conscious purpose. From reaching for food to designing an experiment, our actions are directed at goals. This purpose reveals itself partly in our conscious awareness and partly in the organization of our thoughts and actions. Cognition, as defined as "... the activity of knowing and the processes through which knowledge is acquired" (Shaffer et al., 2002), is the process involved in thinking and mental activity, such as attention, memory and problem solving. Much past and…...
Introduction for “Piaget – Stages of cognitive development”
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Swiss Psychologist Jean Piaget (1896-1980) proposed the idea of the four stages of childhood cognitive development. These are age-related stages and refer to certain accomplishments that should be achieved, by the child, at the end of each stage. The first stage of cognitive development is the Sensorimotor stage, which lasts from birth to around two years of age. During this stage, children learn to coordinate their senses (hearing, sight, touch etc.) with their motor abilities. From two to seven years…...
Theories of Child Development
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"The term 'advancement' refers to the procedure by which an organism (human or animal) grows and changes through its life span" (Smith, Cowie & & Blades, 2003). Cognitive Advancement for that reason worries itself with how we process information; how we learn. There has actually been much research into cognitive development, and as an outcome the theory behind it has actually altered and established very rapidly over a reasonably short duration of time. This paper will take a look at…...
Compare and contrast Piaget’s and Vygotsky’s theories of cognitive development in children
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This essay will compare Piaget’s and Vygotsky’s theories of cognitive development in children. Also, show the differences between the two psychologist’s theories. Thus, by showing their similarities like in language and adaptation theories. Further, differences like Piaget’s theory on cognitive developmental stages and the schemas which are build to learn or accommodate new words or things. Vygostky’s theory differs to Piaget’s theory by his socio-cultural and language theories. Finally, bring all this points together by drawing a conclusion. Cognitive development…...
Reflection on Cognitive Development
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This reflective essay speaks about Educational Psychology, a good teacher, general principles of development, the brain and cognitive development, Piaget’s theory of cognitive development and Lev Vygotsky’s sociocultural perspective. Educational Psychology plays a very important role in our daily lives as it helps us to understand and develop strategies to improve the learning process. An effective teacher is one who is organized, not biased, patient, and flexible and knows how to teach medium and slow paced learners. The essay also…...
Jean Piaget’s Cognitive Theory
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The Cognitive Development Theory was first identified by Jean Piaget. Jean Piaget was born on August 9, 1896 in Neuchâtel, Switzerland. Piaget became well known by the many papers he published throughout his late teen years. Once graduating from the University of Neuchâtel, he received his Ph.D. in natural science and published two philosophical essay concerning adolescence. These two essays later became the general orientation for the first publication of the Cognitive Development Theory. According to the Jean Piaget Society…...
Critically evaluate piaget’s theory of cognitive development
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Piaget has been described as the father of cognitive psychology (Shaffer, 1988) and his stage theory as the foundation of developmental cognitive psychology (Lutz & Sternberg, 2002). It is not possible to describe Piaget's empirical findings and theory in only 1,500 words. Instead, I will briefly review the theory's scope, comprehensiveness, parsimony, applicability, heuristic value and methodological underpinning. I will then evaluate in more detail the theory's utility in describing and explaining cognitive development. Historically, Piaget's ontological approach was ground-breaking…...
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