Civil rights protect the freedom of individuals from the external influence of governments, private individuals, and social organizations. Civil rights secure the ability of people to participate in civil and political activities and practices without repression or discrimination. The rights ensure the protection of both mental and physical integrity, safety and life, from discrimination on grounds such as sexual orientation, race, color, age, gender, political affiliation, ethnicity, religion, and disability. Moreover, civil rights guarantee personal rights such as privacy and freedoms of press, religion, speech, thoughts, movement, and assembly.
Civil liberties have had a high impact on American history, from organized matches to lunch counter discussions, the American civil rights movements have been a volatile and iconic part of History.
In the 1960s, various groups of people from different races and ethnic backgrounds took part in the anti-racism protests which sought to stop the discrimination that had spread through the American society, profoundly in the South. The anti-discrimination groups used various tactics from political lobbying to non-violent passive resistance intended to promote social change in the American culture.
The civil rights movement in America helped create a more whole nation that favored all people despite their race, social groups, ethnicity, and gender. As a result of the civil rights movements, drastic changes have been noted in the American society (Martin, 2006, p. 24). Elimination of segregation was one of the changes influenced by the American civil rights.
The local movements worked towards integration of societies. The civil rights laws forced the African American people and the white men to live separately, whereby, the African Americans received second-class considerations and treatments through the nation.
The division helped the government realize that it was not living up to its standards of justice and democracy and helped trigger a Congress action through the 1964 Civil Rights Act (Morris, 1986, p. 57). The created law made it illegal to create divisions based on races and color, origins, and genders within the United States. As a result, integration of cultures, ethnic groups, and races were incorporated into the American societies both in the South and other states of the United Nations.
The civil movements placed an emphasis on diversity. Before the rise of the civil rights movements, the American nation recognized a distinction that differentiated people from some parts of the world. In 1924, the American government separated quotas that exclusively favored the European immigrants. Ending government-sponsored racism being part of the desire of Congress, the 1965 Immigration Act was passed. The passed law brought an end to the racial exclusion system that was practiced by the government, thereby making the society favorable for everyone. The balanced society facilitated the entry of people of color at rates equal to, or even more significant than the white people.
The civil rights movements significantly enhanced the African American right to vote. Following the 15th Amendment that was carried out in 1870, a formal consent was granted to the people of color to vote. However, the violent and oppressive racial discrimination system in the South prevented not only African Americans from taking part in elections, but also some Mexican-Americans. Nonetheless, in 1965 President Lyndon Johnson asked Congress to derive legislation that enforced the law of the 15th Amendment, following the savage mishandling of the demonstrators in Alabama and Selma during a protest to encourage African American voter registration (Ferdon, 2014, p. 39).
The 1965 voting rights needed districts that had histories of low voter registrations and turnouts, in order to get the federal approval that would enable changes to be made in the election laws. In the following years voting patterns began to change significantly with the Democratic party receiving profound support from the African Americans, as well as other voters (Franklin & Moss, 1988, p. 27). The racial minorities have played a significant role in many American elections, including iconic polls as the 2008 and the 2012 general elections that registered Barrack Obama as the President of the United States.
For many years the civil rights movement has been an inspiration for many people within the United States. The civil rights movements influenced other activists such as the Chicano activists, who claimed to have noted the progress of the civil rights movements on televisions in the stand against segregation, to realize that they too had suffered discrimination because of the skin complexion. Martin Luther King Jr., who was the central leader of the movement, received a national holiday in his honor. Martin Luther King Jr., as well as other moments, are international icons that inspired oppressed groups and individuals to strategically fight for their rights and freedoms without fear of loss (Kenneth, 2018, p. 29).
The civil rights movement in the American nation has dramatically molded the American society strategically. Through the efforts of the civil rights legends, the African American people have had the right and opportunity to take part in critical decision-making practices of the nation. The civil rights movements have integrated the American society substantially; thereby promoting unity, cooperation, justice, and democracy. The American society has learned to accept and incorporate different people into its associations without racial segregation or ethnic favor. As a result, new opportunities and ideas have facilitated the nation’s growth and development. Democracy in the nation has mostly been challenged and influenced by the civil rights movements. Based on the protests of the affected people in America, appropriate amendments have been proposed and made on the national constitution in ways that have empowered and enriched the nation’s democracy and justice systems. America has thrived and developed faster as a result of the unity and cooperation that was proposed by the civil rights movements.