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Description of Citizenship Activity
Describe how you participated in a school or community based activity.
The activity was (please select as appropriate):
a. Describe the activity
The project we decided upon in my group is, “Teenage Pregnancy.
” The reason we chose this topic over other ones suggested was because we felt it is important to young people today, but is being overlooked and therefore becoming more of a problem. However we will not look into all the issues related to it. We will be focusing on how aware teenagers are about the problems of teenage pregnancy, what is being done to keep it under control, and sex education in schools. Also, another aspect of Teenage Pregnancy that we will be looking at is investigating what is influencing it.
b. Describe your role
My role within the group was to construct and distribute the questionnaires to different members within society. Also, I was in charge of keeping records of minutes of all our group meetings as well as organise the meetings. In addition, we all had to cotribute towards designing and preparing the final presentation.
Student’s declaration: I declare that I have produced the work involved without external assistance apart from any which is acceptable under the scheme of assessment and is recorded.
Teacher’s declaration: I declare that the student’s activities have been kept under regular supervision and that, to the best of my knowledge, no assistance has been given apart from any which is acceptable under the scheme of assessment and which has been identified and recorded.
Section 1: Planning (AO3) max mark 10
Section 2: Activity Log (AO1) max mark 10
Section 3: Communication (AO2) max mark 10
Section 4: Evaluation (AO3) max mark 10
Total: max mark 40
Section One: Planning
* Describe how you planned the different stages in your activity
* Outline your contribution to the activity
* Refer to the contributions, views and experiences of others.
For this coursework, a lot of planning was needed, we made sure that everyone was on track and the work provided by each member of our group was up to standards. In order to do this we had regular meetings in and out of school hours. This was very important in order for our project to be successful becausewe wanted to successfully complete a project that would benefit ourselves and the community.
The selection of our groups was the first and main part of our project planning. The reason we had to choose groups and take our time doing so was because we had to make sure that not too many friendship groups were put together. This was because friends tend to have similar skills and also our teacher was afraid we would not work well in friendship groups as we will be more concerned with other things. The way we selected our groups was by naming three different people whom we wished to work with. From the three people in my group i only chose one, the other two were added to our group. I feel that our group will complete a successful project as we work well together and everyone in the group is reliable in terms of getting the work done on time and well. The people in my group are Paris, Stephen and Michael.
The second part of our project planning was deciding on a topic for our work. This was also an important stage in our planning because in order to create a successful activity, we had to make sure everyone enjoyed what they were doing, otherwise they would start losing interest. For example, Michael and Stephen had suggested making our topic, “Gangs”, however, after speaking about it we realised that Paris and I were more interested in Teenage Pregnancy and they soon decided that was the better choice. We decided that “Teenage Pregnancy” was a more appropriate topic for us to focus on, as we felt it was overlooked as the other options, “Impact of Immigrants on Society” and “Gun and Knife Crime in the UK”, were topics that are very commonly discussed. We felt we had to bring our community’s attention to something else that was important in society.
Finally in our coursework planning, we decided on roles that everyone was going to have within our group. The reason we done this was because we felt that we all had different skills in our group and therefore, some people would be more suited for certain jobs that others. For example, I’m very good at organizing as well as talking to people, where as Stephen for example is better at looking up information and collecting it and therefore we appointed our roles according to our abilities. .
Throughtout this investigation I contributed to this project by making up the questionnaire as well as hand them out to a boy and a girl in each year in order to obtain a more in depth conclusion. The reason I was asked to construct the questionnaire was because I was in charge of doing so in many other projects and therefore have expirience in constructing different questionaires with appropiate questions, I was therefore considered as the most suitable person for the job. Also describe how to access guidance, information and advice about handling information
Also, my second role was to keep track of the minutes of meetings and also organising the meetings. This role was given to me as the most organised person of the group, because a lot of organising is needed for this job, I was the one that was most suitable once again.
Everyone in the group had to contribute to the final presentation, we all gave in our opinions on what it shuld look like and what it should include. However there were different roles to be taken in order to complete this presentation. I was given the role of organising what piece of information goes where and how it will be presented in terms of fonts and arangement on paper. This was also because I am naturally organised and also as it was something one of us had to do for the final presentation and I had no particular job, therefore I was given this task. I have experience of having to prepare my brother and sister for school in the morning which involves meticulous planning.
Contribution of Others:
Everyone in our group had different tasks to undertake in order for us all to get the project done on time and to the highest standards. The roles were appointed as following:
Paris James: In charge of constructing an interview with a health adviser as well as carry it out. We decided to give her this task as she is most confident talking to people, and also she has done this in the past and had successful results. She also does Drama, and her confidence to speak out is shown also through her Drama work. In addition, she is able to make people feel comfortable and therefore the person being interviewed would feel comfortable and speak out, answering the questions accordingly.
Paris was also appointed the task of keeping everyone on track. This was because she has good leadership qualities which have been obtained through her continuous participation in school activities such as Form rep. In addition, she was appointed the task of designing the final presentation. She was given this role because she had produced leaflets in the past and is therefore experienced. Also, she is familiar with the software needed in order to design this presentation.
Stephen Bunce: In charge of collecting most secondary sources, example: Newspaper articles and pictures. He was given this job because we all felt he had the most access to these sources as well as the fact that he is very good at spotting things. Also, he was appointed the role of finding meeting spaces for out group. This was very important because our meeting space was limited with most of our families having smaller houses or would be less able to offer us a space for our meeting compared with Stephen’s family.
We spoke about this in one of our meetings, and he volunteered to take care of the location of meetings as he had lots of family members who would allow us to make our meetings. Also, he is close to most teachers in school and therefore can arrange for one of them to provide us with their room in order for us to have meetings in school as well. Also, for the final design, we needed someone to be the editor, as we would be doing a lot of work and would need someone to read over it. Stephen volunteered for this job as he is very good at editing in English and he also enjoys doing so.
Michael Devoli: In charge of collecting information from researches already done on Teenage Pregnancy. We decided that this job was best suited for him because he is used to doing a lot of research and is known for his ability to research information. Also, we needed someone to get everything printed, and we decided that Michael could do this, as he was the only one with a printer. Also, we had to make sure we give this job to someone reliable and who would not forget to get things printed, as this is a very important stage in our activity.
We found that Michael can be reliable so we gave this job to him. Furthermore, we also decided he would take on the role of writing the final presentation with my help on what to include and Paris’ help on inserting the text in the right bits of the leaflet template she will create. Also, after Stephen does the editing, he will have to change any bits which Stephen reckons should be changed. Before anything is changed we will all come to a decision on whether the particular change is the best choice to make.
Section Two: Activity Log
List the separate activities in which you took part and outline how you revised or changed your plans at each stage. You may continue on a separate sheet if necessary.
Introductory meeting: The introductory meeting enabled us to see who our group members were and we used this opportunity to also choose our topic for the activity we had to carry out, and discuss the different roles we would each take on
Questionnaire: This was given out to students at our school in order to find out how aware young people were of pregnancy.
Interview: A health advisor was interview in order to get an adult’s point of view who happens to deal with the problem of Teenage Pregnancy daily.
Data Collection: All figure type data and other official investigations.
Data Collection: Pictures and view points from newspapers, internet, magazines, etc. Pictures are all relevant to the topic
Catch-up Meeting: We held this meeting in order to see where everyone was at with the coursework. Check up on whether everyone was sticking to deadlines.
Conclusive Presentation: We used this time to create a presentation concluding all the research we had gathered. We had to show our findings clearly and present it to the rest of the class
Analyse what was involved in each activity (the people involved, what you were trying to achieve etc). Describe how the importance and influence of citizenship issues is shown in your activity.
During our activity, we had to stay completely focused in order to complete it successfully and at a high level. Also, while this activity took place, evidence of citizenship issues was shown.
The first meeting we had, included us having to meet our group members and discuss a topic for our “Active Citizenship” coursework. We had a few choices such as, “Teenage Pregnancy”, “Gangs”, and “Gun and Knife Crime in the UK”. From these we chose “Teenage Pregnancy” as we thought this is a more important citizenship issue as well as it being overlooked in society. The reason we saw this as a citizenship issue was because we thought, many people must be affected by this, not only young girls.
For this reason, we felt we should make society more aware of the problems concerning “Teenage Pregnancy” in society. Also, in my group, we thought that the best way to address this issue and make citizens within our society aware of it, was by creating a leaflet containing facts and advice about this issue. This again related to citizenship issues, as it involved real people and addressed real problems within society.
Another activity which we took place in was, constructing questionnaires and distributing them for people to answer them. The reason we done this was because we feel, the people’s opinion matters most above statistics, because they are the ones that truly know how issues like this affect them. To narrow down the people we were going to survey, we decided upon only interviewing students in our school. The reason we surveyed students and not teachers as well was because, young people truly have the answers and information we are trying to gather.
Also, one of our goals was to see how aware young people are of “Teenage Pregnancy” and the only way to find this out was to survey the main people involved, that being the youths of today. This could be classed as a citizenship issue, as it involves the people of the society and getting their opinion. Also, when creating the questionnaire, the questions had to carefully be structured, to allow the respondent to fully understand the question asked.
During the preparation of the interview, we thought about who we should interview and why. We decided that an adult would be best to interview because we already would have opinions of young people from the questionnaire distribution. We came to the conclusion that the best adult to interview would be an adult who has to deal with the problem daily and therefore someone who is involved somehow in advising teenagers on the problem. Using this, we decided upon a Health Advisor, who has to deal with this daily. This also shows evidence of citizenship issues as it again involves talking to real people. It also proves the usage of citizenship issues because we are gathering information about real life situations going on in society around us.
All types of data collection involved citizenship issues. We had to think about ethical issues when interviewing people and also when using information from newspapers. Also, the usage of pictures was also addressed by citizenship issues. This was because we had to be made aware of things like copyright and using secondary information correctly.
Finally, using all the information we gathered, we created a final presentation which will directly affect young people in society. In my opinion, this is the activity that showed most citizenship issues, as it impacts society and also, to obtain this final project, citizenship was used majorly and many citizenship issues were addressed.
Section Three: Communication
List of supporting evidence
List the support material and resources you used or produced as part of your work for the activity. Show the variety of support material used (eg written, tape, photographic etc).
For this activity, I had a range of materials that I used and also produced a final piece using all the material. The material used was:
Interviews – They were used in order to obtain information from an adult point of view as well as a more in depth opinion. This was a p rimary source as the group and I collected this information ourselves. The reason we used an interview was because we felt, even though questionnaires provide us with people’s opinion, an interview would offer a more detailed opinion and would therefore be more useful.
Questionnaire – We decided upon a questionnaire because they are easy to use, not very time consuming and they provide enough information. Questionnaires allowed us to survey a larger population unlike the interview, as the questionnaire does not take too much time. This was also a piece of primary data. However, like the interview, it was also a resource because we used it as a resource in order to be able to create the final project.
Internet – This was a piece of secondary time, we used the internet to find different types of articles, studies and statistics on teenage pregnancy. The reason we used this was because the internet provides just about any piece of information one needs and is therefore very useful. Also, it is very easy to use and not very time consuming.
Newspapers – We had a lot of access to newspapers because one of our group members, Stephen Buns, enjoys reading them. We therefore felt that it was appropriate to use any relevant pieces of information from the newspaper. This is again not very time consuming and easily accessible. This was, like the internet sources, a piece of secondary resource.
Leaflet – This was our final activity. Using all the information we collected, we created a leaflet providing statistics, information and advice about Teenage Pregnancy.
Use of Supporting Evidence
Describe how the support material and/or resources were used or produced, and also show how you used this evidence to support arguments and make judgements.
Interview – This was our main piece of primary data. The reason we used primary data was because we felt the reasearch already done in this area was not sufficient and if sufficient was not in representation of our local community. The interview was to be carried out by one of the members of our group, someone who perhaps had expirience and a lot of confidence. This was necessary in order for us to collect as much information as we needed. The reason we decided an interview with a Health Advisor would be most appropiate was because we believed that an interview would provide us with the most in depth information, rather than a questionnaire. Also, the Heath Advisor was decided upon because all the memberts of our groups decided a Health Advisor would be most appropiate to interview as they deal with the problem of teenage preganancy on a daily basis.
Their experience in this area would provide us with a lot of useful information which will then help us produce an informative leaflet which will then benefit the young people in our community. The inforamtion they could provide includes stating the kind of help offered by the clinics and the level of awareness they try to raise in teenagers. After the interview took place, it was clear that the health advisor has managed to provide us with all this useful information.
The clinic proved to offer major support to teenagers and they made sure leaflets were sent to schools in the borough as well as posted around homes in the borough. This drew us to the conclusion that parents were perhaps not doing their job in informaing their children about this issue and not doing anything to educate them about the matter. It also showed that schools were not doing a proper job at educating their students about this matter either.
Schools, according to the clinic were supposed to inform its students about contraceptions and this was later confirmed in the questionnaires that we handed out. Overall, we discovered that the clinic done its best at tryong to offer support and information to the young community. They offer information on different aspects of teenage sex, most of it concerning prevention of unwanted pregnancy. What this shows is that the information is there for all young people but it is not being distributed to them so they are still unaware of contraception, safe sex and therefore teenage pregnancy and its importance. We also wanted to know their opinion on teenage pregancy in our community today; the health advisor had stated that they are offering the bet infomration and support they can but they feel there is not enough contribution from parents and schools and so there is only so much they can do.
Questionnaire – This was our second form of collecting primary data. Questionnaires were decided upon because they are very easy to use and they are not as time consuming as the interviews. Although questionnaires do not provide us with the same amount of information an interview would, it is able to cover a wider range of people due to it lack of time consumption. Using the questionnaire we found that many young people were not informed at school or by parents about the risks of unsafe sex.
This proved that they perhaps were not doing their jobs in educating youths about sex, also, when asked what role a sex clinic plays in their life, many reported that the clinic offered major support, but the people going into the clinic were already expiriencing pregancy and so even though the support and guidance was there, most young girls and boys did not discover it until after the mistake was made. In addition to this, the questionnaire helped indetify that many teenagers simply did not care about what the help that was being offered to them by any party could do for their safety and prevention of pregnancy.
When told about the kind of help and support as well as the dangers of teenage pregnancy, most teenagers were not phazed by any of it. This could show that perhaps they cannot be helped, however it could also mean that more emphasis should be put on the importance of conception at a young age, or even the importance of not engaging in sexual acts at such young ages. The questionanire allowed us to generate tables in order for the results to be represented more clearly.
This helped us see what kind of information the final leaflet would really need in order to have a positive impact and be able to really help with the issue of teenage pregnancy. We decided from the results of the questionnaires that awareness should be risen on the risk that unprotected sex brings and in return what the risks of pregnancy itself is. Also, from the questionnaire we found that many teenagers have friends or know people who have been or are pregnant. This shows that pregnancy is fairly common amongst teenagers in our community.
Secondary sources – We collected data and statistics from the news as well as government statistics. Government statistics show that underage sex is has been on the rise and along with this, the number of underaged mothers and teenage mothers is also risen and continuing to rise. This information may be included as fact in the leaflet. Also, we collected data on pregnancy and pregnancy myths to make teenagers more aware of how easy it is to get pregnant. In addition, we collected a lot of informtion on where teenagers can get help on about their sexual relationships. We also looked into the different types of contraceptions. The reason we colelcted all this information was to collect enough data to be able to create a powerful leaflet that will truly have a possitive impact on the young cummunity.
The leaflet we created using all the information collected turned out very informative. We dedicatd a page to expalning pregnangy and its complications, hoping to make teenagers more aware of what is waiting for them if they are not careful enough. Also, we looked into what young people believed are ways in which you can and cannot get pregnant. We called these “sex myths” and stressed their liabillity as much as we could again to make sure awareness is risen in these areas so that teenagers do not make the mistake of getting unwantingly pregnant.
We also included information on the different type of contraceptions that can be used in order to prevent unwanted conceptions. In addition to this, we produced a page full of contacts which teenagers can contact if in doubt, need help, advice or support about anything to do with their sexual acitivities. The goal of this leaflet was to make young people more aware of sex and what it could bring in order to help reduce the rates of teenage pregnancy and bring more attention to it as it seems to be overloked in society.
Section Four: Evaluation
Evaluation of own contribution to the activity
Overall, for this activity I feel I have done my best to contribute as much as I can in order to get a high quality final presentation.
I made sure all the minutes of each meeting are typed up and took care of my main job which was to construct and distribute the questionnaire, very carefully. I feel I have completed this activity very well as questionnaires are my strongest point; therefore, I think the choice to give me this task was very appropriate. I have managed to gather a lot of useful information from the questionnaires and this is why I consider this a successful completion of the survey. When typing up the minutes i made sure they were accurate, checking they were realiable and nothing was changed.
In addition, my final role of organizing which piece of information goes where on our leaflet also went very well. As an organized person, I was able to complete this task as well as edit anything the group was not happy with. I considered this therefore, to also be a successful activity that I took place in.
Given the chance to redo this project, I would contribute more to the final presentation ideas, as I feel I could have made a more useful contribution to the final outcome. In addition to this, I would do more work on the topic; for example, survey a more varied population rather than two specific groups. Despite this, I feel my group was very successful in this activity and I like to think that I had an impact on their performance as well, because I was at times trying to sort things out when things got out of hand. We all helped each other and this made our performance stronger
Evaluation of the contribution of others to the activity
Overall, everyone done their best to contribute as much as they could to produce a high quality final product.
Paris James: Paris was in charge of interviews. She successfully carried out an interview with a health advisor which provided us with a lot of relevant information for our topic chosen. She used her skills as an interviewer very well, proving again that she is very good at doing so. This was proven in the results of the interview, they were very thourough and contained exactly what we needed. However, i believe Paris could have been more involved for the rest of the project, although she produced the leaflet in Microsoft Publisher, she could have contributed more in other aspects of our topic.
Stephen Buns was mainly in charge of colelcting data for our presentation. He had succesfully completed this task, always providing us with very useful infromation. He stuck to deadlines very well and I believe he has put a mojor effor into this topic. He was very eager to get the work done and also he had proved that he can be very realiable. Also, his English skills were shown in the editing of the leaflet. He has edited a lot of the leaflet making it very successful in the end. This was important because we wanted to make sure our leaflet was clear enough for anyone to understand in order to give good results in helping the young people of society. Stephen should improve on the way he adresses different people in society and the way he advises them because at times we felt Stephen was being too blunt.
Michael Devoli played a big part in our group as well, he made sure he collected all the best information and carefully selected only the relevant facts and statistics from internet resources. He done this successfully and this was shown in the production of the leaflet were the facts and statistics he had recorded were very found extremley useful for the young population. Also, Michael had the very importatnt job of implementing the information needed onto the leaflet template. I believe Michael made a fairly good effort overall, but could have been a bit more talkative. Also, i believe he could have gotten involved in talking to people in society more in order to spread his infromation collection. His confidence was too low for the acitivity but he tried his hardest.
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