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Cicero’s Relationships

Relationship shown in letters written in 58
Were together because of her good name and wealth
After 20 years of marriage, he expresses himself in most affectionate terms
Cicero uninterested in sex (but had 2 kids)
apart from one letter in 50, no letters to Terentia up to 49 B.C
Interval includes proconsulship – wrote to personal and political friends
Letter from exile – showed Terrentia tried to offer Cicero consolation (fate rather than folly)
Tried to make him feel better
Cicero didn’t want her sympathy
Even letters of 49 are very infrequent
Estrangement grew into divorce in 46
Cicero accused her of ruining him for own profit (unclear if she actually did)
Terrentia wanted Cicero to be more tolerant towards Caesar

Married her in same year of divorce
He was 60
She was 17
Married for her wealth
Openly annoyed that he favoured Tullia over her
Showed no sympathy at Tullia’s death, Cicero sent her to her mother for good
Also received a legacy recently

Cicero’s only daughter
Betrothed to C Piso Frugi aged 9/10
To make link with noble family as usual Roman practice
He died when Cicero was exiled
She went to meet Cicero at Brundisium on his return (made effort to go see him)
In 56 B.C. Tullia married Furius Crassipes
(another potential political ally)
The match was regarded as a good one, but Crassipes and Tullia were soon divorced
Later married Dolabella (Caesarian politician)
Unhappy marriage
Cicero showed limited sensitivity to this as reoccupied with civil war outbreak
Departure for Greece delayed by bad weather, not just her confinement
Divorced end of 46 BC
She died in 45 B.C
Cicero was very sad so Caesar, Lucceius, Sulpicius send letters of condolence
Proposed to build her a shrine (project later abandoned)
Cicero praises her good character and expresses distaste for her bad marriage
Aggravated by Dolabella’s political behaviour (letter)

Cicero gave his personal attention to his education
Sent him to Athens to pursue his studies, in the hope that he would take up the legal profession
Marcus’ young tastes were averse to study
Drinker rather than follower of father’s teachings
Commanded cavalry squadron in Greece during civil war
Cicero addressed him in de Officiis (public viewing)
Aimed at his son
Wants him to wait for marriage
Father/son relationship breaks down
Appearance of Brutus at Athens, in 44 B.C., was enough to cause his enlistment in the army of the liberatores, in which he served with distinction
He espoused the cause of Octavius against Antony
was made consul by the former in 30 B.C.
Last heard of as proconsul of Asia

Quintus was a man of considerable ability
although he never reached the consulship, he was aedile in 65 and praetor in 62 B.C
At first he was inclined to attach himself to Pompey, and in 57 B.C. served as the latter’s legatus in Sardinia
three years later he joined Caesar in Gaul and took part in the invasion of Britain
In the civil war, after some hesitation, he espoused the cause of Pompey, but after the battle of Pharsalus he sought and obtained pardon from Caesar
In 43 B.C. he was proscribed with Cicero and put to death
Four of his letters are extant
Wrote tragedies in winter-quarters in Gaul
Wrote Commentariolum Petitionis to support Cicero’s election to consulship
Supports Cicero a lot

Dreadful events which attended the war between Marius and Sulla led him to leave Rome in 86 and live in Athens
His father and uncle left him 12,000,000 sesterces
Lifelong childhood friend
Avoided participation in politic but close to members of all political parties
His philosophical views were in harmony with his political attitude, as he was an Epicurean
Shared similar republican principles but Atticus’ quietest Epicureanism contrasted with Cicero’s active engagement in politics and risk-taking
His sister married Cicero’s brother – openly discussed criticisms of the marriage with Atticus
Atticus acted as Cicero’s financial agent, and he found the letters of recommendation, which his friend wrote for him to the governors of provinces, of great service
Cicero got advice and help from Atticus, concerning day-to-day politics and principles
Open to Atticus in a way that was different to anyone else
Trusts him a lot but didn’t always take his advice
Initially rejected advice to co-operate with the triumvirs because of desire to impress optimates and for concordia ordinum

Cicero gave him consulship (44) as he was happy with his efforts in the civil war
Cicero admired Antony’s proposal to abolish dictatorship
Later, Cicero accused Antony of surpassing Caesar’s laws to upset the constitution
Cicero returned to Rome to lead senate against Antony
Once Antony forms the second triumvirate, Cicero’s name was the first name to go on the newly brought back proscription list
Antony was upset with Cicero’s phillipics as it had offended him

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