Cicero Rhetorical Devices

rhetorical questions
questions used in oration, not meant to be answered

chiasmus
two pairs of words in ABBA format

asyndeton
lack of conjunctions

polysyndeton
overuse of conjunctions

anaphora
repetition of a word or phrase

praeteritio
“going beyond” something, saying that you won’t talk about it much, usually features the word praetereo

irony
sarcasm, uses words like credo, videlicet, and scilicet

hyperbole
exaggeration

synecdoche
one word for another, usually a part for a whole (ex. roof for house)

metonymy
one word for another, NOT part for whole (ex. crown for royal power)

enallage
the usage of the same word multiple times in different forms

tricolon
a grouping of three

crescens
a series of words or phrases growing in “power”

alliteration
multiple words starting with the same letter

metaphor
making a comparison between two generally unrelated things

personification
giving human traits to a non-human object (i.e. “the republic” having a conversation with Cicero)

antithesis
the inclusion of two contrasting words or ideas in the same sentence

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