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Cho Chang is a sixth-year student who attends Hogwarts School of Wizardry and Witchcraft at the time of the events within Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix. Sorted into the House of Ravenclaw, she is known for her wit, wisdom, and willingness to learn. In her fifth-year, she dated a popular student named Cedric Diggory, who was murdered during the Triwizard Cup. Due to the two being so involved, Cho was an emotional wreck throughout her sixth-year. I am diagnosing her with Adjustment Disorder, because of her trouble coping with her boyfriend’s death, along with her depression, trouble concentrating during meetings with Dumbledore’s Army, and spontaneous emotional outbursts, such as her crying while kissing Harry Potter.
The treatment I recommend for Cho for her Adjustment Disorder, involves closure. With the return of Lord Voldemort and Dolores Umbridge enforcing tyranny at her school, I think it would best if she were to, first, step away from her high stress environment as well as not engaging in any romantic relationships until she is done grieving.
Through psychotherapy, Cho will be able to talk and explore her feeling which will lead to a better understanding for herself and will allow her to efficiently cope with her boyfriend’s death.
Dolores Umbridge was a half-blood witch who worked as a bureaucrat of the Ministry of Magic, under the Minister of Magic. As a child, Ms. Umbridge grew up with a muggle (non-magical) father and a squib (a child with magical parents who is not magical themselves) brother, and often deemed them to be inferior.
When she is installed as the Defense Against the Dark Arts professor at Hogwarts, however, her symptoms become prominent. Throughout the events of Order of the Phoenix, she is often delusional and paranoid, believing that the students are conspiring against her. Bursts of anger are displayed in the Forbidden Forest where she threatens the lives of her students. Her general lack of remorse is also seen when she casts spells to strangle centaurs or when she is torturing and mutilating young students without a hint of guilt or humanity in her eyes. Due to her paranoia manifesting itself the most, the appropriate diagnosis would be Paranoid Personality Disorder.
Treatment for Dolores’ disorder must be handled with care; through the manifestation of her paranoia, we are able to see a bit of what she is truly capable of. I suggest a strict but not monumental regiment of antipsychotics and anti-anxiety drugs. These should help reduce her delusions and paranoia. Through a steady introduction of group therapy, it is possible that Umbridge could learn to trust.
Tom Riddle was born to a muggle father and a magical mother in the late 20’s. He was, however, abandoned by both parents, with his mother dying at birth and his father leaving to have a new family, and a put into an orphanage at an early age. Powerful as a child, Tom had trouble controlling his powers resulting in him being isolated from peers. It was not until he was twelve that Albus Dumbledore, who was the transfiguration professor at the time, had told him what he was and recruited him to attend the school. At 16, he began his transformation into easily the most powerful and evil wizard; at 17, he killed his first victim, a fellow student now known as Moaning Myrtle, a spirit trapped at Hogwarts after meeting her demise. The killings did not stop, in addition to his need for grandeur and being an anomaly, such as changing his name to Lord Voldemort. His lack of remorse and homicidal tendencies contradict his need for reassurance and admiration, making his diagnosis not only Antisocial Disorder but also Narcissistic Personality Disorder.
Personally, I do not believe that there is a way to alleviate or to completely eradicate his symptoms. By forcing him to confront the lives he has taken, there is a possibility that we can gauge his reactions. If able to genuinely emote and show remorse, maybe therapy and antipsychotics could lessen his symptoms.
Severus Snape is the Potions professor at Hogwarts. Due to consistent bullying throughout his years as a student at Hogwarts and losing the only person who understood him (Lily Potter), Snape is known for being cold and intimidating. After the death of Lily, Severus is not seen making that many social connections, the only ones being with Draco Malfoy, his son, and with Harry Potter, later in the years. Severus is often isolated and has trouble expressing his emotions. Taking his symptoms into consideration, Severus has Schizoid Personality Disorder.
Treatment for Severus does not have to be too aggressive due to his ability to form his few social relationships. By introducing Severus to diverse social situations, he can learn how to build better relationships and be more sociable. Also, through exposure to enjoyable activities and therapy that can teach him how to express his feeling in healthy ways, he can learn how to emote.
In-group bias is the tendency to favor people within a group over those who are not in the group. An example of this is portrayed in the Order of the Phoenix. As Dolores Umbridge establishes more and more tyrannical rules, Harry Potter and his friends decide to create Dumbledore’s Army as a way to learn how to defend themselves and to rebel against the oppression. As retaliation, Umbridge created the Inquisitorial Squad in order to weed out any suspicious behavior. The Squad, filled mostly with Slytherins, was subjected to immunity during questioning and were often favored among the students that Umbridge oversaw.
Erik Erikson’s Psychosocial Developmental stages stresses the mental growth of a person within society and the journey of discovering who you are. During the events of Order of the Phoenix, Hermione Granger and Ginny Weasley are navigating through Erikson’s fifth stage, Identity versus Role Confusion; a question that both girls face is, ‘who am I?’.
Hermione Granger, a genius muggle student at Hogwarts and the best friend of Ron Weasley and Harry Potter, one of the most famous wizards of their time, struggles to define herself past her grades and friends. When the trio walks back to Hogwarts after a successful recruitment of students for Dumbledore’s Army, they discuss how to keep their group a secret from Ms. Umbridge and also the consequences if they were to get caught. Although Hermione has previously taken part in breaking the rules for the benefit of her friends, it is the first time she has actively defied a professor; during the discussion with her friends, she uncharacteristically exclaims how wonderful it felt to break the rules and step out from the box she has been placed in since she was eleven.
Ginny Weasley is the only sister of Ron Weasley and is the youngest out of seven. She constantly struggles with feelings of inadequacy and distinguishing herself from her six older brothers. Ginny also deals with having a crush on her brother’s friend, Harry, who pines after the older and more popular Cho Chang, and proving herself to be a competent member of Dumbledore’s Army. During a particular meeting with the D.A., Ginny can be seen passionately practicing her spells, so she can get credit for her talents. Another instance of her internal struggle with role confusion is seen after the recruitment of members for the D.A.; after Hermione’s exclamation, Ginny is seen looking extremely upset after Hermione making a comment about Cho Chang possible interest in Harry.
High Inquisitor/Professor Dolores Umbridge displays an Authoritarian style of parenting. This is characterized by strict rules, harsh punishment for breaking those rules, and setting unrealistic goals for children. Evidence of strict rules are seen when Professor Umbridge becomes Headmistress after Dumbledore goes missing. She is seen putting up a plethora of strict rules on plaques around the school and announcing newly enacted rules on the intercom. Rules included the immediate disassembly of all student-run organizations and a rule against boy and girls being within six inches of each other.. If she suspects any students of breaking rules, she partakes in cruel and unusual punishments. When Harry Potter openly defied her while in class, she forced him to write one hundred lines saying ‘I must not tell lies’ with a quill that wrote in his blood and caused scars on his hand of whatever he wrote. She often did this with many students, even some of the second years.
Professor Minerva McGonagall is the Transfiguration professor at Hogwarts who demonstrates an Authoritative style. This style of parenting is characterized by listening to children, taking to account their feelings, placing high but obtainable goals for the children, and administering strict but fair discipline. This is seen after Harry’s confrontation with Umbridge where she gives him very useful advice; to be careful around Umbridge and to be attentive to his friends. McGonagall takes the time to explain her advice, which is another characteristic of authoritative parenting. Another example of her parenting style is after Harry’s dream of Arthur Weasley being attacked in the Department of Mysteries. She provides comfort to the children and takes note of their feelings during the high stress situation, but still enforces the rules that must be upheld.
Headmaster Albus Dumbledore displays a Permissive style of parenting. This is characterized by being loving but setting few or very little rules or guidelines. Dumbledore often presents this style with Harry Potter such as when Harry breaks a rule in the beginning of the Order of the Phoenix. When protecting his cousin from Dementors, not only does he reveal magic to a muggle (a prominent law in the Wizarding World), but he uses magic as a minor outside of school. Dumbledore simply sided with Harry but did not discipline him, like he does with his other students.
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