Childhood Obesity Presentation PaperDevika LalFCS 324Sacramento City College We are all responsible for our own lives. The choices that we make matter, our attitude matters, our actions and words matter. We all are responsible for our own happiness and the quality of our journey here on earth, regardless of the circumstances. So, who is responsible for your own life decisions and for choosing a healthy diet, if not you?Obesity and being overweight in childhood have become a substantial impact both physical and cognitively.
The Definition of childhood obesity is when the child is above the normal healthy weight for his or her age and height. Obesity, a greater-than-20-percent increase over healthy weight, based on body mass index (BMI)a ratio of weight to height associated with body fat. A BMI above the 85th percentile for a child’s age and sex is considered overweight, a BMI above the 95th percentile obese (Berk 236). Not all children show symptoms of childhood obesity.
According to the article, Mayo Clinic, The body mass index (BMI), which provides a guideline of weight in relation to height, is the accepted measure of overweight and obesity. The child’s doctor can help figure out if child’s weight could pose health problems by using growth charts, the BMI and, if necessary, other tests.The Causes of Childhood Obesity are several like eating fast food, too much TV, which leads to lack of physical activity. The causes of surplus weight gain in young individuals are similar as in adults, including issues such as a person’s behavior and genetics.
Behaviors that encourage more weight gaining consist of eating high-calorie, low-nutrient foods and beverages, and not getting enough physical activity, inactive activities such as watching television or other devices, medication use, and sleeping habits. Obesity has caused a dramatic rise in cases of diabetes in children, sometimes leading to early, severe complications, including stroke, kidney failure, and circulatory problems that heighten the risk of eventual blindness and leg amputation (Berk 237).The Risk Factors are also massive part of child’s threat of developing grow into overweight such as these types of changes which can increase child to become overweight.Frequently eating high-calorie foods, like fast foods, baked goods or vending machine snacks can effortlessly cause child to gain weight. Candies and desserts also cause weight gain, and more data towards sugary drinks, including some fruit juices, adds problems in obesity for some people. Lack of exercise children who doesn’t exercise end up not losing any fat or burning any calories because they spend too much time on television or other electronically devices. Psychological issues such as children’s who face parental and personal stress that can affect child to be obese. For example, some children overeat to deal with the problems or with emotions, such as stress, even to fight boredom. Socioeconomic factors are people who have limited going to stores to get foods. So, they go for ease foods that don’t spoil fast, for instance frozen meals, like crackers and cookies. And not have access to exercise safely. The complications that childhood obesity carry physically, socially, and emotionally are:Type 2 diabetes which is a long-lasting condition that will affect the way child’s body uses sugar (glucose). Metabolic syndrome is bunch of conditions that put your child at risk of heart disease,diabetes or any other health problems. The conditions contain high blood pressure, high blood sugar, high triglycerides, low HDL (good) cholesterol and extra abdominal fat. High cholesterol and high blood pressure will can be caused by a child’s poor diet this situation can cause plaques to buildup in the arteries. These plaques can cause arteries to narrow and harden, which can lead to a heart attack or stroke farther along in their life. Sleep disorders is possibly a serious disorder in which a child’s breathing constantly stops and restarts again during their sleep. Then Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), this disorder generally has no symptoms, but causes fats to build up in the liver. NAFLD can lead to liver damage. And last children who are overweight or are obese can also have or get asthma.And some of the consequences of childhood obesity are that obese children are at risk for several conditions, including High cholesterol, High blood pressure, Early heart disease, Diabetes, Bone problems, Skin conditions like rash, fungal infections, and acne. Symptoms that begin to appear in the early school years-high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, respiratory abnormalities, insulin resistance, and inflammatory reactions-are powerful predictors of heart disease, circulatory difficulties, type 2 diabetes, gallbladder disease, sleep and digestive disorders, many forms of cancer, and premature death (Berk 237).Childhood obesity can also lead to poor social and emotional complications such as low self-esteem, depressions and many more.Persistent obesity from childhood into adolescence predicts serious psychological disorders, including severe anxiety and depression, defiance and aggression, and suicidal thoughts andBehavior (Berk 237).The social and emotional difficulties that children deal with every so often is being teased or bullied about their overweight body from peers. Children who suffer a loss of self- esteem have an increased risk of depression as a result. And depression can make people feel devastated or miserable. Overweight children tend to have more behavior and learning problems that leads into anxiety and poorer social skills than normal-weight children do. Kwashiorkor is also an illness that is caused by an unbalanced diet very low in protein. This disease usually strikes between 1 and 3 years of age. The ways to prevent all these childhood obesity diseases are to keep younger generations much healthier are that parents should put some limitation and restrictions towards the youngers. Less the sugar beverages, avoid eating out most of times like fast-foods, adjusting the number of intakes the child is supposed to eat, depending on the appropriate age. Also eat meals according to time and as a family. According to Piaget and his theory of mind-in, the capacity for recursive thought-enables children to understand and use increasingly indirect expressions of meaning (Berk 257).For example, if a parent prepared a dish that child didn’t like, the child will pretend ironically, “Oh, my favorite!” This sign shows how this statement requires the speaker to consider that at least two views simultaneously-in child’s case, the mother’s wish to serve a dish that despite his objection, expressed through a critical comment with a double meaning. As the article states, Factors which have been implicated in the accelerated growth in obese children include increased leptin and insulin levels, adrenal androgens, insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1, IGF-binding protein-1 and GH-binding proteinsAdditional body weight during childhood be able to also effect pubertal development, between effects on timing of pubertal beginning and stages of puberty hormonal stages. There is clear suggestion representing that obesity leads to early changes of pubertal signs in girls. In the article The State Of Childhood Obesity, the statics and data show that The national childhood obesity rate is 18.5%, the rate varies among different age groups and rises as children get older. Over 13.9% of 2- to 5-year-olds, 18.4% of 6- to 11-year-olds and 20.6% of 12- to 19-year-olds have obesity. There are also striking racial and ethnic disparities, 25.8% of Latino children and 22% of Black children have obesity.Furthermore, obese girls are also at bigger chances of hyperandrogenism. Hyperandrogenism is a health condition categorized by extreme stages of androgens in the female body and the related effects of the higher androgen levels. In boys, extra fatty has related to advanced puberty only in some analyses, while others have stated a postponement in pubertal beginning. The current evidence on the suggestion between childhood and adolescence obesity emphasizes a more motive for fighting the increases of childhood obesity; that is averting abnormal growing and pubertal patterns. Individual differences in pubertal growth like nutrition and exercise make a lot of difference during beginning of puberty for girls. In females, a sharp rise in body weight and fat may accelerate sexual maturation. Fat cells release a protein called leptin, which is believed to signal the brain that the girl’s energy stores are enough for puberty-a likely reason that breast and pubic hair growth and menarche occur earlier for heavier and, especially, obese girls (Berk 300).In conclusion, I believe that childhood obesity is a commonly delinquent nowadays due to social and dietary changes. However, this common obesity conflict can be changed, if parents enforce their children into healthier and eating nutrients at home. Then the children will also benefit throughout their adult life. Far ahead as adult these obese children can end up having serious health conditions such as heart diseases, type 2 diabetes, and cancer. The positive decisions that children will makes now will also influence the choices children will make when picking foods out to consume at school and at fast-food restaurants and selecting to be active. Work CitedBerk, Laura E. Exploring Lifespan Development. Fourth ed., Pearson, 2018.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2016). Causes and Consequences of Childhood Obesity. [online] Available at: Dietz, William. “Health Consequences Of Obesity In Youth: Childhood Predictors Of Adult Disease”. Pediatrics, 2018, Mayo Clinic. (2016). Childhood obesity – Symptoms and causes. [online] Available at: In Children”. WebMD, 2018, State Of Childhood Obesity”. The State Of Obesity, 2018,