Child Labour Essay Examples

Essays on Child Labour

Nelson Mandela, former President of South Africa, once said that “There can be no keener revelation of a society’s soul than the way in which it treats its children ”. Undoubtedly, children are the one who holds the future of the country and they are the best gift to humankind. Children should be brought up in an environment that helps them in their future. Those children who are brought up in an environment which is helpful to their mental and physical health develop to be productive and responsible representatives of the society. If any children perform work when they are too young for the responsibilities, they unfairly reduce their present progress or their future income earning capabilities, either by declining their future extraneous choice sets or by reducing their own future personal productive capabilities.

Child Labour: An Unavoidable Ethical Dilemma
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The rise in globalization has led to the rapid growth in the integration of societies and national economies further allowing businesses to operate on a global platform. Everest Pashmina is one such company located in Nepal that has dominated the pashmina export business. However, doing business in a diverse economy involves dealing with multiple stakeholders with varying socio-economic, and political values, experiences, and backgrounds which can bring in both opportunities and challenges for a business. Therefore, throughout the paper, I…...
Child Labour
Major Problem of Child Labour
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In order to understand the unethical standards in child labour the worse working conditions must be analysed in order to see who is in charge and what are the possibilities in order to stop these conditions. Africa, Congo: Special report: inside the Congo cobalt mines that exploit children: sky news and who is behind this? The multinational corporations of China and America, children are getting maybe 8 British pences a day in unhealthy conditions and going each time further away…...
Child Labour
Ways to Take Action Against Child Labour
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Analysis of the Situation Obtain information from the Ministry of Labour on the national law regulating employment of children, more specifically: Provisions regarding the minimum age for employment that will enable you to meet legal requirements. A hazardous child labour list that will enable you to revise the tasks for children above the minimum working age and reassign them to work in safe, non-hazardous conditions while securing their access to appropriate education or training. Reliable techniques to check age include…...
Child Labour
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Child Labour in 19th England
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Throughout the 19th century, many kids in England were being overworked and put in dangerous situations that could have potentially cost them their lives. Kids were not being right and were having to sacrifice their education so companies could earn a better profit. Child Labour is a well-known term for kids who are worked too hard for their age without much, or no, pay. “Broadly speaking, the term “child labour” is defined as the employment of children in any work…...
Child Labour
Child Labour: Why It Exist
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According to ILO, Child Labour is well-defined as work that has the potential to deprive children of their childhood, this kind of impact on their dignity and it is also harmful for their growing physical body moral and mental progress and it’s interferes with their education either by not sending them to attend school, giving up school prematurely without giving them primary education and forcing them to combine school attendance with hard work. Now there is another side and that…...
Child Labour
Should Child Labour Be Made Illegal
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“If we cannot begin to agree on fundamentals, such as the elimination of the most abusive forms of child labour, then we really are not ready to march forward into the future,” (Alexis Herman). Child labour can simply be defined as a type work that is emotionally, substantially, socially dangerous and destructive to poor children. It can interfere with their learning process by depriving them of the chance to attend school or to leave school impulsively or rather by forcing…...
Child LabourSocial Issues
Problem of Child Labour in India
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“Life is a bitch. I thought we could be good people and be loved by everyone. But God doesn't want us to be like this. He would rather that we wash the dishes.” Those are the words of an eleven-year-old laborer, forced from school to work by poverty and social neglect (Capernaum). Indeed, the Indian government has repeatedly amended and weakened child labor law, and the rate of child labor has flowed in recent decades. Although the number of child…...
Child LabourSocial Issues
The Problem With Fair Trade Coffee
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Labour exploitation within the coffee industry as well as cocoa has been going on hidden for many years. We as citizens will spend a couple of dollars on coffee when coffee growers receive as little as a couple of cents which will not be enough to support them or their families the industry relies on cheap labour and farmers are not paid a decent wage for their products. Coffee being the second most traded commodity worldwide after oil, 25 million…...
Child LabourCoffeeFair TradePlantationPovertyTrade And Commerce
Third World Countries
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Globalisation faces many other types of barriers A recent McKinsey report says that the process of globalisation is not only not uniform across all industries, but there are large differences in the extent to which developed and developing countries have been integrated into a single market (McKinsey 2003). These “large differences” give cause to worry. There are some winners and some losers in this game. It has been pointed out by globalisation scholars that disproportionate benefits of globalisation go to…...
Child LabourOutsourcingThird world countries
The Children by Elizabeth Barrett Browning The Song Of The Shirt
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The two pieces of poetry were both written in 1843. The first half of the 19th century was of social unrest in Britain. The constant expansion of the British Empire was causing a rapid develop of industry in Britain. As a result of the Industrial Revolution, factories, mills and mines constructed and they needed to cheap and labour to work in them. Conditions for these workers, who included children, were terrible and the wages were very poor. Most working families…...
Child LabourLiteratureSongUnrest
Child Labour at Quarry Bank
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The wages of children was lowly relating to this dangerous work undertaken. At Quarry Bank Mill, children under 13 were paid as little as 1 to 3 shillings a week: As opposed to 3s/9d to 4s/2d in Manchester Towns. The mills in Manchester paid their workers a much higher wage than the Greg paid his at Styal. The wage gap could be explained by the free schooling, access to a doctor and adequate living conditions, the apprentices in Manchester didn't…...
BankChildChild Labour
It was a calm spring day on the 25th of March
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It was a calm spring day on the 25th of March in New York City. People were buzzing around, as usual, sticking their noses in others' businesses, and clearing the way for more chaos in the rich, sumptuous city. However, this all changed when disaster struck. A small fire had started in the rag bin on the eighth floor of the ever-famous Asch building, which became one of the most destructive fires known to American history. The fire destroyed the…...
Child LabourSpring Day
Management solutions to the early companies and organizations
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Robert Owen, Charles Babbage, Andrew Ure, and Charles Dupin, are four people that tried to provide management solutions to the early companies and organizations. Robert Owen (1771 to 1858) Robert Owen was a successful entrepreneur in his time. However he tried to oppose industrialization because he thought that will do more harm than good. He opened his first factory in Manchester England at the age of eighteen. He explained his management style as follows ''I looked very wisely at the…...
Charles BabbageChild LabourCompanyManagementOrganization
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This is a case study in which we read about the company Apple and the people behind who build our precious gadgets such as the iPhone, the MacBook, the iPads and various other electronics that have become a large part of our daily lives. This case study uncovers what an average consumer such as me and you would not know about. And that is the practise of hiring underage workers who help build these fantastic electronics. This case study talks…...
Apple IncChild Labour
Managing Business Ethics
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Ethics are the guidelines of the life these play essential role to create efficient and effective life. There are lots of ethical issues that take place in individual life. One of them is happened with Nike , there are ethical issues of Nike happened in many countries like Pakistan, India, china ,Vietnam , Bangladesh . In Asian countries nke has its many organization . and Nike has ben accused of being using child labor in those factories and discrimination among…...
Business EthicsChildChild LabourDiscrimination
Child labor in IndiaSource 1MC Naidu K Dasratha Ramaiah 2017 Child
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Child labor in IndiaSource: 1M.C. Naidu & K. Dasratha Ramaiah (2017). Child labor in India: An overview. Journal of social sciences, 13, p: 199-204. This article examines the overview of child labor in India. The popularity of child labor is important problem challenges the world at a large rate, particularly developing countries like India. The main reasons behind the rise in child labor is common unemployment and economic pressure among the adult poor layer of population, due to acute growth…...
ChildChild LabourEducationIndia
Literature reviewChild labour overview Child labour has many definitions according to different
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Literature review:Child labour overview: Child labour has many definitions according to different scholars. According to Moyi (2011), child labour refers to long hours, physical abuse, sexual abuse, and low wages. According to Edmonds and Pavcnik(2005) child labour is considered a form of child abuse when children are working in bad conditions and hazardous occupations. According to Suda(2011), child labour refers to any kind of work that harms the child, dangerous for the child health but according to United Nations Convention…...
Child LabourLiterature
Child Labour in Pakistan
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Children are the flowers of heaven. They are the most beautiful and purest creation of God. They are innocent both inwardly and outwardly. No doubt, they are the beauty of this world. Early in the morning when the children put on different kinds of clothes and begin to go to schools for the sake of knowledge, we feel a specific kind of joy through their innocence. But there are also other children, those who cannot go to schools due to…...
Child LabourPakistan
Advantages and Disadvantages of the First and Second Industrial Revolutions
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The First and Second Industrial Revolutions helped pave the way for significant scientific and technological advances. This was not without drawbacks, such as poor working conditions, the exploitation of labor, and the use of child labor. As a result, the British Parliament initiated several investigations that changed the way industries operated. This ultimately shaped the way other developing nations would accomplish their own industrial revolutions, and help create the conditions for major science and technology breakthroughs to happen in modern…...
Child LabourEmploymentIndustrial RevolutionLabor
Un’s Preventative Measures Against Child Labour
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UNICEF summarized the UN Convention of the Rights of the Child as spelling out the “basic human rights that children everywhere have: the right to survival; to develop to the fullest; to protection from harmful influences, abuse and exploitation; and to participate fully in family, cultural and social life”. This convention is almost universally ratified. Despite this, child labour (something that in many cases violates at least three of the non-negotiable terms laid out in the Convention of the Rights…...
Child Labour
Positive Effects of Industrial Revolution
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While the Industrial Revolution had both positive and negative effects on society and the economy, the positive effects outweighed the negative. The Industrial Revolution was absolutely beneficial to the progress of the world from the 1800s all the way to present day. Sacrifices were made which allowed technological advancements during the Industrial Revolution, which in turn, created happiness, life opportunities, and an over-all, definite improvement of life. Even though at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, many hardships had to…...
Child LabourIndustrial Revolution
Kant and Utiliarianism on Sweatshops
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By definition a sweatshop is a “negatively connoted term for any working environment considered to be unacceptably difficult or dangerous. Sweatshop workers often work long hours for very low pay in horrible conditions, regardless of laws mandating overtime pay and or minimum wage”. Many corporations in the United States use sweatshop labor in countries over seas such as China to produce their products at a lower cost. As entailed in the letter from a man born in China, many citizens…...
Child LabourEconomicsEmploymentEthicsFinanceImmanuel Kant
Ikea’s Global Sourcing Challenge: Indian Rugs and Child Labor
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IKEA is a Swedish company producing home furnishing products at low prices. The company was founded in 1943 by Ingvar Kamprad and kept growing tremendously from 2 stores in 1964 to 114 stores in 1994. It's very useful to mention the ikea's vision that says "Creating a better life for the many people" for understanding the deep credo of saving cost among all the departments of IKEA, everything that IKEA does has the aim of reducing price to the customer.…...
ChildChild LabourEconomyIkeaIndiaManufacturing
Child Labour Should Be Banned
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For many of us it is hard to imagine what it would be like growing up, having to work from the age of five and not being able to go to school. 'Child Labour' is defined by the United States Department of Labour (DOL) as 'the employment of boys and girls when they are too young to work for hire; or when they are employed at jobs unsuitable or unsafe for children of their ages' It is not something we…...
Child laborChild Labour
Industrial Revolution and Child Labor
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Positive and negative effects of Industrial Revolution Thesis: The Industrial Revolution had social and economic implications that called for child labor, poor living conditions faced by workers, but ultimately led to an increase in overall productivity and jobs. Child Labor In the Philosophy of Manufacturers (Doc 3), Ure’s “firm conviction (opinion) is that every child would thrive better when employed in modern factories.” Based on his observations, it is inferred that he believes as long as a child seems happy…...
Child LabourIndustrial RevolutionLabor
Child Labour
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Institute of Communication Studies Punjab University, Lahore Content 1: Introduction 2: Strategies/Plans 3: What can you Do? 4: Target Audience 5: Communication Mode 6: Conclusion 7: Bibliography Introduction Definition of child labour The Article 1 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child defines a child as anyone below the age of 18.“Child labour” is often defined as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful tophysical and mental…...
Child Labour
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International Labor Organization Data

According to the International Labor Organization, “Child Labor” is simply defined as the work that makes children deprived of their rights. “Child labor and poverty are inevitably bound together and if you continue to use the labor of children as the treatment for the social diseases of poverty, you will both have child labor and poverty to the end”- (Grace Abbott). There is a very big difference between child labor and child work, simply work becomes child labor when any of the children are deprived of their childhood rights (Brandon, 2015). It is a sad reality that in this era more children are robbed of their innocence by controlling them from the outside world, some children are forced to grow up soon beyond their age while some are forced to face a miserable condition by making them do the things that are not acceptable by the society, whereas some children are given a mental trauma which is caused due to the breakdown of family life or peer pressure, others are abandoned, while many do not get an opportunity to go to school and are left to feed themselves or their family on the street (Wong, 2010). The International Labor Office reports that children are the ones who work the longest hours, and they are the ones who are paid the worst, or some even do not get paid at all (Bequele & Boyden, 1988).

Working Children Population

We can see from the above diagram the number of child labor in Africa which is more than one-fifth of the population of the country. Asia has another high number of population of child labor where India covers a high percentage of it. A major reason why India has the largest child workforce is that 82 million of the children population does not go to school (Weiner, 1991). In Pakistan, 10 percent of workers are between the ages of 10 and 14 years (Weiner, 1991). There are 7 million of child workers in Brazil which is a very common practice in South America (International Labor Organization, 1992).

From the developed countries child labor was almost completely reduced but, however, currently, child labor is taking the hype in developing countries where the main causes are – rapid population growth, high rates of unemployment in the country, inflation, poverty, malnutrition, bad leadership, corruption and low wages (Bass, 2004). Normally children are not registered as employees and are forced to work in a very poor and dangerous situation without any kind of protection (Serwadda & Luwaga, 2005). Generally speaking, poverty is more prevalent in rural area especially among those people who depend on agriculture as their livelihood, so children around there are more likely to be engaged in economic labor activities compared to urban children (Akarro& Mtweve, 2011). For some families it is a compulsion to send their child to work because one’s earning is not enough, also poor rural families consider that making their children work may increase the household’s income which helps them to survive (Serwadda & Luwaga, 2005). Usually, the girls from urban cities like Mumbai, Calcutta, and New Delhi face the most vulnerable activities, they are typically trafficked for commercial sexual exploitation (Baker, 2008). There are also many problems with the poor urban children such as lack of education, healthcare and social protection (Baker, 2008). Mainly child laborers in South Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa are facing the worst forms of child labor which includes child trafficking, bonded child labor, domestic works, and other risky works, the children who are working in hazardous jobs which are exposed to chemicals, and other dangerous tools are more than 90 percent (Amon, 2012).

Economic Activities Involving Children

Girls and boys can be even found in various types of economic activities; for example, boys are more likely to do work that includes manufacturing, trade, restaurants, hotels, and transport, while girls are mainly focused on agriculture and domestic work (World Bank, 2005). Most boys tend to be engaged in economic activities whereas girls are more involved in household activities like taking care of their siblings, doing household chores (Mamadou, 2009). Although, in general, we do not see most of the girls in labor activities, but they are the ones who represent a very high percentage of working children. (Ray, 2001) the research carried out in Nepal and Pakistan shows that gender bias was more prevalence in Pakistan compared to Nepal. In Pakistan, boys are more likely to work longer and they also tend to get more wages than girls even working for equal hours and rural children are poorer than urban children, while this case is opposite in Nepal.

Effect of Poverty

Poverty is taken as the main cause of child labor not only this, poverty creates many other problems like prostitution, corruption, robbery, malnutrition, the poor living condition of people, increased unemployment etc. (Owolabi, 2012; Ekpenyong & Sibirii, 2011). In general, poor people oblige their children to work in order to increase the household income because one person earning is too little to feed the whole family, and parents are not able to take care of all the responsibilities of the children as they earn very little (Khan, 2001). (Krueger, 1996) the study from cross-country sample shows that low-income households are more likely to send their children to the labor market which is a very uncommon practice in richer households. (Aqil, 2012) assumes that the children whose parents have worked in their childhood tend to send their children to work as well, passing it from generation to generation. (Fasih, 2007) assumes that child labor creates an unskilled and uneducated labor force as they do not get the chance to pursue their education which in turn affects the country’s whole development and economy.

The increasing numbers of orphaned children particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa have become street children, while others live in very different circumstances (Vandenberg, 2007). According to (Tauson, 2009) in rural places, parents want their children to work because they think that children will learn the work skill and consider it beneficial to them. Corruption within the country is one of the main reasons for misusing the resources, corruption, and poverty are interrelated where there is poverty there is also corruption (Murphy, 2005). For example, in countries like India employers corrupt labor inspectors to hire underage children where the incidence of a large number of child laborers indicates corruption (United Nations Development Programme, 2012). According to (Dash, 2013) many poor rural families migrate to urban cities like Delhi, where migrant families and their children are forced to work for survival and economic opportunities. The studies suggest that the problem which is resulted from the increasing child labor of globalization can be reduced by the higher income and a higher standard of living (Congdon, 2012). There is also an argument that globalization helps to expand the opportunity of exploiting cheap labor, especially from low-income countries. For example, countries like Vietnam, Mexico, and Thailand have provided evidence that child labor in these countries has declined due to globalization, but some countries like Bolivia and Zambia have shown a decline in schooling and an increase in child labor due to globalization (Mishra, 2012).

Children’s Education Issues

Parent education plays a vital role in children’s education. If parents are educated there is a very high chance for their children to have a good education (Aqil, 2012 & Wahba, 2000). The International Labor Organization (ILO) and the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) are two of the predominant international agencies which are working against child labor. According to the studies of (Edmonds & Pavcnik, 2005; O’Donnell, 2005; Akarro & Mtweve, 2011), they assume that reduction of poverty can be a perfect solution to minimize child labor. UNICEF, UNESCO, and the World Bank have confirmed that education is the key strength to reduce child labor (Kruger, 2007). Compulsory education law in the country can help children to attend school and fight against child labor, the policy program that works regarding child labor must provide free good quality and compulsory education to working children, especially in poor regions (Bhat, 2011).

Some studies like (Dessy & Pallage, 2003) argue not all the work done by children is harmful or brutal, some work may provide successful learning opportunities, such as helping elders in household activities in their free time, or newspaper delivery or some part-time jobs, but not if the work exposes them to psychological stress, like human trafficking, prostitution and pornographic activities.

Why We Should Stop Child Labor

Regardless of the benefits that a person can get from the child by making them doing work, we still tend to believe that child labor is unethical, and it must stop. The pleasure of many people that child labor brings to them cannot be used as approval of its continuity. It is inhumane to use a child as a means and object for the pleasure of others. What is considered ever-lasting is the pain that a child must encounter for the sake of others. A child should experience having fun with their playmates and not having to compromise with the hostile environment and hazardous machines. A child should be given the opportunity to get a better education but never the chance to be manipulated. The campaign toward the disposal of child labor is undoubtedly a long way, but with our concerted and sincere efforts, we can certainly say that there are no more stories about the plight of the unseen workers.

FAQ about Child Labour

Child Labour: Why It Exist
...Not all work done by children should be considered as a child labour that is to be targeted for elimination. Children’s or teenagers’ participation in work that does not affect their health, personal and development or interfere with their school...

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