Chemicals Industry Essay Examples

Chemicals Industry

Risk Assessment Involving TPH
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Pages • 3
Risk assessment process of Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons This paper presents data in a manner that is more like a summary rather than a complex risk assessment process of Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (TPH). This is indeed, a wide family of compounds, hence limiting the scope of the paper to undertake inclusive environmental, physical/chemical, and even health data on each and every hydrocarbon. Therefore, the paper acts as a guideline to understanding TPH, what is known about it, the probability of considerable…...
Pests and Poisons in Agriculture
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Pages • 6
Pests are organisms that reduce the quality or yield of a crop. Many crop pests include aphids and caterpillars; however slugs and snails also cause a lot of damage. Pest control involves Biological, Chemical and Physical processes. Plants which are grown closely together may cause the rapid spread of fungal diseases and insect pests, from plant to plant, which soon affects large areas and causes heavy damage in a short period of time. It is important to control unwanted organisms,…...
Importance of Pasteurisation
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Pages • 6
This chapter will explain the previous studies related to the mathematical methods used to determine temperature distribution in packaged foods using software for heat penetration studies. The understanding of theoretical aspects is important before progressing to the design and calculation process. It will focus on the background of the study, problem statement, methodology, result and conclusion that have been used in the previous researches. All these findings could be used to analyze the problems faced and develop temperature distribution mathematical…...
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Pharmaceutical Pediatric Formulations
Words • 771
Pages • 3
Flavorants plays an important role in patient acceptability especially for pediatric oral liquid formulations. The selection of flavorants should be clearly described and justified as some flavorants has toxic effect especially in pediatric preparation. The safety concerns must be recognized including the risk of allergies and sensitization [2]. Peppermint oil Peppermint oil is important flavoring agent used different oral liquid preparation especially for pediatrics as it has favorable taste and odour for them. But, different unwanted effects such as atrial…...
Perkin Reaction
Words • 1018
Pages • 4
Introduction: The name of this reaction is called the Perkin’s reaction. The reaction was first used by William Perkin to create phenylcinnamic acids (Johnson). It is very similar to the aldol condensation which is followed by elimination. In this reaction E and Z isomers of phenylcinnamic acid are created using benzaldehyde and acetic anhydride. The intermediate product is acetic phenyl acetic anhydride. Benzaldehyde is an aromatic compound that Results: The reaction involves the use of benzaldehyde with acetic anhydride which…...
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Pages • 2
1. Why is Elemica described as an example of an industry consortia net marketplace? How does it differ from other types of net marketplaces like ChemConnect? Elemica is a Net marketplace because it is owned by members of the industry and not third parties, also it is intended to provide long-term market place relationships to supply direct inputs to the manufacturing process. In contrast, ChemConnect is a privately owned, third-party firm which offers a bidding platform for chemical firms, and…...
Titration Of Acids And Bases
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Pages • 4
Introduction According to Arrhenius definition, acid is substance that produces H3O+ ion while base is substance that produces OH- ions. The reaction between acid and base often yields the products of salt and water. The formation of water in this neutralization reaction is caused by the combination of H3O+ and OH- ions. In order to determine the concentration of an unknown acid and base, a method called acid-base titration is used. The end of the titration has been reached when…...
Victoria Chemicals in Chemicals Industry
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Pages • 3
Background Victoria Chemicals, a major player in the global chemical industry that supplies polypropylene, polymer that used to manufacture carpet fibers, packaging, automobile parts to the customers in Europe and the Middle East. Apart from numerous small producers, the company also receives the threats from the other seven major competitors. The company owns two plants in Europe, one being Merseyside Works, England and Rotterdam Facility, Holland. Both plants were built in 1967 and are identical in scale and design. James…...
Ionic and Covalent Bonds
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Pages • 2
Introduction: The purpose of this experiment was to explore the properties of chemical substances that can be used to identify the types of bonds in a chemical substance using a laboratory procedure. The two types of bonds being identified were ionic and covalent. Based on a substance’s properties, how can you determine whether its bonds are ionic or covalent? This is the question I posed before starting the experiment. An ionic bond is a bond that results from the attraction…...
Aldol Reaction
Words • 768
Pages • 3
In this preparative lab, an aldol (trans-p-anisalacetophenone) was produced from the reaction between p-anisaldehyde and acetophenone with the presence sodium hydroxide. The reaction also showed the importance of an enolate and the role it played in the mechanism. Sodium hydroxide acts as a catalyst in this experiment and is chosen because of its basic conditions and pH. The acetophenone carries an alpha hydrogen that has a pKa between 18 and 20. This alpha hydrogen is acidic because of its location…...
Handling a Sulphuric Acid Spill
Words • 2925
Pages • 11
There has been a spill of concentrated sulphuric acid at the chemical plant where I work at as the Safety Engineer. In this report, I will explain what Sulfuric Acid is, the health risks and hazards associated with it, the safety precautions that should be taken and how the spill should be handled. Sulfuric Acid, H2SO4, also commonly known as battery acid or vitriol, is one of the top products in the chemical industry, with 40 million tons produced annually…...
TCC-Travancore Cochin Chemicals
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Pages • 23
1. GENERAL INTRO The main aim of the organizational study is to get the knowledge concerning the practical along with the management elements of an organization It uses an unique chance to trainees to have hands on experience with industry while still in college. These are major help in looking for employment after graduation. It exposes trainees to market environment and work culture making it much easier for them to shift from trainees to experts. It gives a possibility for…...
Osmosis and Diffusion
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Pages • 5
The basic principles of Osmosis and Diffusion were tested and examined in this lab. We examined the percent increase of mass and molarity of different concentrations of sucrose in the dialysis bag emerged in distilled water and the potato cores emerged in concentrations of sucrose. The data reinforces the principles of Osmosis and Diffusion, and in a biological context, we can simulate how water and particles move in and out of our own cells. Introduction Objective: 1. Investigate the process…...
Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution
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The experiment focuses on finding out what kind of activating effects that four different substituents will have on an aromatic benzene ring. The substituents being tested are aniline, anisole, acetamide (acetanilide), and phenol. All four of these groups are either para or ortho activating. Bromination is the reaction that will be carried out. The melting point ranges of the final products will be taken in order to determine their identities and reactivity. It is predicted that substitution order from most…...
Merseyside Company Case
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Background and Problem Statement Diamond chemicals is a leading propylene producer and a major player in the chemicals industry worldwide. However the share of the company had fallen from £60 at the end of 1999 to £30 in 2000 on account of worldwide economic slowdown and poor financial performance. Given the prevalent scenario, it was time to obtain funds from corporate headquarters for a modernization program for Merseyside project. This project will not only renovate and rationalize a production line…...
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