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Ch 14 Essay

Northerners opposed to the Union cause were known as
Copperheads

Lincoln issued his preliminary Emancipation Proclamation immediately following
The battle of Antietam

Which of the following series of events is listed in proper sequence?
second Confiscation Act; enlistment of blacks as Union soldiers; congressional passage of Thirteenth Amendment

Which of the following groups was not a major target of the New York City draft riots?
Irish immigrants

Which of the following was not a major thrust of expanded federal activity during the war?
Protection of labor’s right to organize

Which of the following was not a source of growing disaffection among whites on the Confederate home front?
The recruitment of slaves to serve as confederate army officers

Which of the following was not a significant factor behind the Union’s defeat of the Confederacy?
a growing conviction on the part of Confederate soldiers that slavery was wrong

Which of the following was not a significant wartime development?
The harder things went for the confederacy, the more unified its citizens became

The commander of the Army of Northern Virginia was
Robert E Lee

General Robert E.

Lee launched his September 1862 invasion into Maryland with a variety of goals in mind, including all of the following except

Capturing Yorktown and possibly Baltimore

Which is not true of the battle of the Antietam September 17, 1862?
General McClellan and the Army of the Potomac followed up their victory at Antietam with a rapid “lightning strike” into the South, both against General Robert E. Lee’s forces and, subsequently, against the city of Richmond.

At the Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia, in December 1862
Northern forces suffered one of their worst defeats of the war

Population in the North was 22 million in 1860, while the white population of the South in 1860 was
5.5 million

The Civil War is sometimes called “the first modern war” because it used weapons and other technological advances of the industrial revolution. Which of the following was not one of these advances?
Radios

During the Civil War, the term “contraband camps” was used to refer to
Camps of fugitive slaves

A “Civil War” is
A war between political factions or regions within the same country

Abraham Lincoln’s January 1, 1863, Emancipation Proclamation
freed some slaves, but exempted those in areas under Union control

Of the more than 180,000 black men who served in the Union army during the Civil War, how many died of disease, of wounds, or in battle?
1/3

Which was not true of black soldiers during the Civil War?
They fought mostly for the North, but tens of thousands also fought for the South

In what 1863 speech did Lincoln assert that the sacrifices of the Union soldiers would ensure that “government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth”?
Gettysburg Address

The Homestead Act
took effect on January 1, 1863, and offered 160 acres of free public land to settlers in the West

By 1862, how many states composed the Confederate States of America?
Eleven

George E. Pickett’s crack division marched across an open field toward Union forces into withering gunfire in July 1863 at
Gettysburg

At Vicksburg in July 1863
the Union, under U.S. Grant’s leadership, was victorious

The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratified in December 1865
Abolished slavery throughout the union

Which of the following was the Gettysburg Address specifically designed to communicate?
The need for national reunion

Which of the following was a Confederate advantage in fighting the Civil War?
The leading southern commander, General Robert E. Lee, was a brilliant battlefield tactician and served as head of the Confederate States army throughout the entire war.

What military action started the American Civil War?
The confederate shelling of fort Sumter

Which of the following describes the Battle of Antietam?
This was the bloodiest battle of the war

Which of the following best describes Lincoln’s plan for Reconstruction?
Relatively lenient

What did Frederick Douglass encourage African-Americans in the North to do as part of the war effort after 1863?
Enlist in the United States Army

Rose Greenhow
Was a confederate spy in Washington DC

More Americans died in the Civil War than in any other war in U.S. history
True

General George B. McClellan was notorious for his military recklessness
False

Black valor on the battlefield won over many northerners to a belief in equal rights before the law, regardless of race.
True

Women provided the chief energy for northern war relief efforts.
True

Invoking the extraordinary dangers of the moment, Lincoln called for a suspension of regular elections for the duration of the war.
False

Pickett’s charge at Gettysburg marked “the high tide of the Confederacy”
True

Over the course of the war, the Union troops had stronger morale, but the Confederate troops were better supplied.
False

Many late-nineteenth-century “captains of industry” made their initial fortunes during the Civil War.
True

From his first week in office as president, Abraham Lincoln sent troops into battle against the South.
False

Photographs of battlefields, soldiers, war dead, war encampments, and so forth carried the war into millions of Americans’ living rooms.
True

During the Civil War, the North instituted a draft, but the South never did.
False

By making the Union army an agent of emancipation and joining together the goals of Union and abolition, the Emancipation Proclamation sounded the eventual death knell of slavery.
True

Black soldiers played a crucial role in winning the Civil War and in defining the war’s consequences.
True

Abraham Lincoln was a firm supporter of votes for black Americans prior to the Civil War.
False

Government involvement in the economy was diminished as a consequence of the Civil War.
False

The first income tax was enacted under the leadership of the Republican Party.
True

During the Civil War, Congress made grants for up to 100 million acres to the railroads
True

Jefferson Davis, president of the Confederacy, was an effective leader of his new nation.
False

In March 1865, the month before the Civil War ended, the Confederate Congress authorized the arming of slaves.
True

The Sea Island experiment was an experiment in the Sea Islands of South Carolina in which a large breakwater was constructed to stop massive flooding during hurricanes.
False

The Wade-Davis Bill, introduced in Congress in the summer of 1864, required a majority of white male southerners to pledge support for the Union before Reconstruction could begin, and guaranteed blacks equality before the law, but not the vote.
True

George E. Pickett’s division marched across an open field toward Union forces in July 1863 at Chancellorsville.
False

There were thirteen state members of the Confederate States of America, the same number as stars on the Confederate flag.
False

The Emancipation Proclamation immediately freed all enslaved persons in the United States.
False

Lincoln waited until after the Union victory at Gettysburg to deliver the Emancipation Proclamation in January 1863.
False

The United States Army earnestly pursued the enlistment of black soldiers following the Emancipation Proclamation.
True

Because of the harsh cruelties she witnessed during the war, Mary Livermore believed the extension of suffrage to anyone other than white men was to blame. For the rest of her life, she opposed all forms of political enfranchisement, including woman suffrage.
False

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Ch 14. (2018, Jan 02). Retrieved from https://studymoose.com/ch-14-essay

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