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Causes of Indian Mutiny

Paper type: Essay
Pages: 3 (708 words)
Categories: India,Indian,World
Downloads: 19
Views: 419

The Indian Mutiny, which occurred in 1857, was the effect of a number of problems that had arisen as a result of the British profession of India. It began as a mutiny of the sepoys, a class of soldiers. However, it soon escalated into other mutinies and civilian rebellions in the northern and central parts of India. The British occupation triggered political, financial and cultural problems in India. This caused disharmony between the 2 sides. Political forces were a main cause of the Indian Mutiny, that were through overpowering from the British rule.

Nationalism had actually brought a great sense of pride to the conquering nation, where it was viewed as both stylish and right to conquer a nation. This had led to the arrival of the British East India Business where it had strongly implanted itself in the Sub-continent after the victory over Nawab of Bengal in the Fight of Plassey fought in 1757. This continued with the English defeating many other forces and brightened the prospects of the company in the nation.

Lots of problems had arisen with the guideline of the British, where they had implemented exceptionally heavy taxes upon the India people along with brand-new land income systems had messed up many peasant farmers, which had actually triggered both political and cultural discontent within the Indian individuals. The doctrine of lapse and the addition of Oudh by Dalhousie struck at the conventional way of livings and caused hatred throughout the Indian Sub-continent. This had meant that the rulers of each Indian State had lost their land as they had no male beneficiaries.

Issues relating to religion had also happened when the new Enfield rifle was presented to change the old musket where the cartridge was greatly greased with animal fat consisting of both Cows and pigs, which were viewed as both sacred and dirty from the Hindus and Muslims respectively. Religious and cultural forces such as the dispersing of Christianity and the suppression of traditional practices contributed significantly to the First War of Indian Self-reliance. The changes that the British had actually made to Indian ways developed significant discontent and disruptions throughout India.

Due to the introduction of steamships, the closeness of the British and Indians disappeared as many families joined their officer husbands, meaning that the officers spent less time with their Sepoys or Indian mistresses. The education system brought about a group of higher-caste men, however jobs were not available to them. There was also fear among the Hindus that their religion would be lost by Christianity. Both the army and the civil population were under the fear that the government intended to make everybody a Christian.

Missionary activity was extended by Englishmen all over the country. Furthermore, there were some major reforms such as the abolition of child marriage and the suppression of Sati. These were all major contributing factors to Indian Mutiny which saw the Indians being defeated by the British. There were also many economic reasons behind the Indian Mutiny. During their time in India, the East India Company were successful in building power. Over one and a half centuries, numerous bribes allowed the East India Company to operate in overseas markets. However, this did not benefit local business.

For example, the cheap imports of South Asian products, including silk and cotton decreased the profits of domestic businesses. The introduction of the British ‘Doctrine of Lapse’, helped the British to expand their imperial domain. As a result of this doctrine, Indian princes were forbidden from inheriting land from people who they were not natural heirs of. This gave the British vast amounts of land. By 1857, the independence of the remaining states had been reduced, and the East India Company was exporting untold amounts of luxuries back to England each year.

These included, gold, silver, silk and cotton. The economic advantages for the British left many Indians out of business or with decreased profits. This caused animosity between the two parties, which led to the Indian Mutiny. In conclusion, the Indian Mutiny had occurred due to various reasons broadly in the category of political, economic and cultural. The British presence in India caused the changes. These had changed the future of India and the many citizens within the nation.

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Causes of Indian Mutiny. (2016, Nov 24). Retrieved from https://studymoose.com/causes-of-indian-mutiny-essay

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