Butte-Silver Bow County Montana Essay
Butte-Silver Bow County Montana
Population/Economic Status Assessment
Population 2013: 34,534
Land area: 718.48 square miles
Population density: 47.8 persons per square mile
Population percentage under age 18: 20.7%
Population percentage ages 65+: 17.0%
Births 2012: 375 Birth rate per 1000 people: 11.3%
Deaths 2012: 429 Death rate per 1000 people: 13%
Senior Citizens: 16.5%
Average household income: $38,971
Percentage of households at or below poverty level: 16.6%
(14.9%-White Non-Hispanic residents, 14.9% Black residents, 41.6% Hispanic or Latino residents, 48.2% American Indian residents, 25.2% other race residents, 28.7% two or more race residents)
Population Employed: 65.1%
Population Unemployment Rate: 4.7%
Population percentage uninsured: 14.5%
Proportion of the population with employment-based health insurance benefits: 78.8% Homeless population percentage: 0.25%
Race Population: White 94.6%, Irish 31.5%, German 24.3%, American Indian 2.1%, Asian 0.7%, Black/African American 0.4%, Hispanic/Latino 0.6%
Home ownership: 66.0%-2008-2012
(US Census Quick Facts,)
Marital Status: 13.8%
Median Age: 41.3 years total population 2010
Family Households: 57.9% 2010
DUI: 103 in 2008, up 135% over 2004
3yrs and older 89.3%, Nursery school 49.7%,
Age group 18-24yrs
High School Graduate: 41.9%
Some College/Associate Degree: 38.9%
Bachelor Degree: 4.5%
Age group over 25 -34 yrs
Poverty group age 25yrs and over High School Graduate: 86.6%Less than High School: 23.0%
Some College No Degree: 22.6%High School Graduate: 17.8%
Associate Degree: 8.2%Some College/Associate: 13.0%
Bachelor Degree: 25.0%Bachelor or higher: 5.0%
Age group 35-44 yrs
High School Graduate or higher: 97.1%
Bachelor or higher: 30.8%
Age group 45-64 yrs
High School Graduate or higher: 93.1%
Bachelor or higher: 22.3%
Age group 65 and older
High School Graduate or higher: 84.7%
Bachelor or higher: 14.0%
(US Census Quick Facts,)
Gulf War Veterans: 24.9%
WW II: 8.0%
Religion: 65% Catholic
(US Census Quick Facts,)
Neighborhood/Community Safety Inventory
Community Assessed: Butte, Montana
Safety Hazards in the Natural Environment:
Air Pollution: Air Quality Index (AQI) level in 2010 was 28.6.
This is about average. City:28.6
Carbon Monoxide (CO) [ppm] level in 2006 was 0.700. This is significantly worse than average. Closest monitor was 3.0 miles away from the city center. City:0.700
Particulate Matter (PM10) [µ/m3] level in 2010 was 30.9. This is significantly worse than average. Closest monitor was 3.3 miles away from the city center. City:30.9
Contaminants: Carbon Monoxide, Nitrogen Dioxide, Lead and Sulfur Dioxide-fine particulates meet EPA standards, they are among the worst in the nation.
Water and Soil Contaminants: copper, zinc, arsenic, cadmuim, sulfuric acid and lead.
Chief Health Concerns: cancer, heart disease, asthma, COPD, cerebral vascular disease, obesity, smoking, alcoholism and poly substance abuse. (Controlled Groundwater Areas,)(Hocking, 2010/)
Butte/Silver Bow County Montana began as a mining town for gold and silver, today it remains a mining town, not so much for gold and silver but copper and molybdenum. It is a medium sized town with 34,534 residents. MRI and St. James HealthCare are the largest employers in the county. The town has not grown over the past 20 years as evidenced by the higher death rate than birth rate. The population has spread from the urban to lower densely populated areas.
Butte for its size has the highest crime rate of all Montana’s major cities. Median household income is $37.346 7, 6% of the national average with 16.6% below poverty level. Most of the population has completed high school and some college. Senior citizens 60 + years comprise 71% of the homeowners. The high crime rate and high poverty level make neighborhoods unsafe for its residents. Young people are moving away from Butte for a better life style. (Hocking, 2010/).
Driving through Butte-Silver Bow County, Montana you observe many homes vacant and in severe disrepair. Stores are abandoned and up for sale/lease. Corners are dotted with bars, casinos and pawn shops. Almost every restaurant has a bar and casino. The only covered mall is devoid of several stores including the JCPenny chain that was an anchor store. Construction businesses, drilling businesses, mining companies, retail businesses, food service, health care businesses and many more provide jobs and services to the community. At first glance Butte appears to be a dying town, however it is trying to recover.
Butte has many summer activities including Folk Fest, Evel Kneivel Days, Irish Festival, Art Walk, Farmers Market, Haunted City Bus Tours, Berkley Pit, Christmas Stroll, Bus Tours of historic places in Butte, local plays at the Orphan Girl Theater, Outdoor Theater events as well as a Symphony and much more. (City Data Butte, ) Montana has many rivers that the population utilizes by boating, rafting, canoeing and tubing a great potential for health hazards such as infection and disease spread. Montana has a great deal of outdoor space for camping, mountain climbing, biking, 4-wheeling, hunting and fishing all adding to health hazards of injury from falling, infection, getting and lost in the wilderness.
Many wild animals live in the area from Grizzle Bears to small rodents, mosquitoes, flies and other insects adding to the spread in disease and infection. Wild Fires are a yearly occurrence which adds to poor air quality. Smoke from Montana’s wild fires as well as from Canada and neighboring states creates poor air quality. Butte itself is in a bowl created from mining, smoke and other air contaminants settle there. Butte is the site for one of the largest super fund sites in the United States related to water and ground toxicity. It is estimated clean up will take until 2020 to put everything in place to keep the site from infiltrating ground water. The Berkley Pit was an open pit mining operation; the pit is now filled with run-off water from the operation.
The pH of the pit water is 2.5 making it very acidic, the water of the pit is toxic with heavy metals such as copper, zinc, cadmium, arsenic and sulfuric acid. This water is so toxic it kills anything that should fall into it. There are 17 super-fund sites in Montana and two of them are in Butte/Silver Bow County. The second is from the Montana Pole and Treatment Plant, a wood treating plant adding zinc, cadmium, arsenic, lead and sulfuric acid to the soil and ground water. (EPA Home,)
Disaster Assessment and Planning:
Emergency operations coordination
Medical countermeasures, material management and dispensing
Responder safety and health
Surveillance and epidemiological investigation
Butte-Silver Bow County’s emergency preparedness is guided by the CDC. (Public Health Emergency Preparedness Program,)
City Data Butte. city-data.com citydata. (city/Butte-Silver-Bow-Montana.html#xzz390qwiNcl) 07.30.2014 Controlled Groundwater Areas. co.silverbow.mt.us water contaminants. () 08.01.2014 EPA Home. EPA.com Region 8 Silver Bow Creek/Butte. () 08.03.2014 Enviornmental
Protection Agency. US Enviornmental Protection Agency air quality statistics by county 2012. () 08.01.2014 Hocking, T. (). 2011 Community Needs Assessment.Butte Silver Bow Public Health Department. dphhs.mt.gov 2011 community needs assessment. (butte silver bow county) 07.30.2014 Public Health Emergency Preparedness Program.
US Census Quick Facts. US Census Bureau quickfats.census.gov. () 07.28.2014