Brief Gerographic background of from where Anna Hazare was born Essay
Brief Gerographic background of from where Anna Hazare was born
Anna Hazare was born and lived the 1st 6 years of his life in Bhingar which is a small town in Ahmednagar district. It is in the state of Maharashtra in India. Bhingar got its name from a rishi called Bhrigu that did tapsya there on a hillock and later a temple was erected in his honour. Aurangzeb, the last Mughal emperor, died at Bhingar in 1707. Also, there is a very famous and very old temple of Lord Shiva called Shukleshwar Temple in Bhingar.
In 2001, the total population was 7620 people out of which 51% were males and 49% females. At the time, the literacy rate was 73% , which was higher than the national average of 59.5%. The language spoken in this town Bhingar is Marathi.
Ahmednagar is the largest district in the state of Maharashtra. The district is famous of the town of Shirdi associated with Sai Baba. In olden days it was part of Bombay presidency until India’s independence in 1947 when it became part of Bombay state and in 1960 the new state of Maharashtra. In 2006, the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Ahmednagar one of the country’s 250 most backward districts. In 2011 India census, Ahmednagar district recorded a population of 4,543,083 people and the sex ration was 934 females for every 1000 males. It had a literacy rate of 80.22%. According to the census, 82% people were Hindu’s, 9% Muslims, 5% Christians and and the balance religions were 4%.
Ahmednagar is home to the Indian Armored Corps Centre & School (ACC&S), the Mechanized Infantry Regimental Centre (MIRC), the Vehicle Research and Development Establishment (VRDE) and the Controllerate of Quality Assurance Vehicles (CQAV). Training and recruitment for the Indian Army Armoured Corps takes place at the ACC&S. Formerly, the city was the Indian base of the British Army’s Royal Tank Corps / Indian Armoured Corps, amongst other units. The town houses the second largest display of military tanks in the world.
Few Famous personalities from Ahmednagar are:
Sai Baba of Shirdi, spiritual master
Anand Rishiji, Jain saint
Meher Baba, spiritual leader
Sant Dnyaneshwar, Marathi saint, wrote Dnyaneshwari, a discourse on the Bhagavad Gita.
Zaheer Khan – Indian Cricketer
Dagdu Maruti Pawar, a Marathi author and poet known for his contributions to Dalit literature. B.J. Khatal- Patil – Ex. Cabinet Minister of Maharashtra, a senior Maharashtra leader and a veteran Congressman.
Places of interest are as follows:
Akolner a village near city is birthplace of saint Dasganu also famous for chariot festival (Rath yatra). National bird peacocks are found here. Dongargan — An old temple of Lord Shiva in mountains 8 km from Ahmednagar City, having notable waterfalls. Shingnapur – A village containing a Shani (planet Saturn) temple and where all the houses are doorless—probably the only village in the world where locks are unnecessary. Tank Museum — The Armoured Corps Centre and School has created a museum with an extensive collection of 20th-century armoured fighting vehicles.
Ahmednagar Fort – Built by Ahmed Nizam Shah in 1490, this is one of the best-designed and most impregnable forts in India. As of 2013, it is under the control of the military command of India. Oval in shape, with 18-metre-high walls and 24 citadels, its defence system includes a moat 30 metres wide and 4 to 6 metres deep.
Maharashtra is a state in the Western region of India and is the nations second most populous. It is also the second most populous sub-national entity in the world with over 110 million inhabitants. It is bordered by the Arabian Sea to the west and the Indian states of Karnataka, Telangana, Goa, Gujarat, Chhattisgarg, Madya Pradesh and the Union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli. The state capital is Mumbai which is also the financial capital of the nation. Maharashtra is the wealthiest and most developed state in India contribution 15% of the country’s industrial output and 13.3% of its GDP as of 2006-2007. Maharashtra is the 3rd largest state by area in the India.
Rice is the dominant crop of the state but cashews, mangoes, vegetable cotton, oilseeds and tobacco are also important. Maharashtra is divided into five geographic regions. Konkan is the western coastal region, between the Western Ghats and the sea. Kandesh is the northwestern region lying in the valley of the Tapti River. Maharashtra is divided into 36 districts under given 6 divisions. These 36 districts are further divided into 109 sub-divisions of the districts and 357 talukas.
The Governor of Maharashtra is Kateekal.Sankaranaryanan on 22nd January 2010. The Chief Minister is Prithiviraj Chavan from the political party “Indian National Congress:. He was sworn in on 11th November 2010.
Maharashtra has a typical monsoon climate with hot, rainy and cold weather seasons. However, dew, frost, hail can also happen according to the seasonal weather. Winter is in January and February followed by summer between March and May and the monsoon season is between June and September.
The economy of Maharashtra is driven by international trade, entertainment (television, motion pictures, video games, recorded music), aerospace, technology, petroleum, fashion, apparel, and tourism. Maharashtra is the most industrialised state and has maintained leading position in the industrial sector in India. The State is pioneer in Small Scale industries. Mumbai, the capital of state and the financial capital of India, houses the headquarters of most of the major corporate & financial institutions.
India’s main stock exchanges & capital market and commodity exchanges are located in Mumbai. The State continues to attract industrial investments from both, domestic as well as foreign institutions. Maharashtra has the largest proportion of taxpayers in India and its share markets transact almost 70 per cent of the country’s stocks.
The flora of Maharashtra is heterogeneous in composition. In 2012 the recorded thick forest area in the state was 61,939 km2 (23,915 sq mi) which was about 20.13% of the state’s geographical area.
Maharashtra is known for its extensive avifauna. Maharashtra is said to have 3 game reserves, 5 national parks and 24 bird sanctuaries. Wild sanctuaries in the state include Radhanagari Wildlife Sanctuary, Bor Wildlife Sanctuary, Koyna Wildlife Sanctuary, Chandoli National Park, Sanjay Gandhi National Park and Mhadei Wildlife Sanctuary.
The most common animals which are found in the state are Tigers, Black panthers, Leopards, Gaur, Sloth bears, Sambar, Four-headed antelope, Blue Bull, Chital, Barking deer, Mouse deer, Civet cats, Jackals, Jungle cats, Spotted hyena, and Hare. Other animals in the state include reptiles such as lizards, cobras and kraits. The national parks of Maharashtra possess a variety of plant species that include Jamun, Palas, Shisam, Neem, Teak, Dhawada, Kalam, Saja / Ain, Bija, Shirish, Mango, Acacia, Awala, Kadamba, Moha, Acacia, Terminalia, Hedu and Ficus.
Marathi women commonly wear the sari, often distinctly designed according to local cultural customs. In urban areas, many women and men wear Western attire. Men also wear traditional costumes such as the dhoti and pheta on cultural occasions. Women wear traditional jewelleries derived from Marathas and Peshwas dynasties. Another very much popular jewellery for the Marathi women is Kolhapuri saaj, a special type of necklace.
Maharashtra cuisine covers a range from being mild to very spicy dishes. Wheat, rice, jowar, bajri, vegetables, lentils and fruit form Staples of Maharashtrian diet. Some of the Popular dishes include puran poli, ukdiche Modak, and batata wada. Meals (mainly lunch and dinner) are served on a plate called thali. Each food item served on the thali has a specific place. People of this state believe in offering their food first to the lord as a thanksgiving for all that he has given. Maharashtra’s cuisine is divided into two, viz. Konkani, and Varadi. Though quite different, both use a lot of seafood and coconut.