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You decided to write a review of a research paper, but it is hard to find a detailed guide for it? You are lucky to come around this article. Here you can read about everything that should help you in writing a good review, no matter scientific or literature. So, let us start with understanding the main points of your work and clarifying how to write review of a research paper.
Writing a review of a research paper means creating a scientific article with the analysis of a work. A review article is an article summarizing a research field, subfield, or a specific researcher’s work on a topic. Some students are interested in how to write a literature review of a research paper because it is a type of the general review.
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First of all, you will be dealing with a lot of reading, compare and contrast in a research paper. More serious work comes later, but consider this as one-third of what you should do. In the beginning, your task is to read the paper over quickly to get the main points of it. You do this in order to see how the paper looks (check its structure and if it meets the requirements) and to get its main idea (be quick enough not to get bored with all the academic stuff). That is when you start to form your judgment about the paper.
When you finished the first task then pay close attention to the methods and materials to ensure that the approaches used in the investigation are defensible. Consider the arguments the paper is making and think about how effectively the author made it.
Next step is to go through the paper sentence by sentence and take notes. Note any major points of concern. It is good for you to think already which things you can use as examples in your work. Estimate how the paper comes across to the reader as a whole and try to find an answer for these questions:
So, as soon as you are done with the reading, it is time to get to actually writing your review. Your ready work should contain a brief summary of what the manuscript is about, with a focus on what objectives are being met. This will give you a better understanding of how to write a review of a research paper.
It is a good idea to start by going through a few paper reviews from your field that are approximately the same length as the review you want to produce. That should give you some idea of organization and content. Bear in mind that a lot of the draft research papers are just not written legibly enough to be widely used, even if the research has been done in a considerate manner and the findings seem compelling to its research team.
The main reason for reviewing the paper is when you want to help the authors bring it up to a reader’s standard. Do not expect a review draft to be perfect.
Your paper should consist of the main parts such as introduction, the body of the paper, conclusion and future directions, the literature cited. In the intro start with first summarizing the main strengths, and then the main weaknesses. Writing the main body try to make each paragraph more or less similar in size. Do not forget to plump out your answers by using notes you took before as examples where suitable and relevant. The conclusion for your review paper should be short and precise in meaning. Then edit your finished review draft to format and work hard on eliminating typos, misspellings, bad grammar and awkwardly phrased sentences (very often even if the review bears qualitative ideas but is written badly it is considered irrelevant).
You might mentally divide your review into “summary” and “opinion.” In the summary part, try to utter the methods and results of the paper. You should think of what questions or issues the paper addresses, how the author looks into it and what kind of results the investigation produces. In short, you are trying to describe what the paper contributes. And the opinion part is basically your judgment of the work. Just say if the question is interesting or important, the authors’ methods seem appropriate or not, there are questionable assumptions or methodological weaknesses. Give your opinion on how compelling the results are, how much they differ from previous work in the field. In short, you are trying to assess the worth of the paper.
In your review respect the author’s skills and knowledge, be polite. Even if the work consists of themes or ideas that make you angry or you disagree with try to avoid writing a bad review, do not make it a battlefield, make your points subtle.
All the judgments must be supported by clear pieces of evidence. When you say that the work has some errors, you need to show a few samples of them. If you have some ideas about other aspects of the research, it is nice to suggest the authors for their future works. Citations must be accurate and complete. Use of any materials from literature must be correctly and adequately cited. Include line numbers and details for your examples. Take care not to finish the paragraphs with the quotations because it will show that you cannot explain them and relate to your topic sentence.
Make sure the review shows what is important. It should be logically built. The final product of your work should be more considerate and summarized than the paper you have just reviewed, especially taking into consideration how much easier it is to review a research paper than to write one.
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Here you are, your work is done! Just some final tips for you. Do NOT wait till the deadline (yes, we all love doing work at the last moment, but not for this time). If you write your review in a hurry, you risk not doing it properly, avoiding some important points or just giving unfair critics. Take your time, and, of course, reward yourself for patience and hard working.