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Ernest Hemingway Biography

Ernest Hemingway is one of the most authoritative and popular American writers of the previous century. A journalist and Nobel laureate in literature was born in the USA, in Oak Park, IL on July 21, 1899. His father was a successful doctor; he had instilled in Ernest the love of nature from his early childhood, hoping that the boy would later choose natural science and medicine. As a child, the writer was very fond of reading books, and his mother dreamt that he learned to play cello virtuously.

While still at school, Ernest Hemingway discovered interest in literature: he edited a journal and began to write his first works. In addition, he was a good athlete, engaged in football and boxing. At that time he wrote his caustic tale about the “dirty” side of boxing.

His parents dreamt that their son would study at the university, but Ernest decided to go quite another way: he went to Kansas City and started working for the Star newspaper as a reporter. This period was of great importance for the formation of his literary style because the editors were intolerant of stylistic negligence and verbosity, they demanded clarity of thought and accuracy of its expression. Six months after the outbreak of the First World War, the future writer turned out to be the driver of the Red Cross detachment. He was a volunteer because vision problems made it impossible for him to be drafted into an active army. Nevertheless, Hemingway had the opportunity to get to the front line, bringing the provisions there. In July 1918, trying to take a wounded soldier from the battlefield, he was seriously injured and taken to the Milan hospital. After leaving the hospital, Hemingway returned to the front, and until the end of the war, he served in the Italian infantry.

He became famous as the first American wounded on the Italian front, and was awarded with a silver medal given by the King of Italy. He spent a year at home restoring health, and in February 1920 went to Toronto, where he began working for a local newspaper as a reporter. Later he moved to Chicago, where, continuing to cooperate with his newspaper, became an editor of the magazine.

Having married in September 1921, Hemingway leaves to live in Paris, thus fulfilling his oldest dream. Knowing the bookshop owner Sylvia Beach played an important role in his biography because in her shop he got acquainted with representatives of the literary environment and the world of art, among which was Gertrude Stein, who urged Hemingway to become a writer. Thanks to his journalistic work, he could attend all international conferences and meetings. Also, this time is marked by the beginning of his fruitful literary activity.


Selected list of works: 

In 1925 he published his first book – a collection of short stories “Our Time,” and the following year published his first novel, “The Sun Also Rises.” Together with the novel “A Farewell to Arms,” published in 1929, it made Hemingway a world-famous writer. The release of his first novel was a significant event. This novel became one of the key works of the writers of the “lost generation.” It tells the story of Jake Barge, a young writer scorched by war. The next novel, in which the author vividly and strongly protested against the war, brought him world’s fame. Until the end of his life, Hemingway sought to show the tragedy of the 20th century.

A new stage of creativity starts when Hemingway as a war correspondent finds himself in the thick of the events of the Spanish revolution. At this time, a large number of essays, reports, works of art appear, including the famous novel “For Whom the Bell Tolls.” This is a significant and large-scale work in which the writer conveys the entire drama of the civil war, and shows a man who attains positive life values in the struggle for freedom.

After the war in 1949, Cuba became Hemingway’s new residence. Published in 1952, a story-parable “The Old Man and the Sea” was the summary of his entire literary activity. In 1953, the writer was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for it; it also made an important contribution to the award of the Nobel Prize in Literature to him.

In 1960, Hemingway returned to the United States. The writer had many serious ailments, he was treated in a psychiatric clinic. He was plunged into the deepest depression; he lost the ability to work. The writer was tormented by paranoia, complained about persecution, and more and more often suicidal thoughts appeared in his remarks. When he was discharged from a psychiatric clinic, after just a few days, on July 2, 1961, Hemingway committed suicide by shooting himself.


Related essays:



  • You are so brave and quiet. I forget you are suffering.
  • Live the full life of the mind, exhilarated by new ideas, intoxicated by the romance of the unusual.
  • I drink to make other people interesting
  • The best way to find out if you can trust somebody is to trust them
  • No matter what else you have in your head I’m with you and I love you
  • Write drunk, edit sober.
  • Why did they make birds so delicate and fine as those swallows when the ocean can be so cruel.
  • When you stop doing things for fun you might as well be dead.
  • All thinking men are atheists.
  • I had learned already never to empty the well of my writing.
  • Write hard and clear about what hurts.
  • Happiness in intelligent people is the rarest thing I know.
  • Courage is grace under pressure.
  • There is nothing noble in being superior to your fellow man; true nobility is being superior to your former self.
  • I love sleep. My life has the tendency to fall apart when I’m awake, you know?
  • Never confuse movement with action.
  • The world breaks everyone, and afterward, some are strong at the broken places.


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