Wheat was one of a number of cereal grain species of the genus Tritium, is essential to the survival of humankind. Wheat was the fundamental staple food of Europe, Western Asian, and North African civilizations over the years, for the next 8,000 years. Wheat also provides considerable quantities of essential and/or beneficial components, notably proteins, vitamins (especially B-vitamins), Fibers that help with dietary issues and phytochemicals (which are found in plants), in addition to being a key source of starch and energy.
Einkorn wheat was one of the earliest cultivated forms of wheat, given the scientific name (Triticum monococcum). In the areas of the Fertile Crescent, wild grain were found. In certain areas Einkorn wheat is still used as a feed for animals. Einkorn was domesticated at the same time as Emmer wheat given the scientific name (Tritium dicoccon), but was not so important. Einkorn have 14 chromosomes which is an earlier collected species of wheat. Emmer wheat has 28 chromosomes, a later descendent.
Emmer and Einkorn form the basis of wheat as we know it today.
Flour, which is derived from wheat is an extremely important product which used in many food recipes that we all eat today, wheat provides food portion of the population. Bread for example, bread requires large amounts of the cereal grain. Raw wheat can be separated into different parts once arrival to the mill, which is what usually happens parts of the wheat cereal like bran which is the outer layer of the seed can be used for several products.
Wheat is consumed by humankind in many form examples are bread, porridge, crackers, biscuits, breaded foods, pancakes, pasta and noodles, pies, pastries, pizza, potato chips and batter-fried foods, cakes, cookies, muffins, rolls, doughnuts, corndogs, beer, some candy contain wheat, soy sauce , baking flour, breakfast cereals and other processed foods.
In the Modern Marvels documentary of wheat new topics were discussed and learned. One top that stuck out was that of about harvesting wheat and the struggle the difficulties’ the crew members faced over a span of months. Traveling from Texas to North Dakota cutting thousands of acres each season. Each year harvesters race against time to gather the delicate wheat grains at its prime to ensure a great product to their consumers. Until advances in technology, wheat was limited to one area by taking weeks to scythe, but modern machinery can now do what once took a few weeks in as little as a day. Wheat, a grain that helps feeds many nations, is an essential part of human survival and human diet. I found wheat an important ingredient in many products after watching the video on the importance of wheat, the amount of time and labor it takes to cut down thousands of acres each season was interesting.
During the summer, wheat start to fade into a golden brown to tan. Once the golden brown/tan color is seen the wheat is ready to be harvested. Because wheat is such a multiplied grain, it is harvested every month of the year somewhere in the world. Centuries ago farmers were forced to rely exclusively human bodies to physically cut down thousands of acres of wheat. Wheat couldn’t have been cut down everyday. Before modern machinery the first step is quite simple cut the heads of the wheat plants from their top and then tress them to pull the grains from their remaining heads, called chaff. With modern machinery farmers usually use combine harvesters to pick wheat, scythes still have considerable use in developing countries. The grains are split up from other plant fragments, purified and transported to a mill, where bran, endosperm and germ are separately separated and used for different product which are shipped to varying companies. Now days most wheat that gets harvested is done so by the use of a combine which performs many functions simultaneously with the collection process. Combines removes the heads from the stem and separates the kernels from the other parts of the plant.
The fundamental basis of growing more wheat was done so with the idea of trade, and capital which increased even more with engineering and biotechnology began. The majority of world production of wheat was the result of higher production per acre, and consequently the world’s leading cereal grained crop is of great importance for genetics and plant breeding purposes. Wheat is studied and cultivated under a wide range of climatic conditions, as well as for the understanding of the genetics behind the grain with the use of molecular markers which help selects for a more resilient grain less susceptible to rust which will be discussion later. Products like wheatgrass which is derived from the wheat grain is filled with a strong mix of nutrients that makes your wellbeing extremely useful. Wheatgrass has antioxidant, microbial and anti-inflammatory properties. This comprehensive combination of vitamins and nutrients can make wheatgrass an exceptionsal alternative to boost your well-being.
Wheat is the main staple crop in temperate areas, and is growing in demand in developing as well as developed countries, as discussed throughout wheat is of great economic importance, but wheat has a weakness that be rust. Rust is a fungal disease effects the world’s most important economic crops for wheat and other cereal crops those being barley and rye. Rust can invade even previously resistant varieties with the ability to form new strains of fungus. Rust diseases can propagate and travel long distances by spreading wind spores and can grow rapidly in optimal conditions. This fungal disease is the main focus for scientist to ensure wheat crops continue to function at optimal levels with scientists being years a head of the fungus.
With increased studies in wheat more technological innovations will be create to better human survival and help feed the growing populations. Evidence on diet continues to promote increasing importance of wheat as a staple food. Plant parts from wheat are used in a wide range of food and medical products, such as the protein, starch and gluten of wheat. The population counties to grow each second, hour and day, wheat has a significant role in food security with the increase of humans to feed. If wheat were to decline rapidly the population would notice also immediately which shows the importance of this cereal crop for the survival of humankind.
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