Baumeister & Leary Essay
Baumeister & Leary
Myer’s In-group and Out-group discussion is a reflection of the phenomenon of identification as a given group or self in contrast to ‘them’; who in this context are the members outside the group under discussion. Further, it should be noted that under this explanation of identification an individual sticks to the group they identify with despite the shortcomings of the group, in good or bad times; thinks the group is better than the others and favors the members of the groups they identify with.
Additionally, despite the means and track used in the formation of the group; it should be noted that the members of the given group identify it as being superior to the other groups it is contrasted to. Some of the attributes the different members of the group identify with include class, gender, race, culture, religion or sexual orientation.
According to Myers, there is also the phenomenon of prejudice which often arises from the simple conforming of the different members to the existing norms. An example here is the case where the children who grow up in societies where there are no female leaders tend to associate women as not being capable or worthy of leading. In addition, this identification also leads to the phenomena of prototyping and stereotyping of given groups to certain qualities (Baumeister & Leary 497-529).
As a starting point it should be noted that above all the social groups I identify with; the family comes first as it is without any questions the first medium through which any individual is socialized, given a culture, given an identify and more than everything nurtured into an individual who can stand on their own. To start with I see myself as a part and parcel of my family; which contributes to my identifying myself with a distinctively high class of people associated to business and academic excellence as is evidenced through my parents and grandparents among other close relatives.
The Christian orientation of my family also forms another aspect of what I identify with, as the Christian beliefs, doctrines, principle and guidelines have resulted to the reality that I identify with virtuousness like doing good thing which may include helping the needy. In contrast to what I identify with; it can be noted that I consider the outside groups with regards to the way I see and perceive myself as less important, less practical and right; as well as having no traits that I can identify with.
Some of the contrast groups that I totally don’t identify with include the pagans, the selfish, individuals assuming the feelings of lacking importance, the evil and those who don’t support the wellbeing of others (Botvinick 624-652). Moving to the wider society, I attended a reputable elementary and high school as well as being exposed to highly exemplary exposures like the association I have maintained with the brilliant individuals met through my parents, teachers and friends.
As a result I have grown to identify myself with the leading league, a distinctive ranking and one who lives an exemplarily educative lifestyle; as all the relationships I keep end up with my enriching the other parties. This identification has further been built up on the rich background I come from, as I have lived a life of lacking nothing and being capable of helping those I sympathize with especially the slum dwellers which is also to a great extent a product of the Christian beliefs I assume.
In contrast to these groups that I identify with in this case include such groups such as the people behave like they are not destined to be leader; the ones who feel their examples cannot be followed by others and those who don’t sympathize with the needy especially the ones who use their weaknesses to oppress them (Baumeister & Leary 497-529).
With regards to the school I am currently attending, I can say that I identify myself and see myself as being one of the few people who are conscious of their physical fitness; especially based on the fact I am a member of the sports and fitness club. Additionally, I see myself as one being a highly active person based on the fact that I take part in the activities of numerous sports groups.
Based on the ideas of “building male solidarity and female elimination in U. K builders” by the University of reading, U. K; I can also conclude that the conversations I keep with the different individuals taking the course I am taking or the ones in the same team as I am affect my perception of things to a great extent; as the ideas we converse have made me like the course as well as the teams I form a part of. According to the ideas expressed through the “functional magnetic resonance imaging” applied to test the sensitivity to social exclusion; I can also substantially identify myself with having conformed to the lifestyle and the morals I have been exposed to all through my childhood.
This is also the case, as the prejudice developed towards fitting into the groups ended up making part of the habits and the behaviors I have grown to adapt; which to a large extent reflect what I think and believe regarding the self I identify with (Botvinick 624-652). Conclusion Having discussed the various aspects surrounding the way individuals see and describe themselves as being; it is clear that conformity is built greatly from the assumed prejudice that individuals assume towards fitting into the group.
Further, it should also be noted that the group that an individual identifies with is perceived as being superior, better and more rational as compared to the other groups which are referred to as being ‘them’ with reference to the ‘us’ which is the group the individuals identify with. Works cited Baumeister, Francis. & Leary, Mark. The need to belong: desire for interpersonal attachments as a fundamental human motivation. Psychol. Bull. 117(1995): 497–529 Botvinick, Mathew. et. al. 2001. ). Conflict monitoring and cognitive control. Psychol. Rev. 108 (2001):624–652