Automatization of Sericulture

ABSTRACT

Sericulture alludes to the raising of silkworm to deliver silk. India is the second biggest maker of silk by delivering 15% of the aggregate silk creation alongside China. Temperature, Relative Humidity, Light force, and Atmospheric air assumes an imperative part in the advancement of sound silkworms and legitimate encouraging ought to be done according to the prerequisites in each stage. This model faculty and controls the natural variables like temperature, relative humidity. Food feeder and solution sprayers are additionally mounted over the homestead.

This is about to give automated control the agriculturists utilizing wireless sensors and microcontroller.

INTRODUCTION

Sericulture is the science that deals with the production of silk by the rearing of the silkworm. Producing silk is a lengthy, complex process. Silkworm is one of the most important domesticated insects, which produces vigorous silk thread in the form of the cocoon by consuming mulberry leaves during the larval period. The seasonal differences in the environmental components considerably affect the output of silkworm crops such as cocoon weight, shell weight, and cocoon shell ratio.

The motivation for this project came from the countries where the economy is based on agriculture and the climatic conditions lead to lack of rains & scarcity of water. The farmers working in the farmlands are solely dependent on the rains and bore wells for irrigation of the land. Most of the farmers are small landholders and depend on other sources of income. Even if the farmland has a water-pump, manual intervention by farmers is required to turn the pump on/off whenever needed.

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LITERATURE SURVEY

The paper [1], Sericulture is one of the best ways to earn more money and it can provide self-employment and remunerative returns. The existing method of silkworm rearing requires more development. This project provides complete protection to the farm and every process has undergone development with the help of electrical and electronics components. It facilitates farmers by the adoption of automation in temperature and moisture control, feeds supplement. The growth of silkworm involves three stages. These stages require different temperature and moisture level. This is established with the help of temperature and moisture sensors and PIC16F877A microcontroller since the total process is controlled. Various processes like feed supplement, protection and medical safety for silkworm are provided by automation through this project. The power splitter is used and is driven by motordriveL2930. With the help of input keys, inputs are given. This project could be carried out both automatically and manually. This project will help farmers economically so that that they may not spend more time in the sericulture farm.

The paper [2].Moistness and temperature take part a critical position in the progression of solid silkworms in each stage, particularly in the duration of the improvement of the hatchling. Sterilization is one of the basic parameters to be considered for solid and effective silkworm nurturing. The proposed framework introduces an Internet of Things (IoT) empowered Wireless Personal Area Network (WPAN) system in order to deal with a continuous observation of silkworm development in sericulture and picture handling innovation to recognize the phases of silkworm life cycle. The proposed model is employed utilizing Arduino Software and sensors to gauge the environmental circumstances within the arrangement of silkworms according to the prerequisites for each and every stages of silkworm life cycle. The entire model will be fabricated utilizing the Arduino Board stack integrated with moistness and temperature sensors in the company of a camera to catch the photos and to examine it utilizing a picture preparing technique to confirm the condition of sericulture progression.

The paper [3]. The system involves the combined usage of the Microcontroller and GSM module providing automated control features to the farm and the user. The automated system senses the inputs such as the temperature, light intensity, humidity, and gases such as the LPG, Carbon-di-oxide from the environment inside the sericulture farm. Whenever the detected inputs exceed the threshold values then this information is conveyed to the user through the wireless network and necessary measures are taken by the microcontroller in order to avoid the fatalities that affect the farm as well as the growth of the silkworms. The communication between the system and the user is, achieved by the use of the GSM module. The GSM is made accessible to the user to carry out the food feeding and the fertilizer spraying operation to the silk organisms. The system finally implemented is a futuristic set-up that reacts to any climatic changes that occur inside and the system suitably responds to the stimuli effectively. The implemented system had a flaw, where the user was restricted from receiving the message from the system when the mobile was turned off and there is a possibility of low signal power strength that creates disturbances in the GSM network between the system and user. The system eradicates these drawbacks by automating the farm such that the operations will be carried out in a timely manner and the concept of call forwarding is applied where the system can send the message to the alternative number as specified and placing the GSM module in an area where full signal strength is available for the communication. The system works in the automated way as intended. The system is undoubtedly inexpensive and a helpful need to the farmers. The system is advantageous in increasing the production of silk.

The paper [4]. In this paper, they present a 6LoWPAN (IPv6 over Low power Wireless Personal Area Network) enabled IoT (Internet of Things) based approach to design a real-time sericulture monitoring and disinfection actuating system with the inclusion of image processing technology to identify the stages of silkworm life cycle. Our prototype supports real-time data collection using emerging 6LoWPAN, CoAP (Constrained Application Protocol) and RPL (Routing Protocol for Low power and Lossy Networks) protocols. The complete system is designed and implemented using Contiki OS to control the atmospheric condition inside the sericulture system as per the requirements in each stage of sericulture life cycle. This complete prototype was built using the TelosB motes running 6LoWPAN stack interfaced to temperature and humidity sensors with a disinfection actuation system and a serial camera to auto capture the pictures and to analyze it using an image processing method to check the status on sericulture process.

The paper [5]. Sericulture alludes to the raising of silkworm to deliver silk. India is the second biggest maker of silk by delivering 15% of the aggregate silk creation alongside China. Temperature, Relative Humidity, Light force, and Atmospheric air assumes an imperative part in the advancement of sound silkworms and legitimate encouraging ought to be done according to the prerequisites in each stage. Occasional varieties assume an imperative part in the development and advancement of the silkworm. Sericulture is the significant occupation in the countryside of India and techniques utilized by the agriculturists are as yet obsolete. Henceforth there exists the need for utilizing innovation in sericulture cultivate. This venture gives a thought regarding giving automation in sericulture cultivate. This model faculty and controls the natural variables like temperature, relative humidity. Food feeder and solution sprayers are additionally mounted over the homestead. It likewise suggests the agriculturists about the conditions kept up in the farm and essential moves to make put if there is any conditions infringement. This is about to give automated control the agriculturists utilizing wireless sensors, microcontroller, and GSM.

CONCLUSION

In the above papers, pic microcontrollers (8051) are used and they are proposed with the separate sensors for temperature and humidity control, but we are proposing a system with the single sensor DTH-11. This venture gives mechanization and supervisory control in sericulture cultivates by utilizing microcontroller ARDUINO based innovation. This model faculty and controls the climatic conditions to be kept up inside the raising condition. The actuators are turned on just when required and actuators utilized are effectively accessible and modest. The proposed framework is financially savvy and power effective arrangement. The preparatory trial of the model demonstrates that the model can be worked progressively to monitor natural conditions inside the ranch. It lessens the Seri culturist’s drawn-out nearness in the raising unit. The framework is easy to use. Future work incorporates the utilization of broadband/Wi-Fi and Internet of Things (IoT) for correspondence process and information secure.

REFERENCES:

  1. S. Vijayanand, E. Immanuel Bright, and L. Vijay Anand, “Automation in sericulture farm,” International Research Journal of Advanced Engineering and Science, Volume 1, Issue 2, pp. (17-19, 2016)
  2. Nivaashini M, Soundariya R. S and Dinesh Kumar A. “Silkworm Growth Monitoring Smart Sericulture System based on Internet of Things (IoT) and Image Processing” International Journal of Computer Applications (0975 – 8887)Volume 180 – No.18, February 2018
  3. Gunasheela T, Renuka V, Prathiba S, Shilpa A “Implementation of Sericulture Farm Automation using Sensor Network and GSM Technology” Volume 119 No. 14 2018, 13-20 (ISSN: 1314-3395)
  4. Divya, Darshini.B, Adarsh.B.U, Shivayogappa.H.J, Navya.K.N”Automated Smart Sericulture System based on 6LoWPAN and Image Processing Technique” 2016 International Conference on Computer Communication and Informatics (ICCCI -2016), Jan. 07 – 09, 2016, Coimbatore, INDIA.
  5. Mr. Manjunatha, Mr. Mahesh B.Neelagar “Arduino Based Automated Sericulture System” International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Computing, Vol.7 Issue.7, July- 2018, pg. 88-95(ISSN 2320-088X).

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Automatization of Sericulture. (2019, Dec 16). Retrieved from http://studymoose.com/automatization-of-sericulture-essay

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