Atlanta Olympic bombing attacks Essay
Atlanta Olympic bombing attacks
Over the past few years, world terror attacks and threats have significantly increased in many countries including Britain. This paper will give a detailed description of the circumstances and responses to the London Bombings. At the same time, it will compare and contrast the London Bombings to the Oklahoma City Bombing and the 1996 Olympic bombing in Atlanta. Introduction The number of significant global terrorist attacks has dramatically increased with the number of those killed doubling over the last years.
These deadly attacks involve large numbers of causalities and destruction of properties and can greatly be attributed to increased extremist activity or the rise of violence in the Middle East countries like Iraq, Pakistan and Afghanistan. The number of people killed or injured as a result of the deadly terror attacks has significantly risen as many terrorism organizations are becoming more skillful in efficiently carrying out their terror attacks globally (BBC, 2005). Many countries have become safer by encouraging counter terrorism measures.
As well, many of these countries have also come up with different action plans geared towards rooting out terrorism risks. Despite a lack of terror attacks in the world’s rich nations, the risk of danger is still evident in 31 nations many of these in Western Europe. The escalating level of risks can be categorized as low, guarded, high, severe or elevated (BBC, 2005). The London Bombings In the morning of July 2005 during the peak of rush hour, the deadliest terror attack hit the London public transport system. Bombs were detonated in three crowded London underground trains and a double-decker bus.
This series of coordinated bombings was believed to have been carried out by Islamist extremists as a result of conflicts which included Britain’s involvement in the Iraq War as posted in an Islamic website which implied that Al-Qaeda was behind the attacks. Consequently, an estimated fifty two commuters including the four suicide bombers died with an estimated 700 people left injured (BBC, 2005). These deadly attacks occurred between Russell Square and King’s Cross tube stations, Aldgate East and Liverpool Street tube stations and at Edgware Road tube station.
Additionally, the double-decker bus was attacked at Tavistock Square. As a result, this attack prompted an enormous response ranging from emergency services to an almost complete shut down of London’s public transport system. As well, there were several security attacks in throughout Britain with the underground rail services being significantly reduced (BBC, 2005). The emergency responses were fast and flexible and included brave and professional acts from voluntary organizations, emergency services as well as response from members of the public.
After the incident London’s public transport system was almost shut down while few people used the underground rail service. Besides, security alerts across the country as well as other foreign cities followed in the subsequent hours and days (Press office, 2006). However, in response to the bombings, a number of errors were cited. There was a slow response in rescuing of the injured due to interrupted communication systems. This happened as the radios used by many rescuers failed to work underground.
Thus, the rescuers turned to their mobile phones which were overwhelmed due to network congestion as many people across London tried to contact their relatives and friends. As a result, notification of ambulances was delayed with basic medical supplies running short thus hindering the rescue operation (Herald Tribune, 2006). The London bombing prompted response from various departments within the country. The anti-terror bill was fast tracked so that it would be made law by the end of the year. This would raise the alertness of the country as pertains to terrorism.
The new law included accessing websites that would provide information about terror tactics and the making of bombs and also find out indirect incitements to terrorism among other terrorist issues (Press office, 2006). The London bombing could also be compared to the bombings that occurred in Oklahoma City together with the Olympic bombings in Atlanta. The Olympic bombing occurred on the 27th of July 1996 during the summer Olympics leaving two people dead and 111 injured. However, a security officer had reported a suspicious bag at the Centennial Park.
Consequently, security officials from various departments presented themselves at the area to provide security for the people who were attending the event (Rivers, 1998) When the explosion occurred, a young mother was killed and most of the people who were injured were the security personnel as they tried to protect the people at the Centennial Park. The emergency response on the other hand was exemplary since when the explosion occurred, more policemen, firemen, paramedics, emergency medical technicians, health personnel together with Georgia Emergency Management Agency volunteers continued to flow in at the bomb cite (Rivers, 1998).
The Oklahoma City bombing on the other hand occurred on the 19th of April 1995 killing 168 people and injuring over 800 people. The blast occurred at the Alfred P Murrah Federal building and is said to have been aimed at the US government and just 90 minutes after blast Timothy McVeigh, a suspect was arrested and charged for being in possession on firearms. The plan for the Oklahoma City bombing was traced back to 1994, when Timothy McVeigh bought the first ton of ammonium nitrate that was used to set up the bomb (IndyStar. com, 2003).
The rescue mission was similar to the Olympic bombing in Atlanta as emergency medical staff quickly reported to work to try and save the lives of casualties. Besides, firefighters, rescue workers, police officers from various departments as well as volunteers joined hands to help the save the lives of the victims of the bombing (Giordano, 2003, p. 34). Comparison The three bombing incidents, even though in different cities and countries have some similarities. First, the London bombings and the Olympic bombings both occurred in July even though the dates were different.
Besides, both incidents occurred in the town’s square and even though the response for the London bombings was considered as flawed, security and health personnel as well as volunteers in the three incidents gave their best shot while trying to rescue the victims of the bombings. On the other hand though, there are still differences in the manner in which the three incidents occurred. While it was concluded that the London bombing was a suicide bombing attack, both Oklahoma and the Atlanta Olympic bombings did not involve suicide bombers.
The executers in the latter attacks left the bombs at designated places therefore none of the bombers died in the incidents. What is more, a big number of people lost their lives in the London and Oklahoma bombings while only two people died in the Olympic bombing. This is because an alert was raised when a suspected backpack was seen at the centennial park and security was offered at the park such that most of the people injured were the security personnel manning the Park. The response to both the Oklahoma and Olympic bombings seemed organized.
Security personnel were able to protect the public before the explosion occurred therefore reducing the number of casualties while there was proper co-ordination in the Oklahoma bombings such that the suspect terrorist was arrested only 90 minutes after the explosion. The London bombings on the contrary were marred with confusion and lack of proper co-ordination such that even reports about the timings of the bombs were not clear. What should be done? Terrorists have patience beyond what we are capable of and call for vigilance in ensuring that the threat does not escalate.
If I had a chance to do things differently, I would improve the communication systems by ensuring that the radios used in emergency management are digital thus making the operation faster. I would also ensure that the communication channels are efficient and all parties involved in the rescue mission co-ordinate properly. Apart from ensuring that all victims are well supported, I would have made certain that plain clothed anti-terror police began patrolling public transport systems as well as other public areas frequented by many citizens.
I would ensure that the police located in areas where searches are conducted to the ordinary citizens do more random searches. In reference to the London bombings that occurred within intervals of each other, I would ensure that security alerts are offered once an explosion has occurred or even if the presence of suspicious paraphernalia has been confirmed. Besides, since terrorist attacks are aimed at places with large numbers of people I would ensure that security is tightened around such places so as to ensure that the public are safe whenever they are going about their day to day business.
Conclusion Evidently, the three bombings that occurred in London, Oklahoma and Atlanta took some time to be planned and executed. Therefore if relevant authorities would be all eyes and ears more than they are maybe these attacks could be prevented or the impact that was massively felt could have been reduced. This therefore goes to show the importance of anti-terrorist departments in every town since most of these terror attacks can be as unpredictable as the ones that have been witnessed in various regions across the world.
Reference BBC News. (2005). London rocked by terror attacks. Retrieved November 24, 2008 from http://news. bbc. co. uk/1/hi/uk/4659093. stm BBC News. (2005). World terror risk ‘on the rise’ Retrieved November 24, 2008 from http://news. bbc. co. uk/1/hi/business/4457705. stm Giordano G. (2003). The Oklahoma City bombing. New York: Rosen Publishing Group. Home office Press Office. (2006). The Emergency response to the London bombings- lessons learned. Retrieved November 25, 2008 from http://press. homeoffice. gov.
uk/press-releases/response-to-london-bombings? version=1 International Herald Tribune. (2006). Errors cited in response to London bombings. IndyStar. com. (2003). The Oklahoma City bombing. Retrieved November 25, 2008 from http://www2. indystar. com/library/factfiles/crime/national/1995/oklahoma_city_bo mbing/ok. html Rivers R. , E. (1998). Centennial Park Bombing- commend security, law enforce. , others. Georgia House of Representatives. Retrieved November 25, 2008 from http://www. legis. state. ga. us/legis/1997_98/leg/fulltext/sr326. htm#p2
University/College: University of Chicago
Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter
Date: 6 August 2016
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