Explain how and why person-centred values must influence all aspects of health and social care work.


Person-centred care values must influence all aspects of health and social care work. Health and social care should be based on person-centred values, and should be individualised as this is a law requirement (Human Rights Act 1998, Health and Social care Act 2012, Codes of practice for Social Care Workers, etc.). If person-centre values that underpin all work in the health and social care sector are followed as they should be then all individuals should feel that and health and social workers ensure that: • the individual is supported in accessing their rights

• the individual is treated has an individual
• the individual is supported to exercise choice
• ensure the individual have privacy if they want it
• support the individual to be as independent as possible
• treat all individuals with dignity and respect


Explain how to evaluate the use of care plans in applying person centred values.


We must take into account the history, needs, wishes and preferences of all individuals when planning care and support.

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This involves asking the individuals their opinions on every aspect of their daily lives, from what time they wish to get up and have their meals, to what they want to wear and what do they wish to do during the day. Including their personal hygiene and caring needs. Support and treat all service users as individuals and with respect and dignity when considering their needs and preferences. Refer them to the care plan and if they do not agree with something on their care plan, discuss this with them and then report and record the conversation with the manager and it is arranged that the individual should be re-assessed and an updated care plan can be made out with the changes wanted by the individual.

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Explain how you adapt your actions and approaches in response to an individual’s changing needs or preferences.

An individual care plan is created in agreement and with the individuals consent and will have recorded lots of information regarding the individual, age, family details, likes and dislikes, health needs, culture, mental health and circumstances. The care plan will need to be reviewed frequently; due to changes in the individual’s needs or preferences and any subsequent reviews will also be signed and agreed by him/herself. By including the persons personal values in their care plan you are ensuring that their needs and preferences are met.

Analyse factors that influence the capacity of an individual to express consent.


The term “consent capacity” describes an adult’s ability to understand information relevant to making an informed, voluntary decision. Impairments to reasoning and judgment which may make it impossible for someone to give informed consent include such factors as basic intellectual or emotional immaturity, high levels of stress such as PTSD or as severe mental retardation, severe mental illness, intoxication, severe sleep deprivation, Alzheimer's disease, or being in a coma.

Explain what steps to take if consent cannot be readily established.


If the person cannot give consent either because they cannot communicate or understand the question then the next of kin can give consent (usually in the order of spouses, parents, children, if there is no-one or in case of emergencies treating staff can give.

Describe different ways of applying active participation to meet individual needs.

Active participation is a way of working that recognises an individual’s right to participate in the activities and relationships of everyday life as independently as possible; the individual is regarded as an active partner in their own care or support, rather than a passive recipient. Active participation treats the person as an individual, allowing the service user to actively participate in the decision making regarding his/her own care, activities and relationships of everyday life as independently as possible. In active participation the individual has as an active part in their own care, rather than just being a recipient, this promotes and protects their independence and rights.

Explain how to work with an individual and others to agree how active participation will be implemented.


It involves the individuals in making decisions about their lives. Active participation contributes to better health outcomes and the quality of care being delivered. Giving the individual the choice of what to wear, what to eat, when and where to eat it; what the individual would like to do as an activity either with company or by him/herself. This promotes independence, inclusion and autonomy and benefits the individuals by increasing their activity levels and encourages involvement in what directly concerns their life. Being fully involved in these tasks enhances the individual’s wellbeing, increases self-confidence, self-esteem and self-belief.

Describe how to support an individual to question or challenge decisions concerning them that are made by others.


By providing the individual with full information on a decision made without being biased/ judgmental in any way ensures the individual has the knowledge to be able to question or challenge any decisions made by others with the view to change then by fully supporting the individual’s rights a meeting to discuss these changes can be arranged with the manager and a risk assessment process could be used to enable the individual to make these changes

Explain the links between identity, self-image and self-esteem.


Identity and self-esteem are closely related and developing self-esteem and a strong sense of identity are very important to good mental health. Your sense of identity has to do with who you think you are and how you perceive yourself. It’s about how you define yourself. Self-esteem is how you value yourself. It has to do with your sense of self-worth. Both affect your mental health, your behaviour and how you relate to other people.

Analyse factors that contribute to the well-being of individuals.


Spiritual - factors that enrich lives and touch people and are uplifting on a deep level such as religion, music and art.

Emotional - factors such as close bonds with family and friends, happy memories, having photos etc

Cultural - factors that respect the individual's likes choices and preferences and that give them a sense of what is normal to them.

Religious - factors such as attending church or mosque or visits from their local religious leaders, being able to celebrate religious celebrations, having a quiet place to pray etc

Social - factors such as opportunities to be with others, to communicate with others, to share in a group experience.

Political - factors such as being involved and having a say in what is happening or should happen in their environment, having their opinions respected etc.

Compare different uses of risk assessment in health and social care.


Explain how risk-taking and risk assessment relate to rights and


We all need to take risks in order to have a fulfilled life. Individuals have the right to be as independent as possible and sometimes this means taking risks. For example they might want to be able to take a bath with as little support as possible and this is their right. A risk assessment will provide a plan for the safest way for them to do this. Responsibilities lay with the service provider, the worker and the individual. The service provider has a duty of care to ensure the safety of the individual and employees, the worker has the duty to follow policies, procedures and care plans and not to put the individual at risk and the individual has the duty not to put others at risk.

Explain why risk assessments need to be regularly revised.

Risk assessments need to be regularly revised because things change all the time, thus your risks are changing all the time. In order to keep the service users healthy and safe, you must review risks in a timely manner to keep up with the changes.

The above is an accurate record of the questioning.

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Updated: Jul 06, 2022
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Assessment Criteria Questions essay
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