When you think about Artificial Intelligence what thought first comes to mind. Robots maybe, would we ever think about Brain Chips being implanted into human brains? Sure, but how will Brain Chips plays a major role medically in are world’s future? In are near future, while we sleep they will transmit data directly from are brain to the computer and not miss a wink of sleep. Computer Interface is only the tip of the iceberg. Brain chips when they are implanted in right shot of the brain will help a person with hearing loss regain their hearing.
Artificial Vision such as Retinal Prosthesis or Bionic Eyes well helps the blind to regain the sight that was once lost or never had. Brain Stimulation Systems will help people with Parkinson’s disease to alleviate tremors and movement disorders that are associated with this disease. BSS is also being tested to help the people with paralysis regain the use of their limbs again and it is being tested in people with severe Depression, (OCD) Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Tourette syndrome, chronic pain sufferers, and other mental disorders.
Bradley Greger, PhD said, “Chips may one day enable brain-native internet browsing or most any other function currently possible with a computer. ” Brain-Computer Interface Will we need a keyboard or mice to input information into are computers in ten or twenty years from now? Cognition Enhancement is in your future and is being researched and tested as we speak. What is Cognition Enhancement and how will it work with Brain-Computer Interface?
Future brain chip implants will allow data to be transmitted directly to the brain while the subject is sleeping, dramatically decreasing the amount of time that is needed to assimilate new data every day without affecting quality of sleep.
” (Edit, Staff-gigaom. com, 2009, ¶ 1) “Intel’s research lab, scientists have been looking for away to read and use brain waves. For instance, using are brain waves to turn the TV on or to text and dial your cell phone just by thinking about it. Brain waves would be used with Intel-developed sensors that are implanted in our brains.
There will be no more need to type on a keyboard to input data into the computer, that well be replaced by brain waves. Intel scientist Dean Pomerleau and his research team along with Carnegie Mellon University figuring out how to decode brain activity. (Gaudin, 2009 ¶ 8) Pomerleau and his research team are also in the process of creating head set with brain sensing technology that can manipulate the computer. Then construction on a smaller version of such sensor that can be implanted into the brain. (Gaudin, 2009 ¶ 11) Cochlear Implants
The thought of having any loss of hearing in your ears is a very scary thought. But once again technology is stepping up to the plate to help find a solution. There are only three manufactures to the world that make and supply this inplant: ? Cochlear Corp. Australian), ? Medei Corp. (Austrian) and Advanced Bionics Corp. (American). Each plant has two parts one external and one internal. The following is a description or breakdown of what each part componits consist of. The external part has a microphone, battery, magnet, transmitting radio-frequency antenna and a micro-computer/sound processor.
The internal part is the receiver/stimulator it to has a battery and micro-phone also but the magnets from each part are opposite polarity to one another. It to has an antenna but it receives instead of transmits and allows digital communication between both parts. It also has a electrode array, which the external part does not. (Miami edu/implants, 2004 ¶ 1) The University of Miami School of Medicine explains how “The Nucleus® cochlear implant system works in the following manner: 1. Sounds are picked up by the directional mircophone in the ear level processor.
Below are examples some of the different styles of Cochlear Implants : (All photos are courtsey of Cochlear LTD. ) Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is used to help people who have disabling neurological symptoms. ” This will help people who have Parkinson’s disease, Dystonia, Multiple Sclerosis, and (OCD) Obsessive-compulsive disorder. It is also being tested in patients with Tourette syndrome, chronic pain and other mental disorders. The FDA has not signed off on using this treatment to help people with severe depression.
Right now it is still only being using in clinical trials and is happy with the results so far in some of the patients. ” (Benji, 2010 ¶ 2, ¶ 3) The only people that can be considered to have the DBS implant operation done are those patients who are no longer responding to their medications. Which help control their symptoms such as movement disorders, tremors, dyskinesias and”on/off” fluctuations. When medications of any kind are taken for a long time bases, the body will start to build up a tolerance to the drug and eventually no longer work.
That is when a person can be considered for the DBS implant operation. The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke describes the DBS parts and how the procedure is done. The DBS system has three parts ? the lead, ? the extension, and ? the neurostimular. The lead is inserted in a small opening in the skull and then implanted in the brain positioned within the targeted brain area. The extension, which is an insulated wire, is passed under the skin of the head, neck, and shoulder. Connecting the lead to the neuorostimulator.
Which are the “battery pack” and the last component that is placed under the skin near the collarbone. Once everything is implanted, electrical impulses are sent from the neurostimular along the extension wire and the lead into the brain. The impulses interfere with and stop the signals that cause PD symptoms. (NINDS, 2010 ¶ 4, ¶ 5, ¶ 6) All NINDS-prepared information is in the public domain and may be freely copied) Reverse Paralysis Reverse Paralysis how can it be possible, paralysis always meant it would be permanent.
Paralysis leaves a person with no feeling in their arms or legs. Sometimes with spinal-cord injury’s they have lost all feeling in their whole body from the neck down. There is also paralysis, which is caused by having some types of strokes. Which leave a person with one side of their body without feeling and slurred speech, but eventually with physical therapy and time they will regain use their body. People with spinal-cord injuries are not so lucky; the neural circuits between the brain and the body are damaged or have been severed. Leaving that person in most causes completely paralyised.
Scientists are developing an implant device, which will record brain signals and transmit them to paralyzed muscles. (Singer, 2006 ¶ 1) This is still in the prototype stage and still needs to be fully developed. Once they develop and perfect this chip, it will record neural signals from the area of the brain that controls the muscles. Then sends them down to the wires that are implanted in the muscles of an arm or hand. Making the hand and or arm grab the glass or to pick up their glass. (Singer, 2006 ¶ 1) Robert kirsh said, “Our ultimate goal is for a person to think effortlessly move the arm”.
Robert Kirsh is associciate director of the Functional Electrical Stimulation Center, at Louis Strokes Veterans Medical Center in Cleveland, Ohio. (Singer, 2006 ¶ 1) Conclusion Are future is full of wonderful things to help with modern medicine and science. With all the different implants people who have lost use of their legs and arms will gain use of them again. Loss of hearing and or sight will be restored in time. People will be able to go to sleep a transmit data to and from their computers. The side effects that came with movement disorders and Parkinson’s will be to subside the side effects they bring to their bodies.