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Aristotle Essay Examples

Essay on Aristotle

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To torture or not to torture prisoners

...  I disagree with a member who advocates that Kantian duty-based ethics should be used in defining the morality of torture for the prisoners. According to this theory, the right reason defines the morality of any action. Accordingly, right reason may vary among individuals. While some may find it rightful to subject a prisoner on torture, others may feel otherwise. In addition, some people may torture prisoners based on their feelings and not based on the requirements of the la...

Public Finance as the study of income

...Kennedy, 2012, offers a different approach towards the definition of public finance. Instead of coming up with her definition of the subject, she quotes existing definitions that accurately meet the demands of the reader. The most comprehensive is that of Dalton, that states that public finance is concerned with the expenditure and income processes of public authorities and the adjustment of one to the other. In total, the author summarizes the definitions and terms public finance as the activit...

The Philosophy of Socrates

... If I lived during the Socrates times, I could be his great follower and would not have or would not condemn him any other time. Some of the reasons include; not putting into consideration the time spent in the military, Socrates lived his entire live in Athens where he was well known for his moral integrity, thirst for wisdom and self control. Additionally, through his best student’s writings about him, we learn that he was self examinable and a staunch in self examination. He is al...

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Virtue Ethics

...Lace Wing presents the argument that even if ontology accepted Virtue Ethics, then it is unclear what the practical implications are. If Virtue Ethics is an anti-ethical theory then to how would you practice it? What would you do afterwards? How would knowing these virtues and forms affect you? In the hope of rescuing Virtue Ethics, Aristotle (Plato’s student) delivers his interpretation of this ethical theory. Aristotle does not necessarily agree into Plato’s metaphysic, epistemology or ont...

Aristotle Biography

...Members of the Lyceum wrote up their findings in manuscripts. In so doing, they built the school’s massive collection of written materials, which by ancient accounts was credited as one of the first great libraries. In the same year that Aristotle opened the Lyceum, his wife Pythias died. Soon after, Aristotle embarked on a romance with a woman named Herpyllis, who hailed from his hometown of Stagira. According to some historians, Herpyllis may have been Aristotle’s slave, granted to him by ...

Nature and Thrust of Public Policy

...Policy initiation process, policy formulation process, policy implementation process and policy evaluation process. Policy Initiation/Agenda Setting The first question to ask here is: “Where does policy come from? How do policy agenda emerge?” Initiation is the primary stage of policy agenda that resulted from an issue regarded to come out as a problem if not attended to appropriately. Agenda setting is the process by which ideas or issues bubble up through the various political channels to ...

Philosophy Questions

...•That even if it is comprehensible, it cannot be communicated Gorgias’s propositions are said to be logical contradictions, how can they be logical if they contradict each other? How is it that "nothing exists"? I'm definitely puzzled, and if it does exist, it's incomprehensible? Was he questioning his/our own existence? How can something be comprehensible but cannot be communicated? I have no explanation for Gorgias’s propositions; as a matter of fact I don't really understand or know how...

Criticisms of Plato's Theory of the Forms

...Plato criticises his own theory a few times but eventually reaches answers to the things he criticised. This can either cause other people's criticisms to be more valid or less valid depending on the way you look at it. Often, when people criticise their own work before somebody else does, it lowers the value of the criticism as it shows Plato already knew people would criticise him for that. On the other hand, it makes me think that there is reason to criticise if he himself criticises his theo...

Politics in the Gilded Age

...Farmers, who were constantly in debt because of the nature of agriculture and its problems during this era, "found themselves caught in this double bind year after year (Agricultural Problems and Gilded Age Politics)." James Bryce declared that this was "a neglect of details of politics such as had never been seen before." With all of these problems concerning currency came the Depression of 1893, which lasted four years. The stock market crashed because of overspeculation and numerous railroads...

Clerk & Squire Contrast "The Canterbury Tales"

...The portrait of the clerk and the squire in "The Canterbury Tales" shows two men of similar age; in the same time frame, "The Middle Ages". We learn that the two are very different in appearance, personality and interests. This can be attributed to the fact that they grew up in different classes. The clerk in the "Middle Class" and the squire in the "High Class", in this time frame classes molded how an individual grew and learned. Chaucer shows in his novel how two individuals can be the same ...

Plato Vs Aristotle Theory Of Knowledge

...By giving an example of an artist, Aristotle explains how ideas in the mind of an artist become a work of art in the physical world- his classical example, the piece of marble, which becomes a sculpture through the work of the artist. The marble though it has shape and form (in passive potency), loses it to become a sculpture which was only an idea in the mind of the artist. Aristotle thus identifies the four important causes, the efficient cause- the work of artist. The material cause- the orga...

Aristotle’s theory of the Tragic Hero

...The word we translate as “plot” is the Greek wordmuthos, which is the root for myth. Muthos is a more general term than plot, as it can apply to any art form, including music or sculpture. The muthos of a piece of art is its general structure and organization, the form according to which the themes and ideas in the piece of art make themselves apparent. The plot of a story, as the term is used in the Poetics, is not the sequence of events so much as the logical relationships that exist betwe...

Analysis of Capitalism: A Love Story

...Overall, the documentary film is an eye-opener for the public that leaves room for the audience to critic and think of. The fallacy in the documentary film is the contradicting definition of capitalism expressed in the film. The creator, Michael Moore, expressed the Marxists definition of capitalism and that it needs the state, which is the very opposite of the real definition of capitalism. However, as the film shows how the government dips its control through the different courses of actions i...

Forms Teach Us Nothing About The Physical World

...When concluding, to say ‘the forms teach us nothing about the physical world’, may be a controversial statement to peruse. While you could argue the existence of the World of Forms being purely the creation of Plato, that there is no proof of its existence; its actuality however cannot be disproved. Instead, as bold as this appears, rather than the forms having taught us nothing of the physical world, a more fitting statement may be that in fact we knew nothing of the physical world in the f...

Ethical Decision-Making Model Paper

...Ethics and morals are crucial concepts in today’s world. Ethics are rules and standards governing the conduct in which one lives and makes life decisions. Ethics build traits that help shape an individual beliefs and help shape and understanding of right and wrong. Every day one's ethics are challenged by work, school, home, and most importantly communication. It is important to understand how to react to a particular situation long before that situation happens. Building ethics and communicat...

Use Of Imagination With Faith And Reason In The Pursuit Of Truth

...Then, when we think about the effects of imagination, on the whole we would be disappointed with the number of formulas and equations derived at by the use of dreams and facts arrived upon by the spectacular power of poetry. This is because, all poets are not seers and often poetry can come out of drunken stupor or from fumes of opium. Finally, as the subjects of study have all found that there is good God who is benevolent driving this Universe, it would be too much for him to let the ordinary ...

Imagery in Ode to the West Wind by P.B.Shelley

...Finally,the poet describes the imagery of the fourth element, the fire. The fire is usually the image of hopelessness, destruction and death. This is the reason most of the people interpret the poem as the speaker’s lamentation over his inability to directly reach people. However, it works as the preserver as well. The fire is immediate in its action thus represents action orientation. There are only three images related to the fire-hearth, ashes and sparks. Since hearth is a controllable fire...

The Greek civilization

...d). Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 31. 29 April 2009. <http://encyclopedia. stateuniversity. com/pages/9112/Greek-philosophy. html> Greek Contributions to the Modern World? Yahoo Answers. 29 April 2009. <http://answers. yahoo. com/question/index? qid=20090217100959AAto1hs> Vesko. (n. d). Greek Achievements. Ancient Greece. 29 April 2009. <http://www. ancientgreece. com/essay/v/greek_achievements/> Greek landscapes through ancient greek philosophy. (n. d). 29 April 29, 2009. <ht...

Plato's Theory of Forms

...The form of goodness allows all the other forms to be understood and be valued. We are said to participate in the form but it isn’t something that Plato gave detail or description on, this has become one of the argument and reasons why some people have rejected the theory. Aristotle gave another argument against the theory as the ideal of man would hold traits of man and would therefore have to have a perfect form on which it is based as would that being. This idea could be back traced continu...

Education of the Middle Ages

...The curriculum studied by young women was still based on the belief that only certain subjects, such as art, music, needlework, dancing, and poetry, were suited for females. For working-class girls, especially rural peasants, education was still limited to training in household duties such as cooking and sewing (Couglin, A8). As it shows education the Middle Ages seems to be so diverse and a starting point for modern education. But the reader must always keep in mind only about five percent of t...

English Renaissance Drama

...From contemporary documents, we know there were over a thousand actors in England between 1580-1642*. Most were poor, "starving actors", but a few dozen were able to make names for themselves and become shareholders in their respective companies, and make a good living. The repertory system was demanding esides playing six days a week, a company would be in continual rehearsal in order to add new plays and to refresh old ones in their schedule. A player would probably learn a new role every week...

?Student politics

...They should remember that the coming generation would never pardon them. The first and foremost task of a student to attain excellence in their studies any division during students' life would make than a miserable figure in the society. If he is not well versed in his studies, he would not be able to become a good politician. Therefore the students' participation in politics should be limited only to the academic interest and acquisition of knowledge of working of various political systems. The...

The Relationship Between Alexander and the Great General Hephaestion

...Nothing shows better the nature and length of their relationship than Alexander’s overwhelming grief at Hephaestion’s death. As Andrew Chugg says, “… it is surely incredible that Alexander’s reaction to Hephaestion’s death could indicate anything other than the closest relationship imaginable. ” Arrian says that Alexander “… flung himself on the body of his friend and lay there nearly all day long in tears, and refused to be parted from him until he was dragged away by force of...

Aristotle S Four Causes

...nal cause of the universe. It exists in a state of pure actuality incapable of change, only contempla? ng its existence. Aristotle believed this to be his ‘God’. Objects that move from poten? ality to actuality ful! l their purpose because their change is bought about by the prime mover. In conclusion, Aristotle believed the four causes acted upon everything and understood that they are a movement from poten? ality to actuality. This movement though material, formal, e*cient and !nal causes ...

Aristotle: The Four Causes

...He explains in the previous section that happiness can only be found in activities (rather than states), and that only those activities in accord with virtue could be things that lead us to happiness. The supreme virtue is that which is the best thing. I can honestly say that if I was to pick one of the philosophers, Plato or Aristotle, I would have to pick Aristotle. I would pick his because I think that Plato’s was too black and white. He didn’t have any leeway. Aristotle has him with feel...

Aristotle vs. Hobbes: Equality

...It is an idea of social inequality that provides the good 'ends' only to the few citizens who can achieve it through their household and their practical reasoning. The rest of the members of that society are merely the providers and subordinates to the political realm. Hobbes' theory on equality, however, provides all human beings with the same base - 'We are all equal because we can all kill each other and we all want to determine what is good for us. ' He gives humans the title of 'desiring ma...

Aristotles concept of catharsis

...Politics 1342a 9 16 would have to be in a natural, healthy state and a deficient state at the same time. While this appears to be contradictory, it is supported by Aristotle’s writings. In Nicomachean Ethics Aristotle, in speaking of accidental pleasures, writes that “the remedy [of accidental pleasures] is effected while the part that remains healthy is doing something else. ”40 In the case of the pleasure of tragedy, if one experiences catharsis then there is some part of the mind which ...

Aristotle, immitation concept

...Medium of poetic Imitation All art is thus a mode of imitation, but there are differences between various modes of imitation. One such difference lies in their medium of imitation. Poetry and painting are mediums of imitations, but the mediums of poet and a painter are different. The medium of painter is colour and form and medium of poet is rhythm and harmony. The objects of Poetic Imitation The objects of poetic imitation are ‘men in action’. These men may be either better than or lower th...

Plato and Aristotle: a Comparison

...Not only did Plato look to another world of unchanging forms to explain human nature, but his theories of the form differ greatly from Aristotle's. Where Plato said that we as human beings acquired human knowledge in another life through the soul existing outside of our bodies, Aristotle held that we acquire all our knowledge in this life, and that the soul cannot exist apart from the body. Finally, where Plato believed that happiness is acquired by coming to know the forms that exist in another...

Understanding Luck and Chance (Aristotle)

...Conclusively, chance occurs concurrently with the efficient cause of the individual in the sense that it is a simultaneously present, for only this specific efficient cause could lead to the chance event. Chance is however not an explanatory cause of it’s own, and the event considered chanceful can be explained solely with the individual efficient causes of the persons. Spontaneity occurring concurrently is thus identical to the way chance occurs concurrently, yet natural processes have specif...

Aristotle the Great Philosopher

...Flip4Learning. "Aristotle's Ethics (Part One). " YouTube. YouTube, 04 Mar. 2012. Web. 03 Dec. 2012. <http://www. youtube. com/watch? v=NbZ1qzcHo4g>. Flip4Learning. "Aristotle's Ethics (Part Two). " YouTube. YouTube, 04 Mar. 2012. Web. 03 Dec. 2012. <http://www. youtube. com/watch? v=A6Eq33EgMaM>. “Nicomachean Ethics. ” Nicomachean Ethics. N. p. , n. d. Web. 29 Nov. 2012. <http://www. uri. edu/personal/szunjic/philos/nicom. htm>. Kessler, Gary E. Voices of Wisdom: A Multicul...

Plato Aristotle Comparison

...Sources used: 1- The Republic: Author: Plato Published by: Penguin Classics 2- The Nicomachean Ethics: Author: Aristotle Published by: Penguin Classics 3- Goodness and Justice, Plato, Aristotle, and the Moderns: Author: Gerasimos Santas Published by: Blackwell Publishers 4- Aristotle on equality and justice, his political argument: Author: W. Von Leyden Published by: Macmillan 5- Aristotelian logic: Author: William Thomas Parry, Edward A. Hacker Published by: State University of New York, Albany...

Aristotle Concept of Eudaimonia

...According to Aristotle, eudaimonia actually requires activity, action, so that it is not sufficient for a person to possess a squandered ability or disposition. Eudaimonia requires not only good character but rational activity. Aristotle clearly maintains that to live in accordance with reason means achieving excellence thereby. Moreover, he claims this excellence cannot be isolated and so competencies are also required appropriate to related functions. For example, if being a truly outstanding ...

Active Intellect in Aristotle

...And if the analogy is meant to be an exact one the role of the active intellect must therefore be to make the passive intellect it's object so this apprehension can occur. What is potentially comes to be actually. This implies that there is something similar to Plato's world of Forms insofar as man is cut off to a pre-existing knowledge and with which we are not in communication. Where Plato called it the re-collection of forgotten forms I believe Aristotle to call it divine reason actuating its...

Is Aristotle the Father of Logic? - Analysis

...Originally taken to Athens and then to Rome, his works gained interest and were used as textbooks by Roman scholars and are still an important influence in learning today. REFERENCES O'Flaherty, S (2000) Aristotle: The First Scientist http://philosophy. sean. tripod. com/id17. htm Garth Kemerling (1996-2006) Aristotle (384-322 BC) http://www. philosophypages. com/ph/aris. htm The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition (2008) Syllogism http://www. encyclopedia. com/topic/syllogism. aspx#1E1-syllogi...

Dialogue Between Plato and Aristotle

...Exactly! Aristotle: You are not serious! You do realize that the possibility of error forces the mind to determine the truth validity of a given statement. Meaning the intellect must have adequate reasons, which can ensure the proposed judgment conforms to reality. These are the foundation of perfect knowledge, knowledge through causes. Not that we originate from some made up form that we cannot access, but that we originate from an individual. Matter is the indeterminate element, which is uncha...

Short speech about Aristotle

...C. of a sudden illness at the age of sixty-three. Aristotelian thought has progressed and influenced cultures for nearly two millenniums. His founding and development of the theories behind the Realism movement created the debates that were engaged in during the greater part of the middle ages. His immense contributions to the natural sciences serve to be the basis of the standard curriculum for students and learners everywhere. Aristotle was clearly and impressive figure of history and philosop...

FAQ about Aristotle

Why does confusion exist about the definition of a scientific theory?

...The influence of medieval science on the scientific revolution was extraordinary. Even though thoughts and ideas of medieval thinkers as opposed to revolutionary thinkers completely contradicted each other, the medieval era set the stage for the scie ...

Explain what Plato meant by the Form of the Good

...For example, in some cultures, it is never a good thing to take a life, even if that person has done terrible things including taking lives themselves. However, in other cultures, if the person has done terrible things society will agree that they sh ...

What Is Poltics

...Post-behavioralism: The school of thought that seeks to combine elements of the traditional approach with those of behavioralism. Just as behavorialists critiqued traditionalists for being too “moral” or “value oriented” in their analyses, po ...

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