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Aristotle Essay Examples

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Explain Aristotle's understanding of the Prime Mover

Whereas the Prime Mover is the opposite because it is a necessary being but one who does not in any way interact and act in the world. It is a impersonal being. Also the Judeo-Christian God is not completely immaterial. In Genesis 3, God 'walks' in the Garden of Eden and in the New Testament, God becomes man in the human form of Jesus. This belief is known as the incarnation ('God becomes flesh')....

Aristotle Biography

Members of the Lyceum wrote up their findings in manuscripts. In so doing, they built the school’s massive collection of written materials, which by ancient accounts was credited as one of the first great libraries. In the same year that Aristotle opened the Lyceum, his wife Pythias died. Soon after, Aristotle embarked on a romance with a woman named Herpyllis, who hailed from his hometown of St...

Fences Play According to Aristotle

Singing the song of Blue with Raynell…..Cory demonstrates that he can embrace the song of his father without becoming his father. (Monaco) • “…Wilson shows that it is only through the willingness to face and accept the forces of the past that the protagonists will be given hope, power, and ultimately, deliverance.”(Monaco) • Troy is contained by death while the others are able to move ...

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A Tragic Hero in Aristotle Definition

A tragic hero should be able to arouse feelings of pity and fear; this is because, the feeling of pity is aroused by our deep sympathy for someone whose life is falling out of place whereas that person is neither too good nor too evil to have deserved such a misfortune, and the feeling of fear is aroused by the sheer horror that such a tragedy can fall upon anyone regardless of their stature. Acco...

Clerk & Squire Contrast "The Canterbury Tales"

The portrait of the clerk and the squire in "The Canterbury Tales" shows two men of similar age; in the same time frame, "The Middle Ages". We learn that the two are very different in appearance, personality and interests. This can be attributed to the fact that they grew up in different classes. The clerk in the "Middle Class" and the squire in the "High Class", in this time frame classes molded...

Plato Vs Aristotle Theory Of Knowledge

By giving an example of an artist, Aristotle explains how ideas in the mind of an artist become a work of art in the physical world- his classical example, the piece of marble, which becomes a sculpture through the work of the artist. The marble though it has shape and form (in passive potency), loses it to become a sculpture which was only an idea in the mind of the artist. Aristotle thus identif...

Aristotle's Critique of Plato's Theory of Limited Communism

In the Republic, it is clear that a communism of children and women will only occur amongst the rulers . The argument of Aristotle is simple and clear that Plato does not take a clear position in his limited communism ideology . This reveals the fact that Aristotle’s criticism of Plato's theory of limited communism as put forth in the Republic is justified and thus fair. Bibliography: Plato, The...

Aristotle’s theory of the Tragic Hero

The word we translate as “plot” is the Greek wordmuthos, which is the root for myth. Muthos is a more general term than plot, as it can apply to any art form, including music or sculpture. The muthos of a piece of art is its general structure and organization, the form according to which the themes and ideas in the piece of art make themselves apparent. The plot of a story, as the term is used...

Happiness for Aristotle and Plato

Aristotle acknowledges men’s desire to be happy according to the satisfaction of senses so as long as it will not contradict virtue. As Aristotle believes that the soul does not survive after death, people should strive to be happy while they are still alive. On the other hand, Plato claims that true happiness is achieved only in the performance of one’s own duty, especially the duty of exerci...

Aristotle on the Soul

This means however, that the actual must precede the potential, contrary to what was discussed above. The nature of the active intellect is its activity, so it must be unremittingly active in order to cause the passive intellect to act and us to have thoughts and reason. If it is continuously active, this part of the rational soul must be eternal and thus stands in stark contrast with the rest of ...

History of Ethics and Morals

Ethics and morals are crucial concepts in today’s world. Ethics are rules and standards governing the conduct in which one lives and makes life decisions. Ethics build traits that help shape an individual beliefs and help shape and understanding of right and wrong. Every day one's ethics are challenged by work, school, home, and most importantly communication. It is important to understand how t...

Imagery in Ode to the West Wind by P.B.Shelley

In most of the cultures, there is the fifth element as well which describes something which is beyond the material world. Shelley employs this fifth element as well in his ode. This fifth element for Shelley is the soul, or the spirit of a poet-prophet figure here metaphorically described as the ‘West Wind’. The west wind is the fifth element that dominates other four elements-earth, air, fire...

A Comparative Essay on Plato’s and Aristotle’s Philosophies on Beauty, Tragedy and Art

The gods favour him because he is the hero but if in the end, it is discovered that he has a flaw, and then he becomes a tragic hero. But there is a critical point on why this is the case. Tragic heroes and their pathetic demise exists for one thing and that is to “purge” the audience of the feeling of fear and sorrow: “tragedy, in depicting passionate and critical situations, takes the obse...

Aristotle vs Plato's View on Happiness

Aristotle gives us a way to look at the good life in a broad sense, whereas Plato sets out rules and guidelines to follow to achieve justice and eventually happiness. I prefer Aristotle’s view of a good life of one that flourishes, one that is able to perform their function as a human being well. A life of happiness, courage, wisdom, and living up to one’s obligations are necessary for one to ...

Aristotle Essay

The Prime Mover cannot change, because to change something must exist in a state of actuality and have the potential to change i. e. an actual child is a potential adult. Aristotle does not consider the Prime Mover as a God, because a god is a living being which effects what happens in the world, however, the Prime Mover does not affect what happens in the universe, it is just the cause of it. Ari...

Aristotle and Metaphysics

So, every being in this world has its own actuality which is an infinite knowledge, an ultimate aim and a perfect program that was determined. In other words, life is planned by a perfect as well as synchronized system before the existence and the actual end is certain, which shows that the actuality determines the potentiality. Moreover, according to my view, at the beginning the actual human bei...

Aristotle as a Critic

Although it preserves a concern with valuation, its main thrust is towards the definition of theoretical possibilities and general laws. Some critics have spoken of Aristotle's sin of omission in relationship with lyric poetry and the inspirational element in literature. This is a fact. But it does not seem so important when we look at what Aristotle does say and the principles he establishes. We ...

Aristotle S Four Causes

nal cause of the universe. It exists in a state of pure actuality incapable of change, only contempla? ng its existence. Aristotle believed this to be his ‘God’. Objects that move from poten? ality to actuality ful! l their purpose because their change is bought about by the prime mover. In conclusion, Aristotle believed the four causes acted upon everything and understood that they are a move...

Aristotle: The Four Causes

He explains in the previous section that happiness can only be found in activities (rather than states), and that only those activities in accord with virtue could be things that lead us to happiness. The supreme virtue is that which is the best thing. I can honestly say that if I was to pick one of the philosophers, Plato or Aristotle, I would have to pick Aristotle. I would pick his because I th...

Aristotle vs. Hobbes: Equality

However, Hobbes' understanding of natural equality is preferable, as he provides society with the extra room for equality and opportunity that the subjects of a good sovereign would experience to be available to them, in comparison to Aristotle's hierarchical division of people into natural superiors, inferiors and slaves, who are given very limited achievements and opportunities Hobbes, Thomas....

Aristotles concept of catharsis

While it is clear that Aristotle views these emotions as having a deficient quality, it is not clear why he views them in this way. One could speculate that they are deficient because they are a removal from the tranquility which would be our natural emotional state. This seems to be supported when Aristotle speaks of sacred songs which will cure religious frenzy. This frenzy could be seen as a de...

Aristotle, immitation concept

Medium of poetic Imitation All art is thus a mode of imitation, but there are differences between various modes of imitation. One such difference lies in their medium of imitation. Poetry and painting are mediums of imitations, but the mediums of poet and a painter are different. The medium of painter is colour and form and medium of poet is rhythm and harmony. The objects of Poetic Imitation The ...

Plato and Aristotle: a Comparison

Works Cited 1. Aristotle. Nicomachean Ethics, Second Edition. Translated by Terence Irwin. Hackett Publishing Company, INC. , Indiana: 1999. 2. Nelson, Brian R. Western Political Thought: From Socrates to the Age of Enlightenment. Prentice Hall, New Jersey: 1996. 3. Plato. Euthyphro. Laurier Course Package, Professor V. Burke. p. 14. 4. Velasquez, Manuel. Philosophy: A Text With Readings: Seventh ...

Understanding Luck and Chance (Aristotle)

As a result, spontaneity is said to occur when natural processes do not attain their end (the process was ‘in vain’), and are affected by an external event (deliberate or natural), thus producing an improbable event. Bibliography: J. L. Ackrill. A New Aristotle Reader. Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP, 1989. Print. Richard McKeon. The Basic Works of Aristotle,. New York: Random House, 1941. Print....

Aristotle the Great Philosopher

Flip4Learning. "Aristotle's Ethics (Part One). " YouTube. YouTube, 04 Mar. 2012. Web. 03 Dec. 2012. <http://www. youtube. com/watch? v=NbZ1qzcHo4g>. Flip4Learning. "Aristotle's Ethics (Part Two). " YouTube. YouTube, 04 Mar. 2012. Web. 03 Dec. 2012. <http://www. youtube. com/watch? v=A6Eq33EgMaM>. “Nicomachean Ethics. ” Nicomachean Ethics. N. p. , n. d. Web. 29 Nov. 2012. <http:/...

Plato Aristotle Comparison

Sources used: 1- The Republic: Author: Plato Published by: Penguin Classics 2- The Nicomachean Ethics: Author: Aristotle Published by: Penguin Classics 3- Goodness and Justice, Plato, Aristotle, and the Moderns: Author: Gerasimos Santas Published by: Blackwell Publishers 4- Aristotle on equality and justice, his political argument: Author: W. Von Leyden Published by: Macmillan 5- Aristotelian logi...

Aristotle Concept of Eudaimonia

From this it follows that eudaimonia, living well, consists in activities exercising the rational part of the psyche in accordance with the virtues or excellency of reason [1097b22–1098a20]. Which is to say, to be fully engaged in the intellectually stimulating and fulling work at which one achieves well-earned success. The rest of the Nicomachean Ethics is devoted to filling out the claim that ...

Active Intellect in Aristotle

And if the analogy is meant to be an exact one the role of the active intellect must therefore be to make the passive intellect it's object so this apprehension can occur. What is potentially comes to be actually. This implies that there is something similar to Plato's world of Forms insofar as man is cut off to a pre-existing knowledge and with which we are not in communication. Where Plato calle...

Is Aristotle the Father of Logic? - Analysis

Originally taken to Athens and then to Rome, his works gained interest and were used as textbooks by Roman scholars and are still an important influence in learning today. REFERENCES O'Flaherty, S (2000) Aristotle: The First Scientist http://philosophy. sean. tripod. com/id17. htm Garth Kemerling (1996-2006) Aristotle (384-322 BC) http://www. philosophypages. com/ph/aris. htm The Columbia Encyclop...

Dialogue Between Plato and Aristotle

That is a structure of two statements leading to correct reasoning. Pluto: So you object to my whole idea? Aristotle: Completely! It lacks a foundation and crumbles upon itself. Your own argument argues that there is need for physical objects to enable us acquire concepts but your idea is based on an unseen form that cannot be confirmed physically. Pluto: We could argue about it for hours. It’s ...

Short speech about Aristotle

C. of a sudden illness at the age of sixty-three. Aristotelian thought has progressed and influenced cultures for nearly two millenniums. His founding and development of the theories behind the Realism movement created the debates that were engaged in during the greater part of the middle ages. His immense contributions to the natural sciences serve to be the basis of the standard curriculum for s...

Aristotle 4 Causes - Essay

If things happen by chance or luck then they do not fit into the categories. Emotions also go against the theory as they have no material or formal cause and even their efficient and final causes can be questioned. Is there a final cause for despair? The fact that there are anomalies does not disprove the theory and this is a major strength to the argument. There is no evidence that it is not true...

Mimesis: Plato and Aristotle

Aristotle believed that mimesis – and the catharsis it created – fostered growth and prosperity. Works Cited Cooper E. David [Ed. ]. Aesthetics: The Classic Readings. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 1997. Print. Plato, The Republic, Book 10, pp 11-28, Aristotle, Poetics, pp 29-44. -------------------------------------------- [ 1 ]. Cooper E. David [Ed. ]. Aesthetics: The Classic Readings. Oxford...

Justice in Plato Cicero and Aristotle

" According to that, justice, unlike other virtues, comprise only the inter-individual relations. Consequently, justice pursues both individual development and social good. Justice as a universal virtue which encompasses other virtues is above the law. It requires not doing any harm to anyone. In Cicero, justice requires us to treat adversaries with respect and honesty, There is a limit to vengean...

Plato, Aristotle and Descartes

IEP , 21 2005. Web. 3 Nov 2012. Gill, N. S.. "Plato - Greek Philosopher. " Ancient / Classical History. About. com. Web. 3 Nov 2012. . "Greek Philosopher Plato. " AllAboutPhilosophy. org. AllAboutPhilosophy. org. Web. 3 Nov 2012 . "Plato. " Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Richard Kraut. Web. 3 Nov 2012. . "Plato. " Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Richard Kraut , 16 2011. Web. 3 Nov 2012....

Comparative essay describing the ethics of Aristotle, Immanuel Kant, and Emmanuel Levinas

Similarly, Kant also believed in caring and compassion because he believed in the Universal Law-- if it is an act that is good for everyone, then it is good for an individual. It is evident that Aristotle, Immanuel Kant, and Emmanuel Levinas were three philosophers who sorted out various ethical approaches that aided them in their search for the good. Despite the fact that they have several simila...

The Categories of Aristotle

HALVERSON, W. A. : Concise Introduction to Philosophy; 2nd Edition. New York: Random House, 1967. LEVY, I. M. : “Categories,” in Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary and Thesaurus. Chicago 2009. CDR. LEVY, I. M. : “Aristotle’s Categories,” in Encyclopedia Britannica Student & Home Edition. Chicago 2009. CDR. OZUMBA, G. O. : A Concise Introduction to Epistemology. Calabar: Ebenezer Printing...

Thomas Aquinas

He claims that God is testing our faith and God gives us free-will because we are intelligent. If God is powerful and omniscient, why doesn't he just create human beings that are faithful and not sinful? There is no point to test our faith if God knows we have faith or not. The theodicy problem is an endless discussion and I believe neither Aquinas nor any person in the current world can fully exp...

The implications of unmoved mover within Aristotle’s Metaphysics

Conclusion According to Aristotle since matter is defined as that thing which can be moved, then he summarizes that pure form must be immovable. All his science concerning metaphysics was aimed at constructing a unified world through human beings. His metaphysics included what is called Natural theology of God and ordered partly the structure of the world. Aristotle puts a lot of emphasis on the ...

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