Aristotle Essay Examples

Aristotle

Does Socrates Allow his Enemies to win by Staying and Accepting his Sentence?
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Socrates allows his enemies to win by staying and accepting his sentence. From the onset of the case, Socrates fails to put a strong defense on his innocence. Rather, he appears unconcerned about the case brought against him. He is rude, arrogant, and fails to empathize with the prosecutor and Athens’ society. As a result, he is unable to convince more than 50% of the jurist that he is innocent. In addition, he appears to be unconcerned with his first…...
Aristotle and the Highest Good
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What is “the good”? “The good” is defined as the ultimate place where everything makes sense and falls into place. In order to have a good life, a person must do something in their life. As Aristotle explains his views and thoughts on pleasure and why it is not good, he tends to be grey with his points (Curtis, lecture notes). According to Aristotle, he believed that pleasure is good but not “the good”. Aristotle’s views as to why pleasure…...
Aristotle’s Poetics and Sophocles’ Antigone
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Aristotle outlined six main fundamentals of tragedy: plot, character, diction, thought, spectacle, and music or song. He reflected on plot and character as the first two components or the primary components. In his Poetics, he explained the proper mix of these fundamentals using instances from various tragic dramas, specifically those of Sophocles, amongst other playwrights (Rizzoli, 3 - 6). Previous to reading Aristotle, Sophocle’s Antigone was similar to any of the previous stories I have read — the protagonist’s character…...
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Understanding the truth of Reality in the light of Plato, Aristotle and The Matrix
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Have you ever had the feeling where you are uncertain if you are awake or is still dreaming? Those are not phrases from a metaphysical book but perhaps a popular Hollywood film "The Matrix." Nevertheless, freedom is not about having a really good illusion, but about realizing it's all just an illusion. Furthermore, the philosophies in the movie and the truth borrowed from eastern philosophies from the great philosophers including Plato and Aristotle. There are several similarities between Plato's "The…...
Tragic Hero As Defined by Aristotle
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According to Aristotle’s theory of tragedy, a tragic hero is a person with high social status and somebody who has a confidential flaw that could in the end lead to facing a downfall with courage and dignity causing the audience to feel sympathy. Generally, a tragic hero is a grievous legend that is seen as an honorable character. A tragic hero experiences a change from not bad to good, but from good to bad. To go moreover, the character Macbeth…...
How is Oedipus a Tragic Hero According to Aristotle?
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What is a tragedy? A tragedy is an event that causes great suffering, destruction, and distress, sometimes a catastrophe. Aristotle\'s characterization of a tragic hero is through his ability to preserve his virtue, despite his flaws. Oedipus is considered a tragic hero because he is not perfect but has many tragic flaws. Oedipus shows many flaws and braveness throughout this story. A tragic hero is the protagonist of a tragedy in dramas. This tragedy shows where a person suffers from…...
Aristotle and the Philosophy of Friendship
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From the time of Aristotle (384-322 BCE) , the notion of friendship and even the term friend have fascinated philosophers. Aristotle, a famed philosopher himself, opine that ‘Without friends, no one would choose to live, though he had all other goods.’ (Aristotle, and Ross. 2016: 307) In elaboration, every man seems to be quite iffy when the term ‘loner’ is discussed at length. A loner is in his essence someone without any friends or even acquaintances and humans as species…...
Oedipus the King an Aristotle’s Tragedy
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The Greek drama Oedipus is clearly a Aristotle’s tragedy. It definitely meets the five main criteria for a tragedy: a tragic hero of noble birth, a tragic flaw, a hero‘s downfall, a moment of remorse, and a catharsis. Aristotle in his Poetics defines Oedipus as being a definite example of the form and purpose of Aristotelian tragedy. In tragedies the Greeks dramatized climactic events in the lives of heroes, and Oedipus story is no different. By using many different literary…...
Expound and assess Aristotle’s doctrine of natural slavery
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In book 1 of the Politics Aristotle introduces a discussion of the household, which he views as consisting of three essential relationships: master and slave, husband and wife and parent and child. His consideration of slavery is based not merely on its utility but also in terms of its justification. For Aristotle, the instruments of the household form its stock of property. These instruments can be either animate or inanimate but are intended for action rather than production. The slave…...
Discuss Aristotle’s View That We Become Good By Doing Good Things
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Aristotle’s view on becoming good by doing good things gives a very strong sense of nobility. However it is not as easy as it looks or sounds like. Unfortunately when a person tries to do moral or virtuous things, he instead finds himself sometimes wallowing in the mud of confusion. Some of the factors that contribute to this are the differences of cultures in the society and other beliefs which make it hard for an individual to identify how to…...
Aristotle’s Rhetoric and Martin Luther King
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In his “Letter from a Birmingham Jail” written to the fellow clergymen on 16 April 1963 Martin Luther King, Jr. justifies to the clergymen the non-violent movement of the Negro for their human and civil rights. He uses most effectively the art of rhetoric as taught by Aristotle – the ethos, the pathos and the logos. In this manifesto of Negro revolution Luther King has developed an ethos – a convincing and a credible personality which makes his letter acceptable…...
Aristotle tragic hero
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“All My Sons” is a modern tragedy by Arthur Miller that presents the themes and ideas of denial, blame and the American dream. Joe Keller is the ‘ordinary’ man, hence his name suggesting ‘ordinary Joe’. He is at the heart of the tragedy, along with his family, as we hear of their missing son lost during the war serving his country. During this time Joe used his business of making engine cylinders, to get involved in war profiteering; this is…...
Essay On Aristotle Life And Happiness
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A biography of the life of the Greek philosopher and scientist Aristotle.ARISTOTLE'S LIFE Aristotle, Greek philosopher and scientist, is one of the most famous of ancient philosophers. He was born in Stagira, Greece to a physician to the royal court. When he became eighteen, Aristotle entered Plato's School in Athens and remained at this academy for twenty years, as a student and then as a teacher. He was recognized as the Academy's brightest and was given the title of "The…...
Analysis of Hamlet in Terms of Aristotle
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Poetics was written in 350 B. C and to this day it impacts the way literature is written. Even when analyzing the works of one of the most famous authors to exist, Shakespeare, we see that his work also meets the guidelines of literature set by Aristotle’s Poetics. When looking at one of Shakespeare’s works, particularly Hamlet we can begin to take the play apart and analyze a single scenario at a time, and we notice just how Shakespeare has…...
Movie “The Matrix”: Plato’s and Aristotle’s Philosophies
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The Matrix, a Wachowski fellow's movie, conforms many modern and traditional ideas regarding theВ truth behind the facts. Moreover, the dominant framework of the film is adapted from 'Plato's Allegory of the Cave.' (Jowett) The film reflects the philosophy of Plato almost exactly in structure. The theory is about prisoners who are shackled in a cave since childhood, facing just a wall. Throughout the wall, their shadows of different shapes of animals and plants and a sound of fire that…...
Aristotle’s Philosophy of Friendship
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Aristotle define friendships of utility as benefiting in some way from being friends with certain people or exploiting them: maybe they're well-connected, or we need a fourth person for our bridge club. Friendship of pleasure: These are people we simply enjoy being around and hangout with, some examples are drinking buddies or girls who go shopping together. They may be good or bad for us, but the friendship is built on the idea that they're fun to be around. To…...
Plato and Aristotle both shared the understanding that democracy
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Plato and Aristotle both shared the understanding that democracy is unjust and full of corruption. It goes back to the understanding that some rulers gain power when they are not deserving. Aristotle argues that the person who should rule is the one who is a best fit in order to rule effectively. Both plato and aristotle agree that honor should be given to those who possess knowledge of the good. It is therefore unjust when honor to rule is given…...
Aristotle and Dante Secrets of the Universe by Benjamin Alire Saenz
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Introduction Loneliness is like an infection. It lets a person hide their feelings and thoughts. After being infected, the only cure is friendship. Aristotle's family and his brother symbolizes symptoms of disease. Hook: TAG (Title, Author, Genre) + bulleted summary points: In Aristotle and Dante by Benjamin Alire Saenz, Aristotle is a loner and angry person with a brother in prison but when he meets Dante Quintana, they form a special friendship bond. As time goes by, Ari was concerned…...
Plato, St. Aquinas or Aristotle
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One of the subject ideas we were provided to write about was how we thought Plato, St. Aquinas or Aristotle most represents my town/family which I intrigued me because during this time of year, around the holidays, everyone's thoughts turn to how can help provide for and protect our fellowman, how can we make sure all the children we know have gifts from Santa, how can we make sure that everyone has a special meal on Christmas Day, how can…...
Aristotle’s Idea of Friendship
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From the time of Aristotle (384-322 BC), the notion of friendship and even the term friend have fascinated philosophers. Aristotle, a famed philosopher himself, opine that Without friends, no one would choose to live, though he had all other goods. (Aristotle, and Ross. 2016: 307) In elaboration, every man seems to be quite iffy when the term loner is discussed at length. A loner is in his essence someone without any friends or even acquaintances and humans as species has…...
Aristotle’s Reflection on Philosophical Concept of Good
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What is the good The good is defined as the ultimate place where everything makes sense and falls into place. In order to have a good life, a person must do something in their life. As Aristotle explains his views and thoughts on pleasure and why it is not the good, he tends to be grey with his points (Curtis, lecture notes). According to Aristotle, he believed that pleasure is a good but not the good. Aristotle's views as to…...
The history of equality can be traced back many years Aristotle and
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The history of equality can be traced back many years. Aristotle and Plato, Greek philosophers, had many views on the balance between the free-thinking worth of individuals versus the needs of society to be led by the best and smartest. For Marxists, the backbone of Marxism is equality the root of all inequality is capitalism, providing differences of wealth, wages, living conditions education and housing. A society that is based on capitalism can never be just or equal. In a…...
Plato and Aristotle: Democracy and Corruption
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Plato and Aristotle both shared the understanding that democracy is unjust and full of corruption. It goes back to the understanding that some rulers gain power when they are not deserving. Aristotle argues that the person who should rule is the one who is a best fit in order to rule effectively. Both plato and aristotle agree that honor should be given to those who possess knowledge of the good. It is therefore unjust when honor to rule is given…...
Aristotle: The Three Kinds Of Friendship
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In book VIII of Aristotle’s The Nicomachean Ethics (1999; 1156a6 – 1156a30), the notion of ‘The Three Kinds of Friendship’ (Philia) is expressed. Holding that there are three basic kinds or species of friendship that bind us together expressing that in respect to each there exists a mutual and recognised love. Utility, pleasure, virtue and the good can attract and bind us together in an association of friendship, essentially we become friends with certain individuals because they are either: useful…...
Analyzing Aristotle
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The soul and the body are different forms. While the body is visible and mortal, the soul is invisible and immortal. He suggests that although the body dies and decays, the soul continues to exist. I do believe there is life after death, everyone must eventually die, and it cannot be avoided. However, even though death is a fact of life, it is a topic that many people prefer not to talk about. This avoidance of discussion is usually due…...
Aristotle and Aurelius
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Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics goes to show that he believes that the end goal of all human actions is eudaimonia, or happiness through success and fulfillment. Following this concept Aristotle goes on to explain that through virtuosity a human being can lead a happy life. He defines virtue as a disposition to make the correct decisions that lead to the chief good of happiness. A perfect example is when he describes someone who does an action well as being good, but…...
Epistemologies; Plato vs. Aristotle
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Plato, the father of philosophy, was a rationalist. He was the first systematic metaphysician and epistemologist. He believed that we had innate knowledge; a priori. So to him learning was only a matter of remembering. Plato believed that the “ideal” world existed beyond our own physical earth because according to him realty could not be changing or imperfect. From his point of view what we see are only the particulars, the mimics of the real thing, therefore, we have to…...
The Ideal State: According to Socrates, Plato and Aristotle
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         “In general philosophy came into existence when the Greeks discovered dissatisfaction with supernatural and mythical explanations of reality,” (Kreis, 2000). Philosophy, as we know it today, obtained the foundation of its teachings from ancient Greeks who wanted a logical explanation to the order of the universe we live in. These men wanted to explain society’s dilemmas based on realities they can constitute through reason alone and not through some convention based on mythical uncertainties. Among such men were Socrates,…...
Comparison between the Views of Confucius and Aristotle
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Both Confucius and Aristotle have had a great impact in philosophy even though their views on humanity varied. Aristotle was a Greek philosopher whose ideologies on science, logic and virtue greatly influenced philosophy. Aristotle greatly influenced Islamic and Jewish theological and traditional thinking in the Middle Ages and his study of logic was incorporated to the modern formal logic in the late nineteenth century. Confucian was a Chinese philosopher whose teachings mainly consisted of morality. His teachings commanded many disciples…...
Aristotle On Plot
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In his Poetics, Aristotle considered plot (mythos) the most important element of drama--more important than character, for example. A plot must have, Aristotle says, a beginning, middle, and an end, and the events of the plot must causally relate to one another as being either necessary or probable. Character: A character is a person in a narrative work of arts (such as a novel, play, or film). Derived from the ancient Greek word, particularly when enacted by an actor in…...
Moral Virtue According to Aristotle
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According to Aristotle, we get moral virtue as a result of habit and none of the moral virtues arise in us by nature, because nothing that exists by nature can form a habit contrary to its nature. Nature has no effect on how moral virtues arise in us. Instead, we receive nature when we adapt, and therefore are made perfect by habit. A good example Aristotle uses is that we have senses before we even know how to use them.…...
Ultimate Reality: Plato vs Aristotle
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Merrium-webster. com defines ultimate reality as “something that is the supreme, final, and fundamental power in all reality”. Although not mentioned in depth in Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle does believe in an ultimate reality; a god-like ‘prime mover’ that set everything into motion. Surprisingly similar, Plato uses reflection and reason to deductively determine that there is a ‘natural creator’ who “…created…everything…in its essential nature” (Plato 316). While they mostly agree on ultimate reality, each philosopher’s view is different on the Forms.…...
Imitation Plato and Aristotle
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Introduction Plato and Aristotle are two famous literary critics in ancient Greece. Aristotle is Plato’s student. They all agree that art is a form of imitation. However, their attitudes towards imitation are profoundly different. Plato claims that poetry is worthless and bad because it is mere imitation and may have bad influence on human beings. Instead, though Aristotle admits that poetry is imitation, he thinks that it is all right and even good. He also explains that imitation of life…...
Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle
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Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, three men considered to be the quintessential basis of ancient Greek philosophy. Not only were they responsible for Greek enlightenment, but also foreshadowed the coming of Christ in there speculations. Plato, the protege of Socrates, became the first to document the philosophy of his teacher, which in turn is passed down to Aristotle. This process of mentoring aided ancient man in the intellectual evolution of politics and religion, known as the linear concept. Socrates, the Athenian…...
The Categories of Aristotle
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Aristotle (384-322BC) is one of the most influential philosophers of the western tradition and had many philosophical works credited to him. In his treatise on logic collectively known as “Organon”, Aristotle gave two preliminary treatises; “The Categories and De Interpretatione (on interpretation) dealing with terms and with propositions respectively. This paper is an attempt to look at the categories from Aristotle’s perspective. Hence it is necessary to define the term category (ies) from a general point of view first, so…...
Comparative essay describing the ethics of Aristotle, Immanuel Kant, and Emmanuel Levinas
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Philosophers live and encourage others to live according to the rules of practical wisdom. Aristotle, Immanuel Kant, and Emmanuel Levinas were three philosophers who sorted out various ethical approaches. They investigated complex human actions and theorized what is the ethical thing to do. For instance, Aristotle contemplated the aim of human life, Kant observed duty and obligation from respect for the law, and Levinas examined one's responsibility to the Other. These unique points of view offer different answers regarding the…...
Plato, Aristotle and Descartes
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“We can easily forgive a child who is afraid of the dark; the real tragedy of life is when men are afraid of the light”, Plato said. Studying knowledge is something philosophers have been doing for as long as philosophy has been around. People always see just a part of things around the world. They need an open mind to understand more deep and wise into the world. It’s one of those perennial topics that philosophy has been refining since…...
Justice in Plato Cicero and Aristotle
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Cicero said that "justice is a habit of the soul, observed in the common interest, which gives every male his due." According to that, justice, unlike other virtues (be it liberty, piety, respect or whatever), comprises just the inter-individual relations. Consequently, justice pursues both private development and social excellent. Justice as a universal virtue which incorporates other virtues, is above the law. It requires not doing any damage to anyone and "using typical things as common, personal possessions as one's…...
Mimesis: Plato and Aristotle
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The term ‘mimesis’ is loosely defined as ‘imitation’, and although an extensive paper could be written about the cogency of such a narrow definition, I will instead focus on Plato and Aristotle’s contrasting judgements of mimesis (imitation). I will spend one section discussing Plato’s ideas on mimesis and how they relate to his philosophy of reality and the forms. I will then spend a section examining Aristotle’s differing views on mimesis and how it relates to catharsis. During this deliberation…...
Aristotle 4 Causes – Essay
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Aristotle used the Four Causes to discuss a things's transferral from potentiality to truth. The material cause, formal cause, efficient cause and final cause take something from an idea to truth. They are accurate to a degree however have a number of defects and faults. A problem with the four causes is that they rely on experience. Plato argued that experience was unreliable as it changes from individual to person-- we can not make certain that chairs look the exact…...
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FAQ about Aristotle

How is Oedipus a Tragic Hero According to Aristotle?

...Jocasta is the only person that felt pity for him. She knew the answers that Oedipus needed, but did not want him to find out. Jocasta told many lies to Oedipus. Oedipus is certainly a tragic hero. His determination and faith to search and find the t...