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Aristotle Essay Examples

Aristotle Biography

...Members of the Lyceum wrote up their findings in manuscripts. In so doing, they built the school’s massive collection of written materials, which by ancient accounts was credited as one of the first great libraries. In the same year that Aristotle opened the Lyceum, his wife Pythias died. Soon after, Aristotle embarked on a romance with a woman named Herpyllis, who hailed from his hometown of Stagira. According to some historians, Herpyllis may have been Aristotle’s slave, granted to him by ...

Aristotle Essay

...The Prime Mover cannot change, because to change something must exist in a state of actuality and have the potential to change i. e. an actual child is a potential adult. Aristotle does not consider the Prime Mover as a God, because a god is a living being which effects what happens in the world, however, the Prime Mover does not affect what happens in the universe, it is just the cause of it. Aristotle says that the Prime Mover has to exist because the universe has to have a cause. The Prime Mo...

Analyzing Aristotle

...Aristotle said: “Yet there is God, though not perhaps the simple and human god conceived by the forgivable anthropomorphism of the adolescent mind. " Aristotle represents God as self-conscious spirit. A rather mysterious spirit; for Aristotle God's never does anything; he has no desires, no will, no purpose; he is activity so pure that he never acts. He is absolutely perfect; therefore cannot desire anything; therefore He does nothing. His only occupation is to contemplate the essence of thing...

Aristotle, immitation concept

...Medium of poetic Imitation All art is thus a mode of imitation, but there are differences between various modes of imitation. One such difference lies in their medium of imitation. Poetry and painting are mediums of imitations, but the mediums of poet and a painter are different. The medium of painter is colour and form and medium of poet is rhythm and harmony. The objects of Poetic Imitation The objects of poetic imitation are ‘men in action’. These men may be either better than or lower th...

Plato Aristotle Comparison

...Sources used: 1- The Republic: Author: Plato Published by: Penguin Classics 2- The Nicomachean Ethics: Author: Aristotle Published by: Penguin Classics 3- Goodness and Justice, Plato, Aristotle, and the Moderns: Author: Gerasimos Santas Published by: Blackwell Publishers 4- Aristotle on equality and justice, his political argument: Author: W. Von Leyden Published by: Macmillan 5- Aristotelian logic: Author: William Thomas Parry, Edward A. Hacker Published by: State University of New York, Albany...

Aristotle and Metaphysics

...So, every being in this world has its own actuality which is an infinite knowledge, an ultimate aim and a perfect program that was determined. In other words, life is planned by a perfect as well as synchronized system before the existence and the actual end is certain, which shows that the actuality determines the potentiality. Moreover, according to my view, at the beginning the actual human being has been created, with certain aims and end, for its continious, then the potential sperm is prod...

Aristotle On Plot

...Flashback is an interjected scene that takes the narrative back in time from the current point the story has reached. Flashbacks are often used to recount events that happened before the story’s primary sequence of events or to fill in crucial back-story. In the opposite direction, a flash forward (or prolepsis) reveals events that will occur in the future. The method is used to create suspense in a story, develop a character or structuring the narration. In literature, internal analepsis is a...

Aristotle and Aurelius

...Finally the stoics don’t see a difference between the rich, poor, slaves or free men, because in their views bodily and external things can no impact on their dignity, whereas Aristotle believes that a life based on virtues along with enough material and external goods like freedom, wellbeing, and close friends lead to a life of dignity. Overall, Aurelius and the Stoics have built upon and modified Aristotle’s view to be more realistic and to try and be more optimistic in leading the best po...

Aristotle on the Soul

...This means however, that the actual must precede the potential, contrary to what was discussed above. The nature of the active intellect is its activity, so it must be unremittingly active in order to cause the passive intellect to act and us to have thoughts and reason. If it is continuously active, this part of the rational soul must be eternal and thus stands in stark contrast with the rest of the souls Aristotle posits, but this controversial point is something I will not take up in this pap...

Aristotle S Four Causes

...nal cause of the universe. It exists in a state of pure actuality incapable of change, only contempla? ng its existence. Aristotle believed this to be his ‘God’. Objects that move from poten? ality to actuality ful! l their purpose because their change is bought about by the prime mover. In conclusion, Aristotle believed the four causes acted upon everything and understood that they are a movement from poten? ality to actuality. This movement though material, formal, e*cient and !nal causes ...

Aristotle: The Four Causes

...He explains in the previous section that happiness can only be found in activities (rather than states), and that only those activities in accord with virtue could be things that lead us to happiness. The supreme virtue is that which is the best thing. I can honestly say that if I was to pick one of the philosophers, Plato or Aristotle, I would have to pick Aristotle. I would pick his because I think that Plato’s was too black and white. He didn’t have any leeway. Aristotle has him with feel...

Aristotle vs. Hobbes: Equality

...It is an idea of social inequality that provides the good 'ends' only to the few citizens who can achieve it through their household and their practical reasoning. The rest of the members of that society are merely the providers and subordinates to the political realm. Hobbes' theory on equality, however, provides all human beings with the same base - 'We are all equal because we can all kill each other and we all want to determine what is good for us. ' He gives humans the title of 'desiring ma...

Aristotles concept of catharsis

...Politics 1342a 9 16 would have to be in a natural, healthy state and a deficient state at the same time. While this appears to be contradictory, it is supported by Aristotle’s writings. In Nicomachean Ethics Aristotle, in speaking of accidental pleasures, writes that “the remedy [of accidental pleasures] is effected while the part that remains healthy is doing something else. ”40 In the case of the pleasure of tragedy, if one experiences catharsis then there is some part of the mind which ...

Aristotle the Great Philosopher

...Flip4Learning. "Aristotle's Ethics (Part One). " YouTube. YouTube, 04 Mar. 2012. Web. 03 Dec. 2012. <http://www. youtube. com/watch? v=NbZ1qzcHo4g>. Flip4Learning. "Aristotle's Ethics (Part Two). " YouTube. YouTube, 04 Mar. 2012. Web. 03 Dec. 2012. <http://www. youtube. com/watch? v=A6Eq33EgMaM>. “Nicomachean Ethics. ” Nicomachean Ethics. N. p. , n. d. Web. 29 Nov. 2012. <http://www. uri. edu/personal/szunjic/philos/nicom. htm>. Kessler, Gary E. Voices of Wisdom: A Multicul...

Aristotle Concept of Eudaimonia

...According to Aristotle, eudaimonia actually requires activity, action, so that it is not sufficient for a person to possess a squandered ability or disposition. Eudaimonia requires not only good character but rational activity. Aristotle clearly maintains that to live in accordance with reason means achieving excellence thereby. Moreover, he claims this excellence cannot be isolated and so competencies are also required appropriate to related functions. For example, if being a truly outstanding ...

Active Intellect in Aristotle

...And if the analogy is meant to be an exact one the role of the active intellect must therefore be to make the passive intellect it's object so this apprehension can occur. What is potentially comes to be actually. This implies that there is something similar to Plato's world of Forms insofar as man is cut off to a pre-existing knowledge and with which we are not in communication. Where Plato called it the re-collection of forgotten forms I believe Aristotle to call it divine reason actuating its...

Short speech about Aristotle

...C. of a sudden illness at the age of sixty-three. Aristotelian thought has progressed and influenced cultures for nearly two millenniums. His founding and development of the theories behind the Realism movement created the debates that were engaged in during the greater part of the middle ages. His immense contributions to the natural sciences serve to be the basis of the standard curriculum for students and learners everywhere. Aristotle was clearly and impressive figure of history and philosop...

Aristotle 4 Causes - Essay

...If things happen by chance or luck then they do not fit into the categories. Emotions also go against the theory as they have no material or formal cause and even their efficient and final causes can be questioned. Is there a final cause for despair? The fact that there are anomalies does not disprove the theory and this is a major strength to the argument. There is no evidence that it is not true and it doesn’t overrule other theories like God or the Big Bang so does not have much opposition....

Mimesis: Plato and Aristotle

...Aristotle believed that mimesis – and the catharsis it created – fostered growth and prosperity. Works Cited Cooper E. David [Ed. ]. Aesthetics: The Classic Readings. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 1997. Print. Plato, The Republic, Book 10, pp 11-28, Aristotle, Poetics, pp 29-44. -------------------------------------------- [ 1 ]. Cooper E. David [Ed. ]. Aesthetics: The Classic Readings. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 1997. *Plato. [ 2 ]. Ibid [ 3 ]. Ibid [ 4 ]. Cooper E. David [Ed. ]. Aesthet...

The Categories of Aristotle

...HALVERSON, W. A. : Concise Introduction to Philosophy; 2nd Edition. New York: Random House, 1967. LEVY, I. M. : “Categories,” in Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary and Thesaurus. Chicago 2009. CDR. LEVY, I. M. : “Aristotle’s Categories,” in Encyclopedia Britannica Student & Home Edition. Chicago 2009. CDR. OZUMBA, G. O. : A Concise Introduction to Epistemology. Calabar: Ebenezer Printing Press & Computer Service, 2001. SPANGLER M. : Logic; an Aristotelian Approach, rev. ed. Marylan...

Aristotle as a Critic

...Although it preserves a concern with valuation, its main thrust is towards the definition of theoretical possibilities and general laws. Some critics have spoken of Aristotle's sin of omission in relationship with lyric poetry and the inspirational element in literature. This is a fact. But it does not seem so important when we look at what Aristotle does say and the principles he establishes. We can barely recognize the aspect of criticism after Aristotle's work, if we compare it to its previou...

Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle

...However, he was no advocate of oligarchy or monarchy either; in fact he condemned Sparta for empowering women, and felt that government should be run by wealthy men who have been trained by philosophers. Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle are among the greatest philosophers of all time; their ideas have been passed through the ages and have been integrated within many modern day societies. As stated, the three men continually added toward the growth of religion, politics and the human soul in a proc...

Imitation Plato and Aristotle

...” Philosophy and Literature. October, 2003: 382. Michael Moor. An introduction to Plato and Aristotle and their significance to the performing arts. 6 October, 2007. < http://web. ukonline. co. uk/michaelmoor/an_introduction_toplato_andari. htm> Plato and Aristotle. 25 October, 2005. . Plato and Aristotle on Art as Imitation (Mimesis). 8 November, 2007. . Plato. Republic. Peking: China Social Sciences Publishing House, 1999. Stephen Conway. Plato, Aristotle, and Mimesis. 8 November, 2007...

Plato, Aristotle and Descartes

...IEP , 21 2005. Web. 3 Nov 2012. Gill, N. S.. "Plato - Greek Philosopher. " Ancient / Classical History. About. com. Web. 3 Nov 2012. . "Greek Philosopher Plato. " AllAboutPhilosophy. org. AllAboutPhilosophy. org. Web. 3 Nov 2012 . "Plato. " Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Richard Kraut. Web. 3 Nov 2012. . "Plato. " Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Richard Kraut , 16 2011. Web. 3 Nov 2012. . "Plato. " Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. IEP, 9 2009. Web. 3 Nov 2012. Shields, Christopher...

Epistemologies; Plato vs. Aristotle

...Aristotle would argue that we gain knowledge after experience (a posteriori) but Plato would certainly disagree and say that we gain knowledge before experience (a priori). Plato believes that there is a world of ideas where ideas exist perfectly, the objects in our world are just mimics whereas Aristotle says that the ideas we perceive are inside the particular object. By saying that matter and form combined is what makes an individual Aristotle brings Plato’s Forms “down from the heavens t...

Happiness for Aristotle and Plato

...Aristotle acknowledges men’s desire to be happy according to the satisfaction of senses so as long as it will not contradict virtue. As Aristotle believes that the soul does not survive after death, people should strive to be happy while they are still alive. On the other hand, Plato claims that true happiness is achieved only in the performance of one’s own duty, especially the duty of exercising justice as the highest form of virtue. (“Plato and Aristotle”). Thus, in Plato's view of ha...

Fences Play According to Aristotle

...Singing the song of Blue with Raynell…..Cory demonstrates that he can embrace the song of his father without becoming his father. (Monaco) • “…Wilson shows that it is only through the willingness to face and accept the forces of the past that the protagonists will be given hope, power, and ultimately, deliverance.”(Monaco) • Troy is contained by death while the others are able to move on in their lives. o Cory has joined the Marines and is getting married, Rose is involved with churc...

Plato and Aristotle: a Comparison

...Not only did Plato look to another world of unchanging forms to explain human nature, but his theories of the form differ greatly from Aristotle's. Where Plato said that we as human beings acquired human knowledge in another life through the soul existing outside of our bodies, Aristotle held that we acquire all our knowledge in this life, and that the soul cannot exist apart from the body. Finally, where Plato believed that happiness is acquired by coming to know the forms that exist in another...

Understanding Luck and Chance (Aristotle)

...Conclusively, chance occurs concurrently with the efficient cause of the individual in the sense that it is a simultaneously present, for only this specific efficient cause could lead to the chance event. Chance is however not an explanatory cause of it’s own, and the event considered chanceful can be explained solely with the individual efficient causes of the persons. Spontaneity occurring concurrently is thus identical to the way chance occurs concurrently, yet natural processes have specif...

Dialogue Between Plato and Aristotle

...Exactly! Aristotle: You are not serious! You do realize that the possibility of error forces the mind to determine the truth validity of a given statement. Meaning the intellect must have adequate reasons, which can ensure the proposed judgment conforms to reality. These are the foundation of perfect knowledge, knowledge through causes. Not that we originate from some made up form that we cannot access, but that we originate from an individual. Matter is the indeterminate element, which is uncha...

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