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APUSH Chapter 41

George Bush
Vice President under Reagan and 41st President of the United States (born in 1924)

Bill Clinton
42nd President advocated economic and healthcare reform; second president to be impeached

Edward Kennedy
He is a Senator from Massachusetts and the last of the Kennedy brothers. In 1979, he said that he was going to challenge Carter for the Presidency, but an incident back in ’69 with a car crash, handicapped his decision.

Walter Mondale
He was the vice president of Carter and when he won the democratic nomination he was defeated by a landslide by Reagan. He was the first presidential candidate to have a woman vice president, Geraldine Ferraro.

Geraldine Ferraro
In 1984 she was the first woman to appear on a major-party presidential ticket. She was a congresswoman running for Vice President with Walter Modale.

Mikhail Gorbachev
Soviet statesman whose foreign policy brought an end to the Cold War and whose domestic policy introduced major reforms (born in 1931)

Sandra day o’ connor
first women supreme court justice

Jesse Jackson
United States civil rights leader who led a national anti-discrimination campaign and ran for presidential nomination (born in 1941)

Michael Dukakis
he was governor of Massachusetts & George Bush’s democratic opponent in the election of 1988

Boris Yeltson
russian president

Nelson Mandela
South African statesman who was released from prison to become the nation’s first democratically elected president in 1994 (born in 1918)

Saddam Hussein
Iraqi leader who waged war against Iran

Norman Schwarzkopf
This general was commander of US forces during the Gulf War

Clarence Thomas
This man was an African American jurist, and a strict critic of affirmative action. He was nominated by George H. W. Bush to be on the Supreme Court in 1991, and shortly after was accused of sexual harassment by Anita Hill. Hearings were reopened, and he became the second African American to hold a seat in the Supreme Court.

Hilary Rodham Clinton
Headed up President Clinton’s efforts to reform US healthcare

New Right
opposed ERA, focused on social, cultural, and moral problems, opposed gevernment paying for daycare

Affirmative Action
a policy designed to redress past discrimination against women and minority groups through measures to improve their economic and educational opportunities

Reverse Discrimination
using race or sex to give preferential treatment to some people

Election of 1980
Ronald Reagan won over Jimmy Carter because of the Iranian hostage crisis and America’s stagflation.

Supply-side economics
economic policy based on increasing supply. (^ supply means ^ output)

Star Wars
Space-based missile system that would be merely defensive A protective web of missile satellites above the US (fantastical)

an Asian republic at east end of Mediterranean

National Debt
the debt of the national government (as distinguished from the debts of individuals and businesses and political subdivisions)

Balanced Budget
a budget is balanced when current expenditures are equal to receipts

Black Monday
The largest percentage drop in stock market history, occurred in October, 1987

Election of 1988
The election in which George Bush (R) defeats Michael Dukakis (D)

Tiananmen Square
Chinese citizens want political reform and stood their ground at Tiananmen Square.

Commonwealth of Independant States
Confederacy of independant states of the former Soviet Union that have united because of their common economic an admistrative needs

Persian Gulf Crisis
If Iraq took over Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, they would hold most of the worlds oil

Operation Desert Storm
the United States and its allies defeated Iraq in a ground war that lasted 100 hours (1991)

Smart bombs
precision-guided military technology that enables a bomb to search for its target and detonate at the precise time it can do the most damage

Chemical Weapons
use of nonliving toxins to kill large amounts of people (sarin, ricin, mustard)

Ecological Warfare
violence carried out to further the political or social objectives of the environmentalists

Americans with disabilities Act
Passed by Congress in 1991, this act banned discrimination against the disabled in employment and mandated easy access to all public and commerical buildings.

No New Taxes

Twenty seventh amendment
banned congress from raising its members salaries until after the next election

Election of 1992
Bill Clinton won over George H.W. Bush because of the economy’s problems and the solving of foreign policy problems, Bush’s greatest strength.

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