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APUSH Ch. 29-30

Categories: HistoryVietnam WarWar
One of the chief obstacles in John Kennedy’s presidential bid in 1960 was his
A. religion.
B. public image.
C. wealth.
D. womanizing.
E. lack of resources.
A. religion.
In the 1960 presidential election results,
A. John Kennedy narrowly lost the popular vote but won the electoral vote.
B. Richard Nixon was soundly defeated.
C. Richard Nixon lost his home state of California.
D. All the answers are correct.


E. None of the answers are correct.

E. None of the answers are correct.
In 1961, President John Kennedy saw most of his legislative success in the area of
A. civil rights.
B. tariff reductions.
C. improved Soviet-American relations.
D. tax increases.
E. social spending.
B. tariff reductions.
In regards to the assassination of President John Kennedy,
A. Vice-President Lyndon Johnson made a last-minute decision not to accompany Kennedy.
B. the president died instantly.
C. Lee Harvey Oswald was shot and killed while in police custody.
D. Kennedy was struck by three bullets.
E. the President was shot while in a motorcade in downtown Houston.
C. Lee Harvey Oswald was shot and killed while in police custody.
The Warren Commission investigation of the assassination of President John Kennedy concluded
A. Lee Harvey Oswald was the lone assassin of Kennedy.

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B. Jack Ruby killed Oswald on the orders of an unknown third party.
C. An unknown second gunman shot from a “grassy knoll” behind the motorcade.
D. All the answers are correct.
E. None of the answers are correct.

A. Lee Harvey Oswald was the lone assassin of Kennedy.
Lyndon Johnson was similar to John Kennedy in his
A. political career.
B. family background.
C. active use of power.
D. personality.
E. All the answers are correct.
C. active use of power.
The 1964 election saw
A. Lyndon Johnson distance himself from the memory of John Kennedy.
B. Lyndon Johnson win a decisive victory over Richard Nixon.
C. Republicans gain control of the Senate, but not the House.
D. Lyndon Johnson receive a larger plurality than any candidate before or since.
E. Lyndon Johnson carry the entire South.
D. Lyndon Johnson receive a larger plurality than any candidate before or since. ( got 60 % or some bullshit )
In 1965, President Lyndon Johnson’s Medicare program
A. made benefits available on the basis of need.
B. was similar in design to the Social Security system.
C. appealed mainly to poor and working-class Americans.
D. built on the success of his Medicaid program.
E. angered doctors by forcing them to lower their fees.
B. was similar in design to the Social Security system. (different answer choices)
Only weeks after taking office, President Lyndon Johnson declared a “war” on
A. racism.
B. crime.
C. intolerance.
D. illiteracy.
E. poverty.
E. poverty.
The Johnson administration’s Office of Economic Opportunity
A. eliminated poverty in many regions of the nation.
B. called for the relocation of many of the nation’s urban poor.
C. was criticized for its absence of minority appointments.
D. included a controversial community action program.
E. spent less than $500 million in its first two years of existence.
D. included a controversial community action program.
The Housing Act of 1961 provided federal funds for all of the following EXCEPT
A. construction of low-income public housing.
B. preservation of open space in cities.
C. development of mass-transit systems.
D. subsidization of middle-income housing.
E. the revitalization of decaying cities.
A. construction of low-income public housing.
The Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965
A. offered aid to both public and private schools.
B. based aid on student need rather than school need.
C. managed to circumvent objections faced by the Kennedy administration.
D. All the answers are correct.
E. None of the answers are correct.
D. All the answers are correct.
The Immigration Act of 1965
A. ended the strict limits on the total number of immigrants to be admitted each year.
B. allowed people from all parts of Latin America to enter the United States on an equal basis.
C. had little impact on the character of the American population.
D. maintained strict restrictions against immigrants from Africa.
E. eliminated rules which gave preference to immigrants from northern Europe.
E. eliminated rules which gave preference to immigrants from northern Europe.
Great Society reforms
A. were generally proven to be cost-effective.
B. improved the lives of whites far more than blacks.
C. contributed to the greatest reduction in poverty in American history.
D. grew in popularity over the next decade.
E. made no dent in reducing hunger in America.
C. contributed to the greatest reduction in poverty in American history.
In February 1960, the first “sit-in” demonstration protesting segregation was held at a
A. church.
B. swimming pool.
C. movie theater.
D. lunch counter.
E. bus station.
D. lunch counter.
In the early 1960s, the primary membership of SNCC was
A. college students.
B. Democrats.
C. rural blacks.
D. urban poor.
E. Catholics.
A. college students.
In 1961, the “freedom rides” sponsored by CORE attempted to
A. bring northern civil rights activists into the South to register black voters.
B. transport black children to formerly all-white schools.
C. force the desegregation of bus stations.
D. help move poor blacks out of the South.
E. transport black workers to white-only businesses.
C. force the desegregation of bus stations.
In 1963, civil rights activist Medgar Evers was murdered the same day
A. a black church was bombed in Birmingham, Alabama.
B. a federal court ruled James Meredith could attend the University of Mississippi.
C. Martin Luther King gave his “I Have a Dream” speech.
D. George Wallace tried to prevent black students from enrolling in the University of Alabama.
E. Attorney General Robert Kennedy mandated the integration of bus and train stations.
D. George Wallace tried to prevent black students from enrolling in the University of Alabama.
Martin Luther King’s “I Have A Dream” speech
A. was given during the largest civil rights demonstration in the nation’s history to that point.
B. was made shortly after Lyndon Johnson become president.
C. saw King call for a significant shift in tactics in the quest of civil rights.
D. was made before a joint session of Congress and the Senate.
E. was given to commemorate passage of the Voting Rights Act.
A. was given during the largest civil rights demonstration in the nation’s history to that point.
Legislation to prohibit segregation in all public accommodations was proposed
A. and approved during the Kennedy administration.
B. and approved during the Johnson administration.
C. by Eisenhower and approved during the Kennedy administration.
D. by Johnson and approved during the Nixon administration.
E. by Kennedy and approved during the Johnson administration.
E. by Kennedy and approved during the Johnson administration.
The 1964 murder of civil rights activists Andrew Goodman, Michael Schwerner, and James Chaney
A. implicated local law enforcement officials in the crime.
B. took place in Montgomery, Alabama.
C. prompted Congress to pass legislation to end segregation in public accommodations.
D. never resulted in anyone being convicted for the crimes.
E. led to the formation of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party.
A. implicated local law enforcement officials in the crime.
All of the following was a part of the 1965 civil rights march in Selma, Alabama EXCEPT
A. the call for voting rights for blacks.
B. the involvement of Martin Luther King, Jr.
C. the televised attack on demonstrators by local police.
D. the resignation of Governor George Wallace.
E. the murder of two northern whites.
D. the resignation of Governor George Wallace.
The Civil Rights Act of 1965 primarily focused on the issue of
A. desegregation of public accommodations.
B. voting rights.
C. fair employment practices.
D. housing discrimination.
E. violence directed against civil rights workers.
B. voting rights.
In 1965, the first major race riot in the United States since World War II took place in
A. Detroit.
B. Chicago.
C. Los Angeles.
D. Cleveland.
E. Memphis
C. Los Angeles.
In the summer of 1967, racial conflicts in the United States
A. resulted in more than one hundred major disorders.
B. saw forty-three people die in a riot in Chicago.
C. went ignored by the Johnson administration.
D. All the answers are correct.
E. None of the answers are correct.
E. None of the answers are correct.
In the 1960s, the philosophy of “black power”
A. called for an increased awareness of racial differences.
B. helped to unite the many different black civil rights groups.
C. encouraged greater racial assimilation.
D. disavowed the use of violence in the civil rights movement.
E. was rejected by groups such as SNCC and CORE.
A. called for an increased awareness of racial differences.
In 1965, Malcolm X
A. denounced the Black Panthers.
B. was assassinated by white racists.
C. advocated nonviolence to end segregation.
D. belonged to the Nation of Islam for a time.
E. argued in favor of integration.
D. belonged to the Nation of Islam for a time.
In 1961, President John Kennedy believed the major struggle against communism in the future would be waged in
A. the Baltic.
B. western Europe.
C. China.
D. eastern Europe.
E. the Third World.
E. the Third World.
All of the following actions were initiated by President John Kennedy EXCEPT
A. an expansion of the Green Berets.
B. the creation of the “Alliance for Progress.”
C. the CIA plan to overthrow Fidel Castro.
D. the creation of the Peace Corps.
E. the creation of the Agency for International Development.
C. the CIA plan to overthrow Fidel Castro.
During the Bay of Pigs operation, President John Kennedy decided to withhold
A. American ground troops.
B. participation by CIA agents.
C. military air support.
D. the participation of Cuban exiles.
E. a planned rocket bombardment.
C. military air support.
The 1961 Vienna summit between the United States and the Soviet Union
A. was canceled in the aftermath of the Bay of Pigs.
B. saw Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev make a veiled threat of war.
C. saw President John Kennedy agree not to invade Cuba.
D. saw President Kennedy criticize the construction of the Berlin Wall.
E. saw both the United States and the Soviet Union sign a nuclear test ban treaty.
B. saw Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev make a veiled threat of war.
The 1962 Cuban missile crisis saw the
A. Cubans attempt to install defensive nuclear weapons.
B. United States order a naval and air blockade of Cuba.
C. United States make an air attack on Cuban missile sites.
D. Soviet Union launch a missile at an American naval destroyer.
E. Soviet Union attempt to invade Cuba.
B. United States order a naval and air blockade of Cuba.
The Cuban missile crisis ended after President John Kennedy agreed to
A. remove American missiles from West Germany.
B. restore diplomatic ties with Cuba.
C. provide economic aid to Cuba.
D. not invade Cuba.
E. withdraw American troops from West Berlin.
D. not invade Cuba.
The correct chronological order of the following events is
A. Vienna summit, Berlin Wall, Bay of Pigs invasion, Cuban missile crisis.
B. Cuban missile crisis, Berlin Wall, Bay of Pigs, Vienna summit.
C. Berlin Wall, Vienna summit, Cuban missile crisis, Bay of Pigs.
D. Bay of Pigs, Vienna summit, Cuban missile crisis, Berlin Wall.
E. Bay of Pigs, Vienna summit, Berlin Wall, Cuban missile crisis.
E. Bay of Pigs, Vienna summit, Berlin Wall, Cuban missile crisis.
In 1961, President Lyndon Johnson’s first major foreign policy test came during a crisis in
A. Singapore.
B. the Middle East.
C. the Dominican Republic.
D. Brazil.
E. Laos.
C. the Dominican Republic.
George Kennan stated the “most disastrous” undertaking in United States’ history involved
A. Vietnam.
B. Haiti.
C. Cuba.
D. Somalia.
E. Korea.
A. Vietnam.
Under the terms of the 1954 Geneva Conference accords, Vietnam was
A. permanently divided into two parts.
B. to hold elections in 1956.
C. to receive military aid from the United States.
D. to be controlled by France.
E. to unify with nearby Laos and Cambodia.
B. to hold elections in 1956.
In 1956, scheduled national elections for Vietnam were cancelled because
A. the communist government in North Vietnam refused to participate.
B. a leading presidential candidate was assassinated.
C. the pro-Western government in South Vietnam refused to hold them.
D. the United Nations asserted it would be impossible to prevent election fraud.
E. actions by the National Liberation Front (NLF) prevented free and open elections.
C. the pro-Western government in South Vietnam refused to hold them.
In 1956, the United States’ interest in South Vietnam
A. was nearly nonexistent.
B. was mainly to replace the corrupt Ngo Dinh Diem government.
C. had made the country a recipient of large amounts of American aid.
D. was purely commercial.
E. was predicated on Diem agreeing to hold free-and-open elections.
C. had made the country a recipient of large amounts of American aid.
The National Liberation Front was
A. created by Ngo Dinh Diem.
B. also known in the United States as the Viet Cong.
C. an organization attempting to overthrow the North Vietnamese government.
D. All the answers are correct.
E. None of the answers are correct.
B. also known in the United States as the Viet Cong.
In 1963, the overthrow of South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem
A. resulted in Diem’s imprisonment and eventual exile.
B. was carried out by Soviet KGB operatives.
C. brought short-term political stability to South Vietnam.
D. was carried out by the National Liberation Front.
E. was supported by the Kennedy administration.
E. was supported by the Kennedy administration.
At the beginning of 1964, the Lyndon Johnson administration
A. sent the first American military advisers to South Vietnam.
B. sent the first American combat troops to South Vietnam.
C. inherited a substantial American commitment to maintain South Vietnam.
D. believed all of Vietnam should be restored to French control.
E. began removing military advisers from South Vietnam.
C. inherited a substantial American commitment to maintain South Vietnam.
The 1964 Gulf of Tonkin Resolution was in response to
A. alleged attacks by North Vietnamese torpedo boats on American destroyers.
B. a Vietminh attack on an American-occupied air base in South Vietnam.
C. mortar attacks on the American embassy in Saigon.
D. the decision by North Vietnam to arm its allies in the South.
E. the so-called “Tet Offensive” by North Vietnamese soldiers.
A. alleged attacks by North Vietnamese torpedo boats on American destroyers.
The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
A. resulted in a U.S. declaration of war on North Vietnam.
B. gave President Lyndon Johnson wide latitude to escalate the conflict.
C. called for 250,000 U.S. combat troops to be sent to Vietnam.
D. All the answers are correct.
E. None of the answers are correct.
B. gave President Lyndon Johnson wide latitude to escalate the conflict.
In 1965, President Lyndon Johnson responded to an attack on Pleiku by
A. sending 250,000 American troops to Vietnam.
B. warning China and the Soviet Union not to be involved in Vietnam.
C. organizing the Tet Offensive.
D. mining the harbor of Haiphong.
E. bombing North Vietnam.
E. bombing North Vietnam.
In 1967, the number of American troops in Vietnam had surpassed
A. 200,000
B. 500,000.
C. 750,000.
D. 1,000,000.
E. 1,250,000.
B. 500,000.
In Vietnam, the American military “attrition” strategy
A. prevented North Vietnam from sufficiently resupplying their soldiers.
B. led the United States to abandon its air bombardment campaign.
C. eventually broke the resolve of North Vietnam.
D. All the answers are correct.
E. None of the answers are correct.
E. None of the answers are correct.
Throughout the Vietnam War, the “Ho Chi Minh Trail” was
A. eventually destroyed by American bombing raids.
B. continually moved by the North Vietnamese.
C. used by American troops to stage attacks on North Vietnam.
D. All the answers are correct.
E. None of the answers are correct.
B. continually moved by the North Vietnamese.
In Vietnam, the American “pacification” strategy
A. called for a peaceful settlement with the North Vietnamese.
B. eliminated the Viet Cong’s ability to attack American patrols.
C. was successful in the South, but not in the North.
D. was replaced by the more heavy-handed “relocation” strategy.
E. included giving Vietnamese villages significant economic aid.
D. was replaced by the more heavy-handed “relocation” strategy.
In January 1966, highly publicized hearings airing criticisms of the war were staged by
A. Senator William Fulbright.
B. Secretary of Defense Clark Clifford.
C. General William Westmoreland.
D. Senator Robert Kennedy.
E. Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara.
A. Senator William Fulbright.
In 1967, President Lyndon Johnson responded to mounting inflation at home by
A. raising the Federal Reserve interest rate.
B. agreeing to large funding reductions in Great Society programs.
C. reducing the American troops in Vietnam.
D. calling for a tax reduction.
E. reinstalling the wartime wage and price controls of the Truman administration.
B. agreeing to large funding reductions in Great Society programs.
All of the following statements regarding the 1968 Tet offensive are true EXCEPT
A. it began on a Vietnamese holiday.
B. it saw the communists fighting on the grounds of the American embassy in Saigon.
C. it saw American troops inflict enormous casualties on the communists.
D. it suggested to the American public something of the brutality of the fighting in Vietnam.
E. it saw Saigon fall to the communists.
E. it saw Saigon fall to the communists.
The 1968 Tet offensive
A. was a major political defeat for President Lyndon Johnson.
B. was a substantial military victory for the United States.
C. permanently depleted the ranks of the NLF.
D. All the answers are correct.
E. None of the answers are correct.
D. All the answers are correct.
The 1968 Democratic candidate for president was
A. Hubert Humphrey.
B. George McGovern.
C. George Wallace.
D. Eugene McCarthy.
E. Robert Kennedy.
A. Hubert Humphrey.
The assassin of Robert Kennedy had been angered by Kennedy’s
A. association with the civil rights movement.
B. statements in favor of Israel.
C. attacks on corruption in organized labor.
D. criticism of the nation’s wealthy elite.
E. opposition to the war in Vietnam.
B. statements in favor of Israel.
In 1968, anti-war protesters at the Democratic convention in Chicago
A. invaded the convention hall.
B. forced significant changes to the party platform.
C. were attacked by police in a bloody riot.
D. went on a destructive rampage through city streets.
E. organized a massive hunger strike which drew worldwide notice.
C. were attacked by police in a bloody riot.
In 1968, George Wallace ran for president
A. based on a variety of conservative grievances.
B. as a critic of the war in Vietnam.
C. as a Democrat.
D. until he was wounded in an assassination attempt.
E. to draw attention to his opposition to segregation.
A. based on a variety of conservative grievances.
In the 1968 presidential campaign, Richard Nixon called for
A. an end to the Cold War with the Soviet Union.
B. an immediate withdrawal of American military forces in Vietnam.
C. a new commitment to effective social reform.
D. stability and national law and order.
E. diplomatic recognition of China.
D. stability and national law and order.
The 1968 presidential election results
A. were extremely close.
B. saw Hubert Humphrey win the popular vote but lose the electoral vote.
C. saw George Wallace carry the entire South.
D. All the answers are correct.
E. None of the answers are correct.
A. were extremely close.
In the 1960s and 1970s, the agenda of the political Left included
A. bringing an end to the Vietnam War.
B. transforming the nation’s political order.
C. defining and asserting personal freedoms.
D. pursuing racial and economic justice.
E. All the answers are correct.
E. All the answers are correct.
Students for a Democratic Society was formed
A. primarily by white college students.
B. to protest the Vietnam War.
C. in reaction to the Kennedy assassination.
D. as a branch of the Democratic Party.
E. to support civil rights efforts in the South.
A. primarily by white college students.
In 1964, a dispute broke out at the University of California at Berkeley over
A. the cost of tuition and student housing.
B. the military draft.
C. the rights of students to engage in free speech.
D. corporate influence on the university’s military research projects.
E. the question of graduate student unionization.
C. the rights of students to engage in free speech.
In the 1960s, the radical group known as “Weathermen”
A. expressed their ideas in a manifesto known as the Port Huron Statement.
B. seized administration offices at Columbia University.
C. reflected the attitudes of a majority of college students at major universities.
D. were involved in college bombings that claimed several lives.
E. targeted SDS meetings as sites of un-American activity.
D. were involved in college bombings that claimed several lives.
Throughout the late 1960s,
A. deferments for the military draft increased.
B. opposition in the United States to the Vietnam War intensified.
C. less than a hundred Americans chose to evade conscription by leaving the country.
D. All the answers are correct.
E. None of the answers are correct.
B. opposition in the United States to the Vietnam War intensified.
In the 1960s, the youth counterculture
A. rejected the complaints by the “beats” in the 1950s.
B. was really little more than a change in clothing styles.
C. sought to overthrow the United States government through an armed revolution.
D. presented a fundamental challenge to American middle-class society.
E. attempted to differentiate itself from the stereotype of the “hippie.”
D. presented a fundamental challenge to American middle-class society.
In the 1960s, the area of popular culture most strongly embraced by the counterculture was in
A. television.
B. music.
C. movies.
D. literature.
E. sports.
B. music.
The purpose of the 1969 Woodstock music festival was to
A. establish cooperatives based on the principles of communal living.
B. rally in protest to the Vietnam War.
C. make amends for the events of Altamont four months earlier.
D. help heal the cultural divisions within American society.
E. express the ideals of the counterculture philosophy.
E. express the ideals of the counterculture philosophy.
In the 1950s, the federal “termination” policy as applied to American Indians sought to
A. end their cultural distinctiveness.
B. keep American Indians largely confined to rural areas.
C. enforce the tribal reservation system.
D. break up militant tribes.
E. restore tribal autonomy.
A. end their cultural distinctiveness.
Between 1950 and 1970, the Indian population of the United States
A. declined by twenty-five percent.
B. remained almost constant in overall numbers.
C. rose at a slower rate than the rest of the population.
D. nearly doubled.
E. was halved.
D. nearly doubled.
The 1961 Declaration of Indian Purpose called for
A. a reassessment of current assimilation practices.
B. “affirmative action” for Native Americans.
C. the removal of whites from Indian reservations.
D. a complete separation from the society of the United States.
E. the preservation of Indian heritage.
E. the preservation of Indian heritage.
In the late 1960s and early 1970s all of the following occurred due to American Indian activism EXCEPT
A. Congress granted reservations “independent nation” status within the United States.
B. Indians fought for old treaty fishing rights in Washington State.
C. Indians occupied Alcatraz Island in the San Francisco Bay.
D. Congress passed an Indian Civil Rights Act.
E. Louis Bruce, a Mohawk-Sioux, was appointed as Nixon’s commissioner of Indian affairs.
A. Congress granted reservations “independent nation” status within the United States.
Founded in 1968, the American Indian Movement (AIM)
A. drew all of its support from tribal reservations.
B. disbanded after the passage of the Indian Civil Rights Act.
C. focused on militant action.
D. vehemently opposed the idea of intertribal action.
E. emphasized assimilation into larger American society.
C. focused on militant action.
In 1973, American Indian activists occupied an old Indian battle site of
A. Wounded Knee.
B. Little Big Horn.
C. Horseshoe Bend.
D. Fallen Timbers.
E. Sand Creek.
A. Wounded Knee
Between 1960 and 1970, the Latino population of the United States
A. rose twenty-five percent.
B. rose fifty percent.
C. doubled.
D. tripled.
E. sextupled.
D. tripled.
All of the following statements regarding Latinos in the United States are true EXCEPT
A. between 1960-2000, one-third of all legal immigrants to the U.S. were Hispanic.
B. large numbers of Central American immigrants arrived in the U.S. in the 1980s.
C. Cuban immigrants in the 1980s were more well-to-do than their counterparts in the 1960s.
D. Puerto Rican immigrants are entitled to American citizenship by birth.
E. Puerto Rican immigrants established a large community in New York City.
C. Cuban immigrants in the 1980s were more well-to-do than their counterparts in the 1960s.
The 1969 “Stonewall Riot” is to be associated with the civil rights movement for
A. women.
B. homosexuals.
C. African Americans.
D. Hispanic Americans.
E. Native Americans.
B. homosexuals.
By the early twenty-first century, gay men and lesbians in the United States
A. experienced a powerful backlash from within American society.
B. achieved many of the same rights as other minority groups.
C. saw antigay violence continue periodically in communities around the country.
D. All the answers are correct.
E. None of the answers are correct.
D. All the answers are correct.
Betty Friedan’s 1963 book, The Feminine Mystique,
A. described why women had found success and satisfaction in postwar America.
B. detailed the many problems confronting single mothers.
C. argued against women placing children in front of their careers.
D. encouraged women to remain single in order to maintain their independence.
E. gave a voice to a reemerging women’s rights movement.
E. gave a voice to a reemerging women’s rights movement.
The Equal Pay Act
A. was struck down by the Supreme Court as an illegal restraint of trade.
B. was opposed by the Kennedy administration.
C. extended the legal protections of the 1964 Civil Rights Act to women.
D. finally became law at the end of the Johnson administration.
E. was passed by Congress in 1963.
E. was passed by Congress in 1963.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964
A. gave women equal pay for equal work.
B. led to the creation of the National Organization of Women.
C. resulted in the creation of the President’s Commission on the Status of Women.
D. was amended for the benefit of women.
E. made no mention of gender discrimination in its final form.
D. was amended for the benefit of women.
In the mid-1960s, the National Organization of Women focused its efforts on
A. changing the traditional concepts of women in the home.
B. addressing the needs of women in the workplace.
C. abortion rights.
D. helping poor and minority women.
E. passing the Equal Rights Amendment.
B. addressing the needs of women in the workplace.
Sandra Day O’Connor, the first female Supreme Court justice, was named to the court by
A. Jimmy Carter.
B. Ronald Reagan.
C. George Bush.
D. Bill Clinton.
E. George W. Bush.
B. Ronald Reagan.
In 1972, the Equal Rights Amendment
A. was strongly opposed by some women.
B. was passed by Congress and submitted to the states for ratification.
C. seemed almost certain to be ratified.
D. All the answers are correct.
E. None of the answers are correct.
D. All the answers are correct.
The Supreme Court decision of Roe v. Wade (1973)
A. made abortion legal for the first time in the history of the United States.
B. enabled women to obtain an abortion during any point of a pregnancy.
C. initially applied only to pregnancies resulting from rape or abuse.
D. invalidated all laws prohibiting abortion during the second trimester.
E. was based on a new legal interpretation of privacy rights.
E. was based on a new legal interpretation of privacy rights.
Ecology rests primarily on the assumption that nature should be preserved
A. for its beauty.
B. because it was divinely created.
C. because humans need to maintain the interrelated balance of life.
D. because humans need a spiritual connection with the natural world.
E. because American democracy flourishes when land is plentiful and healthy.
C. because humans need to maintain the interrelated balance of life.
Rachel Carson’s 1962 book, Silent Spring helped launch the modern environmental movement by focusing on the problems concerning
A. nuclear energy.
B. pesticides.
C. pollution in the oceans.
D. the destruction of forests.
E. global warming.
B. pesticides.
In the mid-1960s, the American “beautification” campaign was closely associated with
A. Jacqueline Kennedy.
B. Ronald Reagan.
C. Robert Kennedy.
D. Betty Friedan.
E. Lady Bird Johnson.
E. Lady Bird Johnson.
In 1970, “Earth Day” was
A. an effort to protect the environment from commercial development.
B. organized by American manufacturers of garden supplies.
C. an example of the popularization of environmentalism.
D. characterized by protests and confrontations between opposing sides.
E. only celebrated by members of the radical counterculture.
C. an example of the popularization of environmentalism.
The Environmental Protection Agency was created
A. in 1963 by John F. Kennedy.
B. in 1966 by Lyndon Johnson.
C. in 1970 by Richard Nixon.
D. in 1974 by Gerald Ford.
E. in 1977 by Jimmy Carter.
C. in 1970 by Richard Nixon.
In the early 1970s, the passage of the Clean Air and Clean Water Acts
A. had little effect on toxic waste dumping by industries.
B. dampened popular interest in further environmental activity.
C. saw no improvement in air quality in many cities.
D. All the answers are correct.
E. None of the answers are correct.
E. None of the answers are correct.
The intent of President Richard Nixon’s “Vietnamization” policy was to
A. expand the war effort to all parts of Vietnam.
B. have the South Vietnamese military do more of the fighting.
C. declare an immediate end to the conflict.
D. expand the war effort to all parts of Indochina.
E. concentrate American military power on destroying the NLF.
B. have the South Vietnamese military do more of the fighting.
In 1969 and 1970, President Richard Nixon sought to bring the Vietnam War to a close by
A. reducing the number of American ground troops in Vietnam.
B. expanding the American bombing campaign into Cambodia.
C. ordering American ground troops across the border into Cambodia.
D. All the answers are correct.
E. None of the answers are correct.
D. All the answers are correct.
In April 1970, the antiwar movement was recharged by
A. the invasion by the United States of Cambodia.
B. shooting deaths of students at Kent State.
C. revelations regarding the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution.
D. the newspaper publication of the My Lai massacre.
E. the publication of the Pentagon Papers.
A. the invasion by the United States of Cambodia.
The so-called Pentagon Papers
A. were suppressed by the Nixon administration until after the Vietnam War.
B. revealed the government had misled the public regarding the progress of the war.
C. indicated President Nixon had used the IRS to harass leaders of the antiwar movement.
D. showed that American operatives in Vietnam had carried out political assassinations.
E. revealed that the government had tried to cover up American involvement in the My Lai massacre.
B. revealed the government had misled the public regarding the progress of the war.
The killing of South Vietnamese civilians by American soldiers in the village of My Lai
A. was not learned about until years after the war had ended.
B. did not result in any convictions of the Americans who took part.
C. attracted little public attention in the wake of the Cambodian invasion and the Pentagon Papers.
D. All the answers are correct.
E. None of the answers are correct.
E. None of the answers are correct.
In 1971, President Richard Nixon believed an American withdrawal from Vietnam would
A. harm the credibility of himself and the nation.
B. enhance his public standing in the United States and the world.
C. silence his critics.
D. allow the nation to have “peace with honor.”
E. force North Vietnam to live up to its promises regarding South Vietnam.
A. harm the credibility of himself and the nation.
After the 1972 election, President Richard Nixon, to prompt a peace settlement with North Vietnam,
A. allowed the opening of North Vietnamese harbors.
B. withdrew American forces as North Vietnamese troops left from the South.
C. ordered an increase in the aerial bombing of North Vietnam.
D. broke off diplomatic negotiations with North Vietnam.
E. evacuated the American embassy in Saigon.
C. ordered an increase in the aerial bombing of North Vietnam.
In 1972, diplomat Henry Kissinger announced that “peace is at hand”
A. after a failed North Vietnamese offensive.
B. right before the American presidential election.
C. after the United States threatened to use nuclear weapons against North Vietnam.
D. before the final American ground troops were pulled out of Vietnam.
E. right before American troops embarked on the Easter offensive.
B. right before the American presidential election.
In 1972, the United States’ “Christmas bombing” of North Vietnam
A. saw the United States suffer, by far, its greatest loss of bombers in the war.
B. resulted in a collapse of the peace talks.
C. dramatically altered the terms of the final peace agreement.
D. later drew an apology from President Richard Nixon.
E. avoided Hanoi for the sake of continuing peace talks.
A. saw the United States suffer, by far, its greatest loss of bombers in the war.
The South Vietnam government in Saigon finally collapsed during the presidency of
A. Richard Nixon.
B. Gerald Ford.
C. Jimmy Carter.
D. Ronald Reagan.
E. George Bush.
B. Gerald Ford.
As a result of the Vietnam War,
A. Vietnam became one of the world’s poorest nations.
B. more than 1.2 million Vietnamese soldiers died.
C. the United States suffered more than 350,000 killed and wounded.
D. the United States suffered a considerable blow to its confidence and self-esteem.
E. All the answers are correct.
E. All the answers are correct.
President Richard Nixon believed United States foreign policy should work towards
A. a bipolar world dominated by the United States and the Soviet Union.
B. improving the governments in less developed nations.
C. a balance of power between several major nations.
D. destruction of the government in the Soviet Union.
E. encouraging Europe to take up its own defense against the Soviet Union.
C. a balance of power between several major nations.
In 1972, President Richard Nixon’s visit to China
A. was designed to bring the United States closer to Chiang Kai-shek.
B. was opposed by Secretary of State Henry Kissinger.
C. moved the United States into a deeper conflict with the Soviet Union.
D. came after Taiwan was expelled from the United Nations.
E. aroused deep animosity from the majority of Chinese communists.
D. came after Taiwan was expelled from the United Nations.
In 1972, the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty
A. was signed by all of the world’s nuclear powers.
B. called for the suspension of all new nuclear weapons systems.
C. froze the arsenals of some nuclear missiles at their current levels.
D. All the answers are correct.
E. None of the answers are correct.
C. froze the arsenals of some nuclear missiles at their current levels.
In the 1970s, the Nixon administration believed the world’s most volatile region to be
A. the Middle East.
B. eastern Europe.
C. the so-called Third World.
D. China.
E. sub-Saharan Africa.
C. the so-called Third World.
According to policies that became called the Nixon Doctrine, the United States would
A. assist in the development of friendly nations.
B. assume a basic responsibility for the future of friendly nations.
C. increase Third World contributions to shake up the status quo.
D. All the answers are correct.
E. None of the answers are correct.
A. assist in the development of friendly nations.
In practice, the Nixon Doctrine led the United States to increase its support of
A. development in the Third World.
B. authoritarian regimes.
C. the activities of the United Nations.
D. democratic movements around the globe.
E. European colonialism.
B. authoritarian regimes.
In the early 1970s, the CIA played a major role in destabilizing a leftist government in
A. Nicaragua.
B. El Salvador.
C. Guatemala.
D. Peru.
E. Chile.
E. Chile.
The Yom Kippur War of 1973
A. saw the United States play no direct role in the outcome.
B. saw an American ally face a surprise attack.
C. saw the United States support efforts to oust Palestinians from their homes.
D. was a military victory for Palestinian Arabs.
E. saw Jordanian and Lebanese forces heavily involved in the fighting.
B. saw an American ally face a surprise attack.
As part of his domestic agenda, President Richard Nixon
A. tried to end the forced busing of students to desegregate schools.
B. ordered affirmative action programs for workers on federally-funded projects.
C. abolished the Office of Economic Opportunity.
D. All the answers are correct.
E. None of the answers are correct.
D. All the answers are correct.
President Richard Nixon’s proposed Family Assistance Plan included
A. a maximum six-year participation in the federal welfare system.
B. federal support for parental leave following the birth of a child.
C. free medical care to all Americans over the age of seventy.
D. a guaranteed annual income for all Americans.
E. a program to replace Social Security with private retirement vouchers.
D. a guaranteed annual income for all Americans.
The Supreme Court case Engel v. Vitale (1962)
A. argued that limits on campaign funding violated the right to free speech.
B. sharply limited government curbs on pornography.
C. ruled that forced busing to integrate public schools was constitutional.
D. declared that the application procedure for federal jobs must be open to the public.
E. ruled prayers in public schools were unconstitutional.
E. ruled prayers in public schools were unconstitutional.
The Supreme Court case Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)
A. limited the appeals process for state convictions.
B. established new guidelines for capital punishment cases.
C. ruled that all felony defendants were entitled to a lawyer regardless of their ability to pay.
D. ruled that a defendant must have access to a lawyer before being questioned by police.
E. sharply limited government curbs on pornography.
C. ruled that all felony defendants were entitled to a lawyer regardless of their ability to pay.
The Supreme Court case Miranda v. Arizona (1966)
A. ruled that a defendant must have access to a lawyer before being questioned by police.
B. required authorities to inform a criminal suspect of his or her legal rights.
C. established new guidelines for capital punishment cases.
D. All the answers are correct.
E. None of the answers are correct.
B. required authorities to inform a criminal suspect of his or her legal rights.
In 1969, President Richard Nixon’s appointments to the Supreme Court
A. were twice rejected by the Senate.
B. included the first nomination of a female justice.
C. culminated in the successful appointment of G. Harrold Carswell to the Court.
D. All the answers are correct.
E. None of the answers are correct.
A. were twice rejected by the Senate.
After President Richard Nixon had appointed four new justices, the Supreme Court
A. became decidedly more conservative in its rulings.
B. became decidedly less active.
C. more closely reflected the president’s own political beliefs.
D. attempted to overturn the Warren Court decision in Roe v. Wade.
E. actually increased its commitment to social reform.
E. actually increased its commitment to social reform.
The Supreme Court ruling in the case of Furman v. Georgia (1972)
A. overturned existing capital punishment statutes.
B. was upheld in the case of Gregg v. Georgia (1976.)
C. redefined the appeals process in death penalty convictions.
D. ruled that execution by hanging was unconstitutional.
E. favored the use of forced busing to achieve racial balance in schools.
A. overturned existing capital punishment statutes.
The Supreme Court case of Roe v. Wade (1973)
A. was one of the most controversial decisions in modern court history.
B. eliminated all restrictions on performing abortions.
C. turned conservatives further against the Warren Court.
D. All the answers are correct.
E. None of the answers are correct.
A. was one of the most controversial decisions in modern court history.
The Supreme Court case Bakke v. Board of Regents of California (1978)
A. limited the ability of defendants to appeal state convictions.
B. stopped a plan to transfer students across district lines to achieve racial integration.
C. ruled in favor of using forced busing to achieve racial balance in schools.
D. upheld the principle of affirmative action, with restrictions.
E. argued that limits on campaign funding violated the right to free speech.
D. upheld the principle of affirmative action, with restrictions.
In the 1972 presidential campaign, an assassin attempted to kill the candidate
A. Richard Nixon.
B. George McGovern.
C. George Wallace.
D. Hubert Humphrey.
E. Walter Mondale.
C. George Wallace.
In the 1972 presidential election,
A. Richard Nixon carried every state but one.
B. George McGovern only carried his home state and the District of Columbia.
C. Richard Nixon won over 70% of the popular vote.
D. All the answers are correct.
E. None of the answers are correct.
A. Richard Nixon carried every state but one.
In 1973, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
A. refused to ship oil to all nations that supported Israel.
B. raised the price of oil by 500 percent.
C. helped to precipitate a fuel shortage in the United States.
D. All the answers are correct.
E. None of the answers are correct.
D. All the answers are correct.
In 1971, President Richard Nixon responded to mounting economic problems by
A. lowering interest rates to spur consumption.
B. lowering corporate taxes to spur investment.
C. sharply reducing the rate of inflation.
D. expanding the money supply.
E. imposing a freeze on all wages and prices.
E. imposing a freeze on all wages and prices.
“Stagflation” refers to
A. falling prices and a falling inventory.
B. deflation and rising inventory.
C. flat prices, wages, and inventory.
D. rising prices and a weak economy.
E. high taxes and large budget deficits.
D. rising prices and a weak economy.
In 1972, the Watergate scandal began with a break-in at the
A. Washington Post newspaper building.
B. headquarters of the George McGovern campaign.
C. House of Representatives.
D. office of Daniel Ellsberg’s psychiatrist.
E. offices of the Democratic National Committee.
E. offices of the Democratic National Committee.
In 1972, two Washington Post reporters uncovered evidence linking the Watergate break-in to
A. the Committee for the Re-Election of the President.
B. a former employee of the Nixon White House.
C. a secret reelection fund controlled by White House staff
D. All the answers are correct.
E. None of the answers are correct.
D. All the answers are correct.
In 1973, allegations of misconduct by Richard Nixon were made by presidential advisor
A. John Dean.
B. John Mitchell.
C. H. R. Haldeman.
D. Spiro Agnew.
E. John Ehrlichman.
A. John Dean.
By 1973, there was mounting evidence that President Richard Nixon had
A. known about the Watergate break-in.
B. helped plan the Watergate break-in.
C. been part of the cover-up of the break-in.
D. All the answers are correct.
E. None of the answers are correct.
C. been part of the cover-up of the break-in.
The key evidence in the determination of President Richard Nixon’s guilt or innocence in the Watergate scandal were
A. audio tape recordings made of most conversations in the Oval Office.
B. eyewitness testimony from Nixon confidants in the White House.
C. phone records kept by Nixon’s personal secretary.
D. Nixon’s personal diaries.
E. journals kept by Secretary of State Henry Kissinger.
A. audio tape recordings made of most conversations in the Oval Office.
In 1973, the so-called “Saturday night massacre” involved President Richard Nixon’s firing of
A. the White House chief counsel.
B. most of his cabinet.
C. the special prosecutor investigating the Watergate case.
D. the White House chief of staff.
E. the attorney general.
C. the special prosecutor investigating the Watergate case.
In 1973, Vice President Spiro Agnew resigned his office because of
A. his involvement in the Watergate break-in.
B. his involvement in the Watergate cover-up.
C. his refusal to testify against Richard Nixon.
D. All the answers are correct.
E. None of the answers are correct.
E. None of the answers are correct.
The Supreme Court in the case United States v. Richard Nixon (1974) ruled that Nixon must
A. no longer tape conversations in the Oval Office.
B. turn over evidence to the special prosecutor.
C. be held in contempt of court.
D. be impeached.
E. resign.
B. turn over evidence to the special prosecutor.
In 1974, Richard Nixon left the presidency after he
A. was impeached.
B. resigned.
C. was convicted of obstructing justice.
D. was arrested.
E. lost a special election by huge margins.
B. resigned.

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APUSH Ch. 29-30. (2018, Jan 05). Retrieved from http://studymoose.com/apush-ch-29-30-essay

APUSH Ch. 29-30
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