APUSH Ch.14-15 Practice Questions

Categories: Robert E Lee
1. The event that touched off the process of secession for the majority of southern states was
E) the election of Lincoln to the presidency

2. The Crittenden Compromise contained all of the following provisions
A) the preservation of slavery in Washington, D.C.
B) a constitutional amendment to guarantee the continued existence of slavery in the current slave states
C) the repeal of fugitive slave laws
E) the prohibition of slavery north of the Missouri Compromise line

3. In his first inaugural address, Lincoln laid down all the following basic principles
A) no state could leave the Union
B) acts of force or violence to support secession were insurrectionary
C) the government would hold federal property in the seceded states
E) the South must not assail federal property

4. The Civil War began when
B) the South fired on Northern forces in Fort Sumter

5. Among historians, the key question about the Civil War was
A) was the war inevitable?

6. At the outset of the war, the North enjoyed all of the following advantages
A) a much larger manpower reserve
B) a more advanced industrial system
C) a better transportation system
D) twice as many rail lines as the South

7. The difficulties of the Union war effort included
C) extended supply lines across hostile territory

8. Revisionist historians, such as James G. Randall, argued that the Civil War was caused by
C) inept political leadership

9. During the Civil War, the U.S. Congress
B) created a national banking system that could issue national bank notes

10. During the Civil War, the largest source of revenue for the U.

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S. government was

D) borrowing

11. Of the over two million men who served in the Union armies, the largest number were men who
B) volunteered for service

12. The victims of mob violence in the New York City draft riots of 1863 were mainly
A) blacks

13. President Lincoln responded to opposition to the war effort by
D) engaging in widespread suspension of civil liberties

14. In the presidential election of 1864, the Democrats nominated
A) George B. McClellan

15. The Democratic platform of 1864 called for
B) a truce in the Civil War

16. Charles Sumner, Benjamin Wade, and Thaddeus Stevens were
E) radical Republicans

17. The Emancipation Proclamation freed
D) all the slaves of the South except those already under Union control

18. During the Civil War, the Northern economy changed in that the
B) coal industry increased production

19. In the North, the Civil War had the effect on women of
C) hastening the conversion of nursing into a female occupation

0. During the Civil War, the U.S. Sanitary Commission was composed of
C) a volunteer nursing corps

21. The Confederacy financed its war effort primarily by
C) printing paper money

22. The greatest source of division in the South was
A) the doctrine of states’ rights

23. The Confederate war effort was
B) somewhat centralized, but greatly hampered by state governments protecting their states’ rights

24. During the Civil War, the economy of the South
E) was devastated by the widespread destruction

25. During the Civil War, Southern women played an especially important part
B) as managers of farms and plantations

26. As the commander in chief of the Union army, President Lincoln was
B) highly competent but not infallible

27. Lincoln’s most successful general was
C) Ulysses S. Grant

28. General Ulysses S. Grant was known for his
C) aggressive assault on Confederate resources

29. Sea power played an especially important role in the Civil War in the form of the
B) Union blockade of the Confederate coast

30. During the American Civil War, Great Britain adopted the policy of
D) remaining neutral, while permitting limited aid to the Confederates

31. During the Civil War, Kansas and Missouri were
C) ravaged by guerrilla bands from both sides

32. The death toll in the American Civil War was
A) far greater than that of any other American war

33. Technological advances in arms and artillery in the era of the Civil War resulted in
C) battles that featured almost inconceivable slaughter

34. The First Battle of Bull Run ended in
C) a stunning rout of the Union army

35. The first major Southern city captured by Union forces was
E) New Orleans

36. By the end of 1862, the Union had captured large parts of
E) Tennessee

37. The 1862 Union campaigns in Virginia
B) resulted in a frustrating and bloody stalemate

38. The Battle of Antietam was
B) the bloodiest single day’s fighting of the war

39. During 1863, the Union forces achieved decisive victories that effectively sealed the fate of the Confederacy in the battles of
C) Vicksburg and Gettysburg

40. The victorious Union commanders who led the final major campaigns of the war were
B) McClellan and Hooker

41. The general who orchestrated the “March to the Sea” was
D) William T. Sherman

42. On April 9, 1865, Robert E. Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia to Ulysses S. Grant at
C) Appomattox Courthouse

43. The inventor of modern baseball was
C) Alexander Cartwright

44. The popularity of baseball received its greatest boost from
B) the American Civil War

45. The ethno-cultural group of historians studying the Civil War was led by
B) William Gienapp

46. Reconstruction of the South after the Civil War was viewed by the victorious Northerners as
C) the only way the South could be prevented from restoring their pre-Civil War society

47. The era of Reconstruction can best be described as
E) an important first step toward civil rights

48. When the Confederate armies surrendered,
B) Lincoln would allow no formal peace treaty to be signed between the Confederate and federal governments

49. In the aftermath of emancipation, most African-Americans wanted all of the following improvements in their lives
A) independence from white control
B) legal protection of their rights
C) their own cultural institutions, such as churches
D) the opportunity for social advancement

50. The Amendment to the Constitution that ended the practice of slavery throughout the United States was the
B) Thirteenth

51. Radical Republicans in Congress believed that reconstructing the South should include all of the following measures
A) the punishment of civil and military leaders of the Confederacy
B) the disenfranchisement of large numbers of Southern whites
D) the protection of the legal rights of blacks
E) the confiscation of property from wealthy Southerners

52. Republicans Thaddeus Stevens and Charles Sumner urged that
E) large numbers of Southern whites be disenfranchised

53. President Lincoln’s plan for Reconstruction can best be described as
A) mild

54. The Freedmen’s Bureau eventually had all of the following powers
A) distributing food
B) establishing schools
C) settling labor disputes
D) assisting poor whites

55. Before the end of the Civil War, the Reconstruction plan advanced by Congress in opposition to Lincoln’s “Ten Percent Plan” was the
B) Wade-Davis Bill

56. To many Northerners, the murder of Abraham Lincoln
D) seemed to indicate a large conspiracy on the part of the defeated South

57. Instead of using the term Reconstruction for his program for the South, Andrew Johnson called it
C) restoration

58. The unique feature of President Andrew Johnson’s plan for Reconstruction was
B) individual pardons for wealthy Southerners

59. Radical Reconstruction officially began when
B) Congress reconvened in December, 1865

60. The purpose of the Black Codes was to
A) guarantee white supremacy in the South

61. During 1865 and 1866, Northern opinion grew hostile toward the South because of all of the following developments
A) the passage of the Black Codes
B) the election of former Confederates to Congress
C) the bloody race riots in several Southern cities
E) the reluctance of Southern conventions to abolish slavery

62. The first Civil Rights Act passed by Congress in 1866
B) declared blacks to be citizens of the United States
C) empowered the federal government to intervene in a state’s affairs to protect civil rights
D) was vetoed by President Johnson
E) restricted former Confederate officials’ ability to hold office

63. The first official definition of citizenship was included in
C) the Fourteenth Amendment

64. All of the following actions by Andrew Johnson angered Congress
A) the veto of the Civil Rights Act of 1866
C) the dismissal of Secretary of War Edwin Stanton
D) the veto of the Freedmen’s Bureau Act
E) the consistent resistance of radical Republican ideas

65. The Republican Congress responded to the establishment of Black Codes in the South by
B) extending the life of the Freedmen’s Bureau

66. The former Confederate state that escaped most of Radical Reconstruction was
B) Tennessee

67. The Congressional Reconstruction Acts of 1867
B) divided the South into military districts

68. The provisions of the Fifteenth Amendment gave the right to vote to
D) blacks

69. The Tenure of Office Act was designed to
D) prohibit the president from removing cabinet members without the Senate’s approval

70. When Andrew Johnson was impeached, the House had
B) accused him of a crime

71. After the House impeached Andrew Johnson, his trial in the Senate ended in
B) an acquittal

72. Republican Reconstruction governments were supported by all of the following groups
A) scalawags
B) redeemers
C) freedmen
D) carpetbaggers

73. Black freedmen attempted to exercise their rights by all of the following methods
A) participating in politics
B) organizing their own religious groups
D) serving as delegates to constitutional conventions
E) advocating their colonization in Africa

74. During Reconstruction, no Southern black was elected to
C) a state governorship

75. The most positive accomplishment of Reconstruction in the South was
A) improving public education

6. During Reconstruction, educational reform was promoted by all of the following groups
A) the Freedmen’s Bureau
B) private Northern philanthropic organizations
D) Northern Republicans
E) Southern African-Americans

. By the end of Reconstruction, the majority of Southern blacks
C) were tenant farmers

78. During Reconstruction, the per capital income for Southern blacks
A) increased substantially

79. The crop lien system that developed in the South during Reconstruction involved all of the following factors
A) it forced the farmers to rely on the growth of cash crops
B) it contributed to the decline of Southern agriculture
C) it featured high interest rates
D) blacks worked fewer hours than they had during slavery

80. Ulysses S. Grant is considered to have been
B) a failure as president

81. Grant’s administration developed substantial opposition because
D) he allowed corruption to develop in his administration

82. A key factor in Ulysses S. Grant’s victory in the presidential election of 1868 was
D) the lack of bitterness expressed in the campaign

83. The Credit Mobilier scandal involved
A) fraudulent construction contracts for the Union Pacific Railroad

84. The Panic of 1873
D) was the worst depression that the United States had experienced up until that time

85. The supporters of greenbacks wanted to
C) inflate the currency

86. The Specie Resumption Act of 1875 provided that greenbacks would be
D) redeemed for gold certificates

87. The Alabama Claims were monetary claims by
A) Americans against the British

88. To intimidate and subjugate newly freed blacks during Reconstruction, Southern whites used all of the following tactics
B) whites formed secret and quasi-secret organizations that used terror to prevent the blacks from voting
C) local merchants denied credit to blacks who voted Republican
D) planters refused to rent land to Republican blacks
E) redeemer governments encouraged the end of black suffrage

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APUSH Ch.14-15 Practice Questions. (2018, Jan 02). Retrieved from http://studymoose.com/apush-ch-14-15-practice-questions-essay

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