Antigone Essay Examples

Essays on Antigone

In Greek tragedies, hubris is a characteristic that “leads to suffering and then to a catharsis of man’s place in the system of life” (Greek Drama and Antigone, Slide 7). Man always seems to have this belief that they can escape fate or avoid the will of the gods. Throughout the play, Antigone, Creon’s hubris causes him to ignore the advice of Haemon, the Theban Elders, and Tiresias, which ultimately brings about his tragedy.

The Reality of Love in Antigone
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For many, love is defined by a marriage or a happy family. People picture a high school romance or the affection between their grandparents. Despite these commonly pictured relationships, love is often more complicated than one might think. For some, the path love takes can be travelled at the expense of life altering results. Sophocles explores this idea in his play, Antigone, by creating love and death within one family. Although Haimon’s affection is never directly shown on stage, he…...
AntigoneGreek mythology
Main Themes in Play “Antigone”
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After reading Antigone, several culminating themes stuck out to me. The first theme is authority. Antigone continuously struggles with authority, as she often believes that what is being done is not right. For example, the play opens with Antigone disobeying newly appointed King Creon and giving Polyneices a proper burial, despite state law. Antigone says, “Nay, he hath no right to keep me from my own.” Antigone is fully willing to disobey the king in order to do what she…...
AntigoneGreek mythology
Theme of Relationship in Play “Antigone”
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Personality and values are essential to people’s lives, and they are reflected in people’s actions and decisions. But everyone holds different values and expresses different personalities, in consequence, personalities always influence people’s relationships. In Seamus Heaney translation of Antigone, the relationship between Antigone and her sister Ismene is very weak because both of them have completely different personalities and values. Antigone represents strength and rebellion in contrast, Ismene represents weakness and obedience. The two personalities show the difference between the…...
AntigoneGreek mythology
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Nature Motif In Play “Antigone”
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Nature, a component of life that overlooks the action of every living thing, has not only a peaceful ambiance but a fierce and harsh essence. Throughout the story of Antigone, the motif of nature is effectively used to create an emphasis on the strength of fate, to show the foreshadowing of events, and to reflect the strong will of characters. Throughout the story, Sophocles references nature an ample amount of times while discussing the strength and inevitability of faith. This…...
AntigoneGreek mythology
The Battle of Ladies in a General Public in Play “Antigone”
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Antigone is a play composed by Sophocles portraying the battle of ladies in a general public commanded by men. The ladies in the play have particular capacities which uncover a feeling of impact in the primary topics depicted. They are significant characters to the advancement of the play since they add to the stream and the catastrophes occurring towards the end. The ladies place their family first however the way where they respond to the various situations separates their worship…...
AntigoneGreek mythology
Changing Roles of Women in Antigone
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The world is continuously changing and the contributions of both genders in development are important for any society. The roles of women have transformed nowadays to even accommodate them in the politics of many countries. For instance, Hilary Clinton was the Democratic nominee for the United States presidential elections. In a world dominated by men for many years, women have continued to rise in the quest for equal rights as men. Antigone is a play composed by Sophocles demonstrating the…...
AntigoneGreek mythology
Devotion of the Family in Play “Antigone”
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Life is seen to be long but actual short. Therefore, people must live valuable and dedicated to life, so that they will not regret anything in the future. In Sophocles’s play Antigone, devotion of the family is a voluntary love that sacrifices one’s own happiness to make others better, and those who sacrifice feel proud because that is what they pleading not to ask for anything in return. In the following essay, the viewpoint is developed in more detail by…...
AntigoneGreek mythology
The Oedipus Rex Cycle As a Tragedy Of Fate
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In several of the works discussed throughout the semester, physical blindness is used to convey the truth that is unacknowledged by a character who is emotionally blind. In order to physically see the truth, one needs to recognize their tragic flaw, and then use this discovery to gain insight on their actions. Within Sophocles series, The Oedipus Cycle, both stories, Oedipus Rex and Antigone, portray a tragic hero who expresses a great deal of emotional blindness which stems from their…...
AntigoneOedipusTragic Hero
Aristotle’s Poetics and Sophocles’ Antigone
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Aristotle outlined six main fundamentals of tragedy: plot, character, diction, thought, spectacle, and music or song. He reflected on plot and character as the first two components or the primary components. In his Poetics, he explained the proper mix of these fundamentals using instances from various tragic dramas, specifically those of Sophocles, amongst other playwrights (Rizzoli, 3 - 6). Previous to reading Aristotle, Sophocle’s Antigone was similar to any of the previous stories I have read — the protagonist’s character…...
AntigoneAristotleTragedyTragic Hero
Antigone Character Traits and Analysis
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Antigone braves through all her hardships and decisions together with her morals and set of values. She died with pride and she had no regret what so ever in what she did. Antigone is clearly a tragic heroine, and she believes that family is vital and that they come first. She is willing to surrender her shiny future and her existence and disobey the edict of her uncle and bury her deceased brother. As a young woman, with a whole…...
AntigoneCharacter TraitsPhilosophy
The Morality Of Antigone As A Tragic Hero
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I believe that a tragic hero is a character who makes an error of judgment or has a deadly flaw, which combined with fate, outcomes in a tragedy. The tragic hero should fall from appropriate success and have misfortune. The tragic hero causes a sense of pity and the tragic downfall that weakens the/a person. In Antigone by Sophocles, Antigone follows her own ideals by way of giving her brother the right burial, even though she has to break the…...
AntigoneMoralityTragedyTragic Hero
Who Is the Tragic Hero in Antigone?
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From the beginning of time, there have been numerous individuals known as tragic heroes. The greater part of these individuals has done superb things to support society. Be that as it may, in writing there is another kind of legend, the unfortunate tragic hero. While deplorable legends do awesome things as well, they likewise have a character blemish that causes their destruction alongside others. This article is to demonstrate that in the play "Antigone", composed by Sophocles, Creon is a…...
AntigoneOedipusTragic Hero
Concept of Kingship in Sophocle’s Oedipus Rex
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Oedipus was a true loyal greek king to the people of Thebes. He was also a tragic greek hero who fulfilled a prophecy to kill his father, marry his mother, and bring destruction to his city and family. However, his legend still lives on Creon, the next King of Thebes. Both legends have received great power over their reign as king of Thebes, but brought corruption and love to the people of Thebes. In The Theban Plays, Sophocles depicts Oedipus…...
AntigoneOedipus
Family Ties and Loyalty in “Antigone” by Sophocles
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The ancient play Antigone by author Sophocles explores the depths of family ties and loyalty, delving into how family bonds can influence characters to either obey or disobey the state. The state, in other words, is known as the composite whole of a city, but can be commonly associated with the unyielding power or even corruption of its leader. Specifically, the relationship between Antigone and sister Ismene as well as between Creon and son Haimon demonstrate the clash between familial…...
AntigoneFamilyLoyalty
Greek Justice
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Apparently, then, injustice has the power, first, to make whatever it arises in - whether it is a city, a family, an army, or anything else - incapable of achieving anything as a unit because of the civil wars and differences it creates, and second, it makes that unit an enemy to itself and to what is in every way its opposite, namely, justice. (28) Republic, Plato Since the beginnings of civilization, the concept of Justice has been debated and…...
AntigoneCitizenshipJusticeOedipus
Women in Drama
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We can only understand the role of women in Greek tragedies within the framework of a concrete gender ideology that existed in Athenian society. The already prevailing sharp division between the sexes was reflected in, and enforced by, an ideology of gender, which attributed different and complementary behaviors and character traits to men and women. The concepts of masculinity and femininity are polar opposites, but they define each other and cannot be understood apart from each other. In this ideology,…...
AntigoneGenderLysistrataTragedyWomen
Victims of Circumstances? Antigone , in the play Antigone by Sophocles and Nora in a Doll’s House by Henrik Ibsen
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"It had been a woman's task throughout history to believe in life when there was almost no hope"-Margaret Mead. In both plays, Nora and Antigone are the perfect examples of this quote. Though a timeline exists between them, both of them go against hope for respect and /or self empowerment. They were victims of circumstances that led to them becoming what they eventually became. Sophocles was a Greek lecturer. His first plays were Euripidies and then Aeschylus. Sophocles was the…...
Antigone
The Fate And Love Of Classic Civilians English Literature Essay
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`` Accept the things to which destine binds you, and love the people with whom fate brings you together, but do so with all your bosom. '' A Marcus Aurelius. Fate and love, these were two ideals that were held in high fear in the classical epoch civilisations. Classical civilisations made priceless parts to the Fieldss of mathematics, uranology, architecture, and tactics ; many of their methods are still in usage even in the twenty-first century. Where they genuinely shined…...
AntigoneEnglishFateLiteratureLove
Sophocles
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1. Where and when did Sophocles live? Athens, 5th century BC 2. The philosopher Aristotle wrote an influential text on drama called... The Poetics 3. What did Greek actors wear? Masks 4. Greek plays feature a group of performers who sing, dance, provide exposition and interact with the other characters. This group is called... The Chorus 5. Who was Antigone's father? Oedipus 6. Antigone's two brothers, Eteocles and Polyneices, did what? Fought on opposite sides in a war for power…...
AntigoneOedipus
Sophocles on Tyranny
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The most important message in Antigone is Sophocles' warning against dictatorship. Sophocles demonstrates dictatorship in a negatives way through Creon. In a dictatorship one man can control the entire city. Creon rejects the ideas of the city in favour of his own, and everyone is powerless to stop him. Creon's irrationality, pride, paranoia and rage are all reasons against why one man should not have too much power, as these are the key factors in his tyrannical behaviour. The Sentry…...
AntigoneBook ReviewBooks And ReadingLiteraturePhilosophy
Sophocles’ Antigone
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A recurring metaphor throughout the play is comparing the State with a ship. In the beginning of scene one, Creon says: "I have the honour to inform you that our ship of state, which recent storms have threatened to destroy, has come safely to harbour at last, guided by the merciful wisdom of heaven" (196). This was used in reference to Polyneices and his invasion on Thebes. Even though Creon praises the gods for guiding the "ship of state", Sophocles…...
Antigone
What is the role and function of the Messenger in Antigone and Medea?
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The plays Antigone by Sophocles, and Medea by Euripides, present the conventional figure of a Messenger at climactic junctures in each play. Each Messenger brings appalling and shattering news that is deeply disturbing for the audiences and henceforth reflects on this shock. In Antigone, the Messenger's narrative presents a dramatic recount of the deaths of Antigone, Haemon and Eurydice. The Messenger in Medea presents a long speech rendered dramatic, providing a grotesquely vivid image of Glauce and King Creon's horrid…...
AntigoneMedeaTragedy
Pride Is a Crime
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To have superiority over others can change the mentality of an individual for the worse. One of the major key themes running through Antigone is the competition of egos between many characters. Creon is portrayed in a multitude of ways but particularly as having an abundance of pride, as well as being uncompromising. In Sophocles play, Antigone, supremacy clouds Creon’s mind, and he will soon lose everything moments too late to undo his wrongdoing as a result of pride and…...
AntigoneCrimePride
Pride, Gender, and Inaction in Antigone
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Pride, Gender, and Inaction in AntigoneThe cardinal subject of Sophocles drama “Antigone” is the quandary that one faces, in adhering to 1s ain decision or to stay by the bing Torahs of the land. The drama highlights the fact that work forces have been bestowed with independent thought, and have been blessed with the capacity to analyse state of affairss ; Man must therefore consult his mental modules and think rationally earlier doing a judgement. Therefore, the four major subjects…...
AntigoneGenderPride
Comparison of the Three Sisters and Antigone
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In the plays The Three Sisters by Anton Chekov and Antigone by Sophocles, dialogue plays a key role in the characterization of the protagonists, because dialogue can act as a form of indirect characterization. The Three Sisters is a play set in the early 1900s, and is about three sisters who try to lead meaningful lives which are surrounded by people constantly distracting them from the passage of time and their longing to return to their home country of Moscow.…...
AntigoneComparisonDialogue
Loyalities of Chorus in Sophocle’s Antigone
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This paper discusses the changing views of the chorus in Sophocle's "Antigone" The chorus, a group of common people who follow the actions of the play Antigone, waver in their support of either Antigone or Creon, depending on their actions during a particular part of the story-line. Early in the play it is evident that they are extremely pro-Creon, but a short time later they seem to sway into the direction of Antigone and support her actions. This incongruency about…...
AntigoneOedipus
Analysis of The Theban Plays and The Matrix
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Literature is very important in the understanding of society. And not just today's society, but past society's as well. The writer's context is a combination of all that is happening in that particular society. This gives us the opportunity to use traditional literature as a window to the past, and by studying more contemporary texts we can theorise how society has changed over time. It is important that the two texts have similar themes, as this makes it easier to…...
AntigoneOedipusPlaysThe Matrix
The Sacrifice for Family
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Robert E. Lee, a famous general in the Civil War, was faced with a decision that could majorly alter his reputation. As the conflict started, President Abraham Lincoln offered Lee a position to serve as a commander on the Union side; this was done in hopes of gaining a skilled general. However, Lee declined because his hometown and relatives resided in Virginia. Therefore, he joined the Confederate side due to the fact that he could not fight against his own…...
AntigoneFamilyLoyaltySacrifice
Sophocles’ Antigone is not a difficult play Even that the play was
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Sophocles' Antigone is not a difficult play. Even that the play was original written in Greek over 2400 years ago, we have a modern translation in English, and the main story line is very clear and easy to understand. The only part of the play that will probably be confusing is the Chorus.The opening events of the play quickly settle the central conflict between Antigone and her uncle the King Creon of Thebes that is and oppressive ruler. Creon has…...
Antigone
Analisys of Evil in Sophocle’s Antigone
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Evil not only fascinates people in general, but writers as well. In what ways and with what effect has “evil” been treated in Antigone? In the play of ‘Antigone’, evil appears in many forms. There is the soldier who is a traitor to his nation; the sister trying to prove her love for her family yet ends up breaking the law; the king who so eagerly tries to stop rule-breakers yet he himself neglects his flesh and blood. Here the…...
Antigone
Antigone Character Analysis: Compassion Of Love For Her Brother
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In the stage play Antigone, Antigone's drive and compassion for the love of her brother lead to the sacrifice of her own well-being and life. She gets through the harsh reality of what is destined for her with her set beliefs for what she is doing. She dies a brave death, knowing that she died for all of the right reasons. Antigone is a tragic heroine, who cares about the loyalty to her family and doing what is right in…...
AntigoneCharacterCompassion
Antigone Reaction
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Abstract This paper explores the significance of the plot and theatrical components of the great Greek disaster, Antigone. It discusses how although Antigone was written thousands of years ago it is still important today; it is a play that all can associate with in some way. It likewise discusses my personal reactions to the play: what I liked, what I didn't like, and what I thought could have been done in a different way for the enhancement of the play.…...
AntigoneTheatre
Civil Disobedience and Antigone
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Martin Luther King Jr.’s “I Have a Dream” speech focuses on the importance of freedom and brotherhood in a nation and is intended to rally Americans to demonstrate their anger at the injustices of segregation and racism through “creative protest.” While King’s passion and anger at the status quo is obvious in the text, he specifically states that they “must not allow [their] [protest] to degenerate into physical violence.” He is pushing for defiance against the government. Antigone exhibits the…...
AntigoneCivil DisobedienceObedience
Creon Character Traits
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I strongly agree that Creon wasn't right to punish Antigone for breaking the law. Antigone decided to give her brother a proper barrier when Creon [the king of Thebes] announced to the city that no citizen is allowed to mourn or bury Polynices [Antigone’s brother] if due so the punishment is death. Antigone knew the consequences that could happen if she buried her brother but she still decided to break the law, to go against the king’s orders. I believe…...
AntigoneCharacter TraitsGreek mythology
Gender Equity Issues in Antigone
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In our present day, many believe they should be treated fairly regardless of their race, religious beliefs, or gender. When gender equity is put on the table as the main discussion we may find women to have more aggressive opinions and views rather than men. Some will suggest this is due to the thousands of years women have been limited to certain rights that men are so freely able to obtain. Greek men are born and viewed as the superior…...
AntigoneGender
The Role of Fate in Sophocles’ Antigone
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The ancient Greeks firmly believed that fate ruled their lives. The gods, they believed, knew the fate of each and every one of them. Their destiny was decided at birth. This philosophy became the driving force in Greek tragedies. The three Theban plays of Sophocles involving Oedipus and his family reflect this belief with tragic outcomes in each instance. Yet fate plays a much different role in the play Antigone than it does in Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex. Oedipus was warned…...
AntigoneFate
Fate Vs. Free Will Antigone
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Antigone, the play, fuels the debate whether fate is stronger than one’s free will. Antigone’s fate was to die fighting for respect of her family. At first, Antigone's fate was to live, but her free will let her to choose to disobey Creon's law about burying her brother. When she made the choice to go against Creon, her fate was to die. Towards the end of "Antigone," Creon on changed his mind to kill Antigone but fate had already taken…...
AntigoneFateFree Will
Instances of Free Will in Antigone by Sophocles
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Free will is a gift given to man to remain in control of their lives; our fate and destiny are determined by our free will and the decisions we make. In the play Antigone, written by Sophocles Antigone demonstrates her free will when she decides to bury her brother, directly defying Creon’s law. As a result of this defiance her fate was suicide. The choice she made functions as a exercise of free will because she considered the consequences and…...
AntigoneFree Will
Sophocles’ Antigone: Situational Irony in Scene Three
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In an argument between King Creon and his son Haimon, the author reveals that with power, pride and refusal of corrections start to develop. In the Greek play Antigone, Sophocles creates a story about an arrogant, power-hungry king. In doing so, he reveals the consequences of being a dictator, rather than being a noble ruler —an issue that can be found in many countries since many governments today abuse their power. Through the use of symbolism and motifs, Sophocles created…...
AntigoneIrony
Irony in Antigone: King Creon
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In the tragedy Antigone, Sophocles pens a tale about a stalwart and distrustful king, Creon, and his misuse of the power he possesses. In the play he disregards the law of the gods to fit his whims, something that the heroine of the play, Antigone, wholeheartedly disagrees with; she disobeys his order to leave her dead brother, Polynices, unburied and sentences herself to death in the process. Antigone is engaged to Creon’s son, Haemon, who does not agree with his…...
AntigoneIrony
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Advice of Haemon

Creon’s pride leads him to not take the advice of Haemon and listen to what the people of Thebes want. Haemon attempts to offer his father some wisdom in telling him that “it is no weakness for the wisest man to learn when he is wrong, know when to yield … So, father, pause, and put aside your anger. I think … the next best thing is to be willing to listen to wise advice” (Sophocles 145). Creon then goes on to mock Haemon and call him a “despicable coward” and says that he has “no more will than a woman”, which causes him to begin alienating his son. As their conversation unravels, he becomes vehement with Haemon, saying “since when do I take my orders from the people of Thebes?… I am king, and responsible to only myself” (Sophocles 146). And Haemon responds by telling him that he’d “be an excellent king – on a desert island”, meaning that he only cares about his own opinion and has no loyalty to the state (Sophocles 146). By letting his pride consume his actions, he loses sight of what the people want and what is best for Thebes.

Theban Elders’ Advice

Not only did his son try to offer him some advice, but so did the Theban Elders. The Chorus warns Creon about not letting his pride get the best of him by singing about others who suffered for their rash choices in the past. They talk of a man who was killed for attempting to kill Danae’s son; a man who was torn apart by his own mother because he mocked Bacchus; and a man who was punished for took advantage of Zeus when he was unable to predict the future. They also tell him that “roving ambition helps many to man a good, and many it falsely lures to light desires, till trips them unawares, and they fall on the fire that consumes them… evil seems good to who is doomed to suffer; and short is the time before that suffering comes” (Sophocles 143). They are telling him that he is letting his thirst for power lead him to evil, and that will only end in misery. All in all, the Chorus is trying to tell Creon that the gods punish those who have too much pride, so he should be wary of the choices he makes.

Advice of Teiresias

Creon even turns down the advice of Teiresias, a wise blind prophet who tries to warn Creon of the suffering he is causing by ignoring the will of the gods and the people. Teiresias comes to Creon in good faith, acknowledging that he has “so far steered a steady course” but is now standing “on a razor’s edge” (Sophocles 152). He then gets defensive and tells Teiresias that he thinks “all prophets seek their own advantage” and then later implies that Teiresias is trying to make money by telling lies when he says, “nor is my will for sale, sir, in your market” (Sophocles 154). The prophet came to Creon to help him avoid anguish, but Creon was too blinded by his own arrogance. He continues to show how self-righteous and superior he feels when he says, “reveal all; but expect no gain from it”, meaning that nothing Teiresias says will change Creon’s mind (Sophocles 154). By this point in the play, Creon’s pride has interfered so much in his ruling that thinks he knows better than the prophet and is above the gods.

Creon’s Pride

When Creon did finally accept that he was in the wrong, it was too late. His pride had gotten the best of him for too long and there wasn’t anything left for Creon to do to revive the situation. Thus, pride can be all consuming if one is not willing to listen to wisdom. Creon’s pride was the key factor in his tragedy as he was not willing to listen to Haemon, the Theban Elders, nor Teiresias.

FAQ about Antigone

Who Is the Tragic Hero in Antigone?
...Creon condemned her to death and would not alter his perspective since he figured he would look weak to his people. This determination made him murder Antigone. Creon's obstinacy is his disastrous defect, which is appeared all through the play. These...
What is the role and function of the Messenger in Antigone and Medea?
...Messenger- speeches are an important element in both Medea and Antigone, the playwrights having the capacity to comment and report on the violent consequences of the previous plot development. Without it, the audience would lack a great deal of under...

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