Anthropology (Chapter 1: What Is Anthropology?)
The study of the human species and its immediate ancestors.
Encompassing past, present, and future; biology, society, language and culture.
Traditions and customs transmitted through learning.
Anthropology as a whole: cultural, archaeological, biological, and linguistic anthropology.
An economy based on plant cultivation and/or animal domestication.
Combining biological and cultural approaches to a given problem.
The study of sociocultural differences and similarities
The comparative, cross-cultural, study of human society and culture.
Fieldwork in a particular cultural setting.
The study of human behaviour through material remains.
The study of human biological variation in time and space.
Same as biological anthropology
The study of language and linguistic diversity in time, space, and society.
The study of language in society.
Field of study that seeks reliable explanations, with reference to the material and physical world.
Using anthropology to solve contemporary problems.
Cultural resource management
Deciding what needs saving when entire archaeological sites cannot be saved.
A set of ideas formulated to explain something.
An observed relationship between two or more variables.
A suggested but as yet unverified explanation.
What characterizes anthropology among disciplines that study humans?
It is holistic and comparative.
What is a critical element of cultural traditions?
Their transmission through learning rather than through biological inheritance.
Over time, how has human reliance on cultural means of adaptation changed?
Humans have become increasingly more dependent on them.
The fact that anthropology focuses on both culture and biology …
allows it to address how culture influences biological traits and vice versa.
In Chapter 1, what is the point of describing the ways humans cope with low oxygen pressure at high altitudes?
To illustrate human capacities for cultural and biological adaptation, variation, and change.
Four field anthropology…
was largely shaped by early American anthropologists’ interests in Native Americans.
The study of nonhuman primates is of special interest to which sub-discipline of anthropology?
About practicing or applied anthropology, this is false.
It is less relevant for archaeology since archaeology typically concerns the material culture of societies that no longer exist.
What term is defined as a suggested but yet unverified explanation for observed things and events?
The scientific method…
Characterizes any anthropological endeavour that formulates research questions and gathers or uses systematic data to test hypothesis.