24/7 writing help on your phone
Did you ever thought about that animals talk? That what we goanna discuss about firstly I’m going to talk about human talk vs. Animal talk how similar or different between them and the causes and effect to and how animals and human are not related.
When people think about language the first thing that pops in your head is language is nature thing? As barking is natural for dogs or it’s something have to be learned .as the dog begs for food.
in one sense children learn a language but they have to be exposed to (learning Korean)and no one has to deny it but you know what the question is children are born with a blank sheet in their brains or it’s a well-programmed and already there to require language. to explain that arguments, when to have to explain the nature-neuter argument, as skinner thinks that language is set of habits, are been built through the years, which is wrong to compare rats to humans, on the other hand, Noam Chomsky has another opinion about it, as he thinks comparing rate to human is wrong as his bullet points are: a simple sequence of events human can catch things or multiple acts in one minute in our brain but the animals can’t even do one thing they have to do be learning and steps, secondly repeated reward, as parents don’t give reward for the wrong utterance which is right for my point of view.
Language is a way of communication that involves usage of human communication as words express or experience of life .language is human-specific and there are few characteristic for requiring a language.
Psycholinguistics is the study of the mental mechanisms that make it possible for people to use a language in which language is produced and understood .and the earliest to take about brain and language was the Egyptians, they wrote a catalog of how injuries effect on human brains. As in the human, there are areas for producing or making languages and learning it for example: Broca’s Area, Wernicke’s area firstly I’m going to talk about Broca’s Area. Broca’s Area was discovered by a French physician and anthropologists in 1961he says that he discovered something in the left side of the brain that appeared for the ability to speak,and he said also that any injury happens in that area you are most likely to lose of language rather on the right side of the brain, Broca’s area is involved in speech production, secondly is Wernicke’s Area. Wernicke’s Area was discovered by a German physician and psychiatric in 1874 he discovered an area that processes the audio input and Its important for language processing. Wernicke’s Area is involved in the understanding of the speech, thirdly is the motor cortex, the motor cortex is the area which involved in the planning control and the flow of the vocabulary movement. Arcuate fasciculus is a bundle of an axon that connect the Broca’s and Wernicke’s area, so what are the stages that make a language-specific for humans to answer this question we have to go through stages of first language acquisition, first language acquisition is a process by which humans acquire the capacity to learn language as well producing and using words and sentences to communicate. But for the linguistic perspective a first language acquisition refers to the study of infant acquisition of their native language (mother tongue ) .there are pillars for acquiring a first language acquisition which are: Ability, interaction, Motivation, DATA. Did thought ever that language emerges to all children around the world? yes it’s it called the biological clock, the biological clock has several aspects or characteristic:1-forcing does not work for children it has to be without forcing to require language,2- it has to have a good environmental 3- there are different stages of learning the language as the age grow the vocabulary capacity grow too. The stages of learning language are: crying, cooing, Babbling, intonation patterns, one –word utterance, second-word utterance, word inflection, Q and negatives, rare and complex construction, mature speech. Each one of them has a different age to require language. 1- Crying (birth) is the stage of your first vocal activity which crying has a different meaning, for example, they want attention or are hungry or having a stomach ache so it depends in each situation.2-cooing (6week) there no international or universal definition for that, 3-babbling (6month)babbling is the stage which babies try to give impressions of uttering a vowel or a consonant,first a single syllable but then it will develop, as babies that age like to enjoy and experimenting their tongue and lips.,4-intonation patterns(8month) its same thing with babbling,5-one-word utterance (1year)at that age their ability to refers to object will begin for example :(woof) means dog-Dada(grandma).6-two- word utterance (1and half year) in that age the most noticeable is the big increase in their vocabulary and use nouns and verbs in the right order and also no word ending for example: plural(-s)two shoe and past tense (-d)milk spill.7- word inflection(2year)in this age they will put or add inflection to the word for example: I sing-he is a sleep-blue shoes- he wants an apple –I helped mammy-he’s a doctor. 8-Question(2and half year) in that age they try to put WH-word in front the rest of the sentence for example: where daddy go?, why kitty can’t see?, why can’t kitty see?,9-rare and complex construction(5year)last but not least the children will form a good grammatical sentences and adult will understand him and he will not use a full passive sentence, for example, the man hit by a bus, finally the final stage of first language acquisition is the mature speech (10year)in that age will completely have a structure of an adult however in the age of puberty they will continue their development in language, as they grow their lexical items will grow with them throughout their lives.
On the other hand, did you ever thought that animal talk? to be clear the word talk is used in a totally different sense it may mean utter sound or it can be the use of language in a meaningful way. But some scientist says that human language may be evolved for animal communication in a continuous line of growth .people who support that theory that language grew as a call system like the one that used by apes. And they think that they share the same emotional feelings for example: crying, fear, pain, as they think it more related to monkeys which I think is wrong consumption about humans .but to figure about what the different between human vs. animals talk is by Hockett’s language design Features, the language design feature was proposed by Charles mouth moves it gives the freedom for other parts of body to move around for example e(wing slapping ) 2-Arbitrainess this means that language use symbols to word to refer to something ,but there is no connection between the word dog and any animal with four legs what I’m trying to say is every country having word for an object or a subject ,Kalb (Arabic)-Ein hund (German) so there no similarity in the word at all. 3-semanticity :the use of symbols to refer to objects or action for example chair means the four legged thing you can sit on it . 4-cultural Transition or tradition :human give or hand their language from generation to another generation but on other hand communication of animals are unclear and may varies from one to another . 5-spontaneous usage: humans have the freedom of speech .6-turn-taking: humans take turns while talking which animals can’t do. 7-duality or double articulation: language is made in two layers the basic sound of speech such as C, A, T are meaningless by their own they become meaningful when combining them (cat) which you can refer to something. 8-Displacement: the ability to refer to something wasn’t on the same time and place (my Aunt veronica who lives in California broke her wrist last week).9-structure- dependence: humans automatically recognize the nature of language and can change it too.10-Creativity, openness, productivity: humans can talk about anything without any wrong spelling and without causing a linguistic problem for himself or the hearer.11-intention-reading or mind-reading: humans can understand each other intonation. As they tried wit teaching sign animals but it does not work, so that means language is only human-specific and also animals don’t have any of the language design feature too.
In conclusion, we have talked about how different human language beside animal language and what aspect and what causes or effect about them, finally we discovered that language is only for humans, in my opinion, language is a complex thing to explain as we all know language always changes through about the years, I predict in the future that people will think about language in a different perspective, so I hope that people like their heritage and their language too.
👋 Hi! I’m your smart assistant Amy!
Don’t know where to start? Type your requirements and I’ll connect you to an academic expert within 3 minutes.get help with your assignment