Analysis and evaluation of argument
Analysis and evaluation of argument
First and foremost, it needs to be noted that all sources are reliable and credible enough. For instance, the history of wage growth, provided by the U. S. Department of Labor, is based upon official national statistics, gathered from surveys and reports, as well as the account of the institution’s experts. In fact, wage studies are one of the main profiles attributed to the establishment, and given that it acts in the best interests of employers and employees, it is possible to characterize it as relatively impartial and objective.
The article, located in the Gotham Gazette, is obviously written by professional journalists with socio-economic issues as the main area of competence. The paper operates with facts and uses official statistical data that derives from such sources as Bureau of Labor Statistics. It is also important to note that the paper, in spite of being written in the spirit of journalism, is also analytical by nature and clearly includes the advantages, weak points and vague or indirect factors shaping the situation.
Constructing their argument, the authors also refer to historical facts and manage to address all groups involved into the dilemma. However, the objectiveness of the Chinese Post, expected to balance American and Chinese standpoints and/ or expectations, seems to certain degree doubtful. However, the article itself is unbiased given the abundance of official facts, statistical data and exploratory rather than descriptive approach to addressing events.
Positively, the authors also incorporate multiple account of the situation and tend to avoid evaluative of moralizing judgments, so one can conclude that the concrete article from the China Post, employed in the essay, is written from a professional and well-balanced perspective. There are several main points in the paper. Primarily, it is stated that employees are likely to benefit from the increase of minimum wage, given that the innovation would allow low-income families to make ends meet and make their daily survival less problematic.
Furthermore, the paper states that along with the growth of “bottom wages”, the cost of living will naturally boost. Tertially, the author observes that the society at large is likely to be affected by the increase of minimum wage, since it is likely to re-shape market retail prices for products and services. In conclusion, it is stated that the growth of minimum salary will remain noticed for a short period of time, so the increase of minimum wage should not be introduced in the nearest future.
In the second paper, dedicated to the same issue, the author constructs their argument in the following way: firstly, it is noted that businessmen, as opposed to employees, do not support the increase of minimum wage; secondly, the increase of minimum wage is likely to motivate school students to begin their career early and exclude higher education; in addition, the author observes that the economy is stagnant at the moment, so the growth of minimum wage is likely to bring about macroeconomic and macrosocial problems. The second paper also sums up with the statement that the compensations should not be raised.
The major types of evidence presented are statistics, recent news and historical facts. In order to substantiate the assertion about polar struggle of employers and employees against and for the growth of minimum wages respectively, the author provides facts from the newspapers, which elucidate the both positions and describe the efforts of both groups. Historical and statistical facts as well as the positions of political parties are used for the argument about the twofold impact of wage increase which automatically boosts the cost of production and the retail price.
Importantly, the historical information from the Department of Labor is used to prove the tendency for tax and unemployment growth as a result of the minimum wage growth. In the second paper, which takes a more macroeconomic direction, the author employs research results in order to show how the growth of minimum wages changes the aspirations of high school graduates and encourages them to work instead of studying. In the paper, one can find several assumptions.
First and foremost, the author believes that the increase of minimum wages will improve the quality of life of the lower class and allow these people use social facilities on more regular basis. In this sense, the opposing side might question the credibility of the statement and argue that the representatives of low-income population tend to remain poor for their unwillingness to get additional education and skills, so the increase of minimum wages will not help them substantially. In addition, the author assumes that the debate over raising minimum compensations actually means the struggle between employers and employees.
In this case, the opponent might note that the struggle occurs at many levels, as there is a number of civil society organizations, labor unions and political parties undertaking efforts either in favor or against the growth of minimum wages, so not merely employers and employees are involved. The argument is generally composed logically, but there is little cohesion between statistics, historical facts and the conclusions one can draw considering them. In fact, the evidence and its analysis are separated by one paragraph, which does not fir there logically.
However, in order to prove the correctness of the structure to the opponent, I would affirm that the allegedly redundant paragraph is a vital remark, which underlines the involvement of the whole society into the legislation change. Furthermore, there is a minor fallacy in the statement that the amount of products one afforded before the wage increase is the same as the person will be able to buy in several months after the growth. On the other hand, there is a number of commodities and services, which are produced in other countries or which will not be affected by compensation growth (e. g. employees of such companies might already earn high salaries or, when speaking of luxury products, their cost depends predominantly on enterprises’ marketing policies and thus will not be affected substantially).
Responding to this critical notice, I will state that exceptions exist in any case, but focusing on lower and middle-class populations, who are the majority, one can hold that most products and services they use will become more expensive. To sum up, the paper does not contain significant fallacies and undeveloped arguments, its position is clear and based upon objective evidence, obtained mainly from professional authors.
University/College: University of Chicago
Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter
Date: 28 November 2016
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