Anabolic Steriods Essay

Custom Student Mr. Teacher ENG 1001-04 13 March 2016

Anabolic Steriods

Also known as Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids (AAS)

Commentary
Informative speech on characteristics of Steroids, and what effects they have on the human body.

General Purpose: To Inform.
Specific Purpose: To present facts concerning the use of Steroids. Joshua Stone
Introduction:
I. ATTENTION GETTER: Let me ask you something; would you take a pill to get bigger and gain muscle in order to do more push-ups or sit-ups on PT Test? Would you give yourself a shot to become faster on your 2 mile run? Of course someone would if they wouldn’t get caught. Some would say that in our profession as a Soldier it is always based on “WHAT IS YOUR PT SCORE”. Not on how well you do your job, or lead Soldiers.

Now if you said yes…… ask yourself if you would do either of these two things knowing that you are putting yourself at serious health risks.

In recent report, The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) uncovered an alarming statistic: more than a half million students in the 8th and 10th grade are currently using some form of anabolic steroids. Retrieved from http:\\www.steroidabuse.org.

II. PREVIEW POINTS:
a. HISTORICAL PRESPECTIVE:
1. Definition in scientific terms
2. Origins and when discovered
b. WHAT STEROIDS ARE AND HAVE BEEN USED FOR
c. WHO USES STEROIDS AND WHY
d. THE POTENTIAL PHYSIOLOGICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS

Body:
I. HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE:

A. SCIENTIFIC DEFINTION:
Anabolic-androgenic steroids are synthetic derivatives of testosterone. Testosterone, the natural male hormone that is produced primarily by the testes in men, is responsible for the androgenic (Masculizing, and the anabolic (Tissue building) effects noted during male adolescence and adulthood. Charles Yesalis Anabolic Steroids in Sport and Exercise. (2nd ED.) 2000.

B. ORGINS:
According to the reference test anabolic steroids in sport and exercise 2000, experimentation with synthetic steroids on animals and castrated men began as early as 1911, and by 1935, the hormone testosterone had been isolated, chemically characterized, and the basic nature of its anabolic effects had become clear. It was shortly here after that oral and inject able preparations were made available to the medical community.

II. WHAT ARE ANABOLIC STEROIDS USED FOR:

A. THERAPEUTIC AGENT
1. Delayed puberty in boys ages 15 and older
2. Impotence and male climacteric symptoms
3. To treat breast cancer in women
4. HIV/aids patients to increase appetite, strength, body mass, and improved sense of well being.

B. VETERINARY APPLICATION
1. Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids are widely used in veterinary medicine 2. Given to cattle to increase the rate of weight gain and improve feed efficiency. 3. Improve the performance of race horses.

C. PERFORMANCE ENHANCING DRUG
1. The use of steroids by humans to enhance physical performance. They were apparently first used in WWII, according to William Taylor, M.D., in his book Hormonal Manipulation, “steroids were said to have been administered to Nazi Troops in order to make them more aggressive and less fearful of violence. 2. It was in the next few decades that Steroids began to play a prominent role in Sports and Athletics. The muscle building effect of steroids has caused them to be widely used by body builders and other Athletes

III. WHO USES STEROIDS NOW AND WHY
The use of steroids to improve performance, strength, and size, is unregulated and illegal. This however does not stop people who wish to use the drug in this manner from obtaining it. “Use of Anabolic Steroids began with elite competitive athletes, but today it includes even high school students who are taking anabolic steroids for cosmetic purposes.” Kuhn C. Swartzwelder. Straight Facts for Athletes about Drugs, Supplements, and Training

A. WHO
1. Athletes, men and women in almost all sports
2. Professional Athletes
3. College Athletes
4. High school Athletes
5. Olympic Sports
6. Bodybuilders

B. WHY
1. Performance enhancing qualities
2. Warped self image
3. Self esteem issues
4. Dependency

IV. THE POTENTIAL EFFECTS OF STEROID USE

A. PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS:
(Directly related to the actual doses consumed or injected: relatively low or extremely large amounts.) 1. “Beneficial”
a. Increased Strength,
b. Increased Muscle and body mass.

2. Adverse (Range from mild to severe)
MILD
a. Acne
b. High Blood Pressure
c. Liver Damage
d. Disturbed sleeping patterns
e. Baldness
f. Testicular Atrophy
g. Abnormal breast enlargements

SEVERE
a. Liver Damage
b. Liver Cancer
c. Cardiac Disease
d. Heart Attack
B. PHSCHOLOGICAL ALTERATIONS
1. Increased Self – Esteem
2. Addiction and Psychological dependency
3. Tendency towards hostility and violence
4. Extreme fluctuations in mood
5. Increased energy level
6. Increased ability to train with greater mental intensity
7. Uncontrollable temper characterized by “Explosive” aggressive behavior

CONCLUSION
I. Review main Points
A. HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE:

1. Scientific Definition:
Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids are synthetic derivatives or testosterone. Testosterone, the natural male hormone that is produced primarily by testes in men, is responsible for the androgenic (masculizing), and the anabolic
(tissue-building) effects noted during male adolescence and adulthood.

2. ORGINS:
When first discovered by 1935, the hormone testosterone had been isolated, chemically charactized, and the basic natural of its anabolic effects had become clear.

B. WHAT ARE ANABOLIC STERIODS USED FOR
1. As a Therapeutic agent for medical patients
2. Administered to animals for veterinary application, as a means to increase size and efficiency of cattle and other farm animals, and also to improve the performance of race horses. 3. As a Performance Enhancing Drug, unrelated and illegally used by athletes.

C. WHO USES STEROIDS AND WHY
1. Bodybuilders and other athletes
2. Because of the muscle building effect that anabolic-androgenic steroids produce
D. THE POTENTIAL EFFECTS OF STERIOD USE
1. Physiological
2. Psychological
FINAL ATTENTION GETTER: We as human society and as Americans are a culture that thrives on competition and being the best but remember Cheaters Never Win and Winners Never Cheat. So we might not always be the best but remember we are what the best wanna be. Bibliography:

1. www.steroidabuse.org
2. Anabolic Steroids in Sport and Exercise. (2nd ED.) 2000 by Charles Yesalis 3. Taylor, W.N. Hormonal Manipulation: A new Area of Monstrous Athletes. 1985, McFarland and Company Inc., Jefferson, North Carolina and London. 4. Straight Facts for Athletes about Drugs, Supplements, and Training. By Kuhn C. Swartzwelder.

Anabolic Steroids
Also known as Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids (AAS)

ATTENTION GETTER: Now let me ask you something would you take a pill to get bigger and gain muscle in order to do more push-ups or sit-ups on PT Test, or How about giving yourself a shot to become faster on your 2 mile run. Of course some would. We all know how everything in our profession as a Soldier is always based on “WHAT IS YOUR PT SCORE”. Not on how well you do your job, or lead Soldiers. Now if you said yes…… ask yourself if you would do either of these two things knowing that you are putting yourself at serious health risks. In recent report, The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) uncovered an alarming statistic: more than a half million students in the 8th and 10th grade are currently using some form of anabolic steroids. Commentary

I will be informing you on characteristics of Steroids, and what effects they have on the human body. Today I will be covering Historical Perspective:
Which will also include the Definition in scientific terms Origins and when steroids were discovered,
What Steroids are and have been used for,
Who uses Steroids and why
What the potential Physiological and Psychological effects it can have on the Human Body

1. The definition of an Anabolic-androgenic steroids, are synthetic derivatives of testosterone. Testosterone, the natural male hormone that is produced primarily by the testes in men, Is responsible for the androgenic (Masculizing, and the anabolic (Tissue building) effects noted during male adolescence and adulthood. Charles Yesalis. Anabolic Steroids in Sport and Exercise. (2nd ED.) 2000

Origin of Steroids According to the (reference test anabolic steroids in sport and exercise 2000), experimentation with synthetic steroids on animals and castrated men began as early as 1911, and by 1935, the hormone testosterone had been isolated, chemically characterized, and the basic nature of its anabolic effects had become clear. It was shortly here after in 1937 that oral and inject able preparations were made available to the medical community. Hoberman JM, Yesalis CE. “The history of synthetic testosterone”. Scientific American 272, 1995. NOW THEY WE HAVE JUST DISCUSSED THE DEFINTION WITH A BRIEF HISTORICAL ACCOUNT WE WILL MOVE TO MY NEXT POINT..ANABOLIC STERIODS AND WHAT THEY ARE USED FOR.

ANABOLIC STEROIDS USED for several different reasons and uses like: THERAPEUTIC AGENT
Delayed puberty in boys ages 15 and older
Impotence and male climacteric symptoms
To treat breast cancer in women
HIV/aids patients to increase appetite, strength, body mass, and improved sense of well being. VETERINARY APPLICATION
Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids are widely used in veterinary medicine and also given to the cattle to increase the rate of weight gain and improve feed efficiency. It’s also used to improve the performance of race horses.

Performance enhancing side of the drug is the use of steroids by humans to enhance physical performance. They were apparently first used in WWII, according to William Taylor, M.D., in his book Hormonal Manipulation, “steroids were said to have been administered to Nazi Troops in order to make them more aggressive and less fearful of violence. It was in the next few decades that Steroids began to play a prominent role in Sports and Athletics. With the muscle building effect of steroids which has caused them to be widely used by body builders and other Athletes. The use of steroids to improve the performance, strength, and size, is unregulated and is illegal.

But this however does not stop people who wish to use the drug in this manner from obtaining it. “Use of Anabolic Steroids began with elite competitive athletes, but today it includes even high school students who are taking anabolic steroids for cosmetic purposes.” (Stated in Straight Facts for Athletes about Drugs, Supplements, and Training. By Kuhn C. Swartzwelder)

Some of the personnel that are prime targets for using Steroids are Athletes, Men and women in almost all sports including Professional Athletes, College Athletes, High school Athletes in the Olympic Sports and of course
Bodybuilders.

So you might ask yourself why they do it, and why not stay natural but some of the Performance enhancing qualities are warped self image, self esteem issues, dependency. So let’s talk about some of the potential effects of Steroid use The first would be the Physiological effect: that is directly related to the actual doses (Consumed or injected: relatively low or extremely large amounts.) Now there can be some “Beneficial” effects that we all know and this is Increased Strength,

Increased Muscle and body mass.

Now there are some Adverse effects that Range from mild to severe to include but not all Some of the MILD effects are
Acne
High Blood Pressure
Liver Damage
Disturbed sleeping patterns
Baldness
Testicular Atrophy
Abnormal breast enlargements
Some of the more SEVERE effects can arrange from but not all Liver Damage
Liver Cancer
Cardiac Disease
Heart Attack
On the Psychological aspect there can be alterations to the Physical and mental state of the body. Increased Self – Esteem
Addiction and Psychological dependency
Tendency towards hostility and violence
Extreme fluctuations in mood
Increased energy level
Increased ability to train with greater mental intensity
Uncontrollable temper characterized by “Explosive” aggressive behavior

FINAL ATTENTION GETTER:
We as human society and as Americans are a culture that thrives on competition and being the best but remember Cheaters Never Win and Winners Never Cheat. So we might not always be the best but remember we are what the best wanna be. Bibliography:

1. www.steroidabuse.org
2. Anabolic Steroids in Sport and Exercise. (2nd ED.) 2000 by Charles Yesalis 3. Taylor, W.N. Hormonal Manipulation: A new Area of Monstrous Athletes. 1985, McFarland and Company Inc., Jefferson, North Carolina and London. 4. Straight Facts for Athletes about Drugs, Supplements, and Training. By Kuhn C. Swartzwelder.

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  • University/College: University of Arkansas System

  • Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter

  • Date: 13 March 2016

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