An Analysis of Daoism Essay

Custom Student Mr. Teacher ENG 1001-04 3 November 2016

An Analysis of Daoism

Complete the following questions in detail. Answer each question with a 1- or 2-paragraph response that includes a reference citation. Make use of Experiencing the World’s Religions and other sources in your research as you complete the questions. 1. Describe the principles of yang and yin. Yin and Yang is a fundamental concept in Chinese philosophy. According to it all things expist as inseparable and contradictory opposites like old and young, men and women, light and darkness, day and night, hot and cold, up and down.

Both the opposites complement each other to portray wholeness. Neither is superior to other and in order to achieve harmony both sides must be equal. Yin is stated to be feminine whereas yang is considered masculine. 2. The main scripture in Daoism is the Daodejing (Tao Te Ching). What is the history and importance of this text for the tradition? Daodejing is considered to be as one of the world’s greatest books. It is accepted as the central scripture among Daoists. Because of its brevity and succinctness, it has a major influence on the Chinese culture.

The book is considered to be written in 350BC. It has been found in many tombs which show ancient text which is slightly different to the one being used today. It has passages which focuses on things like reaching trance states and attaining invulnerability. It was considered to more political in nature, like a handbook for rulers. Some see it as religious guide for living in harmony. 3. How are Daoist ideals expressed through art? Offer several examples.

Daoist ideals are portrayed through art mostly. The drawings of nature and mountains portray  that they bring perfection and that it is abundant. Chinese gardens unite natural and constructed elements to produce a sense of harmony among humans and nature. Daoist paintings expresses the notion that mountains and clouds bring perfection to the world. Some drawings are known to depict animals and their daily habits which differ from human beings which tell that our lives are just a smaller portion of the world. 4. What challenges does Daoism face in the modern world? Daoism faces challenges from the securalizing forces of the contemporary world.

Daoism doesn’t sit well with the people in the era of globalization. It is known that Daoism principles are a bit backward which can let down the process of knowledge gathering. Modern world seeks knowledge without wisdom which Daoism is not known for. The state is ruled by followers of Daoism which defeats the purpose of secularism in world. Due to its tough practices and the flexibility offered by other faiths people are moving to other religions.

Poor social networking and less texts available of it makes it tough for Daoism to increase its reach or sustain itself. COPYRIGHT © 2014 BY UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Daoism Worksheet REL/133 Version 4 2 5. Explain a situation to which following the Daoist principle of wu wei might be beneficial to you or others. In what situation might following the principle of wu wei be harmful in some way? Wu wei is the name for principle of effortlessness. It can be beneficial in those circumstances where we face any situation and we get stressed by it. It can be as a sign of relaxing a bit.
We worry too much about our future such as buying a house, getting married and many other things such as good quality education or saving enough to live easily. Worrying too much makes it go worse as these things come with time. This can help see clear. It can be harmful in ways like those things that require quick action or require hard work can get a set back with this principle. If we don’t think of our future in some things and keep prolonging thinking nature will give a sign or it will happen when it has to can leave us in trouble. COPYRIGHT © 2014 BY UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX.

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Daoism Worksheet REL/133 Version 4 3 References: Bokenkamp, Stephen. Ancestors and Anxiety: Daoism and the Birth of Rebirth in China. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2009. A scholarly investigation of the interaction of Daoism and Buddhism in the China of the third to the sixth centuries. Jones, Stephen. In Search of the Folk Daoists of North China. Williston, VT: Ashgate, 2010. A specialist’s investigation of contemporary Daoist ritual and music, based on fieldwork done in China. Kidd, David. Peking Story. 2nd ed.

New York: Clarkson Potter, 1988. A description by a unique individual of life in an aristocratic family at the time of the Communist Revolution. Kohn, Livia. Daoism and Chinese Culture. Cambridge, MA: Three Pines Press, 2001. A summary of the history and essentials of the religion, with attention to new interpretations that have emerged in the past thirty years. Molloy, M. (2008). Experiencing the world’s religions: Tradition, challenge, and change. Boston: McGraw Hill Higher Education. COPYRIGHT © 2014 BY UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

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