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American War of Independence - Brief History

The War for Independence happened through 1775-1781. Chapter 6 lesson 1 is about Two Armies Face-Off; and it’s about Early Campaigns; and last of all, British Strategy. Chapter 6 lesson 2 is about Gaining Allies; and it’s about Life on the Home Front. Chapter 6 lesson 3 is about Fighting in the West; and it’s about The War at Sea; Fighting in the South. Chapter 6 lesson 4 is about Victory at Yorktown; and it’s about Independence Achieved.

This paragraph is going to be about lesson 1.

First of all, in the section “The Two Armies Face Off”. In April 1776, John Adams (colonial leader) predicted “we shall have a long … and bloody war through.” In fact, each side thought that they were going to win the war; and the British planned to crush the colonists by force, and the colonists believed that the Brtish would give up, because they had lost two battles before this one. Also, the British had many Advantages such as the Strongest navy, and a Well-trained Army.

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Also, they were Supported by wealth, and they had more people than the colonists did.

Also, an important date is; February 21, 1822, when they recognized Molly Pitcher’s service by granting her $40. Second of all, in the section “Early Campaigns”. In the Summer of 1776, the British sent 32,000 troops across the ocean to the Americas. In 1778, Rhode Island raised an all-African American regiment. Also, in 1776, on Christmas night Washington led his troops across the icy river to surprise the British army. Third of all, in the section “British Strategy”.

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In 1777, the British began a three-pronged battle. Also, they won the battle in September 1777 at Brandywine and Paoli, near Philly. Also, on October 17, 1777, the British were surrounded. Vocabulary words are Mercenaries, Recruit, Transfer, and Previous. “Mercenaries means hired soldier.” Also, “Recruit means to enlist in the military.” “Transfer means to move”. “Previous means earlier”. I got the vocabulary words and their definitions from page 152 and page 153.

This paragraph is going to be about lesson 2. First of all, in the section “Gaining Allies”. In late 1777, Benjamin Franklin was trying to go the French to support the Americans’ fight for independence. Also, the Congress has sent Austin to France to deliver new to Benjamin Franklin saying “yes sir…..But sir, I have greater news than that. General Burgoyne and his whole army are prisoners of the war!” Also, important dates are 1778, France declared war with Great Britain and 1779, Spain declared war with Great Britain. In fact, the People in the United States of America didn’t hear about the French/American alliance until the spring. Also, Washington’s troops suffered from a lack of decent food, clothing, shelter, and medicine. Washington’s hardest thing was keeping the army together. It took many volunteers to get the supplies that are needed.

Washington declared that no army has ever put up with “such uncommon hardship” with such spirit. “Naked and starving as they are he wrote, “We cannot enough admire the incomparable patience and fidelity [faithfulness] to the soldiery”. In fact, the Patriots were supported all around the world. For example, wives of those whose husbands went to fight in the war, had to take care of their families by themselves. Children had to deal with life that did not have a father present. Also, here are some important dates. One is, “Baron von Steuben trained American recruits at Valley Forge, 1778.” The second one is “Marquis de Lafayette had to come to the United States as a 19-year-old volunteer in June 1777.” Some vocabulary words are Inflation, Aid, Desert, and Issue. Inflation means when it takes more and more money to buy the same amount of goods. Aid means, to help. Desert means, to leave without permission. Issue means, subject that people have different views about.

This paragraph is going to be about lesson 3. First of all, in the section “Fighting in the West”. In fact, the war had great interest in the Native Americans. Also, Native Americans were living and around the 13 colonies. Some native Americans helped in the war. Second of all, in the section, “The War at Sea.” Also, John Pual Jones ( naval officer) win his first successes raiding British ports. Also, in September 1779, Jones ship Bonhomme Richard met the British warship Serapis. They fought for hours. Third of all, in the section “Fighting in the South”. Also, in 1776 Patriot forces crushed Loyalists at the Battle of Moore’s Creek, near Wilmington, North Carolina. In 1778 the British finally realized that bring the colonies back would be hard. In fact, in Late 1778 British General Henry Clinton sent 3,500 troops from New York to take Savannah, Georgia. In 1780 the British attacked Charles Town. Also, important vocabulary words are Blockade, Privateer, and Sustain. Blockade means a measure that keeps ships from entering or leaving a harbor. Privateer means, privately-owned ship outfitted with weapons. Sustain means, an effect.

This paragraph is going to be about lesson 4. First of all, in the section “Victory at Yorktown”. In fact, on July 1780 the French warships off Newport, Rhode Island. Also, in 1781, Washington sent Anthony Wayne to Virginia to stop Cornwallis. The French and American troops marched 200 miles in 15 days. French kept guard of the Chesapeake Bay. The Americans and French blocked the British supply and escape routes. Second of all, in the section “Victory Over Cornwallis”. In fact, on October 14th, Washington’s aide, Alexander Hameltain, led an attack that captured key British defenses. Also, on October 16th, he surrendered his troops. In April 1783 the American Congress approved the first draft. Also on September 3rd, 1783 Britain also made a peace treaty with France and Spain. Third of all, in the section “Washington Returns Home”. In fact, in Late November 1783, the war truly ended. Also, on December 4th Washington said farewell to his troops. Important vocabulary words are Siege, Ratify, Ambush, Strategy, and Pursue. The siege means, an attempt to force surrender by blocking the movement of people or goods into or out of a place. Ratify means, to approve officially. Ambush means an attack in which the attacker hides and surprises the enemy. Strategy means, a plan of action. Pursue means, to proceed with.

This essay was about chapter 6 lesson 1 through lesson 4. Chapter 6 was about The War for Independence. Lesson 1 was about the war for independence. Lesson 2 was about The war continues. Lesson 3 was about The battlegrounds shift. Lesson 4 was about The final years. I loved learning about this chapter and writing this essay about it.

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American War of Independence - Brief History. (2020, Oct 29). Retrieved from http://studymoose.com/american-war-of-independence-brief-history-essay

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