In chapter 21, “Progressivism from the Grass Roots to the White House, American progressives dealt with the issues of the society and administration in a number of different ways. One way was the settlement house development and another was with the social immaculateness movements. The settlement house movement began in Britain and reached the United States in 1886. American women assumed a significant role in changing society and the legislature. Educated women most especially framed the basis of the settlement house movement and were at the front of the liberal movement.
The settlement houses increased from 400 to 600 in 1911. Houses of worship stood up to the urban social issues by creating an additional social gospel that considered it important to not only change an individual, but to also change society. (589)
Clergymen assumed a functioning role in the social purity movement, disagreeing on indecencies like prostitution, political debasement, and liquor addiction (589). Disagreement on liquor was connected to the push for social virtue. The American Progressives’ attempt to use government action as a way to civilize the city, exhibited their eagerness to make a move.
They felt that how someone lived was more important in determining human conduct than who they were born to. I truly believe that Americans were determined to change society for good. It appears that the focus was social balance and it encouraged the social development of America’s culture (591).
Movements helped change the general public and the legislature. One of the movements that were discussed is the labor movement where even though laborers had created associations for an extended period, the movement of the late 19th century had an alternate tenor as laborers acted to better their conditions through governmental issues and change events and progressively through worker’s organizations.
Labor movement was not quite the same as other movements since the labor movement was made to encourage individual achievements (545). Another movement that was discussed is the populist movement. By 1892, advocates of a third party movement had influenced people concerning the Farmers’ Alliance in framing the People’s Party and it pushed the populist movement. The Populists attached a rigid investigation of modern culture (558). They regarded the possibility of the sub-treasury, a strategy that prevented ranchers from storing perishable products in storage facilities owned by the government until market prices increased. Populists assured land changes and advocated a plan to retrieve over the top grounds conceded to railways or offered to remote monetarist specialists for ranchers in the western part of America (558). Currency was the third substantial focal point of a Populist movement. A simple credit was created for farmers that could be acquired easily at reasonable rates (562). The populist movement and the labor movement are similar in that they both worked for the interest of American farmers.
The movements discussed in chapter 21, “Progressivism from the Grass Roots to the White House, was very important pieces able to shape the changes that were needed in America and for the people. It was a time that I would have been proud to taken part in and lives as an American woman and would have embraced this time whole heartedly.
A group of sociologists declared that advances in development could be created by people who shaped the surrounding issues. They felt this could be done by the laissez-faire way to deal with social problems grounded in social Darwinism. This thought protected reformers’ endeavors from utilizing government and science to change society (510.) One of the reformers is President McKinley, who in the wake of winning the political decision did very little to change the legislature as well as the society. McKinley needed to end the issues of unemployment. As a dynamic lawmaker, McKinley upheld an extended role for government by declaring that he will have the option to convey excellent services and eradicate unemployment (517).
President Roosevelt felt that Congress was not as educated in foreign affairs and relied on official capacity to pursue an active foreign strategy. He occasionally extended his forces past legitimate restrains. Roosevelt tried to set up the US as a power in world undertakings by intervening strains among France and Germany in Morocco in 1905 and arranging a conclusion to the Russo-Japanese War, which earned him the Nobel Harmony Prize in 1906 (602). His abilities as a middle person increased his notoriety for being a key player on the world stage and showed the country’s new presence in world issues (602). Roosevelt created the Root-Takahira agreement in 1908. This agreement was an understanding that the US and Japan swore to keep up the Open Entryway and bolster business as usual in the Pacific (603).
President Wilson focused on a new freedom and vowed to manage massive partnerships and gain the strength of the central government to advance social fairness. The entry of the Underwood tax radically diminished rates; the Federal Reserve Act of 1913 tested Morgan’s control of American banking and built up a national financial framework under government supervision, and the foundation of the Bureaucratic Exchange Commission reinforced the administration’s capacity to direct large business. Wilson would have halted here in his journey for change if legislative issues had not intervened (610). Before the 1916 political decision, Wilson received a progression of changes to court the help of unionized work, social reformers, and ranchers. One example is the Keating-Owen Child Labor law that restricted the standard practice of youngsters (611). Wilson’s many successful movements helped him hold the administration for a subsequent term.
Like Roosevelt, Wilson wanted to strengthen the government to empower it to compete with private industry for influence and to manage the trusts and business people had come to have very uncommon control of at the turn of the twentieth century. His main voting demographic was an independent company, not social reformers, laborers, ranchers, and migrants. President Wilson uncovered the expanding class of progressivism and the significance of legislative issues. These became very welcome changes during this time (609).
Both Roosevelt and Wilson were able to move their political stance in the response of public requests. The fame of muckraking news coverage and the issues it pointed out drove Roosevelt to push for big changes like the pure Food and Drug Act. Wilson also embraced increasingly big changes like eradicating child labor in light of open interest and a developing danger from a revived Republican group.
In today’s America, we could use the combination of all three of these presidents. I feel that each had the ability to make a great impact during their time and create change. Some of this change is an ongoing situation due to circumstances and economy. As we progress, so do our problems and it takes an effort of our president to focus on the American people and their needs.