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This paper discusses industrialization, expansionism, progressivism, isolationism, and globalization from the year 1877 to now. All five of these have in some way, shape, or form, helped mold the United States into what it is today. Whether it’s from inventing new ways to get the job done, involving America in foreign countries, progressing to a greater, more equal time, keeping America to itself during times of economic sufferings, or eventually bringing everyone together, many ideas and movements have gone into it.
The development of industrialization, expansionism, progressivism, isolationism, and globalism has greatly impacted the United States in many different ways. As times progressed and as history was being made, similarities and differences were found among the expansion of each of these movements from 1877 until now. It was the year of 1877 that reconstruction came to an end. Industries have been growing in the United States ever since the early 1800s and have not stopped growing to this day. Up until after the Civil War, American industries were small.
Much labor was still completed by hand, and a number of businesses carried to a smaller group of people who could actually afford the products being sold.
Industrialization is the process of converting from an agrarian and artisanal social and economic system to an industrial system. This process entails developing and adopting technological elements such as mechanization of labor and use of mechanical sources of energy. In addition to advances in transportation and technology, industrialization brought widespread social changes. Urban centers attracted masses of landless people and artisans, creating large workforces for the industry.
Industrialization has raised the standard of living in developed nations, giving average people access to products and technology unimaginable two hundred years before.
American industry began changing in huge ways after the Civil War ended in 1865, and it gradually expanded from there. Machines became more heard of as the main way of manufacturing items which greatly increased sales and the production capacity of industries. Railroads became a popular, more time-efficient way of distributing goods, as well as transporting people, from place to place. Inventors began introducing products that the people wanted, and industries began making these in large quantities, either by an assembly line or by machines. The beginning of this industrial growth had huge effects on the American lifestyle. Since these industries focused on cities, more people began moving to urban areas, rather than the country that they have been used to for the majority of their lives. Who was rich and who was poor became more evident during this time, and this caused a type of resentment among the different classes of people.
By the early nineteenth century, innovations in agricultural and producing technology primarily based on mechanical power sources such as steam, coal, and, later, petroleum allowed the concentration and integration of producing strategies near the sources of gas power. These areas grew to become urban industrial centers. By concentrating on producing in urban areas, industrialists have to be compelled to limit the value of transportation and maximize economies of scale, amongst different benefits. By the mid-nineteenth century, comparable industrial traits began to take space in continental Europe and also the northeastern united states
The earliest examples of the expansionism of the young American nation were the conflicts, negotiations, and treaties with the various Indian nations in eastern North America regarding the lands between the Appalachian Mountains and also the Mississippi River. This chapter briefly surveys the earliest expansionary policies of the united states government in the amount between the end of the American War of Independence and also the beginning of Thomas Jefferson’s administration in 1801. In the treaty of Paris of 1783, which concluded the American Revolution, Great Britain had united to generous boundaries for the newly independent united states. many Americans believed that the government below the Articles was teetering on the brink of failure. If the national government did fall apart, there was a possibility that other nations may move in to try to require control of parts of the dissevered states. Great Britain still had outposts within the previous Northwest, and Spain was active on the southwestern border. an initial attempt to take care of the issues at a meeting in Annapolis, Maryland, in 1786 accomplished little as a result of few delegates from the various states actually attended.
Progressivism is the term applied to a variety of responses to the economic and social issues rapid industrialization introduced to America. progressivism began as a social movement and grew into a political movement. the early progressives rejected Social Darwinism. progressivism targeted on improving education, public safety and health, and workplace conditions in addition as combating corporate greed and political corruption. progressivism and immigration, 2 crucial components of united states history, are so tightly joined that it is difficult fully to know one independently of the opposite. The Progressive Era, in which the movement’s reform ideas were ascendant in each politics and society at massive, neatly coincided with the early twentieth century’s immigration surge. furthermore, the somewhat inconsistent ideas of Progressive reform largely formed decisions on whether or not and how to reduce the flow of immigration in addition as decisions regarding the treatment of new arrivals.
Progressives additionally targeted immigrants already arrived, basing their efforts on a faith that rapid assimilation, through obligatory education in the English language and American culture, would reduce the deleterious impact of immigrants on society. Some Progressives, however, particularly those related with Jane Addams and the settlement house movement, were more likely to treat immigrants with dignity and human kinship.
Isolationism influenced all U.S. presidents and Congresses in the 1920s. While a shrunken world required the United States to enter into several agreements, it did so unilaterally and constantly seek to avoid any entanglements that might lead to war. The roots of American isolationism go back to the pragmatic policies of U.S. presidents George Washington and Thomas Jefferson who regarded it as the best way to avoid further conflict with Europe. The United States could pursue such a coverage because it was once surrounded by weak powers, with most different continents an ocean away. During World War I, this stance was abandoned, however after over fifty thousand American casualties and subsequent disillusionment with European politics, isolationism returned in full pressure as the prevailing philosophy of the 1920s. In the 1920s, it became clear to many Americans that the ostensible purpose of World War I to make the world safe for democracy had not been accomplished at all.
Globalization in the present day world has become a subject of high-quality controversy in current decades. Many economists argue that the modern style of increased economic globalization promotes efficiencies in the world economy and broadens access to goods, services, investment capital, innovation, and education. They contend that the reduction of change and investment barriers has greatly influenced international trade and contributed to dramatic improvements in living standards in rising countries such as China and India. It may also be argued that expanded globalization has widened cultural horizons.
Within the U.S. and other developed nations, critics regularly focus on what they see as the economic peril posed at home and abroad by using the outsourcing of manufacturing jobs to less developed countries, where employees earn lower wages and have fewer rights. Other critics, particularly those outside the modern industrial nations, view globalization as a threat to traditional economic, cultural, and environmental patterns. They see the dismantling of national and local barriers as a means through which rich and powerful countries such as the U.S. may also extend economic and cultural domination over poorer ones. And they may fear that multinational corporations and global trade groups, operating without transparency or oversight, are making decisions and promoting policies that negatively have an effect on the lives of others.
The term industrialization generally refers to the process of moving from hand production to machine production. The term urbanization refers to the system of people migrating from rural areas (such as villages and towns) to massive cities. Industrialization and urbanization are regularly used in tandem during history or sociology, which might result in many confusing the two terms to being synonymous. However, these two terms are absolutely different from every other. Industrialization must happen in order for urbanization to follow and more industries increase such as factories while Urbanization is the result of industrialization and More cities boost such as houses, stores, etc.
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