American Imperialism from 1877 Essay
American Imperialism from 1877
What do we know about American Imperialism from 1877? Dick Hoerder tells us in his book, “(Hoerder, 1983) a few weeks after the end of the great railroad strike in 1877, the New York Labor Standard, organ of the Socialistic Labor Party indicated what it felt was the main lesson to be derived from the upsurge: “The strike has taught the Government and the people that there is a labor question, a wage labor problem seeking solution. ”
The reasons that countries gained control of territory through imperialism and the impact on people living in the territory that was controlled will be addressed in the following statement and this benchmark addresses reasons for the rise of imperialism after 1877 and the imperialism had upon the people living in the territories that came under the United State’s control. Imperialism is a policy used by strong countries to gain social, political and economic control over foreign territories.
During these years, the United States along with its rise as the world’s industrial leader, became a major world power rivaling European nations such a Britain and Germany. In particular, it is important to understand American imperialism in regions such as the far East, the South Pacific, the Caribbean and Latin America. You will also need to understand the causes and results of the Spanish-American War and the impact that imperialism had on people in territories controlled by other nations. Many Americans looked for ways to expand the United States both territorially and economically, from the time our nation began.
Why do some nations engage in imperialistic expansion, while others become the controlled territory? Why did the United States, in particular, become increasingly expansionists and imperialistic in the period after Reconstruction? Before the Civil War, most territorial expansion happened within the North American continent. Up to around the 1890’s, most Americans embraced an isolationist approach to foreign affairs while the United States was protected on both sides by vast oceans and American citizens usually wanted to keep the rest of the world at arm’s length.
Things began to change shortly after Reconstruction from the 1800’s through the 1900’s. Most of the continental United States, by that time, had been settled and the nation experienced an explosive period of industrial and business growth. The United State’s economy was the world’s strongest by the turn of the century and as a result, many of the business leaders and industrialists became so much more interested in the outside nations. Agricultural and industrial output grew very quickly and it became necessary for businesses to find foreign markets to sell their products.
Factory owners also needed to get certain raw materials that weren’t available in the United States for particular manufacturing purposes. Business leaders wanted to lend a hand to the United States government to increase their access to markets and raw materials. They hoped that through business deals in foreign nations, that were supported by favorable economic and diplomatic policies, they would they would be able to continue to prosper. Politicians, in return, who were usually Republicans with close ties to business leaders, supported the use of foreign policy to achieve their goals.
President Theodore Roosevelt and Senator Henry Cabot Lodge from Massachusetts endorsed the use of diplomacy in the service of economic expansion and new markets. What did Albert Beveridge, a United States Senator during (1891-1911) have to say in his essay “The March of the Flags” It is evident that he was a fervent supporter of American imperialism. (Beveridge, 1898) stated, “It is a notable land that God has given us; a land that can feed and clothe the world, a land whose coastlines would inclose half the countries of Europe; a land set like a sentinel between the two imperial oceans of the globe, a greater England with a nobler destiny.
” Albert Beveridge demonstrated his strong respect and love for our nation in his words. He also said, “It is a mighty people that He has planted on this soil; a people sprung from the most masterful blood of history; a people perpetually revitalized by the virile, man producing working folk of all the earth; a people imperial by virtue of their power, by right of their institutions, by authority of their Heaven-directed purposes-the propagandists and not the misers of liberty. ”
“The March of the Flags gave us an understanding of Albert Beveridge’s support of imperialism in the United States and how he was interested in the success of our nation and the Republican Party won the presidential election of 1896 by running as the party of the gold standard, economic stability, and prosperity. With the help of massive campaign contributions from big businesses, William McKinley defeated the Democratic-Populist fusion candidate William Jennings Bryan and inaugurated a long period of Republican dominance thanks to imperialism in America. John A.
Hobson, an English economist, wrote one of the most famous critiques of the economic bases of imperialism in 1902. (Hobson, 1902) “Amid the welter of vague political abstractions, to lay one’s finger accurately upon any “ism” so as to pin it down and mark it out by definition seems impossible. No mere array of facts and figures adduced to illustrate the economic nature of the new Imperialism will suffice to dispel the popular delusion that the use of national force to secure the new markets by annexing fresh tracts of territory is a sound and a necessary policy for an advanced industrial country like Great Britain.
” These arguments are not conclusive. It is open to imperialists to argue thus “We must have markets for our growing manufacturers, we must have new outlets for the investment of our surplus capital and for the energies of the adventurous surplus of our population. Such expansion is a necessary part of life to a nation with our great and growing powers of production. It was the sudden demand for foreign markets, manufacturers and for investments which was responsible for the adoption of Imperialism as a political policy.
They needed Imperialism because they desired to use the public resources of their country to find profitable employment for their capital which otherwise would be superfluous. (Said,1994) Said argues that it is no mere coincidence that that Imperialism and culture were effective since 1877. Our country had evolved drastically since Imperialism after 1877 with the foreign markets, new manufacturers and the investors who brought Imperialism into our society.
Beveridge, Albert, 1898, The March of the Flags; Essay, www. marchof the flags. com Hobson, John, (1948), Imperialism 1902, Modern History Sourcebook, London, Allen and Unwin, p. 35 Hoerder, Dick, (April 1983), American Labor and Immigration History; 1877-1920, University of Illinois Press, p. 62 Said, Edward W. , (May, 1994), Culture and Imperialism, Vintage Publishers, p. 101.