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American Imperialism

A policy of nonparticipation in international economic and political relations

Jose Marti
A Cuban poet and journalist who launched a revolution against Spain.

Spanish american war
An 1898 conflict between the united states and spain, in which the united states supported cubans’ fight for indepedence. started because of yellow journalism (Hearsts NY and Pulitzer’s NYW) and the explosion of U.S.S. maine

Pancho Villa
Rebel leader who raids into U.S. because opposed the government

Boxer rebellion
1899 rebellion in Beijing, China started by a secret society of Chinese who opposed the “foreign devils”. The rebellion was ended by British troops.

Panama Canal
The United States built the Panama Canal to have a quicker passage to the Pacific from the Atlantic and vice versa. It cost $400,000,000 to build. Columbians would not let Americans build the canal, but then with the assistance of the United States a Panamanian Revolution occurred. The new ruling people allowed the United States to build the canal.

Open Door Policy
A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.

Teddy Roosevelt
26th President, from 1901-1909, passed two acts that purified meat, took over in 1901 when McKinley was shot, Went after trusts, formed the “Bull Moose Party”, wanted to build the Panama canal, and make our Navy ( military stronger )

Treaty of Paris of 1898
The treaty that concluded the Spanish American War, Commissioners from the U.S. were sent to Paris on October 1, 1898 to produce a treaty that would bring an end to the war with Spain after six months of hostility. From the treaty America got Guam, Puerto Rico and they paid 20 million dollars for the Philippines. Cuba was freed from Spain.

Alfred Thayer Mahan
a United States Navy officer, geostrategist, and educator. His ideas on the importance of sea power influenced navies around the world, and helped prompt naval buildups before World War I. Several ships were named USS Mahan, including the lead vessel of a class of destroyers. His research into naval History led to his most important work, The Influence of Seapower Upon History,1660-1783, published in 1890

William Seward
Secretary of State who was responsible for purchasing Alaskan Territory from Russia. By purchasing Alaska, he expanded the territory of the country at a reasonable price.

William Randolf Hearst
American journalist; he was famous for sensational news stories known as yellow journalism that stirred feelings of nationalism; formed public opinion for the Spanish – American War

John Hay
Secretary of State under McKinley and Roosevelt who pioneered the open-door policy and Panama canal

Yellow journalism
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers

U.S.S. Maine
“start” of the Spanish-American war; exploded off the coast of cuba and it was blamed on spanish torpedoes; heightened by yellow journalists

Platt Amendment
Legislation that severely restricted Cuba’s sovereignty and gave the US the right to intervene if Cuba got into trouble

A country whose affairs are partially controlled by a stronger power

Dollar diplomacy
Foreign policy created under President Taft that had the U.S. exchanging financial support for the right to “help” countries make decisions about trade and other commercial ventures. Basically it was exchanging money for political influence in Latin America and the Caribbean.

What effect did the yellow journalism used by Hearst and Pulitzer before and during the Spanish-American War have on American reactions to the situation in Cuba?
Yellow Journalism greatly pressured the President into declaring war on Spain. The yellow journalism caused great uproar and distaste toward the Spanish, and the President basically had no choice but to declare war to satisfy the country’s desire. During the Spanish American war, yellow journalism over-dramatized the war conditions and how the Spanish fought. It also influenced the decisions of the treaties and of the Philippines.

Many people were against taking other nations as colonies of the United States, including such figures as Andrew Carnegie and Mark Twain. Discuss the possible reasons for their anti-imperialist feelings.
didn’t want to start a war and that would make the U.S. lose money for troops and supplies.

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Hi, I am Sara from Studymoose

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