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Alcohol or drugs are added to your drink without you knowing Essay

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Justification:
I believe a health promotion activity on the dangers of drink spiking should be planned and implemented to raise awareness geared towards young people and especially young students. Many of whom are away from home for the first time and find themselves in unfamiliar situations. According to the NHS “Alcohol is the most common substance used to spike drinks. It can be added to a soft (non-alcoholic) drink without you knowing, or double measures can be used instead of singles.

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” CITATION nhs17 \l 2057 (Anon., n.d.) The most common drugs used to spike drinks are GHB (Gamma Hydroxybutyrate), Rohypnol and ketamine. These drugs are very strong are even stronger when mixed with alcohol. They cause serious health problems and even death.

GHB:
GHB takes effect in about 15 minutes and can last up to 4 hours. GHB is very potent and is extremely dangerous when mixed with alcohol. The side effects of GHB are.
Relaxation
Drowsiness
DizzinessNauseaProblems seeing
Loss of consciousness (black out)
SeizuresCan’t remember what happened while drugged
Problems breathingTremors Sweating VomitingSlow heart rate
Dream-like feeling
ComaDeath
Rohypnol:
Rohypnol take effect in about 30 minutes and again can last for hours. If your drink is spiked with Rohypnol you might seem to be drunk even if you have only had a few drinks. The side effects of Rohypnol are.
Muscle relaxation or loss of muscle control
Difficulty with motor movements
Drunk feeling
Problems talking
NauseaCan’t remember what happened while drugged
Loss of consciousness (black out)
ConfusionProblems seeing
DizzinessSleepiness
Lower blood pressureStomach problems
Death
Ketamine:
Ketamine is very fast acting. You possibly could be aware of what is happening to you and aware of your surroundings but unable to move. It also causes memory loss and you might not be able to remember what happened. The other side effects of Ketamine are:
Distorted perceptions of sight and sound
Lost sense of time and identity
Out of body experiences
Dream-like feeling
Feeling out of control
Impaired motor function
Problems breathingConvulsions
Vomiting Memory problems
Numbness
Loss of coordination
Aggressive or violent behaviour
DepressionHigh Blood pressureSlurred speech
It is imperative that we educate all people but especially young people on safeguarding their drinks. Not all drink spiking instances are reported to the police so it is difficult to find statistics. I believe that drink spiking instances can have a detrimental effect on society as a whole. It could lead to an increase on Sexual Transmitted Infections. As part of the Public health Agency for Northern Ireland report in 2016. They released data showing; CITATION htt17 \l 2057 (Anon., 2017)New diagnoses of gonorrhoea increased by 3%; 619 in 2015 compared with 601 in 2014.
Figure 3.2: Rates of gonorrhoea in Northern Ireland, by age group, 2006–2015

As you can see from the graph Gonorrhoea is higher in the younger age groups. This could be due to alcohol and substance misuse when inhibitions are lowered. I believe that educating and raising awareness could possibly reduce the risk of contracting a STI.
A way to raise awareness would be to give young people some helpful tips on how to avoid getting their drink spiked such as:
Don’t accept drinks from strangers.
Don’t leave drinks unattended
Only drink from bottle
Keep your hand over your glass at all times
Keep an eye on friends
Always stay in company that you trust
Never leave a friend behind
These a very simple tips that could prevent the dangers of getting your drink spiked.
BIBLIOGRAPHY \l 2057 Anon., 2017. http://www.publichealth.hscni.net. [Online] Available at: http://www.publichealth.hscni.net/sites/default/files/directorates/files/STI%20surveillance%20report%202016.pdf[Accessed 18 october 2017].
Anon., n.d. nhs.co.uk. [Online] Available at: https://www.nhs.uk/Livewell/abuse/Pages/drink-spiking.aspx[Accessed 18 october 2017].
Anon., n.d. www.medicinenet.com. [Online] Available at: https://www.medicinenet.com/date_rape_drugs/article.htm#what_effects_do_these_drugs_have_on_the_body[Accessed 18 october 2017].
Welch, B. B. a. J., 2009. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. [Online] Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2645469/#r2-6[Accessed 18 october 2017].

HEALTH PROMTION ACTIVITY
ERIN VAUGHAN
19/10/2017
NWRC
STUDENT ID: VAU16101097

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