Albany Movement on the History of Civil Rights in the African American Community

Throughout the 20th century the African-American community was poorly treated by government, society, and also the public school system. All public schools were organized under the “separate but equal” law that was passed in 1896. It wasn’t until the NAACP (Thurgood Marshall playing a crucial role) brought multiple cases involving the mistreatment of African Americans within public schools to the Supreme Court. There were a total of 5 cases from all over the country, they were all under the name Brown vs.

Board Of Education. In 1954, the Supreme Court ruled that the “Separate but equal” law was unfair and unequal. Within the South, majority of the states did not agree with the ruling and steadily made plans to desegregate their public schools. There were many news breaking stories to highlight the struggles of trying to desegregate the public schools inside the highly racist states. The most influential story today that helped the progression of integrated public schools is the story of the “Little Rock Nine”.

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In the town of Little Rock, Arkansas, there were 9 African American high school students who risked their lives to make a difference within the Little Rock community. These nine students were the first African-Americans to register to attend an all-white school called “Central High School”.

Minnijean Brown, Elizabeth Eckford, Ernest Green, Thelma Mothershed , Melba Patillo, Gloria Ray, Terrence Roberts, Jefferson Thomas and Carlotta Walls were all recruited by Daisy Gaston Bates, who at the time was president of the Arkansas NAACP. Before being granted access to the school, the nine were carefully scrutinized and if felt deem able they went through a very intensive counseling course to help them prepare for almost anything and everything that might occur while attending classes.

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After training, all nine were prepared for the worse but still determined to make history and receive an equal and fair education. With intentions of preventing violence and bloodshed, Governor Faubus ordered the state’s National Guard to prevent the students from entry from the high school. On the first day of school, all African American students were turned away at the door. While being split from the group Elizabeth Eckford arrived alone, as she approached the building she was bombarded by a crowd of white students and adults screaming and harassing her. It was also documented that one of the women in the crowd spat on her, the press caught pictures of the incident and it was widely broadcasted across America bringing attention the little rock controversy.

The controversy had gotten so widely known and immense, President Eisenhower had gotten involved. Federal Judge Richard Davies had local police take over and escort them through a crowd of over 1,000 people. All nine students had gotten into the school but were shortly removed because of large riot outburst throughout the day. While attending school they were constantly harassed and were violently abused on a everyday basis, this caused Governor Faubus to publicly express his opinion on the removal of little rock nine. In 1959, he closed down the high school and hosted a vote on whether or not the students should attend the school or not. Little Rock citizens voted 19,470 to 7,561 to the removal of African American Attendance within public schools. This caused the little rock nine to split up and further their education in other high schools across the country. Out of 9 of the students, only Ernest Green was able to graduate and get his diploma from central high school. In 1961, The Albany Movement was a peacefully protest within the state of Georgia to help desegregate the state’s public places.

The Congress of Racial Equality, or CORE was leading the protests and later was accompanied by Dr. Martin Luther King. On December 15th, 250 of these peaceful protestors marched to city hall, and upon arrival all of them were arrested. While incarcerated, they refused to leave until all demands were met and promises were made. They promised to desegregate bus and railroad stations even though the law required them to do so. Instead of desegregating, they shut down these institutions, and after months of trying these protests soon turned violent. Resulting in the Albany movement being unsuccessful, much like they little rock story. One way these stories were both unsuccessful were by both groups of young African Americans trying to make a difference by integrating these public places. Although, they came into the situations with peacefully intentions they ended with violence which caused them to be unsuccessful.

Within Little Rock, majority of the students had to transfer because of how much the violence was getting out of control. Another reason these historical stories are similar is because they both kept trying after many attempts to integrate these public places. Even though it was legal for them to attend these public places they were still treated very unfairly and still were segregated. Martin Luther King returned to Albany 4 times before these protests finally turned to violence, and the little rock students consistently attended their classes before things had gotten worse. In conclusion, both the “Little Rock Nine” and the Albany Movement, had a significant effect on the history of civil rights in the African American Community. Both situations portrayed the amount frustration the African American community had. Even though they approached these life-risking situations peacefully it didn’t matter if these protests were unsuccessful. These stories made history for their bravery and attempts and will forever be acknowledged for their efforts.

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Albany Movement on the History of Civil Rights in the African American Community. (2022, Oct 10). Retrieved from http://studymoose.com/albany-movement-on-the-history-of-civil-rights-in-the-african-american-community-essay

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