Air Pollution Affecting Human Health

Due to climate change and manmade industries, air pollution is now on the rise. This has grown into a large problem causing millions of deaths. Future generations are going to be affected the most because of their early exposure to air pollution. We will now have increased pollination seasons and worsened air quality. Exposing ourselves to the air we pollute, us humans will eventually face the consequences of destroying our planet. Breathing in this air may eventually cause us to develop fatal airborne diseases which will be nearly unavoidable to many people.

Air pollution is currently one of the most threatening health concerns. The reason for this is because numerous factories use energy sources that release smoke into the air, which get inhaled by many organisms. According to the article “Climate Change, Air Pollution and Noncommunicable Diseases” by Diarmid Campbell-Lendrum, states “such exposure causes almost 4 million deaths a year, of which almost 3 million are due to noncommunicable diseases such as lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, ischaemic heart disease and stroke” (par.

6). This number is increasing every year since there is nothing currently improving the situation. Poor air quality is not something that can be avoided, So, people will get sick no matter how healthy they are. There are certain areas that are at a higher risk of these. Urban regions tend to be most at risk due to a large number of factories. The number of people affected by air pollution increases as the amount of pollutants in the air grows.

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Human brains are being damaged due to long exposure to air pollution. There is a short-term and long-term effect of air pollutants. The short-term effect would be slightly harming the brain, which causes the human body to be tired and have a desperate need to rest more. It also slows down the brain from functioning correctly. In the article “Brain Fog: Does Air Pollution Make Us Less Productive?” By Silke Schmidt, shows “We found that they were completing fewer calls and taking more breaks on days with high air pollution” (par.12). This study shows how people were unable to focus on their work and had their productivity go down due to poor air quality. As seen in this study, the people were resting more than usual and had a low desire to function.

Long-term evidence for this shows that people who grew up with exposure to polluted air would score lower in school and have a higher percentage of getting autism spectrum disorder. Since air pollution declines in brain activity, people tend to fall behind. “In a nationally representative sample of more than 25,000 children and adults in 162 counties, a higher air pollution index was associated with reduced cognitive function, with stronger impacts estimated for long-term (up to 3 years) than short-term (1-7-day) exposure” (Schmidt par. 28). People who were exposed during early childhood tend to have more difficulties in life because of the effect in decline. Then the people who were just moving into the environment have effects but not as badly. To put it simply, this study was to test people who were exposed in long term pollution was more implied than those who just got into the environment.

Children who grew up in poor air quality, grew up having more issues than children who grew up in normal air. Breathing pollution at an early age had increased problems throughout their lives. They develop disabilities like having problems learning in school, stunted growth, autism, and hyperactivity disorder. This affects one in six children in the United States and the rates of these disorders are rising. In the article “Healthy air, Healthy brains: Advancing air Pollution Policy to Protect Children Health” by Devon Payne-Sturges, states that “Low-income communities are thus disproportionately exposed and uniquely vulnerable because of family and community economic hardship” (par.3). Areas with more pollution are unwanted places so they become cheaper to rent. Low income families who can’t afford a decent house will most likely move to these polluted areas to live. The kids will then have long exposures to the bad quality air, which then results in disabilities and diseases. Alongside poor air quality, additional hardships the children may face are diseases and stress. Furthermore, stress they hold will make their sickness worse than it already is. These children will suffer from a much more difficult life due to their long exposure to polluted air.

Inefficient combustion of solid fuels in poorly ventilated properties is the dominant supplier of indoor air pollution in the developing world, and such exposures additional proceed to appear in the developing world. In developing countries, there are still people cooking with biomass fuels and burning fuel for heating. Normally women would be cooking at home and men would be at work. So, women are most exposed to the indoor pollution. In the article “Household Air Pollution from Domestic Combustion of Solid Fuels and Health” By John R Balmes, He states that “Woman often spend many hours a day cooking, and therefore the duration of exposure to smoke from solid fuel combustion is often considerable” (par.5). Along with women, there are kids, they take care of that are also exposed to pollution. Some women would carry their babies on their back wherever they go. Basically, both the mother and child would be exposed and can get sick easily. However, during the cold weather, it gets worse. People from developing countries would burn biomass fuel for heating. To keep the heat compact; houses are built small to keep the warmth inside, which is not good because it’s keeping bad pollution inside for everyone to breathe. “In temperate climates and highland areas people spend more time indoors to protect themselves from the cold” (Balmes par.5). For women; this would increase higher chances of diseases for them because they’re basically inside the house all year long. Then everyone else would have chances of diseases too but lower. Biomass burning is killing people without them knowing because they’re using these fuels to cook and keep warm.

Indoor air pollution does more than lower the air quality. It can cause mold growth that can worsen into flooding. In addition to, have an increase of insects like mosquitoes and allergies multiplies. There will be a need for respiratory protection for the people who are exposed to the threat. In the article “Impact of Weather and Climate Change with Indoor and Outdoor Air Quality in Asthma a Work Group Report of the AAAAI Environmental Exposure and Respiratory Health Committee” By Jill A Poole, states that “Air pollution from fossil fuel burning and traffic-related emissions can alter respiratory defense mechanisms and work synergistically with specific allergens to enhance immunogenicity to worsen asthma in susceptible subjects” (par.1) Therefore, workers that work in manufactures are most likely exposed to a lot of pollution and will be needing some kind of protection against the contaminated air they’re breathing. Without any protection, the workers will have higher chances of risking diseases and can get sick constantly due to the air. In all risks, there are many people working in manufactures and indoor air pollution is at large within them.

In present day, air pollution is linked to many deaths. Most deaths come from fuel combustion in high-income and middle-income countries and biomass burning in low-income countries. In the article “Tackling Air Pollution, Climate Change, and NCDs: Time to Pull Together”, Christiana Figueres states that “combustion of fossil fuels accounts for 85% of fine particulate air pollution and almost all airborne emissions of Sulphur oxides and nitrogen oxides, and is the major source of greenhouse gases and short-lived climate pollutants” (par.3). The greenhouse gases that humans release deteriorate the Earth’s ozone layer. Ozone is a layer of gas in the atmosphere that protects the ecosystem by infrared rays from the sun. The smoke produced by humans is burning through the ozone layer. Humans are unknowingly killing themselves, shortening the life spans of many. There are now protests to change our ways and remove air pollution, but it may be too late.

The air quality is deteriorating due to actions made by us. The consequences we may acquire from this are disease, reduced productivity, and even death. If we do not do anything to eliminate air pollution, we will see a dramatic increase in the number of people impacted by polluted air, and we may even experience new symptoms that occur while breathing in the polluted air. The number of deceased individuals will increase if we allow air pollution to progress any further.

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Air Pollution Affecting Human Health. (2021, Apr 05). Retrieved from

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