Aesthetics Key Terms

Intersubjective: pg 11 (F)
David Hume
-People with taste tend to agree with eachother
Example: (Roses=beautiful, cockroaches=ugly)

Significant Form: pg 15 (A)
Clive Bell
-a particular combinations of lines & colors that stir our aesthetic emotions

-many rivals to this involving Enlightenment thinkers like Kant & Hume

purposiveness without a purpose: gp 11 (F)
Immanuel Kant & David Hume
-we respond to the object’s rightness of design, which satisfies our imagination and intellect, even though we aren’t evaluating the object’s purpose
-a beautiful object’s form and design are key to the feature

free play of imagination: pg 16 (F)
Immanuel Kant
-beauty is free play of the imagination

-natural flowing English gardens push the freedom of imagination

“Life Imitates Art”: pg 40 (A)
Oscar Wilde
-the self conscious aim of life is to find expression, and art offers it certain beautiful forms through which it may realize that energy

Imitation: (from reading)
Plato
-art is essentially a mimicry of nature

-paintings are supposed to look just like the real thing

-arguably the oldest and most widely held view on nature of art

Mimetic:
Aristotle and Plato debate
-(Aristotle) art is mimetic given that if imitates reality, must produce a feeling of catharsis on its audience

The Dionysian: pg 66 (A)
Friedrich Nietzsche
-artistic creation depends on tension between two opposing forces “Apollonian” and “Dionysian”
-Dionysian lacks form and structure to make coherent piece of art but has the vitality and passion that Apollonian lacks

Antiessentialist theory:
-Morris Weitz
-attempt to define art must be abandoned, art as open concept

Medieval aesthetics:
St. Augustine, Pseudo-Dionysius, St. Thomas Aquinas
-light (what it is and how it affects everything, especially color)

-symbolism (based on view that the creation revealed God)

-proportion (architecture)

Genealogy vs. Disrespect:
Lono: Backbone, Respect, Genealogy, Land, Agriculture, Pigs, Peace.

Ku: Disrespect, Social Growth, Individual, Warfare, Sorcery.

-Distinguishable by facial characteristics. Ku has a disrespectful, flaired nose, open mouth.

Semiotic connection between art and collective life
Clifford Geertz
Art should have different value criteria in other cultures because aesthetics change from culture to culture.
Semiotics is concerned with how meaning is created.

Cultural appropriation of art
Adopting artistic elements of one culture by a different culture

Art as experience
John Dewey
Work of art represents nature as experienced by the artist.
Without emotion there is no action

Taste
Choice and preference
Kant denies standard of good taste. It’s too personal.
Bourdieu says legitimate taste of society is taste of ruling class

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