Abdullah Bin Badawi
Abdullah Bin Badawi
Tun Abdullah bin Haji Ahmad Badawi is also known as “Pak Lah”. He was born on 26 November 1939 in Kampung Perlis, Bayan Lepas, Pulau Pinang. The late Datuk Ahmad Badawi or the real name it is, Ahmad Abdullah Fahim is father of Tun Abdullah. He was born on 13 October 1907 at Mecca and he was marrying with Khailan Hassan, mother of Tun Abdullah. Khailan Hassan a girl from Bayan Lepas and was marry with Datuk Ahmad Badawi and have 4 children and Tun Abdullah the first son. Tun Abdullah get the first education since 7 year old at Sekolah Kebangsaan Bertam until 12 year old and then he continue his study at High school Bukit Mertajam until form 5, than he enters to Methodist Boys School at Bukit Mertajam, Pulau Pinang for finish the form 6. Then after he finishes their Higher School Certificate, he furthers their study at Universiti Malaya (UM). In 1965, Tun Abdullah was marrying with his late Datin Seri Endon Dato’ Mahmood. She also known as Kak Endon.
She was the first wife of Tun Abdullah and her born on 24 December 1940 in Klang, Selangor. Tun Abdullah and Datin Seri Endon have 2 childern, Datuk Kamaluddin Abdullah and Nori Abdullah. On 20 October 2005, Datin Seri Endon pass away because have breast cancer. Datin Seri Endon was buried at the Muslim cemetery in Taman Selatan, Precinct 20, Putrajaya. After 2 year Tun Abdullah single, he was deciding to find the replacing for late Datin Seri Endon and on 6 June 2007 Tun Abdullah announced the marriage to Jeanne Abdullah at Prime Minister Offices. On 9 June 2007, Tun Abdullah was marrying with Jeanne Abdullah at Seri Perdana and the ceremony is the private ceremony and attended by closes relatives only. Jeanne Abdullah was born on 29 July 1953 in Kuala Lumpur.
Before Jeanne Abdullah convert to Islam, she is Roman Catholic and convert to Islam since her 23 years old. Jeanne Abdullah has 2 daughters, Nadiah Kimie and Nadene Kimie from her previous marriage with Othman Mahmood. On 31 October 2003, time 3.10 o’clock, Tun Abdullah Badawi becomes the 5th Prime Minister after Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad. Tun Abdullah Badawi was success to bring Malaysia as a peaceful country in under her administration. On 10 July 2008, Tun Abdullah was announced that he want to step down as UMNO President and also as Prime Minister in June 2009. Tun Abdullah give the resign letter to Yang di-Pertuan Agong on 2 April 2009 and officially Najib Bin Tun Abdul Razak become the new Prime Minister and President of UMNO party politics. Position of Tun Abdullah Bin Haji Ahmad Badawi in Society.
Politic Journey in UMNO
Tun Abdullah was involved in UMNO party politics since 1965. The politic journey Tun Abdullah was start since 1979, when Tun Abdullah won his first election for the parliamentary seat of the Kepala Batas Division. In the same year, Tun Abdullah was being a Head of UMNO in Bertam Branch. In 1981, Tun Abdullah was establishing to be a UMNO Supreme Council Member. After 3 year in UMNO Supreme Council Member, Tun Abdullah was establishing again to be a Vice President of UMNO in 1984. Be a Vice President of UMNO, Tun Abdullah has much anticipation because he was against Tun Dr. Mahathir the leadership of UMNO and also the Prime Minister at that time.
Mei 2, 1987, Tun Abdullah he in critical situation or know as political wilderness because he get a sabbatical leave from Tun Dr. Mahathir and the time during his 3 years and 9 month. After 3 years and 9 month Tun Abdullah at out of Government, the royalty at UMNO make he back into UMNO in 1990. Tun Abdullah was establishing to be Head of UMNO Delegation to the National Economic Consultative Committee/ Chairman of the Committee on the Restructing of Society until 1993. In 1993 to 1996, Tun Abdullah again was establishing to be a UMNO Supreme Council Member.
In 1996, Tun Abdullah again win in Vice President of UMNO and Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin was loses in election of Vice President of UMNO. Furthermore, Tun Abdullah also Chairmen of Penang UMNO State Liasion Committee in 1998. Having a selection of UMNO in years 2000, after process electing representative in 1999, Tun Abdullah has been selected to be UMNO Deputy President without contested. After Tun Abdullah announce be the 5th Prime Minister, automatically Tun Abdullah has be a UMNO President in September 2004.
The Way Before Tun Abdullah Bin Haji Ahmad Badawi Become the 5th Prime Minister.
Before Tun Abdullah was announcing be a 5th Prime Minister, the first post of Tun Abdullah is Assistant Secretary, Public Services Department in 1964 until 1969. After that, in years 1969, Tun Abdullah holds the post as a Principal Assistant Secretary to the National Operation Council (NOC), Prime Minister’s Department until years 1971. In 1971, Tun Abdullah gets responsibility to be a Director General, Ministry of Culture, Youth & Sports until 1973, than Tun Abdullah become a Deputy Secretary General, Ministry of Culture, Youth & Sports on years 1974. In 1978, Tun Abdullah was establishing be a Parliamentary Secretary to the Federal Territory Ministry until 1980 than after that, Tun Abdullah be a Deputy Minister of Federal Territory Ministry in 1980 until 1981. Tun Abdullah was be a Minister in the Prime Minister’s Department on 1981 until 1984.
And after that, in 1984 to 1986, Tun Abdullah become the Minister of Education and in 1986 until 1987 Tun Abdullah become a next Minister of Defense. In 1998, Tun Dr. Mahathir was announcing shocking news, which Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim was removing from Deputy Prime Minister on 2 September 1998. In same years, Tun Abdullah was a Minister of Foreign Affair until 1999. 4 month after Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim dismissal from Deputy Prime Minister, Tun Dr. Mahathir announced that Tun Abdullah is a become a next Deputy Prime Minister after Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim on 8 January 1999. When Tun Abdullah becomes a Deputy Prime Minister, he knows that the power of Deputy Prime Minister is not big enough between the powers of Prime Minister.
Tun Abdullah knows in hierarchy system in party, before become a Prime Minister, it is must be a Deputy Prime Minister first. But not all ex- Deputy Prime Minister become a Prime Minister such as Tun Dr. Ismail (die in 1974 before take over Tun Abdul Razak), Tan Sri Musa Hitam (was resign because not get a believing from Prime Minister in 1986), Tun Ghafar Baba (also resign because fail to get a nominee in UMNO Deputy President in 1993) and the last is Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim (was remove from government and party in 1998). Tun Abdullah don’t have a big ambition to be a next Prime Minister and Tun Abdullah is a person do a something because their country, race and religion only.
Tun Abdullah Bin Haji Ahmad Badawi Become 5th Prime Minister.
Actually, Tun Abdullah has a chance to become a Prime Minister early. It is because, Tun Dr. Mahathir was announce that he want to retired from be a Prime Minister and also UMNO President at UMNO assembly on 22 Jun 2002. At the last speech, Tun Dr. Mahathir was announcing that Tun Abdullah will replace him. In that situation, Tun Abdullah was speechless and Tun Abdullah wants Tun Dr. Mahathir to cancel that what he announce and Tun Abdullah with another Minister was calm down Tun Dr. Mahathir. After 1 hour, Tun Dr. Mahathir take back what did he says and Tun Dr. Mahathir still is a Prime Minister. Many people proud at Tun Abdullah because Tun Abdullah can control that situation with professional and calm. Tun Abdullah know if he replace Tun Dr. Mahathir that time, the situation will be uncontrolled and maybe this country broken a piece.
From that, many people know that Tun Abdullah is not an over ambitious leader. On 31 October 2003, it become a history days because the next 5th Prime Minister will announce at Balairong Seri, Istana Negara Kuala Lumpur. At that days, Tun Abdullah with complete black suit Baju Melayu, Tun Abdullah turn face toward Yang di-Pertuan Agong to get a honor to be a next Prime Minister and replace Tun Dr. Mahathir. After that, Tun Abdullah sign the letter of establish to be a Prime Minister a front of Chief Judge of State, Tan Sri Ahmad Fairuz Sheikh Abdul Halim and the letter was sent at Chief Secretary of State, Tan Sri Samsuddin Osman. After 15 minute, Tun Abdullah Bin Haji Ahmad Badawi officially becomes a 5th Prime Minister of Malaysian.
Achievement and Development in Malaysia under Tun Abdullah Bin Haji Ahmad Badawi Administration.
Tun Abdullah is known as the originator of the “corridors of growth” or economic hubs, a plan to create new growth centers in Malaysia. Each of these corridors, the Iskandar Development Region (IDR) in Johor, the East Coast Economic Region (ECER) and the Sabah Development Corridor (SDC) will have their own unique attributes and development will be through FDIs and from the private sector. This will enable Malaysia to move up the value chain and at the same time create more employment opportunities.
For the spiritual and physical well being of the nation, Tun Abdullah promoted the idea of Islam Hadhari which emphasizes the importance of progress with an Islamic perspective in economic, social, and political fields. Islam Hadhari is consistent with the tenets of Islam that focuses on enhancing the quality of life for every citizen, regardless of his or her religion. This approach is also inspired by the Malaysian Muslims’ firm belief that the tide of radicalism and extremism can be checked and reversed with good governance, healthy democratic practices and employment of the citizenry through education, as well as equitable sharing of the benefits of economic growth.
The conclusion for this bibliography, we know that Tun Abdullah Bin Haji Ahmad Badawi is a person is very cool in any situation. Tun Abdullah is a first leader that improve the political system in Malaysia and do it all of change in administration. Such as we can see is, Tun Abdullah was creating a first anti-Bribe (SPRM) in Malaysia. Besides that, Tun Abdullah also introduced Islam Hadhari in Malaysia. Islam Hadhari it is not a new religion but it is an administrative system based on Islamic tenets.
As we knows, Tun Abdullah and Tun Dr. Mahathir it is a two different personality. Tun Abdullah has their own way to manage in any aspect especially in administration system. As a 5th Prime Minister of Malaysia, Tun Abdullah has done their work very well to manage the country. Since Tun Abdullah was governance, too many scorn and criticism that has been thrown to the Tun Abdullah during his reign, but it does not make him spirit down to lead our country Malaysia.
* Chamil Wariya, (2004). Abdullah Ahmad Badawi Perjalanan Politik PM ke-5. Kuala Lumpur. Utusan Publications & Distributors Sdn Bhd. * Rohani Hj.Ab Ghani & Mohamad Idris Saleh, (2008). Pembinaan Negara Bangsa. Pulau Pinang. Zammas X’ Press Niaga. * http:/www.pmo.gov.my/tunabdullahahmadbadawi
University/College: University of California
Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter
Date: 27 November 2016
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