These words show that the economy is so inadequate that there is not enough food for the lower classes. They are also treated poorly. The aristocrats enforce the laws cruelly for the peasants, but they do not have to follow the same rules. They are hypocrites. In one example, the Marquis St. Evremonde faces the people of his village when they discover the body of a girl who is dead because he killed her. He says, “It is extraordinary to me,” said he, “that you people cannot take care of yourselves and your children.
One or the other of you is for ever in the way. How do I know what injury you have done my horses?” . Then he throws a coin in the street for the father of the dead girl. He is more concerned about his horses than the injury he did to the dead girl. He has no compassion for the grieving father.
The Marqui is not punished under the law of the time because he is an a aristocrat.
Later the father tries to kill him for revenge, but he is killed by the Marquis. Later in the story the revolutionaries kill the Marquis. All the poor treatment and starvation drove the lower classes to rebel. The peasants in the country killed aristocrats and burned the chateaus. “ Then it soared higher, and grew broader and brighter. Soon, from the score of the great windows, flames burst forth, and the stone faces awakened, stared out of fire”. In Paris the revolutionaires imprisoned aristocrats and sentenced them to the guit one.
One night the people of Saint Antoine go to the prisons of Paris and murder the aristocrats held there. “They are,” Mr. Lorry whispered the words, glancing fearfully round at the locked room, “murdering the prisoners” . This scene demonstrates that the lower classes are taking revenge on the aristocrats.
The government that is run by the revolutionaries is no better than the one before. The revolutionaries have become the oppressors. Sydney Carton exhibits the biggest change in the story. At the beginning, he is shown to be an alcoholic, but then he turns out to be a very brave man. In the beginning he was most commonly seen drinking wine or a flask or liquor. Carton makes things right with Charles in the end, by sacrificing himself for Charles. Carton will do anything for Lucie, for whom he has feelings. Even after Lucie is married to Charles Darnay, whom she loves, he refuses to give up his love for her. “ ‘For you, and for any dear to you, I would do anything. If my career were of that better kind that there was any opportunity or capacity of sacrifice in it, I would embrace any sacrifice for you and for those dear to you’ “. In the end of the book, Carton’s act of sacrificing himself shows honor, courage, and a heart of love for Lucie, as well as Charles. When Charles is arrested and sentenced to the guillotine, Carton takes Charles’ place. He undergoes a major change from being an alcoholic lawyer who does not care about many people, to a person who sacrifices his life when he is beheaded.