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Since the beginning, people have been trying to find out where the universe came from. Some people believe that God created it, and others try to explain the formation of it through science and theoretical physics. Stephen Hawking, a famous scientist who overcame his disability and tried to find answers to many questions by using physics laws and mathematical equations. Before he started his career he was diagnosed with ALS, supposedly a fatal disease, at a young age and given only about two and a half years to live.
However, he lives to this date and he is best known for his research that deals with the understanding of black holes. Hawking challenged himself by overcoming his severe disability and trying to solve questions about the universe that are still not solved entirely.
At a young age Hawking was diagnosed with ALS, “a degenerative motor neuron disease that causes atrophy of muscles throughout the body” (Fleisher 147). However, in spite of that, he decided to devote himself to studying physics and the understanding of the universe.
Gradually, he started to lose the use of his body to the point that he could not move any muscle in his body. Though, he was unable to communicate with the world, his mind would work in perfect order (VHS). Someone came up with a computer machine that would allow Hawking to communicate with the world. It was a speech synthesizer that was attached to his wheelchair and controlled by pressing a button. Although, “With a voice synthesizer,…, his ability to lecture and to publish books and articles, has not been compromised.
” (Fleisher 147), Hawking would not allow anything to stop his research. He would get injured and had to be in the hospital but that would not interfere with his studies either. He would get home as soon as possible and start to work right away because he knew that he could not afford to lose any of the time that he had left. (VHS) Many people would consider him as “a man who does anything he wants and tries to be minimally inconvenienced by his disability, so he uses all the technology he can to overcome a problem.” (Fleisher 148) Hawking considers his disability as something that does not control his life because he is the one who controls it.
In his research, Hawking tried to explain the outcome of the research through a scientific theory. First of all, for Hawking “theory has to satisfy two requirements: It must accurately describe a large class of observations on the basis of model that contains only few arbitrary elements, and it must make definite predictions about the results of future observations” (Hawking 68). Basically, a theory has to be simple enough to qualify and has to make at least one definite prediction. Hawking was a great mathematician; however, he believed that “the basic ideas about the origin and fate of the universe can be stated without mathematics in a form that people without a mathematical background can understand.” (Hawking 68) Hawking goal was to create a single theory that would relate to the whole universe.
In his famous research about the black holes, Hawking found out that “black holes leak energy and particles into space, and even explode in a fountain of high-energy sparks.” (Overbye) Even though, the result seemed to him right, he was not convinced completely that outcome of his research was accurate enough. He published his work without singing his name. He was afraid that he could have been wrong about the whole research result. His colleagues were confused and puzzled when they found out about that. To this date, his theory about black hole is still in question to some scientists. However, many people say that his discovery of black hole radiation was of essential significance to connection between fundamental physics, gravity and quantum mechanics for many scientists. (Overbye)
Stephen Hawking was and still is known, all over the world, for his discoveries that changed many ideas about the understanding of the whole universe. He altered many theories that were set long time ago by other famous scientists, including Newton and Einstein. Even though, he was diagnosed with a severe disease and given only about two and a half years to live, he did not gave up. Not able to move any muscle in his body, he still did whatever was possible by using the latest technology there was available for him. Actually, this diagnosis made him work even harder with more passion on his researches and discoveries. It was like a push for him that made him famous everywhere. Many people look up to him as someone who did what he wanted to do allowing nothing to stop him from doing it. His theory about black holes made an impact on the whole understanding of the universe. However, to some people, it is still a question if his theory is accurate enough. Stephen Hawking is and still will be a physicist who challenged himself and the whole universe by doing something that was almost impossible for any other human being. Despite his disability, he never gave up and always moved forward and that is what made him famous and appreciated by others.
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