A Review of Mood Disorders and Bipolar Disorder in Adults

I have critiqued and reviewed this research article relating to bipolar disorder, borderline personality disorder, and major depressive disorder. I chose this topic because I just simply had an interest in bipolar disorders, and the different types of mood disorders. I always joke on my mother saying how she is bipolar because she has many mood swings but I felt like I should really educate myself on what it really is. It is relevant socially because we can be living amongst people with these disorders and may have no control or knowledge of them having it.

So it is better to understand and educate ourselves on it so we can learn on how to deal or communicate with someone who may have the disorder. It is very important to study bipolar disorders and mood disorders because you can learn to recognize symptoms for yourself or even help to manage the symptoms of someone else.

This research article did not have a specific theory, but the researchers did imply that they wanted to differentiate BP (bipolar disorder), BPD (borderline personality disorder), and MDD (major depressive disorder).

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Their study assessed three types of variability of emotion such as instability, reactivity, and inertia. Their goal of the research was to have a better understanding of emotion dynamics in BPD which is interrelated with MDD and BD according to Mneimne, Fleeson, Arnold, and Furr (2018). They also differentiated the symptoms of BPD between MDD and BD. They did so by having participants do interpersonal challenges five times a day for a two-week period.

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Based on their research, it is predictive because it is non-experimental and had no variables.

The research method they used in this article was the qualitative research method because they used questionnaires that the participants had to answer five times a day over a two week period. The participants had to answer the questions based on a six-point scale based on their life, experiences, and emotions. They put all the BD participants in one group and had the participants with BPD and MDD all mixed in another group. The researchers tested the disorder this way because they wanted to compare and contrast the three disorders. They did not have any independent or dependent variables for this research. They possible could have used the experimental research method to specify the reactions, behaviors, and differences between BD, BPD, and MDD.

The result of the research was that they tied to guilt, shame, and heightened inertia of shame relating specifically to BPD according to Mneimne, Fleeson, Arnold, and Furr (2018). For the results of emotional reactivity, they used interpersonal challenges to get patterns for guilt, shame, and excitement and it tied to the group with BPD; also resulting in patterns for emotional inertia. It was difficult for them to really differentiate those three disorders because BPD is interrelated with BD and MDD, meaning the boundaries between them are difficult to understand. I agree with the research because they did develop some conclusions between the three disorders and some comparisons. Some limitations were that some of their samplings reducing the generalizability to BPD. Another limitation was that MD and BD groups were small and cannot represent a large group of people with those two disorders.

This research article really doesn’t have any relevance to me or my everyday life. But it can benefit me and affect me positively by educating me about it and possibly being able to educate others that are maybe interested in this topic. Overall, this topic and research did do me some good by just filling me in with this knowledge.


  1. Mneimne, M., Fleeson, W., Arnold, E. M., & Furr, R. M. (2018). Differentiating the everyday emotion dynamics of borderline personality disorder from major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 9(2), 192-196. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/per0000255 EBSCOhost, doi:10.1037/per0000255.
  2. Sadikaj, G., Russell, J. J., Moskowitz, D. S., & Paris, J. (2010). Affect dysregulation in individuals with borderline personality disorder: Persistence and interpersonal triggers. Journal of Personality Assessment, 92, 490–500. 10.1080/00223891.2010.513287

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A Review of Mood Disorders and Bipolar Disorder in Adults. (2021, Mar 11). Retrieved from https://studymoose.com/a-review-of-mood-disorders-and-bipolar-disorder-in-adults-essay

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