A Project Report on Soldier Health and Position Tracking System


  • The soldier Health and Position Tracking System allows military to track the current GPS position of soldier and also checks the health status including body temperature and heartbeats of soldier.
  • The System also consists extra feature with the help of that soldier can ask for help manually or send a distress signal to military if he is in need.
  • The GPS modem sends the latitude and longitude position with link pattern with the help of that military can track the current position of the soldier.

  • The system is very helpful for getting health status information of soldier and providing them instant help.


ATMEGA 328 is used as a microcontroller here. We will be using 2 microcontrollers one for GPS or GSM module and another one for Bluetooth module, Heart rate sensor and temperature sensor.

The microcontroller that has been used for this project is ATMEGA 328 . It is used as the brain of this project. The PIC-Programmable Interface Controller is a family of Harvard

Architecture microcontrollers made by Microchip.

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The function of this section is to collect the information from heart rate sensor, temperature sensor, vibration sensor, bomb

Detection unit, and GPS unit which find location of the soldier in each minute. Then it sends this information to the base station


Heart beat sensor is designed to give digital output of heart beat when a finger is placed inside it. This digital output can be connected to ARM directly to measure the Beats per Minute (BPM) rate. It works on the principle of light modulation by blood flow through finger at each pulse.

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ICLM358 is used for Heart Beat Sensor. Its dual low power operational amplifier consists of a super bright red LED and light detector. One will act as amplifiers and another will be used as comparator.


The microcontroller that has been used for this project is ATMEGA 328 . It is used as the brain of this project. The PIC-Programmable Interface Controller is a family of Harvard

Architecture microcontrollers made by Microchip. The function of this section is to collect the information from heart rate sensor, temperature sensor, vibration sensor, bomb.

Detection unit, and GPS unit which find location of the soldier in each minute. Then it sends this information to the base station.

LM35: It is a low cost temperature sensor and it does not require signal conditioning, calibration is also done by software. Hence LM35 can be used.

There are a number of ways in which the soldier can communicate with the base station e.g. – Bluetooth, Zigbee modules etc. But most of these technologies are short range and having certain drawbacks, while the soldier may be far away in the battlefield.


The GPS receiver is used to log the longitude and the latitude of soldier, which is stored in the microcontroller memory. It receives & compares the signals from orbiting GPS satellites to determine its geographic position. The GPS receiver calculates its position by carefully timing the signals sent by the constellation of GPS satellites high above the Earth.

Each satellite continually transmits messages containing the time the message was sent. These signals travel at the speed of light through outer space, and slightly slower through the atmosphere. The receiver uses the arrival time of each message to measure the distance to each satellite. This information is then used to estimate the position of the GPS receiver as the intersection of sphere surfaces. The resulting coordinates are converted to a more convenient form for the user such as latitude and longitude, or location on a map, and then displayed. It might seem that three sphere surfaces would be enough to solve for position, space has three dimensions.


The GSM modem unit sends the information to the army base camp. It can accept any GSM network operator SIM card and act just like a mobile phone with its own unique phone number. Advantage of using this modem will be that you can use its RS232 port to communicate & develop embedded applications. Applications like sms control, data transfer, remote control and logging can be developed easily. Hence GSM is a technology that can be used to communicate with the base station and it also has long range. Certain sophisticated GSM technologies can work even when there is fog or in a dense forests.


Bluetooth module is an important of the assembly. Its gives us range for sending the message. It has a single receiving pin from the microcontroller . The bluetooth module which we use here is hc-05.

It works on rs 232 uart protocol.


It is used to reduce the watts given directly from the battery . Its processes the watts from the battery reduces the power and provides it the the circuit. Its is used for the safety purpose of the circuit. The ic which we use here is 7805.


The 33 pf capacitors are used in this circuit used to smooth the square waveforms generated by the circuit and helps to run efficiently.it makes the waveform remain noise free.

LCD (Liquid Crystal Display)

The LCD screen is an electronic display module and find a wide range of applications. A 16×2 LCD display is very basic module and is very commonly used in various devices & circuits. These modules are preferred over seven segments and other multi segment LEDs. The reasons being: LCDs are economical; easily programmable; have no limitation of displaying special & even custom characters (unlike in seven segments), animations and so on.

A 16×2 LCD means it can display 16 characters per line and there are 2 such lines. In this LCD each character is displayed in 5×7 pixel matrix. This LCD has two registers namely Command & Data. The command register stores the command instructions given to the LCD. A command is an instruction given to LCD to do a predefined task like initializing it, clearing its screen, setting the cursor position, controlling display etc. The data register stores the data to be displayed on the LCD. The data is the ASCII value of the character to be displayed on the LCD.


  • Atmega Microcontroller
  • GPS Modem
  •  LCD Display
  • Heartbeat Sensor
  • Temperature Sensor
  • 12V Battery
  • Buzzer
  • Resistors
  • Capacitors
  • Diodes
  • Arduino compiler
  • MC Programming language:c


What does EMPATHY MAPPING canvas means? What are the uses of it?

ANS: The Empathy map was created as a tool to help you gain understanding for a targeted person. Thus you can use it when you want to deliver a better user experience of your product/service. In the process, the exercise can also help you identify the things you don’t know about your users yet so you can carry out new research to fill in those gaps.

  •  USERS: The person who uses or operates the product is known as the user who later reviews the product.
  •  STAKEHOLDERS: A person, group or organization that has interest or concern in an organization .Stakeholders can affect or be affected by the organization’s actions, objectives and policies. For Example directors, government, owners , suppliers etc.
  •  ACTIVITIES: Things that a person or a group does associate with the use of product or the material are known as activities..
  •  STORY BOARDING: Story related to the activities that are taking activities that are taking place with the use of products and materials.


  • The users are the main thing in this whole process of empathy mapping. They are the one who uses the product and reviews it and tells whether to use it or not.
  • User may have the advantages of the product and feel satisfied and happy or sometimes they may not like the product and does not get satisfied by the product.
  • In our case our user was a soldier (a army man) but in this case the soldiers are not allowed to take decisions whether this technology will be used on them or not
  • This decision is take by stakeholder in our case as stakeholder that is the government of India will decide whether this technology with which one can know the health and position of the soldier will be used or not as they have to whether the product is up to the mark or not, does it work properly and efficiently as compared to the amount of the products, are there any side effects of the product or not.


  • Secret agents
  • Government
  • Health advisors
  • Authorised companies

Government will decide whether to use this product or not as it is going to be used for the army of india.so the stakeholder in our case was government .as this is the product which tells us about the health and the position of the man it can also be used by secret agents and health advisors.


  • War
  • National security
  • Rescue mission
  • Scavenger hunts
  • Killing
  • Strategy

In wars the chip is inserted in the army man and we can know the health level of the man during the war and he can even send ask for help and help can be provided before time as we already know that the health is going down.

Or during killing it is very useful as we can know the position of the man if chip is inserted in the man.

On 29 September 2016, a military confrontation between India and Pakistan began. India claimed that it had conducted ‘surgical strikes’ against militant launch pads across the Line of Control in Pakistani-administered Azad Kashmir, and inflicted ‘significant casualties”. Indian media reported the casualty figures variously from 35 to 50.

Pakistan rejected the claim, stating that Indian troops had not crossed the Line of Control but had only skirmished with Pakistani troops at the border, resulting in the deaths of two Pakistani soldiers and the wounding of nine Pakistan rejected India’s reports of any other casualties. Pakistani sources reported that at least 8 Indian soldiers were killed in the exchange, and one was captured. India confirmed that one of its soldiers was in Pakistani custody, but denied that it was linked to the incident or that any of its soldiers had been killed. Pakistan said India was hiding its casualties.

The major media noted that the details regarding the ‘attack’ were still unclear. Earlier that month, four militants had attacked the Indian army at Uri on 18 September in the Indian-administered state of Jammu and Kashmir, and killed 19 soldiers. India’s announcement of the claimed raid on 29 September marked the first time that the government had publicly acknowledged its forces crossing the Line of Control, amidst scepticism and disputing accounts. In the succeeding days, India and Pakistan continued to exchange fire along the border in Kashmir.

The 2016 Uri attack was an attack by four heavily armed terrorists on 18 September 2016, near the town of Uri in the Indian-administered state of Jammu and Kashmir. It was reported as ‘the deadliest attack on security forces in Kashmir in two decades’. The militant group Jaish-e-Mohammed is suspected of being involved in the planning and execution of the attack. At the time of the attack, the Kashmir Valley region was at the centre of unrest, during which 85 civilians were killed and thousands injured in clashes with security forces.

At around 5:30 a.m. on 18 September, four militants attacked an Indian Army brigade headquarters in Uri, near the Line of Control in a pre-dawn ambush. They were said to have lobbed 17 grenades in three minutes. As a rear administrative base camp with tents caught fire, 17army personnel were killed. A gun battle ensued lasting six hours, during which all the four militants were killed. Additional 19-30 soldiers were reported to have been injured in the attack. Combing operations continued to flush out additional terrorists thought to be alive

Most of the soldiers killed were from the 10 Dogra and 6 Bihar regiments. One of the injured soldiers succumbed to his injuries on 19 September at R&R Hospital in New Delhi, followed by another soldier on 24 September, bringing the death toll to 19.


We conclude that in empathy mapping we have users on which this product is going to be used and also the stakeholder decide as they are the government and the activities such as war and all are related to the safety of the country.

Soldier being a user and government being stakeholder the empathy mapping is done and the activities are carried out.

This project is made to help the soldiers that need help in the battlefield and cannot ask for it. This project may have certain drawbacks but at an initial stage it is a great step in helping the Indian army with use of all the latest equipment available we can even enhance the quality of this product.

Cite this page

A Project Report on Soldier Health and Position Tracking System. (2022, Jan 09). Retrieved from https://studymoose.com/a-project-report-on-soldier-health-and-position-tracking-system-essay

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