Mostly, criminal practices are a heavy burden to the community, and they negatively influence the social, political, and economic societal development. Customarily, the government of the day is entitled with the duty of combatting such illegal and horrifying activities. In the American history, Al Capone, a gangster who led a criminal gang into executing various crimes such as murder, racketeering, illegal gambling, and bootlegging (Richman, 594). Remarkably, the existing laws were subject to manipulation by a few egocentric individuals to suit their greed and selfish ambitions.
Enforcement of laws by government agencies is one of the ways of reducing crime-related burdens. This paper pays close attention to mechanisms and techniques on how graft and serial reputation influences justice systems. Based on supports from empirical works, it is revealed that punishment for one convicted crime largely has a significant impact on the occurrences of other related offenses. Preliminarily, it is alarmed that government bodies such as judicial system plays a significant role in enforcement and allocation of respective resources towards eradication of crimes.
Nevertheless, the justice system is marred with corrupt practices comprising of graft, delay of justice, and isolation of cases. This essay exploits whether the American judicial system and government supported systems ensured justice for the victims of Al Capon’s criminal activities.
According to American biography journal, Alphonso Capone, who was born in a tenement crime-filled navy yard district in New York, turned out to become a gang master. In the family of Teresa Capon and Gabriele, Alphonso was the fourth son in a total of nine children.
Capone was brought up with respectful and professional family values. In fact, his parents were perfectly law-abiding citizens. Capone invested in to a reputable business, a barber, for his daily bread whereas her mother was a religious homemaker. Based on the well-laid family virtues, there was no indication that Capone would join a gang crew. Indeed, little was expected of the Italian refugees by the society. Capone channeled himself in to gang activities to ensure economic sustainability.
Al Capone discontinued his studies at the age of six when he assaulted a female teacher. After the assault, he vowed not to return to school. He developed his street-fighting skills, involved himself in criminal life, and eventually joined the James Street Gang (Kobbler & Cannon, 16). This facilitated him to join New York’s most notorious Five Points Gang, during which, he participated in peddling, gambling, and several burglaries. He married Mae Coughlin, in 1918, and they had one child and settled down as a bookkeeper. Despite marital engagement, Capone could not keep himself away from the allures of the gang, so he returned to Torrio. He became the wing and part of the infamous gang.
Al Capone became the most notorious mafia who ever lived in the American early age history; by his ruthless reign and sovereignty of the subversive world. He moved to Chicago to join Torrio for drug trafficking business. Alphonso Capone; superbly identified as “Scarface” famed in the days of notoriety and gained international infamy when his gang became dominant in alcohol bootleg activities in Chicago as well as a symbol of lawlessness in the ancient centuries. He assumed the position of a leader of illegal activities for smuggling, prostitution, and bootlegging liquor. His combination of aptitude to dodge justice, luxurious life standards and street brutality made him rule underground of Chicago callously. In the end, he died of syphilis, a disease he contracted during his youth (Kobler & Cannon, 216). All the money and power he had in existence couldn’t buy one thing that was dearest, his life. He died because of the cardiac unrest.
Media coverage and investigative agencies such as FBI slotted the secret plot that captured America’s most wanted gangster. These combinations unfolded to the public the criminal practices that Capone had done. Even though Al Capone knew how to play his cards right, referring to his gangster as the ‘outfit,’ he was arrested by Chicago Police department and arraigned in court for tax evasion and murder charges. He went back to Chicago as he claimed he was suffering from pneumonia. The government detained his entire gangster group including Ralph Capone, his brother. This made it easy for Capone’s detention.
Reasons behind criminal injustices were the extension of sanction models. Prosecutors, courtrooms, and legislatures considered criminal interdependence. Alphonso Capone was convicted of tax evasion crimes and murder cases because of inadequate enforcement of necessary agencies to convict criminal acts and socially harmful actions. Failure of appropriate legislation to impede migration of Capone to Johnny where he matured in his evil practices strongly portrayed injustice in the American history (Richman, 621). Al Capone started his life of gang at a very early stage. Al Capone got the first taste of criminal life when he first joined the James Street Gang whom merely composed of small-time criminals operating in his neighborhood at a very young age, eleven and developed his expertise in street-fighting skills, which paved the way for his acceptance to join New York’s most notorious Five Points Gang. This tremendously increased his confidence in evil activities. Lack of legislation to combat his illegal migration and similar actions and drug trafficking to Chicago suggested injustice as per the societal norms.
Moreover, task evasion practices were among the major injustices committed by Alphonso Capone. Social planners, as well as judicial systems and police departments, chose to punish evil activities. According to them, a punishment was an additional cost, borne by convicted individuals who committed crimes. Unclear intuitive interpretations of expected punishment were insights of model sanctions. Lack of desired information, mistakes, and triggered decisions led to the deterrence of severe penalties which were feasible for complete responsiveness and intensified litigations. For instance, the arraignment of Al Capone by police officers in Philadelphia because of carrying and transporting deadly concealed weapons on May 17, 1929, signified accountability to some extent (Newman, 786). Upon the arrest, he was arraigned in court and was subjected to a sentence of one year. Due to unclear jurisdiction provisions, Capone only served few months and got released as it was assumed that he had changed his behavior. Capone was one of the gangsters who were involved on St Valentine’s Day Massacre. This was one of the culminating violence which occurred in Chicago arena. Seven members of the gang were under arrest by the police. On May 12, 1929, Al Capone reluctantly appeared to federal grand together with his lawyers. An affidavit was submitted, and he attested that he was pneumonia positive. This made him be freed. Later upon his recovery, he was arrested, and he completed his testimony.
Unfortunately, enough, he paid a fine of $ 5000 and was released instead of one-year imprisonment. In return, it was realized that the intention of the leaders and officers was not to condemn Al Capone but to satisfy their egocentric securities. Subsequently, the motives behind the legislation were determined and evaluated to be a perception of the officers on their desired results as well as behavioral approaches. This unprofessional behavior by the departmental officers clearly indicated lack of justice regarding criminal activities. Dearly, leaders were entitled to deliver their duties as per the stipulated laws that favored every citizen.
Furthermore, Al Capone in 1931 was considered guilty for attempts of fraud to induce income illegally United State jurisdiction. During the trial, the government lawyers provided pieces of evidence that considered Capone’s gambling fraud as ethical. Summation by Albert Fink stood steadily in defense which termed the oppression of Capone as an attempt to stow the victim away. Instead of conforming to the legislative rules, he considered power in the hands of people. The lawyer designated Capone’s evidence as an ambiguous and a must doubt beyond peradventure. He generalized the agenda that the prosecutors were to deviate from the agenda that Capone was a dangerous man. The inducement alleged that Capone had defrauded $123,000. The rundown by the lawyer was utterly a narration of injustice. This was clearly observed as Al Capone was a famous gambling-master and abetting racist (Toby, 15). But on the side of Albert Fink, he regarded Capone as an honest and merciful individual. In this context, justice was underestimated as Capone was a miserable individual who could not provide an assertion that he was open-handed and generous distinct. The deviation from the law by the legislatures clearly choked the regulation and norms provided for by the set remarkable propositions.
Inadequate enforcement of regulations in the United States resulted in cases of criminal justice. The negligence of the development of strong drug enforcement rules, which led to envisaged systems created more problems rather than a solution. National Crime Squad, a newly established police force, believed in keeping a high public profile. Later during the investigation of drug smugglers team in Chicago, it was realized that the deployed America’s Federal Bureau of Investigation increasingly gained powers and mobile resources (Toby, 13). Unluckily, doubts for crime-fighting grew with time. The deployed detectives that were poorly designed reduced the ability to investigate the crime. Consequently, the population of violent and ridiculous crimes had risen relentlessly. The police officers failed to tackle the rampant lawlessness leading to a 5% rise in 1997.
The other intuitive complementary to the crime which was substitutable was lack of clear and précised proportional punishments mechanisms. In fact, Al Capone thrived in his criminal conservatives because of strong relationships with the leaders and mayors. The strong relationships he established made him escape optimal punishments that acted as conservative measures. Al Capone participated in several assassinations, that for instance; he assassinated his female teacher after which he disappeared. In this case, the harmful activity could not be punished because of his substantiality. Such complementation assisted him to maneuver his ways after committing crime actions (Unger, 923). The relationships with senior officials apparently led to the development of Capone’s criminal behavior. His mental state also developed tremendously that made him appear more brutal and experienced. Capone used political alliances to hold and gain power. Since he was a crime boss in Chicago, he established close friendships with those police officers and local authorities including the mayor. He was famous due to his enormous deception which made him befriend communities that shielded him from retraction of evidence by law enforcement agencies.
The protagonist, William Hale Thompson became his dearest friend and alongside other city police officers. Capone gained a short-lived illusion of sustained and outfit profitability. Even though the media coverage questioned the methods of Thompson, the need for shield established much more confidence. Thompson accepted a contribution of $ 250,000 from the gangster. In return, this enforced the relationship. Al Capone used grenades together with his friend, James Belcastro to kill voters. Capone gunned down his friend, Belcastro, but no charges were dropped as government believed that the victim was an independent candidate. In 1929, Capone instructed his bodyguard to kill his three friends who he tricked to visit him for a drink and pleasure. The matter was not charged by the authorities. In 1931, Al Capone killed Dean O’Banion and Joseph Aiello, the leaders of North Side Gang. Chicago’s lack of laws was an object of receiving copious, conserving dramatic fodder as well as media fascination. Additionally, Capone employed several shooting instructions using grenades and bombs (Unger, 54). His integrated working unit allowed him to become rigorous and protected in his activities. As evidenced, Al Capone’s strong relationship with the responsible authorities led to cases of accumulated injustice systems. Collaboration with the authorities enabled him to escape from revealing of evidence of his wrongdoings; in return, he ended up with greater curiosity and threats.
Generally, objections are legal questions raised within a trial environment. It is realized regarding a piece of evidence or matter introduced by people into the trial. More importantly, in the trial environments, lawyers raised objections when they desired for cancellation and disallowed for the evidence. The objections raised, were specific and according to the conduct and procedure of the trial. On Al Capone’s trial versus the United States, objections from lawyer Albert Fink, on the evidence of fraud of Al Capone helped in reinstating his view and opinion over the alleged matter. Additionally, trial objections resulted to unfold of the previous acts that were carried out by the victim (Siegel, 43). Through responses and objection, Capone’s lawyers successfully administered the deal to their clients who accepted it quickly. Capone also pled guilty during the trial presided over by Judge James Wilkerson. Apparently, the inducements often called for the defendant and charged offenses under mitigation measures. This led to adjournment of meeting till later dates. The disadvantage of objections in the courtroom was that it led to an inconsistency of the recordings. This is because, the lawyers emerged with their own opinions that were not initially registered for in the trial, thus causing delay.
Conclusively, it was established that justice was not served in relation to the criminal activities such as murder, smuggling of drugs, and tax evasion, which were committed by Al Capone. Prosecutorial agencies, political parties, and judicial obsession invited systematic failure. Al Capone, perpetual crime immunity, and generally supposed reasons were indeed global problems that deterred justification of justice in the American community. A more substantial degree of the problem was the inability of the government to adopt and ensure the compatibility of such policies with their efforts to eradicate and combat crime. Political players were also entitled to enhancing of control of federal governments, prosecutors as well as police agencies. Additionally, the federal administrations should have enhanced accountability and responsiveness of local counterparts.