The novel 1984 was written by American essayist George Orwell. Orwell is best known for his novels: 1984 and animal farm. He is a man of strong opinions who addressed some of the major political movement of his time which includes imperialism, and communism (biography logo, 2019). 1984 was written by Orwell at the end of the second world war as means of warning that the kind of future present in the novel should never happen, even if such practices were plenty in his time (Cliffnotes, 2016).
The novel talks about totalitarianism where human rights, freedom, and individual thoughts were diminished and pulverized by the government. He saw these traits of totalitarianism rising in Spain and Russia where the rise of communism destroyed civil liberties, honest government, and strength of the economy (Gradesaver, 2019).
The story’s government system is centralized, dictatorial and required complete subservience to the country. It controlled people’s mind and free will in a very strict way with complete power that can’t be opposed just like in the novel Fahrenheit 451 (Bradbury, 1953) wherein the government controlled everything.
the society were being oppressed through forbidding any illegally owned book to exist and be read, all of it were meant to be burn to achieve a more peaceful life. 1984 is also a dystopia type of novel wherein there is an imaginary place where people are not happy and usually afraid because they are not treated fairly just like how Winston and other people living in Oceania was afraid of the thought police for the possibility of committing a thoughtcrime, a person’s unspoken beliefs and doubts in the government, that was punishable by death.
The novel Brave New World (Huxley, 1932) is also a dystopian novel that showed a story where the society tried to create a perfect world but went wrong, where society believed that happiness is only found through drugs and sex and where the government regulated the happiness of each of the people in the society. The Handmaid’s Tale (Atwood, 1985) also showed a dystopian type of novel that depicted a young woman that was put in sexual slavery on account of her now rare fertility which was set in a fascistic future America in a totalitarian theocratic state called The Republic of Gilead.
According to Merriam Webster Dictionary, absurd is ridiculously unreasonable or extremely silly and here are some examples of it that you can find in the story: Freedom of thoughts and speech is a crime, war is peace, freedom is slavery, ignorance is strength and the ministry of love, truth, plenty and peace whose jobs are exactly the opposite of its names. Having the Freewill of speech and thought is a basic human right also protected by a law that states everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers (Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948), thus it will never be a crime. Peace is the antithesis of war (Keen, 2007) so war is not peace, peace is the complete opposite of it. Freedom is the power or right to act, speak, or think as one wants without hindrance or restraint (Manual, 2012), slavery is the state of owning someone including their freedom thus it is the exact opposite of freedom. “My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge, because thou hast rejected knowledge, I will also reject thee, that thou halt be no priest to me: seeing thou hast forgotten the law of thy God, I will also forgot thy children” (Hosea 4:6, King James Version), ignorance is not strength, in the bible, it would be your damnation. The responsibility of a government are to protect, provide and invest (Slaughter, 2017), not torture, starve, administer war and lie to its people, just like what the four government ministries namely the ministry of love, plenty, peace and truth did in the story.
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