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World War I Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Causes of World War One

World War One was a turning point in history. Many scholars study this event and what caused this huge conflict. Germany used to be the sole one responsible for this war, but many controversial debates later, the blame was gradually put on the other great powers of Europe as well. In this essay, I will be analyzing the main causes of WWI, especially targeting the long-term causes. Most of these causes and events may be classified into 4 main themes: imperialism, the alliance system, militarism & nationalism. Imperialism contributed greatly to the outbreak of WWI. Imperialism is when a country takes over other lands and subjects them to their rule to extend their power and influence. In the pre-WWI era,…

Return to Normalcy

“Return to Normalcy” – United States presidential candidate Warren G. Harding’s campaign promise in the election of 1920. Doc 7 – Muscle Shoals – famous for its contributions to American popular music in the 1920’s. Doc 24 – Election of 1924 – Republican Calvin Coolidge wins election by a landslide. Doc 11 – Federal Farm Board – created in 1929, before the stock market crash on Black Tuesday, 1929, but its powers were later enlarged to meet the economic crisis farmers faced during the Great Depression. It was established by the Agricultural Marketing Act to stabilize prices and to promote the sale of agricultural products. The board would help farmers stabilize prices by holding surplus grain and cotton in storage….

World War I

World War 1 was the beginning of the development and first uses of many different kinds of technology, which would, in time, be of great use. These were created primarily to outdo the enemy countries on the other side of the battlefield, so in turn, they would have the upper hand in the war and could potentially defeat their enemies permanently, winning the war. Many countries based their technological developments off of the opposing sides. Weapons were also created in order to have a more ideal way of fighting against other countries high-tech advances. For the most part the technological advances during World War 1 included the use of air warfare, the use of tanks, and sea warfare. Air warfare,…

Treaty of Versailles Igcse Notes

a)Which terms of the peace settlement of 1919 directly affected France? -France gained territory such as Alsace Lorraine and the Saarland (which were important industrial areas) -Also, german colonies become mandates ruled by the League of Nations and France would be able to make use of them. -The league of nations menat that France’s safety would concern other countries as it woul act as an international police force. -France’s safety was assured by the terms of the treaty as germany would be economically weak due to 6600 million pounds being imposed as reparations. Furthermore its army had been greatly reduced and a natural border(The demilitarised Rhineland) had been imposed between France and Germany. a)What military restrictions were placed on Germany…

Black Hand – The Conspiracy that started War

In 1911 ten politically important men of Serbia formed a secret society called the Black Hand in one of their sister’s basements. Three years later, the Black Hand had started World War one. Fifteen million people died, 20 million people wounded; all because of the bad judgement of one man and the death of another. The cause the Black Hand was fighting for was a worthy one for they were simply liberating themselves from Austro-Hungarian control. They wanted to be free people and many powerful and political people of Serbia joined the leader ranks of the Black Hand. They operated through stealth and if a perpetrator of the Black Hand was caught by the enemy then they were under strict…

The Life for a Soldier in World War One

Living condition was terrible in the trenches. First trenches began with the Germanys invading France 3rd of august 1914, Germanys plans were to take all of France than the rest of Europe. Britain declared on Germany. Germany thought they would win over France. The British trenches were worse than the Germanys trench. The British had to keep on going making new trenches on the way. The Germanys trenches were so much better than the British because they were defending most of the time while the British were attacking and keep on moving. There was man in the trenches there were 450 men in one trench. It took 450 men six hours to build 250 meters of trench. There were many…

World War I Causes and Outcomes

The causes of World War I included a growing rate of militarism, which was accompanied by an arms race. Also imperialism, as economics and fighting for colonies among the European nations were prevalent. Alliances such as The Triple Alliance and The Triple Entente also started the war along side nationalism. The effects of the war included 8.5 million deaths just from soldiers, 16.1 million in total, higher taxes, rationing of food and other products, a propaganda war, and famine. Germany was blamed for the war so they owed millions of dollars in reparations to many different countries so Germany had to skyrocket their taxes and began a famine. Personally, I believe that World War I could have been prevented if…

Evaluate the Causes of World War I

World war one is one of the most important events in world history. It took place in Europe in 1914-1918. The whole world participated this war. So everyone had some responsibility. There are more than one reasons for the outbreak of this war. Mainly, it was the expansion form of nationalism & the alliances system. Other issues played a major part too, such as imperialism, the industrial revolution, naval race and domestic factors. One of the main long term causes as I said before is Nationalism. Nationalism is the patriotic feeling when people believe passionately for their countries. The extreme feeling of nationalism is called ethnocentrism and it leads to fascism. Nationalism also, promoted the war because nationalists wanted to…

Haig Butcher of the Somme

The main job of the British forces in 1914 and 1915 was to support the French. This is because the British Army was very small. In 1914, it had about 250,000 men scattered around the British Empire. In that year, the British sent 5 divisions (a division was usually about 15,000 men) to the front in France. The French army had 72 divisions and the Germans had 122 divisions. The French and Germans both had a system of compulsory military service. This meant all men served about 2 years in the army and gained some basic training and experience. Britain had no such system. Once war began, the British Army recruited furiously. By 1916, the army was about 1.5 million…

World War I: Trenches – Weaponry and Tactics

* Gases: Mustard gas was the most poisonous chemical used in the war. It was odourless and took about 12 hours to take effect. Gases caused internal and external bleeding and completely burn the throats and lungs. * Tunnelling: Specialists dug tunnels under the enemy defenses and place mines to collapse the opposing trench. * Scorched Earth: Retreating German troops applied scorched earth policy to prevent any use of facilities that were about to be lost. * Pillbox: Miniature forts developed with concrete and armour plate which meant it can take multiple artillery hits. Small slits and openings allow machine-guns to be placed and used. * The British built very few machine-gun pillboxes because building them was not worth the…

Civil Rights Movement

Gandhi was an Indian civil rights leader. Throughout life he was misunderstood, defied in death and was taken to the point of error. Gandhi took down the British Empire, he improved the governments of the three nations, and he imbued the spirits of a global network of neo-Gandhians, like Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. If anyone could be described as the most adequate civil rights movement leader of the 20th century, it would be Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 and died January 30, 1948. Mohandas Gandhi was the last child of his father and his father’s fourth wife. In his youth years Gandhi was shy, he always spoke in a soft or gentle voice, and…

Why Did America Become Involved in WWI

Why did America become involved in WWI? How did President Wilson justify his decision to enter the war in 1917? Was the war in the national interest? At the start of 1917, the United States and its president was not interested in fighting in the war. President Woodrow Wilson wanted to remain neutral. Even though 2 years earlier in 1915, a Germen u-boat destroyed the R. M. S Lusitania, in which 128 Americans were lost. The United States was interested in selling weapons and help with funding the allies in the war. There were several factors that propelled the United States into the war. One of the factors that contributed in the President’s design in entering the war was a…

How Far Was World War One Responsible for the Overthrow of Nicholas II, 1917

The First World War was indeed a major cause of the Tsar’s overthrow in the February Revolution. However, it was not the sole factor – rather, it was a catalyst and a focus that allowed all the other preexisting factors to boil over into revolution. The First World War caused a multitude of problems for the peasants of Russia, both at home and on the front. The vast majority of conscripts were from farming villages, meaning that less men were at home to till the soil and produce food – it also meant a general slump in food production as a whole, resulting in a shortage of grain to feed the hungry industrial workers in the cities. As the death…

America in World War 1

No country enters a war without a reason. United States in not an exception. It entered the World War Two after a tragic Pearl Harbor. It was necessary to stand up and answer to Japanese at that moment. What were United States reasons for entering the World War I? Is there a connection between Russian February Revolution and President Woodrow Wilson decision to enter the Great War? Of course, it could not be a soul reason for declaring a war to Germany; Zimmerman Telegram and German Warfare to Ships played their roles as well. The trigger of the war became an assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand, heir to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and his wife, Sophie on June…

The Development of War Poetry Throughout WW1

The development of war poetry throughout WW1 was influenced by many different incidents. Many of the soldiers developed friendships with each other based on the amount of time they spent together in the trenches. One of the reasons soldiers developed such strong comradeships that lasted even after the war, was due to the amount of horror and bloodshed they had witnessed together, furthermore the shared experience of suffering and hardship led to strong companionship and their experiences affected what they wrote about in their poems. Many of the men wrote poetry as a mean of expressing their despair as their situation and possible fate. In order to express my view over this I will be comparing and contrasting three different…

World War I and Who Was to Blame

The First World War was a devastating war that effected many places and also very many lives. Because of the effects of the war people were determined to search for the country that was to blame for all the disaster created. The outbreak was contingent on a determining number of factors. These factors included nationalism that was being spread throughout Europe during the time before World War I had started and the alliance system. Although Germany was not all to blame for the outbreak of World War I, it did contribute more than a fare share in its involvement in the alliance system, nationalism, the arms race, and emulation between countries and colonies. Previously, before the start of World War…

Why Did the United States Enter World War One

The industrial era had many effects, not the least of which was plunging the world into world war. One must consider the relationship between eras and events as a student of history. The industrial era created a perceived need in America for raw materials and markets for goods. The United States was not alone in this desire for expansion. All the industrial nations were in open competition to develop vast empires that would provide them with the fuel to run the factories of industrialism. This imperialist competition led to tension and the creation of vast armies. The willingness to use these armies was known as militarism. In order to feel safe (there was a pretty fair degree of paranoia as…

Does Field Marshal Haig Was “The Butcher of the Somme”?

Field Marshal Douglas Haig was a British senior officer in World War One and commanded in the Battle of the Somme, which was arguably one of the bloodiest battles in British military history. Haig gained the title of the butcher of the Somme after the end of World War One, due to the indescribable amount of casualties and deaths that took place. One could say that Haig deserves the title because of the huge loss of life, his bad planning and repetition of bad tactics and the fact that he was completely out of touch with his soldiers. Some say he doesn’t because he was arguably the best the British had, no one knew how to fight in trench warfare…

Why Australians Joined World War 1

In 1914, it was the first moment of when Australia’s joined World War one, The Australian government decided that it was a mature move to support its “Mother Country’ Britain. Australians were proud of being part of the British Empire; it was the biggest empire the world had ever seen rivalling over many great ancient empires such as the Romans. Australian’s felt proud to be a part of the empire because Britain had always supported and protected them all as individuals and they felt it was time for them to show their bit in joining in to fight along with Britain in war. Australians joined world war one also for their patriotism, their love for Britain and they felt the…

To What Extent Was Germany Responsible for Causing World War 1

In August, 1914, 6 million men mobilised for war on the European continent. It was the bloodiest war that had been fought yet in history due to huge advances in weapons and technology. This question of who was to blame for the war has been debated many times by many historians. Germany was responsible for its beginning to some extent but that extent can be argued. Germany, on 28th June 1919, was forced to take all of the blame and responsibility for World War One, at the Treaty of Versailles. However, I believe this was very wrong, because the start of “The Great War” was due to several reasons and so the responsibility of the war cannot be placed squarely…

Erich Maria Remarque and the Nature of War

Unlike truly historical works emphasizing the human side of war, for example, Cornelius Ryan’s The Longest Day or A Bridge Too Far, in which the author provides highly detailed accounts of historical events through the eyes of participants leading to an objective treatment and analysis of those events, Erich Maria Remarque’s All Quiet on the Western Front is a novelization of the experience of German soldiers in World War I. Remarque thus follows a literary line which includes William Shakespeare’s Henry V, Stephen Crane’s The Red Badge of Courage, and Leo Tolstoy’s War and Peace and extends through cinematic efforts such as “The Big Red One” and “The Hurt Locker”, which utilize historical context in order to examine the transformative…

How did war world 1 impact women

There are all types of information including lesson plans, articles and news. BBC origin is a British Broadcasting Corporation. Established in 1922,London. The founders of BBC are John Reith and George Villers. BBC purpose is to “enrich peopleʼs lives with programs and services that inform, educate and entertain.” The values of the source are that it has benefits of hindsight; this is because they wrote this a long time after the event, which makes them less likely to have strong emotions that will make them biased. The source was written long after the event, so it has a greater ability to see turning points/ key events. This source has credibility, because it was written by academic authority. The limitation of…

WWI Trench Warefare

The Great War had many causes both short and long term. In Europe in the early 1900’s the major powers were England, France, Germany Russia, and Austria Hungry. Each of these countries has an extreme sense of nationalism and imperialism that thrives on the glory of the battle. England in this time had stretched its empire all over the globe. Germany had one of the strongest armies in the world. France believed in “elan”, which was a sense of feeling or being within each Frenchman. Elan was a sort of mystical charm that would encompass the soldier’s nationalism into the battle. This notion of glory and victory had spurred many of the wars that had come across Europe for thousands…

Chemical Warfare During World War 1

The first World War has been reported to be one of the most brutal wars in the history of time for many reasons. One of those reasons was strategic usage of chemical warfare. Chemical gas was used on both sides of the line, which turned out to be fatal for many. World War I was mostly fought in the trenches, where soldiers lived in deep, v-shaped holes or underground bunkers. Both sides would occupy these trenches in order to escape from the constant stream of bullets. These battles often ended in a standoff, or tie, which helped the introduction of a different, brand new style of fighting that included the use of chemicals. These chemicals had a range of effects….

Long Term and Short Term Cause of World War 1

There was no particular cause for the rash of the First World War. The causes are much more complex than those of the Second World War and include short, intermediate and long term factors that all ended to cause the July Days in 1914. These factors include militarism, nationalism, imperialism, the alliance system, and industrialization as the long term causes. The intermediate causes included the crises in the Balkans and the short-term trigger for the war was the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand in the Sarajevo, the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary. Militarism in the 19th and early 20th centuries involving the great powers of Europe was definitely important issue in the beginning of World War 1. Militarism…

Imperialism and World War I

Having ruled for 63 years, Queen Victoria was considered the longest reigning monarch in British history. She assumed position in the 20th of June 1837 and from then on reigned until May 1st of 1876. This period, therefore, earned the name Victorian age. Queen Victoria headed not only the United Kingdom of Britain and Ireland. She also ruled the colonies of her vast empire which including parts of Asia, Africa and North America. The British Empire was built up for three decades and in the third century, included almost one-third of the countries in the world. Since Queen Victoria became the monarch of the empire at the time Britain was at its highest in terms of economic and imperial expansion,…

WW1 to Great Depression

1) What caused American entry into World War I, and how did Wilson turn the war into an ideological crusade? A: Although America did not want to enter WW1, once German submarines sunk the American ship Lusetania, it killed American sailors. Instead of his original idea to spread peace, Wilson now wanted revenge. In his war message to Congress, he said that if America did not act quickly, the Western hemisphere’s ideals would be destroyed by German’s beliefs. Then, he referred to WW1 as the “war to end all wars”. He hoped that countries would never just go to their weapons whenever there was a disagreement. Wilson wanted the League of Nations to resolve any problems countries had before they…

Continuity and Change in Chinese Nationalist Ideology World War I to Present

Since the beginning of the First World War to the present, nationalist ideology within China has caused change and continuity in several aspects of this nation’s society. One major change in China from the First World War to the present is its foreign relations with other countries due to factors such as communism and neocolonialism. Although China has changed in this way, it has remained one united nation despite foreign invasion and other internal/external conflicts. In the early 1900s, China was a state of continual civic and revolutionary unrest. As support for revolutionary efforts began to spread, China shifted from a monarchy to a republic. However, this rule didn’t last long as warlords within the nation began establishing themselves as…

Britain Between the Wars

The armistice came into effect at 11.00am on 11th November 1918 and effectively brought the fighting on the Western Front to a close. In more than four years of war Britain and the Empire had lost more than 750,000 dead in France and Flanders, with many times that wounded and sick. The political and social life were ruined not only by the war, but also by the severe crises and by the dividing of the society into classes. The 1920’s and 1930’s were unhappy decades for most of the people in Britain. The Liberal Lloyd George enjoyed wide support by the Conservative party and duly formed a new coalition government. He immediately transformed the British war effort, taking firm control…

The Cause of WWI

WWI started in 1914 and ended in 1918. WWI was known as the Great war before WW2 happened as it was supposed to be the war to end all wars. Also the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand has been blamed as the catalyst for WWI (Spielvogel Book). The major players in WWI were the Triple Entente- Britain, France, Russia and the Triple Alliance- Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy. The reason for the assassination was because of Nationalism, Militarism and the Alliance that played the biggest part. Learning about WWI helps us understand todays conflicts because for example the geographic lines that were drawn after WWI in the middle east is a huge driver of modern conflicts with the fall of the Ottoman empire…