The world as a whole currently faces several dramatic problems. Examples of these world problems include terrorism, desertification, overpopulation, deforestation, pollution, and world hunger. Of all these world problems the two that should currently be focused on are deforestation and pollution. Millions of acres of forests are chopped down by large lumber companies for the means of economic success. The world’s air and water is constantly polluted by dangerous machinery emissions and factorial waste. Although these problems deteriorate the world’s status there are several possible solutions to put an end to this steady devastation of our world. Awareness and management are the most important solutions to our problems.
Deforestation currently occurs in numerous areas of the world. The lumber industry cuts down forests in South and Central America, Southeast Asia, and Africa. These large companies take the forests for granted and are not aware of the dangerous effects. Forests are cut down to make space for new dwellings or to make money from the trees cut down. There are several effects this has on the world. One effect is the destruction of wildlife ecosystems and the possible extinction of wildlife species. The destroying of acres of forest leaves no home for the several animals that live there and often they starve to death or die from human influence. Another problem deforestation causes is the aiding of the green house effect.
When the forest that once maintained a steady climate is cut down, the bare land will increase land surface temperature. This will aid to the increase in climate and will cause other long term problems. The negative effects deforestation puts in place can be counter attacked in many ways. One solution to this problem is the replanting of trees. Rules can be put in place in which every tree that is cut down; lumber industries have to plant five more. Another solution is the ceasing of lumbering. The total end to cutting down forests and possibly finding other beneficial resources to replace wood would end this problem. The restriction of lumbering could limit the amount of forest that can be cut down, and this will at least lower the effects of deforestation.
Air and water pollution is found in all major regions of the world. Regions such as North America, Europe, Southeast Asia, Australia, and major cities in other regions of the world experience pollution. Water pollution can be caused by the depositing of toxic wastes and oil spills in our bodies of water. Air pollution can be caused by deadly emissions by automobiles, planes, other machinery, and factories. The effects of pollution can be very dangerous. One effect is the destruction of our precious O-zone layer. The O-zone layer surrounds the Earth and protects it inhabitants from deadly UV rays. If UV rays increase, the rates of cancer will increase as well. The deadly UV rays can also increase the climate temperature in many areas making warmer seasons. Another effect is the contamination of drinking water with deadly toxins. Drinking water is important for the billions of people that life on this planet. Some are can become unfortunate enough to drink contaminated water and become sick or die from it. Pollution can also cause unhealthy air.
The air we breathe can become filled with toxins as well. This can cause sicknesses and deaths also. One last effect is the devastation of underwater wildlife. Many fish and mammals can suffer from the toxic wastes dumped into the water. Fortunately, there are some effective solutions to this ever growing problem. An example is the development of alternate sources of energy. Research of alternate sources of energy is underway. Hydrogen energy can be used by automobiles but is currently expensive to produce. Solar energy is cheap an effective, but often not powerful. Electricity is the most important and effective alternate source of energy. It is used in newer models of cars and home heating is sometimes electric. The problem with nuclear and other factories can be solved by the correct disposal of waste. If toxic waste is disposed instead of illegally dumping waste into oceans to save money, this problem would be lessened. Luckily, many nations are realizing this growing problem and are taking steps towards discontinuity.
Conclusively, the world problems today have several dangerous effects and many possible solutions put forward. Deforestation has effects such as destruction of ecosystems and benefiting the greenhouse effect. Pollution has many effects including the destruction of the O-zone layer leading to cancer, unhealthy air, devastation of underwater wildlife, and the contamination of drinking water. Many of these problems can be solved by new resources, new sources of energy, limitation of processes, and new beneficial laws. Most importantly, the regions of the world have to take these growing problems into consideration and propose a plan to stop them cooperatively. Large industries and individuals have to be attentive to the world problems we are facing. The underlying problem is the lack of alertness throughout the world.