There are many ways that the world’s changing climates had influenced the settlements of Oceania and the Americas. These people were not exactly prepared for what the Earth had in store for them. Who would have known that global warming would have already started happening years and years ago? The Americas and Oceania both had settlements that were south of the equator or very close to the equator. By the equator, the climate was very hot, the air was wet and heavy, and it liked to rain a lot, which was hard for many crops to grow.
These settlements relied mainly on hunting and gathering to keep their communities fed. Once the food source ran out in one area, they packed up and moved to a new area that was rich with new food sources. The Americas eventually migrated south into the central Andes Mountains, where the climate was cool and moist. This climate allowed an abundance of animals to roam and be readily available for the Americas to hunt. These animals ranged from deer, llama, alpaca, and other large animals.
Eventually the climate in this area became warm and dry, and the Americas had to resort to other means of food and agriculture. The people of Oceania also were hunters and gathers because the hot and humid climate did not allow many things to grow there unnaturally. Another reason that the world’s changing climate influenced the settlements of the Americas and Oceania was the rising of the sea level. The warming climate caused many of the glaciers to melt, which caused the sea levels to rise and much of the lower lands to be covered with water.
The Bering Strait, which used to be a piece of land connecting Asia and America, was now a body of water, which did not allow people to travel between the two continents anymore. The people of the Americas settled throughout modern day North and South America, and the people of Oceania settled throughout Australia and a few of the surrounding islands. With the waters being high, people of the Americas were not able to travel from place to place as often, since boats were not made to travel over large bodies of water.
The Oceania ettlement on the other hand, had traveled to Australia and the nearby islands by boat when the sea levels had been low. When the sea levels rose, the people of Oceania were still able to travel by ocean, since it wasn’t very far to travel to the islands or current day Indonesia. The effect of the climate on the Americas and Oceania was way different than the climate of Egypt and Mesopotamia. The climate of Egypt and Mesopotamia was hot and dry. It was so dry, because Egypt and Mesopotamia are way farther north than the Americas and Oceania settlements.
Without all of the rainfall, the Egyptians and Mesopotamians were able to grow crops by using a mean of irrigation. Their crops were not constantly flooded out by excessive rain. The settlements of Egypt and Mesopotamia were not by an ocean, so when the global warming occurred and a lot of land was flooded, the settlements of Egypt and Mesopotamia remained not flooded. When the climate warmed and flooded much of the land, the Americas and Oceania were pretty much secluded from other settlements, while the Egyptians and the Mesopotamians were able to travel by foot to get to other settlements of communities.
With the rapid change in the world’s climate over the years, a person can now understand why the settlements of the Americas and Oceania were so different from the settlements of Egypt and Mesopotamia. The placement of the settlements, and how close or far away they were to the equator had a great deal to do with the different climates that we have talked about. By understanding the different climates in different parts of the world, a person can understand why different settlements did different things.
Courtney from Study Moose
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